[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To confirm that the presence of anti-citrullinated α-enolase peptide 1 (anti-CEP-1) antibodies identifies a subgroup of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
DNA and serum samples were obtained from 451 patients with RA and 279 healthy control subjects, all of whom were of Spanish ancestry. Antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) and CEP-1 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HLA-DRB1 and the R620W single-nucleotide polymorphism of PTPN22 were genotyped.
Anti-CEP-1 and anti-CCP antibodies were observed in 26.8% and 71.2% of the patients with RA, respectively. Most of the patients (86.6%) with anti-CEP-1 antibodies also had anti-CCP antibodies. Erosive arthritis, rheumatoid factor (RF) positivity, and the presence of the HLA shared epitope (especially the DRB1*04 alleles) were disproportionately associated with the group of patients with both antibodies. In addition, evidence of a significant interaction between the shared epitope and the risk allele of PTPN22 was observed only in these patients. In contrast, the association with these clinical and genetic features was weaker in patients with anti-CCP antibodies but lacking anti-CEP-1 antibodies. These results were obtained in patients in whom the prevalence of RA risk factors differed from that in other previously studied patients.
We observed that autoimmunity against citrullinated α-enolase may identify a subset of patients with a higher frequency of joint erosions and RF positivity. In addition, we confirmed the disproportionately large effect of the susceptibility alleles of HLA-DRB1 and their interaction with PTPN22 in this subset of patients. These results extend, confirm, and generalize the evidence supporting the specificity of the anti-CEP-1 antibody-positive subgroup of patients with RA among anti-CCP antibody-positive patients with RA.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · Arthritis & Rheumatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) share some genetic factors such as HLA, PTPN22, STAT4, and 6q23. The aim of this study was to determine whether 9 other SLE genetic factors are also implicated in RA susceptibility.
A characteristic single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in each of 9 genetic factors, ITGAM (rs1143679), C8orf13-BLK (rs13277113), TYK2 (rs2304256), 1q25.1 (rs10798269), PXK (rs6445975), KIAA1542 (rs4963128), MECP2 (rs17435), BANK1 (rs17266594), and LY9 (rs509749), was studied in 1,635 patients with RA and 1,906 control subjects from Spain. The rs7574865 SNP in STAT4 was also included. Analyses were conducted globally and after stratification by sex and clinical features (anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide and rheumatoid factor, shared epitope, rheumatoid nodules, radiographic changes, sicca syndrome, and pneumonitis).
No association was observed between RA and any of the 9 newly identified SLE genetic factors. A meta-analysis using previous data was consistent with these results. In addition, there were no significant differences between individuals with and those without each of the clinical features analyzed, except the frequency of the minor allele in the C8orf13-BLK locus that was decreased in patients with sicca syndrome (14.6% versus 22.4% in controls; P = 0.003).
None of the 9 recently identified SLE risk factors showed association with RA. Therefore, common genetic factors affecting the pathogenesis of these 2 disorders seem to be limited, revealing that the genetic component contributes to the different expression of these diseases.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate associations with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in 4 candidate genes, complement factor H (CFH), CD209 or DC-SIGN, eotaxin-3, and the MHC class II Transactivator (MHC2TA) genes. These SNP have been reported as important for RA (eotaxin-3 and MHC2TA) or for other immune-mediated diseases (CFH and CD209).
Genotypes for the 7 selected SNP were obtained from 1587 patients with RA and 1570 controls of Spanish ancestry. Analyses were carried out after stratification for sex, erosions, rheumatoid factor, shared epitope, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies, and the R620W PTPN22 SNP.
None of the comparisons between patients with RA and controls or between the different strata of patients according to disease features was significant.
None of the SNP in CFH and CD209 showed evidence of association with RA. We did not replicate the association of eotaxin-3 with RA described in Koreans, or that of the MHC2T SNP.
