[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective modality for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), because it can induce large coagulation necrosis in a few sessions. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether we can assess the therapeutic effect of RFA immediately after RFA.
Twenty-one patients (25 nodules) with HCC undergoing RFA treatment were enrolled in this study. Fourteen patients were treated with combination therapy of lipiodol chemoembolization and RFA, while 7 patients were treated with RFA alone. Dynamic computed tomography (CT) using multidetector row helical CT (MD-CT) was performed before, immediately after and 1 week after RFA. Simultaneously, multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) images were also obtained for comparison.
With or without chemoembolization, the size of coagulated necrosis was almost the same between the time immediately after and 1 week after RFA. The therapeutic effect was able to be evaluated by dynamic CT scans immediately after RFA in all patients. Moreover, MPR images facilitate the detailed evaluation of the therapeutic effect.
Examination of dynamic CT using MD-CT immediately after RFA is useful to evaluate the therapeutic effect and may enable a shorter hospital stay.
No preview · Article · Jul 2006 · Hepato-gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The long-term usefulness of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) in chronic hepatitis B remains controversial. To investigate the long-term efficacy of IFN-alpha therapy in chronic hepatitis B, 62 Japanese patients, including 27 patients treated with IFN-alpha (IFN group) and 35 patients without antiviral therapy matched by age and sex as controls (control group), were followed up for 2-14 years. At entry, the serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level in the IFN group was significantly higher than that in the control group (238.6+/-250.1 vs. 142.3+/-152.1 IU/l, P < 0.05). The prevalence of genotype C was 89%, with no difference between the two groups (93 vs. 86%). There was no significant difference in the presence of the precore mutation or the dual core promoter mutations between the IFN and control groups (37 vs. 46%, 74 vs. 66%). After long-term follow-up, the rate of sustained HBeAg seroconversion was comparable in the two groups (33 vs. 31%). Normalization of serum ALT level was seen in 44% of the IFN group and 51% of the control group, with no difference. There was also no difference in the percentage of cases with loss of serum HBV-DNA by PCR assay between the two groups (33 vs. 29%). During follow-up, two patients of the control group and three patients of the IFN group developed cirrhosis, and one of the IFN- treated patients progressed to hepatocellular carcinoma. The results of this long-term follow-up study showed that no benefit of IFN-alpha treatment was detectable during long-term follow-up in Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis B.
No preview · Article · Sep 2005 · International Journal of Molecular Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We compared serum hepatitis B virus (HBV)-DNA levels in different states of hepatitis B infection, and investigated whether there is an HBV-DNA value that can be used for differentiating inactive carriers from patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis.
A retrospective study using sera at a followed endpoint from 64 Japanese patients with chronic HBV infection seen in Kobe University Hospital between 1989 and 2002. Sera of patients were assayed using a polymerase chain reaction-based assay.
Genotype C was dominant (95.4%). Patients with chronic hepatitis with an elevation of the serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level had significantly higher HBV-DNA levels than patients with persistently normal ALT. For one time observation at a followed endpoint, the mean HBV-DNA level of HBeAg-negative inactive carriers was significantly lower than that of HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis patients (3.6+/-1.0 versus 4.8+/-1.5 log copies/ml, P<0.005). The use of a cutoff value of 4.5 or 5.0 log copies/ml misclassified 23 and 18% of HBeAg-negative inactive carriers and 50 and 55% of patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis. If testing were performed on two occasions with approximately a 4-month interval, the cutoff values of 4.5 and 5.0 log copies/ml would misclassify 20 and 10% of HBeAg-negative inactive carriers and 28.6 and 28.6% of patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis.
The measurement of serum HBV DNA more than twice is useful for assessing chronic hepatitis B surface antigen carriers and confirms that 10 copies/ml may be an appropriate level of HBV for characterizing the inactive carrier state.
No preview · Article · Jul 2005 · European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated whether the presence of precore mutant (stop codon mutation at codon 28) affects the response to interferon-alpha in patients with chronic hepatitis B.
Mutations of hepatitis B virus (HBV) may influence the response to treatment. The association of precore mutant with the response to interferon is controversial.
Thirty-one Japanese patients with hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis were treated with natural interferon-alpha. HBV DNA with the precore mutation was assayed in serum using a mutation site-specific assay before and after treatment.
Before treatment, precore mutant was detected in 22 cases (group A) and not detected in 9 cases (group B). Serum HBV DNA level before treatment was not different between the 2 groups. At the end of treatment, serum HBV DNA was decreased to undetectable levels in 13% (4 of 31). Six months after treatment, the percentage of cases with loss of hepatitis B e antigen and a decrease in the transaminase level to within the normal range was significantly higher in group B than in group A (67%, 18%, P = 0.015).
Chronic hepatitis without precore mutant strain before treatment is more responsive to IFN-alpha.
No preview · Article · Apr 2004 · Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Genotype C of hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been shown to be associated with a poor clinical outcome and less favorable response to interferon (IFN) alpha therapy compared to genotype B. We evaluated the response to IFN alpha therapy and long-term clinical outcome in Japanese patients with chronic active HBV genotype C infection. Thirty Japanese patients with chronic active hepatitis who received natural IFN alpha therapy were followed for 2-12 years (mean 5.9 years). Twenty-four patients were treated short-term (daily for 4 weeks at a mean total dosage of 174 million units) and 6 patients were treated long-term (total of 26 weeks at a mean total dosage of 687 million units). Twelve of 30 (40%) patients had an antiviral response at 6 months after therapy. Clinical data before treatment in both responders and non-responders were comparable. Although not significant, responders tended to have younger age, a higher serum transaminase level, a lower frequency of precore mutation (G1896A) (67% vs. 92%) and a higher frequency of core promoter mutation (A1762T/G1764A) (89% vs. 58%) than non-responders. The patients treated long-term responded significantly better than those treated short-term (83% vs. 29%, P=0.026). Up to 12 years after therapy, a higher percentage of responders than non-responders had sustained clearance of HBeAg with seroconversion and normalization of transaminase concentration at the followed end point (83% vs. 17%, P<0.001). Two non-responder patients had cirrhosis after long-term follow-up. One non-responder patient died of hepatocellular carcinoma 8 years after IFN therapy; except in this patient there was no development of decompensated cirrhosis. Early responsiveness to IFN alpha therapy in Japanese patients with chronic active HBV genotype C infection improves the long-term clinical outcome.
No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · International Journal of Molecular Medicine