Taro Kanzaki

Shizuoka University, Sizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan

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Publications (11)34.88 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Group II chaperonin captures an unfolded protein while in its open conformation and then mediates the folding of the protein during ATP-driven conformational change cycle. In this study, we performed kinetic analyses of the group II chaperonin from a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Thermococcus sp. KS-1 (TKS1-Cpn), by stopped-flow fluorometry and stopped-flow small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) to reveal the reaction cycle. Two TKS1-Cpn variants containing a Trp residue at the position 265 or the position 56 exhibit nearly the same fluorescence kinetics induced by rapid mixing with ATP. Fluorescence started to increase immediately after the start of mixing and reached a maximum at 1-2 seconds after mixing. Only in the presence of K(+), a gradual decrease of fluorescence was observed after the initial peak. Similar results were obtained by stopped-flow SAXS. A rapid fluorescence increase, which reflects nucleotide binding, was observed for the mutant containing a Trp residue near the ATP binding site (K485W), irrespective of the presence or absence of K(+). Without K(+), a small, rapid fluorescence decrease followed the initial increase, and then a gradual decrease was observed. In contrast, with K(+), a large, rapid fluorescence decrease occurred just after the initial increase, and then the fluorescence gradually increased. Finally, we observed ATP binding signal and also subtle conformational change in an ATPase deficient mutant with K485W mutation. Based on these results, we propose a reaction cycle model for group II chaperonins.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Journal of Molecular Biology
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    ABSTRACT: The characterization of Hsp90 from the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe was performed. Hsp90 of S. pombe existed as a dimer and exhibited ATP-dependent conformational changes. It captured unfolded proteins in the ATP-free open conformation and protected them from thermal aggregation. Hsp90 of S. pombe was also able to refold thermally denatured firefly luciferase. The co-chaperones Sti1 and Aha1 bound Hsp90 and modulated its activity. Because the affinity of Sti1 was higher than that of Aha1, the effect of Sti1 appeared to dominate when both co-chaperones existed simultaneously.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
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    ABSTRACT: Prefoldin is a co-chaperone that captures an unfolded protein substrate and transfers it to the group II chaperonin for completion of protein folding. Group II chaperonin of a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Thermococcus strain KS-1, interacts and cooperates with archaeal prefoldins. Although the interaction sites within chaperonin and prefoldin have been analyzed, the binding mode between jellyfish-like hexameric prefoldin and the double octameric ring group II chaperonin remains unclear. As prefoldin binds the chaperonin beta subunit more strongly than the alpha subunit, we analyzed the binding mode between prefoldin and chaperonin in the context of Thermococcus group II chaperonin complexes of various subunit compositions and arrangements. The oligomers exhibited various affinities for prefoldins according to the number and order of subunits. Binding affinity increased with the number of Cpnbeta subunits. Interestingly, chaperonin complexes containing two beta subunits adjacently exhibited stronger affinities than other chaperonin complexes containing the same number of beta subunits. The result suggests that all four beta tentacles of prefoldin interact with the helical protrusions of CPN in the PFD-CPN complex as the previously proposed model that two adjacent PFD beta subunits seem to interact with two CPN adjacent subunits.
    No preview · Article · May 2010 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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    ABSTRACT: Group II chaperonins exist in archaea and the eukaryotic cytosol, and mediate protein folding in an ATP-dependent manner. We have been studying the reaction mechanism of group II chaperonins using alpha chaperonin, the recombinant chaperonin alpha subunit homo-oligomer from a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Thermococcus sp. strain KS-1 (T. KS-1). Although the high stability and activity of T. KS-1 alpha chaperonin provided advantages for our study, its high thermophilicity caused the difficulty in using various analytical methods. To resolve this problem, we tried to adapt T. KS-1 alpha chaperonin to moderate temperatures by mutations. The comparison of amino acid sequences between 26 thermophilic and 17 mesophilic chaperonins showed that three amino acid replacements are likely responsible for the difference of their optimal temperatures. We introduced three single mutations and also their double combinations into T. KS-1 alpha chaperonin. Among them, K323R single mutant exhibited the improvements of the folding activity and the ATP-dependent conformational change ability at lower temperatures, such as 50 degrees C and 40 degrees C. Since K323 may secure helix 12 in the closed conformation by interacting with D198, the replacement of Lys to Arg likely induced the higher mobility of the built-in lid, resulting in the higher activity at relatively low temperatures.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · Protein Engineering Design and Selection
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    Preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Biophysical Journal
  • Muhamad Sahlan · Taro Kanzaki · Masafumi Yohda
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    ABSTRACT: The hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus sp. strain KS-1 (T. KS-1) expresses two different chaperonin subunits, alpha and beta, for the folding of its proteins. The composition of the subunits in the hexadecameric double ring changes with temperature. The content of the beta subunit significantly increases according to the increase in temperature. The homo-oligomer of the beta subunit, Cpn beta, is more thermostable than that of the alpha subunit, Cpn alpha. Since Cpn alpha and Cpn beta also have different protein folding activities and interactions with prefoldin, the hetero-oligomer is thought to exhibit different characteristics according to the content of subunits. The hetero-oligomer of the T. KS-1 chaperonin has not been studied, however, because the alpha and beta subunits form hetero-oligomers of varying compositions when they are expressed simultaneously. In this study, we characterized the T. KS-1 chaperonin hetero-oligomer, Cpn alphabeta, containing both alpha and beta in the alternate order, which was constructed by the expression of alpha and beta subunits in a coordinated fashion and protease digestion. Cpn alphabeta protected citrate synthase from thermal aggregation, promoted the folding of acid-denatured GFP in an ATP-dependent manner, and exhibited an ATP-dependent conformational change. The yield of refolded GFP generated by Cpn alphabeta was almost equivalent to that generated by Cpn beta but lower than that generated by Cpn alpha. In contrast, Cpn alphabeta exhibited almost the same level of thermal stability as Cpn alpha, which was lower than that of Cpn beta. The affinity of Cpn alphabeta to prefoldin was found to be between those of Cpn alpha and Cpn beta, as expected.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Extremophiles
