[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We treated a 77-year-old patient with secondary abdominal compartment syndrome that caused failure to maintain cardiopulmonary bypass while undergoing elective minimally invasive right mini-thoracotomy mitral valve and tricuspid valve repair procedures. During the operation, a decompression laparotomy was needed to relieve elevated intraabdominal pressure that caused instability of the cardiopulmonary bypass. Due to poor oxygenation and the long cardiopulmonary bypass time, the patient required peripheral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation before recovery. We alert surgeons to this rare complication that can occur even in patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery with a right mini-thoracotomy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transplantation of induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiac tissue constructs is a promising regenerative treatment for cardiac failure: however, its tumourigenic potential is concerning. We hypothesised that the tumourigenic potential may be eliminated by the host immune response after allogeneic cell transplantation. Scaffold-free iPSC-derived cardaic tissue sheets of C57BL/6 mouse origin were transplanted into the cardiac surface of syngeneic C57BL/6 mice and allogeneic BALB/c mice with or without tacrolimus injection. Syngeneic mice and tacrolimus-injected immunosuppressed allogeneic mice formed teratocarcinomas with identical phenotypes, characteristic, and time courses, as assessed by imaging tools including 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography. In contrast, temporarily immunosuppressed allogeneic mice, following cessation of tacrolimus injection displayed diminished progression of the teratocarcinoma, accompanied by an accumulation of CD4/CD8-positive T cells, and finally achieved complete elimination of the teratocarcinoma. Our results indicated that malignant teratocarcinomas arising from induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiac tissue constructs provoked T cell-related host immune rejection to arrest tumour growth in murine allogeneic transplantation models.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Scientific Reports
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
We assessed the effects of different types of prosthetic rings on mitral annular dynamics using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE).
RT3DE was performed in 44 patients, including patients undergoing mitral annuloplasty using the Cosgrove-Edwards flexible band (Group A, n = 10), the semi-rigid Sorin Memo 3D ring (Group B, n = 17), the semi-rigid Edwards Physio II ring (Group C, n = 7) and ten control subjects. Various annular diameters were measured throughout the cardiac cycle.
We observed flexible anterior annulus motion in all of the groups except Group C. A flexible posterior annulus was only observed in Group B and the Control group. The mitral annular area changed during the cardiac cycle by 8.4 ± 3.2, 6.3 ± 2.0, 3.2 ± 1.3, and 11.6 ± 5.0 % in Group A, Group B, Group C, and the Control group, respectively. The dynamic diastolic to systolic change in mitral annular diameters was lost in Group C, while it was maintained in Group A, and to a good degree in Group B. In comparison to the Control group, the mitral annulus shape was more ellipsoid in Group B and Group C, and more circular in Group A.
Although mitral regurgitation was well controlled by all of the types of rings that were utilized in the present study, we demonstrated that the annulus motion and annulus shape differed according to the type of prosthetic ring that was used, which might provide important information for the selection of an appropriate prosthetic ring.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the difference in inotrope use between patients who underwent left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation with preoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and those who underwent LVAD implantation without preoperative ECMO. One hundred and eight patients who underwent LVAD implantation were enrolled in this study. Prior to LVAD implantation, 27 patients received ECMO support (ECMO group) and the other 81 patients did not (non-ECMO group). Cardiac index (CI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2), and the vasoactive inotropic score (VIS) were recorded at weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), 30 min after weaning from CPB (min after CPB), 60 min after CPB, and at the end of surgery. MAP and VIS were also recorded before induction of anesthesia (baseline). The modified VIS was defined as: (dopamine µg/kg/min × 1 + dobutamine µg/kg/min × 1 + epinephrine µg/kg/min × 100 + noradrenaline µg/kg/min × 100 + milrinone µg/kg/min × 10 + olprinone µg/kg/min × 25). There were no significant differences between the ECMO group and the non-ECMO group in terms of hemodynamic parameters such as MAP, CI, and SvO 2 . However, the ECMO group had higher VIS and noradrenaline doses than that of non-ECMO group (p = 0.030 and p = 0.044, respectively). VIS was significantly higher in ECMO group at 30 min after CPB (p = 0.03), 60 min after CPB (p = 0.003), and at the end of the surgery (p < 0.001). The doses of noradrenaline were significantly higher in ECMO group at 60 min after CPB (p = 0.013), and at the end of surgery (p = 0.002). Patients who received ECMO support prior to LVAD implantation required significantly more noradrenaline to maintain normal levels of hemodynamic parameters compared with patients without ECMO.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Although transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a new alternative treatment with acceptable midterm results for high surgical risk patients, at present performing the procedure in dialysis patients is not reimbursed in Japan.Methods and Results:The study group of 17 dialysis patients (mean age, 76.7±5.0 years) underwent TAVI with the SAPIEN/SAPIEN XT. EuroSCORE and STS score were 25.0±19.0% and 15.4±12.3%, respectively. Transiliofemoral and transapical approaches were performed in 7 (41.2%) and 10 patients (58.8%), respectively. ICU and hospital stays after TAVI were 1.8±1.6 and 12.9±12.7 days, respectively. Mean transvalvular gradients at discharge significantly decreased from 45.9±13.3 mmHg to 10.7±4.3 mmHg (P<0.0001) and effective orifice area significantly increased from 0.78±0.17 to 1.69±0.37 cm(2)(P<0.0001). Device success was 87.5%. One patient required a valve-in-valve procedure on 187-postoperative-day for an acute increase in paravalvular leakage caused by initial lower implantation of the device. The overall mortality at 1 year was 0% and clinical efficacies at 30 days, 6 months, and 1 year were 93.8%, 83.3%, and 69.2%, respectively.
Satisfactory early results were achieved with TAVI in Japanese dialysis patients with a high surgical risk, indicating it is a safe and effective alternative for the treatment of aortic valve stenosis in such patients.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Circulation Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of tolvaptan, a vasopressin V2 receptor agonist, for the management of postoperative surgical fluid retention after heart valve surgery.
This was a prospective observational study of 64 patients with heart valve disease who underwent valve surgery between 2013 and 2014. Those in the tolvaptan group received tolvaptan in addition to conventional diuretic therapy. The results were compared to the results of 55 patients who underwent heart valve surgery between 2007 and 2010 and received conventional postoperative diuretics alone.
The time to return to the preoperative BW was significantly shorter in the patients who received tolvaptan (6.1 ± 3.8 vs. 8.7 ± 6.7 days, p < 0.05), while the level of sodium was significantly decreased in the patients who received conventional diuretics. The degree of increase in the creatinine level tended to be smaller in the tolvaptan group. The response to tolvaptan was related to the postoperative degree of BW increase and the preoperative creatinine level.
Tolvaptan was effective in treating fluid retention during the early postoperative stage in cardiac surgery patients, without increased renal failure or abnormal electrolyte levels. This new type of diuretic therapy may be a suitable option for postoperative fluid management in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Significance:
This study focused on N-glycans produced in human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes to investigate their change on cardiomyogenic differentiation in vitro. This shows that the expression pattern of N-glycans in human iPSCs changed toward the pattern observed in human cardiomyocytes upon cardiomyogenic differentiation. Structural differences were also observed in the bisecting N-acetylglucosamine and the triantennary structures upon cardiomyogenic differentiation. The findings of this study will help in understanding the directional precision of cardiomyogenic differentiation in vitro.
No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · STEM CELLS TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the cases of minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MICS-mitral) performed using right mini-thoracotomy (RT) with those performed using median sternotomy (MS).
Between 2008 and 2012, 6137 patients underwent isolated mitral valve repair at 210 institutions and were registered in the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database. We compared 756 who underwent MICS-mitral via RT to 5381 MS patients and performed a one-to-one matched analysis based on the estimated propensity score.
The in-hospital mortality was similar between both groups (RT vs. MS: 0.5 vs. 1.1 %). Although the incidence of postoperative stroke, renal failure, and prolonged ventilation was similar, the number of patients with mediastinitis was greater in the MS group (RT vs. MS: 0 vs. 0.7 %, p < 0.01). Reexploration for bleeding was more frequent in the RT group (RT vs. MS: 2.9 vs. 1.4 %, p < 0.01). Mortality and morbidity occurred at a higher rate in low-volume institutions. The propensity analysis showed that the operation-related times were significantly longer in the RT group, while the length of hospital stay was shorter. In a propensity analysis of patients <60 years of age, there was no in-hospital mortality.
MICS-mitral via RT was successful without compromising the clinical outcomes. Although the operation time and postoperative bleeding should be improved, an RT approach is safe in appropriately selected patients, especially those <60 years of age or treated in a high-volume center.