No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · The Journal of Rheumatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Genome-wide association studies of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have identified an association of the disease with a 6q23 region devoid of genes. TNFAIP3, an RA candidate gene, flanks this region, and polymorphisms in both the TNFAIP3 gene and the intergenic region are associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. We hypothesized that there is a similar association with RA, including polymorphisms in TNFAIP3 and the intergenic region.
To test this hypothesis, we selected tag-single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in both loci. They were analyzed in 1,651 patients with RA and 1,619 control individuals of Spanish ancestry.
Weak evidence of association was found both in the 6q23 intergenic region and in the TNFAIP3 locus. The rs582757 SNP and a common haplotype in the TNFAIP3 locus exhibited association with RA. In the intergenic region, two SNPs were associated, namely rs609438 and rs13207033. The latter was only associated in patients with anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies. Overall, statistical association was best explained by the interdependent contribution of SNPs from the two loci TNFAIP3 and the 6q23 intergenic region.
Our data are consistent with the hypothesis that several RA genetic factors exist in the 6q23 region, including polymorphisms in the TNFAIP3 gene, like that previously described for systemic lupus erythematosus.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, through a genome wide association study in Japanese knee osteoarthritis (OA) cases, a previously unknown gene, DVWA, was identified. The non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs7639618 was subsequently found to be consistent
and most significantly associated in Japanese and Han Chinese knee OA studies and functional relevant. Here, the association
of the DVWA polymorphisms (rs7639618, rs11718863 and rs9864422) was genotyped in 1120 knee OA cases, 1482 hip OA cases and 2147 controls,
all of white European descent from the Netherlands, the UK, Spain and Greece. Random effect DerSimonian and Laird meta-analyses
were performed to assess the association in the different strata. To assess a more global effect, the original Japanese and
Chinese data were included with the European. The meta-analyses provided evidence for global association of rs7639618 with
knee OA with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.29, 95% confidence interval (CI) of 1.15–1.45 and a P-value of 2.70 × 10−5. This effect, however, showed moderate heterogeneity, and rs7639618 was not independently associated with knee OA in Europeans,
with an OR of 1.16, 95% CI of 0.99–1.35 and a P-value of 0.063. Furthermore, no association was observed with hip OA in Europeans, with a P-value of 0.851. Our results suggest that there may be global relevance for the DVWA SNP rs7639618 among knee OA cases, however, the apparent lower effect size in combination with the higher risk allele frequency
in the European samples highlights again the ethnic differences in effects of discovered OA susceptibility genes.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · Human Molecular Genetics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To replicate a previously reported association with osteoarthritis (OA) of the promoter single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs10980705 in the endothelial differentiation gene 2 (EDG2).
Five collections of samples, four from Europe and one from China, were studied. They included patients with 3 OA phenotypes: 1501 with knee OA, 1497 with hip OA and 376 with generalised OA. A total of 2521 controls were also studied. Allele and genotype frequencies of the rs10980705 SNP were analysed in each individual sample collection and in pooled data. In addition, a meta-analysis to incorporate results from the original Japanese report was performed.
The association of the rs10980705 SNP with knee OA was not replicated in any of the five sample collections studied or in their combined analysis (odds ratio (OR) 1.10, 95% CI 0.98 to 1.22; p = 0.10). Meta-analysis of all data, including the original Japanese study, did show association with knee OA (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.26; p = 0.002) but the effect was accounted for by the Japanese data and was less significant than the original report. No association was found with hip OA or with generalised OA.
The original report of a promising genetic association between a druggable G-protein coupled receptor, EDG2, and knee OA has not been replicated. This lack of replication could be due to a modest effect of the promoter polymorphism that will require even larger studies (the winners curse) although a more pronounced effect in the Asian population vs Europeans cannot be excluded.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2008 · Annals of the rheumatic diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that polymorphisms in IL1 are correlated with severe and/or erosive rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the implicated alleles have differed among studies. The aim of this study was to perform a broad and well-powered search for association between allelic polymorphism in IL1A and IL1B and the susceptibility to or severity of RA.
