[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: In many patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia requiring treatment, induction therapy with rituximab plus chemotherapy improves outcomes compared with chemotherapy alone. In this study we aimed to investigate the potential of rituximab maintenance therapy to prolong disease control in patients who respond to rituximab-containing induction regimens.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Older patients with AML have poor prognosis after chemotherapy and allo-SCT was historically limited to the young patients. In the multicentre retrospective study we analyzed 96 consecutive AML patients ≥ 50 years allografted with related (n=59) or unrelated (n=37) donor. The 2- year OS and DFS rates were 45 % and 42 % for the whole group. The corresponding figures for related patients were 48% and 42% whereas for unrelated 42% and 42%, respectively (OS p=0,721, DFS p = 0,896). The cumulative incidences of relapse (28% of all patients) and NRM mortality (26%) were low with no significant differences among related and unrelated cohorts. Multivariate analysis revealed the only major independent variables associated with an inferior OS were unfavourable cytogenetics (RR 3.36; CI 1.66-6.83; p=0.001) and advanced disease status (RR 2.30; CI 1.21-4.37; p=0.011). Unfavourable cytogenetics (RR 3.00; CI 1.50-5.99; p=0.002) and advanced disease at SCT (RR 2.27; CI 1.22-4.22; p=0.009) were also the only independent variables associated with inferior DFS. In conclusion, our analysis indicates that outcomes of allografted AML patients aged ≥ 50 years are determined by cytogenetic risk category and disease status at transplantation and not by the type of donor. Keywords: AML, allogeneic HSCT, age, donor.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is a disease with a remarkably heterogeneous clinical course. Because diagnosis and therapy must be tailored individually according to patient age, comorbidities and therapeutic gaols and as the understanding of CLL has been deepening at considerable speed, the Czech CLL Study Group, the working party of the Czech Haematological Society, has developed the following guidelines to facilitate the diagnostic and therapeutic decision-making process in clinical practice. These guidelines are based on a comprehensive analysis of current literature and follow the principles of evidence-based medicine.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Although rituximab has seen increasing use in the treatment of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) for many years, its therapeutic role in this disease remains unclear. We retrospectively analyzed data of all patients with ITP treated with rituximab (375 mg/m(2) once weekly for four consecutive weeks) and consecutively entered the findings into the databases of six large academic centers in the Czech Republic. A total of 114 patients were included in the analysis. All of the patients received rituximab as a second or additional line of therapy. The overall response rate (ORR) after rituximab therapy was 72 % [48 % complete response (CR), 24 % partial response (PR)] at month 6, and 69 % (45 % CR, 24 % PR) at month 12. For the group of patients with newly diagnosed (acute) ITP, the results of treatment were significantly better than for the group of patients with persistent or chronic ITP; nonetheless, this group of patients was far too small (n = 18) for our findings to be generalized. Multivariate analysis revealed that the ORR was significantly influenced primarily by the number of therapies prior to rituximab (the more previous therapies, the worse treatment response). The results of our analysis "from everyday hematological practice" confirm the high efficiency of rituximab treatment in pretreated adult patients with ITP.
Article · Oct 2012 · International journal of hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Most results on the treatment of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) with imatinib were obtained from clinical trials that may differ from the routine practice. We report the results of treatment of consecutive patients with CML at ten major centres during 2000-2008.
Data reporting was retrospective in 2000-2004 and prospective from 2005 on. A total of 661 patients [301 women and 360 men; median age 51 (range, 15-83)] with Ph+CML were registered. The median follow-up was 46.1 months (0-122.2).
Most patients were treated with first- (379; 57.3%) or second-line (193; 29.2%) imatinib; some of the patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) (83; 12.6%), but 6.1% were treated with other modalities [40 patients; median age 66 (range, 32-83)]. The probability of overall survival (OS) at 5 years, according to Kaplan and Meier, was 88.9%, 77.5% and 68.7% for chronic-phase patients treated with first-line imatinib, second-line imatinib and first-line AHSCT, respectively, but only 25.2% for patients receiving other modalities. The OS was dependent on the disease phase and Sokal, Hasford and European group for blood and marrow transplantation (EBMT) risk scores (P<0.001; each). Only 46.2% of deaths in patients treated with other modalities were attributable to CML. Elderly patients over 65 years achieved similar response rates and progression-free survival to the younger ones. There was a trend for inferior results of AHSCT performed after the failure of imatinib (P=0.075), probably as a result of differences in EBMT risk scores (P<0.001).
The ability to achieve results comparable to those of previous clinical studies in our CML cohort was influenced by centralised care. Decisions not to initiate imatinib or to delay AHSCT may have a negative impact on OS, but comorbidities may limit the treatment potential of imatinib in the elderly.
Article · Apr 2011 · European Journal Of Haematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: This retrospective study evaluated treatment outcomes in patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL).
Overall, 194 HL patients treated with ASCT between 2000 and 2009 were analyzed. Survival was calculated using Kaplan-Meier method and differences in survival between subgroups with log-rank test.