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    Preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Biophysical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: ATP drives the conformational change of the group II chaperonin from the open lid substrate-binding conformation to the closed lid conformation to encapsulate an unfolded protein in the central cavity. The detailed mechanism of this conformational change remains unknown. To elucidate the intra-ring cooperative action of subunits for the conformational change, we constructed Thermococcus chaperonin complexes containing mutant subunits in an ordered manner and examined their folding and conformational change abilities. Chaperonin complexes containing wild-type subunits and mutant subunits with impaired ATP-dependent conformational change ability or ATP hydrolysis activity, one by one, exhibited high protein refolding ability. The effects of the mutant subunits correlate with the number and order in the ring. In contrast, the use of a mutant lacking helical protrusion severely affected the function. Interestingly, these mutant chaperonin complexes also exhibited ATP-dependent conformational changes as demonstrated by small angle x-ray scattering, protease digestion, and changes in fluorescence of the fluorophore attached to the tip of the helical protrusion. However, their conformational change is likely to be transient. They captured denatured proteins even in the presence of ATP, whereas addition of ATP impaired the ability of the wild-type chaperonin to protect citrate synthase from thermal aggregation. These results suggest that ATP binding/hydrolysis causes the independent conformational change of the subunit, and further conformational change for the complete closure of the lid is induced and stabilized by the interaction between helical protrusions.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
  • T. Zako · R. Iizuka · T. Kanzaki · M. Maeda · M. Yohda
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    ABSTRACT: Prefoldin and group II chaperonins are molecular chaperones found in Archaea and eukaryotic cytosol. Chaperonins are large double ring complexes of ~1000 kDa enclosing a central cavity in which non-native proteins can refold into their native form. Group II chaperonins act independently of a cofactor that corresponds to GroES of the group I chaperonins. Instead, the helical protrusion at the tip of the apical domain forms a builtin-lid for the central cavity. Chaperonins use ATPase cycling to promote the conformational change necessary to open and close the lid. Prefoldin can capture nascent polypeptides or non-native proteins with its coiled coil motifs and, subsequently, transfers it to a group II chaperonin for correct folding. Prefoldin also cooperates with eukaryotic chaperonins in the folding of actin and tubulin. Because of its biological importance, the manner in which prefoldin and group II chaperonin cooperate to fold a non-native protein has been extensively studied. Here, we review a series of our studies that describe the structural and biological characteristics of archaeal prefoldin and chaperonin. This chapter also reviews recent reports on archaeal and eukaryotic prefoldin and chaperonin. Detailed interaction studies between prefoldin and chaperonin allow us to discuss their possible cooperative mechanisms.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2008
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    ABSTRACT: Prefoldin is a molecular chaperone that captures a protein-folding intermediate and transfers it to a group II chaperonin for correct folding. The manner by which prefoldin interacts with a group II chaperonin is poorly understood. Here, we have examined the prefoldin interaction site in the archaeal group II chaperonin, comparing the interaction of two Thermococcus chaperonins and their mutants with Pyrococcus prefoldin by surface plasmon resonance. We show that the mutations of Lys250 and Lys256 of Thermococcus alpha chaperonin residues to Glu residues increase the affinity to Pyrococcus prefoldin to the level of Thermococcus beta chaperonin and Pyrococcus chaperonin, indicating that their Glu250 and Glu256 residues of the helical protrusion region are responsible for relatively stronger binding to Pyrococcus prefoldin than Thermococcus alpha chaperonin. Since the putative chaperonin binding sites in the distal ends of Pyrococcus prefoldin are rich in basic residues, electrostatic interaction seems to be important for their interaction. The substrate protein transfer rate from prefoldin correlates well with its affinity for chaperonin.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · Journal of Molecular Biology
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    ABSTRACT: Chaperonin is a double ring-shaped oligomeric protein complex, which captures a protein in the folding intermediate state and assists its folding in an ATP-dependent manner. The chaperonin from a hyperthermophilic archaeum, Thermococcus sp. strain KS-1, is a group II chaperonin and is composed of two distinct subunits, alpha and beta. Although these subunits are highly homologous in sequence, the homo-oligomer of the beta-subunit is more thermostable than that of the alpha-subunit. To identify the region responsible for this difference in thermostability, we constructed domain-exchange mutants. The mutants containing the equatorial domain of the beta-subunit were more resistant to thermal dissociation than the mutants with that of the alpha-subunit. Thermostability of a beta-subunit mutant whose C-terminal 22 residues were replaced with those of the alpha-subunit decreased to the comparable level of that of the alpha-subunit homo-oligomer. These results indicate that the difference in thermostability between alpha- and beta-subunits mainly originates in the C-terminal residues in the equatorial domain, only where they exhibit substantial sequence difference.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2006 · Extremophiles

Publication Stats

66 Citations
34.88 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • Shizuoka University
      • Department of Physics
      Sizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan
  • 2006-2013
    • Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
      • Division of Biotechnology and Life Science
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2009
    • Tokyo University of Agriculture
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan