[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We wanted to evaluate the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) among the career women of Bucheon City and their knowledge of and ability to seek treatment regarding their dysmenorrhea and premenstrual syndrome.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: CTR1 and CTR2 are copper transporters that have been associated with platinum sensitivity in several human cancers. We investigated the prognostic significance of CTR1 and CTR2 in women with ovarian carcinoma.
We evaluated the expression of CTR1 and CTR2 using real-time PCR in 40 women with ovarian carcinoma (IIb=2, IIIb=2, IIIc=30, IV=6). We compared the expression of CTR1 and CTR2 with participants' clinicopathological findings.
We found lower expression of CTR1 and CTR2 mRNA in ovarian cancer cells against normal ovarian tissue with statistically significant differences (p=0.018 and 0.011, respectively). High CTR1 expression was a prognostic factor for improved survival after adjusting for age, tumor grade, stage, residual tumor, and CTR2 mRNA expression (HR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.15-0.84). However, CTR2 expression did not exhibit any prognostic significance. Of the 20 women with elevated CTR1 expression, 17 (85%) were sensitive to platinum-based chemotherapy. Of the 7 women with low CTR1 expression and high CTR2 expression, 6 (85.7%) were resistant to platinum-based chemotherapy and had the shortest progression-free survival of all women in our study sample.
In our sample of 40 women with ovarian carcinoma, high CTR1 expression was significantly associated with sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy and longer progression-free survival. Conversely, low CTR1 expression and high CTR2 expression were significantly associated with resistance to platinum-based chemotherapy and the shortest survival.
No preview · Article · May 2011 · Gynecologic Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the oncological safety and reproductive outcomes of patients with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) treated with fertility-sparing surgery.
Patients with BOTs who underwent radical or fertility-sparing surgery between 1997 and 2009 were identified from an institutional database. The recurrence rates were compared between the 2 surgery groups. To compare the reproductive outcomes, all patients who underwent fertility-sparing surgery were interviewed by telephone.
One hundred forty-three patients underwent radical surgery, and 155 patients underwent fertility-sparing surgery. After a median interval of 38 months from the initial surgery (range, 10-77 months), 19 patients had a recurrence. The recurrence rate was similar in the radical and fertility-sparing surgery groups (4.9% and 7.7%, respectively; P = 0.280). In the fertility-sparing surgery group, however, the main site of recurrence was the remaining ovary that was successfully salvaged with a second round of fertility-sparing surgery. Of 51 patients who attempted to conceive, 45 patients (88.2%) were successful and resulted in 54 term deliveries.
Fertility-sparing surgery for BOTs is safe and can result in future pregnancies, suggesting that such surgery should be considered for young patients who desire preservation of fertility.
No preview · Article · May 2011 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a β-galactoside-binding lectin involved in regulating cell growth, angiogenesis, and tumor progression. We investigated the clinical significance of Gal-3 expression including its possible use as a prognostic marker or therapeutic target in epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC).
Gal-3 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 71 patients with 54 serous, 13 endometrioid, and 4 mucinous ovarian carcinomas. We assessed the correlation of Gal-3 expression with clinical characteristics including histology, optimal debulking, chemosensitivity, and survival. In vitro, Gal-3 was inhibited using siRNA to evaluate its role in cell growth and sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents in ovarian carcinoma cell lines.
Gal-3 protein, which was mainly cytoplasmic in location, was observed in a majority (63/71, 88.7%) of the EOCs but not in normal ovarian tissues (P < 0.001). High Gal-3 expression in EOCs correlated with shorter progression-free survival (PFS) of patients (P = 0.039; 43.1 and 49.5 months, respectively). Moreover, cotreatment with Gal-3 siRNA and paclitaxel showed an enhanced cytotoxic effect compared with control siRNA in SKOV3 cells.
These findings suggest that Gal-3 expression can be a prognostic factor for PFS and may be involved in regulating the response to paclitaxel-based chemotherapy in the treatment of EOC.
No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · International Journal of Clinical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To report our initial two hundred single-port access (SPA) gynecologic surgeries and present the perioperative outcomes.
This is a prospective single-center study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Two hundred selected patients with gynecological disease were recruited for the study from May 2008 through December 2009 at Samsung Medical Center.
Two hundred patients underwent SPA gynecological surgery (105 a total hysterectomy; 11 a subtotal hysterectomy; 43 an oophorectomy; 31 an ovarian cystectomy; 5 a salpingectomy; 2 a myomectomy; 3 adhesiolysis only). The median age and body mass index were 45.5 and 22.9 kg/m(2), respectively. SPA surgery was successfully completed in 187 patients, without the need for ancillary ports (93.5%). Two cases required a conventional multiport, and nine cases needed one additional port. Two patients were converted to a laparotomy. One intra- and five post-operative complications occurred. The complication rate was 3.2% (6/187). The median operative time was 120 min (54-250) for a total hysterectomy, 180 (150-345) for a subtotal hysterectomy, 60 (27-245) for an oophorectomy, 105 (50-185) for a cystectomy, and 60 (30-115) for a salpingectomy.