Best responses observed after ASCT: 124 complete and 35 partial remissions, 2 patients with stable disease and 33 relapses/progressions. During a median follow-up of 44 months, seventy patients after ASCT progressed/relapsed. Thirty-seven patients received salvage chemotherapy only with or without radiotherapy, 25 underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), 4 the second ASCT and 4 refused treatment. 5-year overall survival after ASCT was 71% and progression-free survival 54%. Median survival of the 70 patients relapsing after ASCT was 16.9 months. Median survival in patients after allogeneic SCT was 31.8 months and 12.4 months in patients treated with other modalities (p = 0.21). Overall mortality was 26.3% (51/194 patients): 13.4% progressions/relapses of HL and 12.9% non-relapse mortality.
Efficacy of ASCT was confirmed in 54% progression-free survivors. Median survival after ASCT failure is relatively short. There is a slightly longer overall survival after allogeneic SCT, although not statistically significant when compared to other approaches.
Article · Jan 2011 · Klinická onkologie: casopis Ceské a Slovenské onkologické spolecnosti
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: We present two years' experience in the treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) according to the German GMALL 07/2003 study protocol at CELL (Czech leukemia study group--for life) hematological centers in the Czech Republic.
A total number of 37 patients were included in this analysis. We evaluated complete remission and molecular remission rate, incidence of relapse, patients' status at the end of the follow-up period, incidence of chemotherapy-related adverse events and causes of death. A statistical analysis of risk factors affecting survival was carried out.
Complete remission was achieved in 36 (97%) patients and molecular remission in 16 (62%) of 26 evaluable patients. Disease relapse occurred in 5 (14%) patients. At the end of the follow-up period with a median of 261 days, 28 (76%) patients were alive in complete remission, one (3%) with relapsed disease and 8 (22%) dead. Treatment toxicity resulted in death in 5 cases, relapse or progression of ALL in 3 patients. Adverse events most often followed consolidation I, induction phase I, consolidation II and induction phase II. Infectious complications in the context of febrile neutropenia, GIT mucositis and side effects of PEG-asparaginase were the most common adverse events observed. The toxicity of allogeneic transplantation was not unexpected, four (25%) patients died after transplantation. Two-year progression-free and overall survival were 66% and 70%, respectively. High risk ALL, age over 35 years, CNS infiltration, disease relapse and permanent minimal residual disease were identified as the major adverse prognostic risk factors. Practical experiences and possible pitfalls of the protocol are described in the discussion.
Our initial impression is promising. The treatment is feasible, the results very good and the toxicity acceptable. Patients at high risk should be headed to allogeneic transplantation, since the results ofconsolidation chemotherapy alone are very poor in this group. We believe that this study protocol could become a standard adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment in the Czech Republic.
Full-text Article · Mar 2010 · Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a severe condition with a high mortality. When making decisions about the optimal tailor-made therapy, numerous prognostic factors are considered. The study represents a detailed analysis of the role of these factors and treatment outcomes based on a long-term follow-up of patients treated in 5 hematology intensive care centers in the Czech Republic.The studied group comprised 1,188 patients with de novo AML and 328 patients with secondary AML. The latter were significantly older, had more unfavorable cytogenetic changes and less frequently received curative therapy. Curatively treated patients achieved fewer complete remissions and relapsed more often than those with de novo AML. Patients with secondary AML had lower rates of allogeneic transplantation as part of consolidation therapy and a significantly shorter median overall survival. A lower proportion of the patients were alive at the time of analysis. However, the treatment outcome of de novo AML patients is not satisfactory, the only exception being those with acute promyelocytic leukemia. The analysis, which did not evaluate the intention-to-treat criteria and was without randomization, found allogeneic stem cell transplantation to be the most effective modality of consolidation therapy in both groups of patients. .
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Systemic mastocytosis is a heterogenous disorder characterized by abnormal growth and accumulation of abnormal mast cells in one or more organs. Mast cells are derived from CD34+/KIT+ pluripotent hematopoietic cells in the bone marrow. Most adult mastocytosis patients carry gain-of-function c-kit receptor mutations, most commonly D816V in the tyrosine kinase domain. The clinical phenotype of systemic mastocytosis is variable. Many of patients are suffering from urticaria pigmentosa, followed by the flushing, cramping, abdominal pain, diarrhea, bone pain and hepatosplenomegaly. Most adult patients have systemic disease (a condition generally confirmed by bone marrow biopsy). The natural history of systemic mastocytosis ranges from indolent forms to very aggressive subtypes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Despite all effort and use of more effective treatment protocols, chronic lymphocytic leukemia remains an incurable disease (the only potentially curative method is allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation). Although complete clinical remission is reached in many patients following treatment, conventional chemotherapy rarely leads to the decrease of tumor cell burden bellow the limits of sensitivity of modern methods, i.e. to minimal residual disease negativity. The persistence of residual tumor cells, undetectable by standard techniques (cytology, histology, conventional flow cytometry), underlies the relapses of the disease. The use of new treatment strategies - application of monoclonal antibodies, chemoimmunotherapy, hematopoetic stem cell transplants - made it possible to improve the treatment response in terms of diminishing the number of tumor cells detectable by modern methods with high sensitivity. Current knowledge suggests that minimal residual disease negativity might confer better prognosis and eradication of minimal residual disease is becoming the end-point of clinical studies. The paper summarizes the current view on the assessment of minimal residual disease in chronic lymfocytic leukemia and its possible use in daily clinical practice.