Key coding and regulatory regions in IL1A and IL1B were sequenced in 24 patients with RA, revealing 4 novel single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL1B. These and a comprehensive set of 24 SNPs tagging most of the underlying genetic diversity were genotyped in 3 independent RA case-control sample sets and 1 longitudinal RA cohort, totaling 3,561 patients and 3,062 control subjects.
No fully significant associations were observed. Analysis of the discovery case-control sample sets indicated a potential association of IL1B promoter region SNPs with susceptibility to RA (for RA3/A, odds ratio [OR] 1.27, P = 0.0021) or with the incidence of radiographic erosions (for RA4/C, OR 1.56, P = 0.036), but these findings were not replicated in independent case-control samples. No association with rheumatoid factor, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide, or the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints was found. None of the associations previously observed in other studies were replicated here.
In spite of a broad and highly powered study, we observed no robust, reproducible association between IL1A/B variants and the susceptibility to or severity of RA in white individuals of European descent. Our results provide evidence that, in the majority of cases, polymorphism in IL1A and IL1B is not a major contributor to genetic susceptibility to RA.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To examine genetic association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and known polymorphisms in core genes of the nuclear factor (NF)kappaB pathway, the major intracellular pathway in RA pathogenesis.
Discovery and replication sample sets of Spanish patients with RA and controls were studied. A total of 181 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) uniformly spaced along the genomic sequences of 17 core genes of the NFkappaB pathway (REL, RELA, RELB, NFKB1, NFKB2, NFKBIA, NFKBIB, NFKBIE, IKBKA, IKBKB, IKBKE, IKBKAP, KBRAS1, KBRAS2, MAP3K1, MAP3K14, TAX1BP1) were studied by mass spectrometry analysis complemented with 5'-nuclease fluorescence assays in the discovery set, 458 patients with RA and 657 controls. SNPs showing nominal significant differences were further investigated in the replication set of 1189 patients with RA and 1092 controls.
No clear reproducible association was found, although 12 SNPs in IKBKB, IKBKE and REL genes showed significant association in the discovery set. Interestingly, two of the SNPs in the IKBKE gene, weakly associated in the discovery phase, showed a trend to significant association in the replication phase. Pooling both sample sets together, the association with these two SNPs was significant.
We did not find any major effect among the explored members of the NFkappaB pathway in RA susceptibility. However, it is possible that variation in the IKBKE gene could have a small effect that requires replication in additional studies.
Full-text · Article · May 2008 · Annals of the rheumatic diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown either a lack of effect of IRF5 polymorphisms or an association of the IRF5 gene in only a minor subset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in whom anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) are absent. The present study was undertaken to investigate the role of genetic variation in IRF5 in susceptibility to RA.
Nine IRF5 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were studied in 1,338 patients with RA and 1,342 control subjects in analyses of exploratory and replication sample collections, with stratification according to sex and by the presence or absence of ACPAs, rheumatoid factor, the shared epitope, the 620W PTPN22 allele, and erosions. A meta-analysis that included results from previous studies was also carried out.
Our findings together with those from previous studies, in a total of 4,620 RA patients and 3,741 controls, showed a significant association of the rs2004640 IRF5 SNP in RA patients as a whole (odds ratio [OR] 0.88, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.83-0.94; P = 6.5 x 10(-5) versus controls). This association was stronger in ACPA- patients, but was also present in ACPA+ patients (from 3 sample collections). Further analysis of our exploratory sample collection showed that only patients in the ACPA+ and SE- group lacked an association with IRF5 SNPs. All of the remaining RA patients (ACPA- or SE+) showed a strong association with IRF5 SNPs, which followed a complex pattern of opposing effects mediated by independent haplotypes. The susceptibility haplotype showed an OR of 1.8 (95% CI 1.4-2.3; P = 1.2 x 10(-6) versus controls), whereas the protective haplotype showed an OR of 0.76 (95% CI 0.6-0.98; P = 0.046 versus controls).
IRF5 polymorphisms seem to influence RA susceptibility in a large subgroup of patients, following a pattern of association very similar to that described in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
Full-text · Article · May 2008 · Arthritis & Rheumatology