Single-port surgery was safe and feasible for gynecological indications. Further study of single-port surgery is required to determine whether it has significant benefits compared to conventional techniques.
No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This retrospective study evaluates the efficacy and toxicity of topotecan, followed by cisplatin, in patients with persistent or recurrent cervical cancer.
Twenty-four patients were included in the study. Ninety-two cycles of chemotherapy were administered during the study period. Topotecan (0.75 mg/m(2)) was administered as a 30-minute infusion on 3 consecutive days, and cisplatin was given intravenously at a dose of 50 mg/m(2) over 1h on day 3 of every third week.
The median number of cycles administered was 3, with a range of 1-8 cycles per patient. There were 4 (16.7%) complete responses, 3 (12.5%) partial responses, and 5 (20.8%) stable disease. All of the patients with a complete response had received palliative radiation or surgery for pain or an isolated solitary recurrence prior to chemotherapy. There were no treatment delays of >7 days per cycle due to hematologic toxicity. There were 59 days of delay (average, 0.6 days per cycle) in 21 of 92 (22.8%) cycles and two episodes of dose reduction (cisplatin, 50% reduction) in 2 patients due to low creatinine clearance (30-60 mL/min). Overall, grade 3/4 anemia, thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia were experienced in 13.1%, 1.1%, and 18.5% of the courses, or 33.4%, 4.2%, and 45.8% of the patients, respectively.
Combination chemotherapy, consisting of topotecan on days 1-3 and cisplatin on day 3, showed a relatively low rate of hematologic toxicity, as compared with the regimen of topotecan on days 1-3 and cisplatin on day 1, as used in previous studies.
No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Gynecologic Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dynamin 2 is known as a protein involved in cell migration and endocytosis. We aimed to investigate the association between dynamin 2 expressions and tumor progression in early cervical carcinoma (IB1-IIA). Dynamin 2 expression was evaluated at protein level in thirty seven paraffin-embedded, formalin-fixed tissues including four normal cervix tissues and compared with pathologic risk factors for recurrence after surgery in thirty three patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. The expression of dynamin 2 was not different according to clinical stage and lympho-vascular space invasion. However, there were inverse correlations between dynamin 2 expression and the depth of invasion in cervix (p = 0.003) and lymph node (LN) metastasis (p = 0.001). To evaluate the mechanism of dynamin 2 in tumor invasion and metastasis, we performed an in vitro experiment with dynamin 2 siRNA using several cervical carcinoma cell lines such as HeLa, MS751 and SiHa cells. We found the inhibition of dynamin 2 using specific siRNA enhanced the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2. These results suggested that dynamin 2 might be involved in preventing tumor invasion and LN metastasis, possibly in relation with extracellular matrix degradation, and may be a prognostic marker for these risk factors in early squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix.
Preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Cancer biology & therapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to compare the peri-operative outcomes of single port access (SPA) laparoscopic adnexal surgery and conventional laparoscopic adnexal surgery.
This is a retrospective case-control study matched by body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)). A single surgeon (T-JK) performed 17 SPA laparoscopic adnexal surgeries (cases) consecutively between December 2008 and March 2009; 34 conventional laparoscopic adnexal surgeries (controls) were performed by another surgeon who had similar surgical skill at our hospital during the same time period. Data on the SPA laparoscopic adnexal surgery cases were collected prospectively into our data registry after Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval and we reviewed the data on the controls from the electronic medical records with IRB approval.
In both groups all procedures were performed without failure. Among preoperative baseline characteristics there was no difference between the two groups including preoperative size of ovarian tumor and bilaterality. The pathology findings were similar; a mature cystic teratoma was the most common pathological feature in both groups. The two groups were comparable with regard to operative outcomes according the surgery type. There were no differences between SPA and conventional groups in median operation time (64 min vs. 57.5 min, p=0.252), the number of patients that requested additional parenteral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (7 patients vs. 19 patients, p=0.597), and the absolute decrease (1.3mg/dl vs. 1.1mg/dl, p=0.640) from preoperative hemoglobin to postoperative day 1 measurements. No patient from either cohort required a blood transfusion. There were no complications in either group including umbilical incision complications in the SPA group.
Our study demonstrated that SPA laparoscopic adnexal surgery had comparable operative outcomes to conventional laparoscopic adnexal surgery. A prospective comparison is needed for confirmation and to define the role of SPA in gynecological adnexal surgery.
No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To present a case of successful robotic assisted radical trachelectomy. A nulliparous woman with early cervical cancer underwent a laparo-scopic radical trachelectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy with the da Vinci robot (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA). After the pelvic lymph nodes were found negative on frozen section, the parametria, paracolpia and uterosacral ligaments were dissected transabdominally sparing the ascending branches of the uterine arteries. Cervical transection and vaginal closure were performed transvaginally. Surgical time was 450 min. No perioperative complications were noted. Robotic laparoscopic radical trachelectomy may bridge the gap between lapa-rotomy and laparoscopy for radical trachelectomy.