[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The goal of the present study is to investigate the relationship between anthropometric and bone metabolism markers in a sample of neonates and their mothers. A sample of 20 SGA (small for the gestational age), AGA (appropriate for the gestational age) and LGA (large for the gestational age) term neonates and their 20 mothers was analyzed at birth and at exit. Elisa method was used to measure the OPG (Osteoprotegerin), RANK (Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB), RANKL (Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB Ligand), IGF-1 (Insulin-like growth factor 1), IGFBP3 (Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3) and Leptin levels. Birth weight and length were positively correlated with RANKL, IGF-1 and IGFBP3 and negatively with the ratio OPG/RANKL. SGA neonates presented lower RANKL values and higher OPG/RANKL ratio while LGA neonates had higher RANK levels than AGA neonates. Positive association was shown between neonatal IGFBP3 and maternal IGF-1 values and between neonatal and maternal RANK values at birth and at exit. These results reveal a remarkable upregulation of OPG/RANKL ratio in SGA neonates, pointing out the role of bone turnover in compensating for the delayed neonatal growth.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Common clinical practice for the provision of parenteral nutrition of neonates is to administer the nutrients in separate solutions. The aim of this study was to introduce and examine an alternative way of parenteral feeding for neonates, providing all-in-one parenteral regimes.
Stability studies were carried out on 2 all-in-one admixtures. Stability assays consisted of the assessment of the admixture's (1) macroscopic aspect, (2) drop size measurement, (3) pH measurement, (4) peroxide value, and (5) alpha-tocopherol concentration. For the measurements, the admixtures were stored at 2 different temperatures, 4 degrees C (storage) and 25 degrees C (compounding), and then analyzed at a starting time, 24 hours, 48 hours, and 7 days after compounding.
The 2 all-in-one parenteral admixtures for neonates were shown to be physically stable under analysis conditions, and there were no particles larger than 1 mum. The maximum loss of alpha-tocopherol was approximately 24%. In all-in-one admixtures, lipid peroxide occurred within 24 hours after the addition of the lipid emulsion.
The addition of fat emulsion and fat-soluble vitamins did not alter the physical stability of parenteral admixtures for neonates. Moreover, the admixtures examined were relatively chemically stable for 24 hours, as far as vitamin E is concerned. Lipid peroxidation was the limiting factor for application stability of an all-in-one neonatal parenteral regimen.
No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study assesses the results of implementation of a software program that allows for input of admission/discharge summary data (including cost) in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Greece, based on the establishment of a baseline statistical database for infants treated in a NICU and the statistical analysis of epidemiological and resource utilization data thus collected.
A software tool was designed, developed, and implemented between April 2004 and March 2005 in the NICU of the LITO private maternity hospital in Athens, Greece, to allow for the first time for step-by-step collection and management of summary treatment data. Data collected over this period were subsequently analyzed using defined indicators as a basis to extract results related to treatment options, treatment duration, and relative resource utilization.
Data for 499 babies were entered in the tool and processed. Information on medical costs (e.g., mean total cost +/- SD of treatment was euro310.44 +/- 249.17 and euro6704.27 +/- 4079.53 for babies weighing more than 2500 g and 1000-1500 g respectively), incidence of complications or disease (e.g., 4.3 percent and 14.3 percent of study babies weighing 1,000 to 1,500 g suffered from cerebral bleeding [grade I] and bronchopulmonary dysplasia, respectively, while overall 6.0 percent had microbial infections), and medical statistics (e.g., perinatal mortality was 6.8 percent) was obtained in a quick and robust manner.
The software tool allowed for collection and analysis of data traditionally maintained in paper medical records in the NICU with greater ease and accuracy. Data codification and analysis led to significant findings at the epidemiological, medical resource utilization, and respective hospital cost levels that allowed comparisons with literature findings for the first time in Greece. The tool thus contributed to a clearer understanding of treatment practices in the NICU and set the baseline for the assessment of the impact of future interventions at the policy or hospital level.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Perspectives in health information management / AHIMA, American Health Information Management Association
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence, examine the influence of hospital practices and investigate potential determinants of breast-feeding in Athens.
Three hundred twelve mothers provided information regarding feeding practices at certain maternity hospitals in Athens, at 40 days and 6 months postpartum. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between the initiation and maintenance of breast-feeding and potential risk factors.
Although almost 90% of newborn infants were given a breast milk substitute one or more times during the first 2 days at the maternity hospital, the exclusive breast-feeding percentage on the last day of hospital stay reached 85%. Breast-feeding and exclusive breast-feeding percentages dropped to 55% and 35%, respectively, at 40 days postpartum and to 16% and 12%, respectively, at 6 months postpartum. While in the hospital, 3% of mothers initiated breast-feeding within 1 hour of labor, only 34% were informed about the advantages of breast-feeding by health professionals and 42% were trained to breast-feed by the midwives. "Rooming-in" was not practiced in the private hospitals. The educational level was positively associated with the initiation of breast-feeding [odds ratio (OR): 1.36, confidence interval (CI): 1.02-1.81], the mother's body mass index was negatively associated with the maintenance of breast-feeding for 40 days (OR: 0.56, CI: 0.32-0.98) and 6 months (OR: 0.28, CI: 0.06-1.26) and a caesarean section was negatively associated with the initiation (OR: 0.24, CI: 0.11-0.49) and maintenance of breast-feeding (OR: 0.42, CI: 0.20-0.89).
Breast-feeding is not appropriately supported in certain maternity hospitals in Athens, and this is probably the cause of observed low breast-feeding prevalence.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2006 · Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition