Ronald P DeMatteo

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, United States

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Publications (424)2439.86 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives: Patients who undergo liver resection for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) have reported 5-year survivals ranging from 25% to 50%. The current study updated long-term survival for patients with resected liver metastases treated with adjuvant hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) and systemic (SYS) chemotherapy. Methods: Updated survival and recurrence free survival for patients treated on four consecutive adjuvant protocols with HAI and SYS from 1991 to 2009. Patients were divided into two groups: those treated on protocols before 2003 and after 2003. Median follow-up for all patients was 11 years. Results: All 287 patients enrolled in four prospective protocols after liver resection are included. Patients treated before 2003 had a median follow-up of 15 years, 5 and 10-year survivals of 56% [95%CI: 49-64%] and 40% [95%CI: 32-47%], respectively, and median survival of 71 months. Patients treated after 2003 had a median follow-up of 9 years, 5 and 10-year survivals of 78% [95%CI: 70-84%] and 61% [95%CI: 51-70%], respectively, and median survival has not been reached. Conclusions: Survival is improving for patients with mCRC who undergo liver resection. These data support the durability of long-term survival in patients who undergo resection followed by adjuvant HAI and SYS therapy. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Transarterial chemoembolization is accepted therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). No randomized trial has demonstrated superiority of chemoembolization compared with embolization, and the role of chemotherapy remains unclear. This randomized trial compares the outcome of embolization using microspheres alone with chemoembolization using doxorubicin-eluting microspheres. Materials and methods: At a single tertiary referral center, patients with HCC were randomly assigned to embolization with microspheres alone (Bead Block [BB]) or loaded with doxorubicin 150 mg (LC Bead [LCB]). Random assignment was stratified by number of embolizations to complete treatment, and assignments were generated by permuted blocks in the institutional database. The primary end point was response according to RECIST 1.0 (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors) using multiphase computed tomography 2 to 3 weeks post-treatment and then at quarterly intervals, with the reviewer blinded to treatment allocation. Secondary objectives included safety and tolerability, time to progression, progression-free survival, and overall survival. This trial is currently closed to accrual. Results: Between December 2007 and April 2012, 101 patients were randomly assigned: 51 to BB and 50 to LCB. Demographics were comparable: median age, 67 years; 77% male; and 22% Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage A and 78% stage B or C. Adverse events occurred with similar frequency in both groups: BB, 19 of 51 patients (38%); LCB, 20 of 50 patients (40%; P = .48), with no difference in RECIST response: BB, 5.9% versus LCB, 6.0% (difference, -0.1%; 95% CI, -9% to 9%). Median PFS was 6.2 versus 2.8 months (hazard ratio, 1.36; 95% CI, 0.91 to 2.05; P = .11), and overall survival, 19.6 versus 20.8 months (hazard ratio, 1.11; 95% CI, 0.71 to 1.76; P = .64) for BB and LCB, respectively. Conclusion: There was no apparent difference between the treatment arms. These results challenge the use of doxorubicin-eluting beads for chemoembolization of HCC.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Resection of colorectal liver metastases(CRLM) is associated with improved survival; however, the impact of time to resection on survival is unknown. The current multi-institutional study sought to evaluate the influence of time from diagnosis to resection(Dx-Rx) on survival outcomes among patients with resectable, metachronous CRLM and to compare practice patterns across hospitals.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of the American College of Surgeons
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    ABSTRACT: Background: A recent prospective randomized trial demonstrated that prophylactic pasireotide reduces the incidence of pancreatic complications (PC) after resection. This secondary analysis aimed to describe quality of life (QoL) before and after resection, to characterize the impact of PC on QoL, and to assess whether pasireotide improves QoL. Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of preoperative pasireotide in patients undergoing pancreatectomy was conducted. Participants completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) C30 and PAN26 modules preoperatively and on postoperative days 14 and 60. Scores were compared using t tests. The percentage of patients with clinically important worsening (a decline ≥0.5 times the baseline standard deviation) was reported. Results: All questionnaires were completed by 87 % (260/300) of the patients. No major differences were observed between the pasireotide and placebo groups. Therefore, the data were pooled for further analyses. A significant worsening of function at 14 days was detected on all the PAN26 and C30 function scales except hepatic and emotional functioning (EF), and on all the C30 symptom scales. More than 75 % of the patients experienced clinically important worsening of fatigue, pain, and role functioning. Most effects persisted at 60 days, with the 60-day EF significantly better than at baseline (p = 0.03). PC were associated with worse outcomes on most function scales. Conclusions: During the 14 days after resection, patients can be expected to have a significant decline in QoL. Many symptoms abate by 60 days, and EF improves. PC were associated with impaired QoL in several domains. Although pasireotide effectively reduced PC, its effect did not appear to translate to improved QoL in this sample of 300 patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Annals of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate outcomes after resection of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) and concurrent extrahepatic disease (EHD), and to define prognostic factors. Background: There is increasing evidence to support resection of liver metastases and concurrent EHD in selected patients. Long-term survival data are lacking, and prognostic factors are not well defined. Methods: Retrospective review of 219 patients was undertaken between January 1992 and December 2012, who underwent hepatectomy for CRLM and resection of synchronous EHD. Survival outcomes were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate analyses of prognostic factors were performed. A scoring system for prognostication was developed. Results: The median, 3, 5, and 10-year overall survival were 34.4 months, 49%, 28%, and 10%, respectively. Disease recurred in 185 patients (90.2%) at a median of 8 months. There were 8 actual 10-year survivors. The site of EHD affected survival, with portal, retroperitoneal nodes and multiple sites associated with the worst prognoses. The size of the largest CRLM, the number of CRLM, unfavorable site of EHD, and progression of CRLM on neoadjuvant therapy were associated with overall survival on univariate and multivariate analyses. Three variables, assigned 1 point each, were used to create an EHD risk score: largest CRLM greater than 3 cm, greater than 5 CRLM, and unfavorable site of EHD. The resulting score was prognostic of overall and recurrence-free survival. Conclusions: Long-term survival is possible after resection of liver metastases and concurrent EHD, but true cure is rare. A proposed scoring system may identify patients most likely to benefit from surgery.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Annals of surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Risk stratification after surgery for colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) is achieved using clinicopathologic variables, however is of limited accuracy. We sought to derive and externally validate a multigene expression assay prognostic of overall survival (OS) that is superior to clinicopathologic variables in patients with surgically resected CRLM. Experimental Design We measured mRNA expression in prospectively collected frozen tumor from 96 patients with surgically resected CRLM at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC, New York). We retrospectively generated a 20-gene molecular risk score (MRS) and compared its prognostic utility for overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) with three common clinical risk scores (CRSs). We then tested the prognostic ability of the MRS in an external validation cohort (European) of 119 patients with surgically resected CRLM at the University Medical Center Utrecht (Netherlands) and Paul Brousse Hospital (France). Results For OS in the MSKCC cohort, MRS was the strongest independent prognosticator (HR 3.7-4.9, P<0.001) followed by adjuvant chemotherapy (HR 0.3, P≤0.001). For OS in the European cohort, MRS was the only independent prognosticator (HR 3.5, P=0.007). For RFS, MRS was also independently prognostic in the MSKCC cohort (HR 2.4-2.6, P≤0.001) and the European cohort (HR 1.6-2.5, P≤0.05). Conclusion Compared to CRSs, the MRS is more accurate, broadly applicable, and an independent prognostic biomarker of OS in resected CRLM. This MRS is the first externally validated prognostic multigene expression assay after metastasectomy for CRLM, and warrants prospective validation.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) performed for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) has a postoperative morbidity of 40-50%. In this study, we analyzed the impact of high grade complications after PD for PDA on overall survival. Methods: A total of 596 patients that underwent PD for PDA between 2001 and 2009 were identified from a prospective database. Complications were defined and graded (1-5) as per our Institutional Surgical Secondary Events Program. High grade complications were defined as ≥grade 3. Postoperative mortality (≤90 days) was excluded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors associated with overall survival. Results: Median survival was 24 months. Overall complication rate was 51% (301/596). Low grade complications were recorded in 266 patients (45%) and high grade complications in 22% (n = 129). Our 90 day mortality was 3.7% (n = 22). Anastomotic fistula/leak/abscess rate was 14% (n = 82). Multivariate Cox-Regression analysis identified node positivity, estimated blood loss (EBL) >600 ml, length of stay (LOS) >10 days, margin positivity, and vascular procedures as predictors of decreased overall survival (P < 0.05). High grade complications were not associated with overall survival (P = 0.948). Conclusion: In this study, the occurrence of high grade postoperative complications was not associated with overall survival. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is associated with poor survival. This study compared the outcomes of patients with unresectable ICC treated with hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) plus systemic chemotherapy (SYS) with the outcomes of patients treated with SYS alone. Methods: Consecutive patients with ICC were retrospectively reviewed. Clinicopathologic data were reviewed. Survival rates were compared by Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank testing. Results: Between January 2000 and August 2012, 525 patients with ICC were evaluated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and 236 patients with unresectable tumors (locally advanced or metastatic) were analyzed. Disease was confined to the liver in 104 patients, who underwent treatment with combined HAI and SYS (n = 78 or 75%) or SYS alone (n = 26 or 25%). The response rate in the combined group was better than the rate in the group receiving SYS alone, although this did not reach statistical significance (59% vs 39%, P = .11). Overall survival for the combined group was longer than overall survival for the patients who received SYS alone (30.8 vs 18.4 months, P < .001), and this difference was maintained when patients with portal lymph node disease were included in the survival analysis (29.6 months with HAI and SYS [n = 93] vs 15.9 months with SYS [n = 74], P < .001). Eight patients who initially presented with unresectable tumors responded enough to undergo complete resection and had a median overall survival of 37 months (range, 10.4-92.3 months). Conclusions: In patients with unresectable ICC confined to the liver or with limited regional nodal disease, a combination of SYS and HAI chemotherapy is associated with greater survival than SYS alone. Cancer 2015. © 2015 American Cancer Society.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the natural history of small asymptomatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNET) and to present a matched comparison between groups who underwent either initial observation or resection. Management approach for small PanNET is uncertain. Methods: Incidentally discovered, sporadic, small (<3 cm), stage I-II PanNET were analyzed retrospectively between 1993 and 2013. Diagnosis was determined either by pathology or imaging characteristics. Intention-to-treat analysis was applied. Results: A total of 464 patients were reviewed. Observation was recommended for 104 patients (observation group), and these patients were matched to 77 patients in the resection group based on tumor size at initial imaging. The observation group was significantly older (median 63 vs. 59 years, p = 0.04) and tended towards shorter follow-up (44 vs. 57 months, p = 0.06). Within the observation group, 26 of the 104 patients (25 %) underwent subsequent tumor resection after a median observation interval of 30 months (range 7-135). At the time of last follow-up of the observation group, the median tumor size had not changed (1.2 cm, p = 0.7), and no patient had developed evidence of metastases. Within the resection group, low-grade (G1) pathology was recorded in 72 (95 %) tumors and 5 (6 %) developed a recurrence, which occurred after a median of 5.1 (range 2.9-8.1) years. No patient in either group died from disease. Death from other causes occurred in 11 of 181 (6 %) patients. Conclusions: In this study, no patient who was initially observed developed metastases or died from disease after a median follow-up of 44 months. Observation for stable, small, incidentally discovered PanNET is reasonable in selected patients.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Annals of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the rate and pattern of recurrence after curative intent resection of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC). Study design: Patients were included from 2 prospectively maintained databases. Recurrences were categorized by site. Time to recurrence and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazards modeling was used to identify independent poor prognostic factors. Results: Between 1991 and 2012, 306 consecutive patients met inclusion criteria. Median overall survival was 40 months. A recurrence was diagnosed in 177 patients (58%). An initial local recurrence was found in 26% of patients: liver hilum (11%), hepaticojejunostomy (8%), liver resection margin (8%), or distal bile duct remnant (2%). An initial distant recurrence was observed in 40% of patients: retroperitoneal lymph nodes (14%), intrahepatic away from the resection margin (13%), peritoneum (12%), and lungs (8%). Only 18% of patients had an isolated initial local recurrence. The estimated overall recurrence rate was 76% at 8 years. After a recurrence-free period of 5 years, 28% of patients developed a recurrence in the next 3 years. Median RFS was 26 months. Independent prognostic factors for RFS were resection margin, lymph node status, and tumor differentiation. Only node-positive PHC precluded RFS beyond 7 years. Conclusions: Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma will recur in most patients (76%) after resection, emphasizing the need for better adjuvant strategies. The high recurrence rate of up to 8 years justifies prolonged surveillance. Only patients with an isolated initial local recurrence (18%) may have benefited from a more extensive resection or liver transplantation. Node-positive PHC appears incurable.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of the American College of Surgeons
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of surgical treatment for patients with isolated breast cancer liver metastases (BCLM). Background: Single-arm retrospective studies have shown promising results associated with surgery for isolated BCLM; however, this treatment remains controversial and its role is not well-defined. Methods: A review of 2150 patients with BCLM who underwent treatment in a single institution was conducted, and 167 (8%) patients with isolated BCLM were identified. A case-control study was conducted to compare outcomes in patients with isolated BCLM who underwent surgery and/or ablation to patients who underwent conventional medical therapy. Results: A total of 167 patients were included (surgery/ablation: 69; medical: 98), with a median follow-up for survivors of 73 months. Patients in the surgical cohort more frequently had estrogen receptor-positive tumors and received adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy for their primary breast tumor. The hepatic tumor burden was less and the interval from breast cancer diagnosis to BCLM was significantly longer (53 vs 30 months) in the surgical cohort. Patients undergoing surgical treatment had a median recurrence-free interval of 28.5 months (95% confidence interval (CI): 19-38) with 10 patients (15%) recurrence free after 5 years. There was no significant difference in overall survival (OS) between the surgical and medical cohorts (median OS: 50 vs 45 months; 5-year OS: 38% vs 39%). Conclusions: Hepatic resection and/or ablation was not associated with a survival advantage. However, significant recurrence-free intervals can be accomplished with surgical treatment. Surgical intervention might be considered in highly selected patients with the goal of providing time off of systemic chemotherapy.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Annals of surgery

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal de Chirurgie Viscerale
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    ABSTRACT: Background Mortality after major hepatectomy remains high and is frequently related to post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF). Other than pre-existing liver disease and a small future liver remnant, few patient factors or early postoperative indicators identify patients at elevated risk for PHLF and mortality.Methods Data on demographics, comorbidities, operative procedures and postoperative laboratory trends were reviewed for patients submitted to major hepatectomy (at least three Couinaud segments) for malignancy during 1998–2013. These factors were compared among patients who died within 90 days, survivors who met the 50–50 criteria and all remaining survivors.ResultsA total of 1528 patients underwent major hepatectomy during the study period. Of these, 947 had metastatic colorectal cancer and underwent resection of a median of four segments. Overall, 49 patients (3.2%) died within 90 days of surgery and 48 patients (3.1%) met the 50–50 criteria for PHLF; 30 of these patients survived 90 days. Operative blood loss was higher in patients who died within 90 days compared with survivors (1.0 l versus 0.5 l; P < 0.001). Despite equivalent perioperative resuscitation and urine output, non-survivors had higher creatinine and phosphate levels than survivors on postoperative day (PoD) 1 (1.1 mg/dl versus 0.9 mg/dl and 4.6 mg/dl versus 3.7 mg/dl, respectively; P < 0.001).Conclusions Early trends in creatinine and phosphate (between the day of surgery and PoD 1) identify patients at risk for PHLF and mortality.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · HPB
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of margin width on overall survival (OS) in the context of other prognostic factors after resection for colorectal liver metastases is unclear. We evaluated the relationship between resection margin and OS utilizing high-resolution histologic distance measurements. A single-institution prospectively maintained database was queried for all patients who underwent an initial complete resection of colorectal liver metastases between 1992 and 2012. R1 resection was defined as tumor cells at the resection margin (0 mm). R0 resection was further divided into 3 groups: 0.1 to 0.9 mm, 1 to 9 mm, and 10 mm or greater. A total of 4915 liver resections were performed at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center between 1992 and 2012, from which 2368 patients were included in the current study. Half of the patients presented with synchronous disease, 43% had solitary metastasis, and the median tumor size was 3.4 cm. With a median follow-up for survivors of 55 months, the median OS of the R1, 0.1 to 0.9 mm, 1 to 9 mm, and 10 mm or more groups was 32, 40, 53, and 56 months, respectively (P < 0.001). Compared with R1 resection, all margin widths, including submillimeter margins correlated with prolonged OS (P < 0.05). The association between the margin width and OS remained significant when adjusted for all other clinicopathologic prognostic factors. Resection margin width is independently associated with OS. Wide margins should be attempted whenever possible. However, resection should not be precluded if narrow margins are anticipated, as submillimeter margin clearance is associated with improved survival. The prolonged OS observed with submillimeter margins is likely a microscopic surrogate for the biologic behavior of a tumor rather than the result of surgical technique.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Annals of surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To compare surgical outcomes between matched central hepatectomy (CH) and extended hepatectomy (EH) groups.Background Surgical choices for centrally located liver tumours are limited. The traditional EH harbours substantial risks, whereas CH is an alternative parenchymal-sparing resection that may improve peri-operative morbidity.MethodsA review of 4661 liver resections at a single institution was performed. The cases (CH) were matched in a 1:1 ratio with EH controls.ResultsThe CH group was matched for demographic, tumour and laboratory factors with either right EH or combined (right/left) EH groups (n = 63 per group). Colorectal liver metastases were the most common diagnosis occurring in 70% of the patients. Higher intra-operative blood loss was observed in the right EH(P = 0.01) and combined EH groups (P < 0.01) compared with the CH group. There was a trend towards lower 90-day morbidity in the CH group (43%) compared with the right EH(59%, P = 0.1) and combined EH groups (56%, P = 0.2). The length of hospital stay was significantly longer in the control groups (P < 0.01 for both). The control groups had significantly higher post-operative bilirubin and International Normalized Ratio (INR) levels compared with the CH group. A post-operative bilirubin higher than 4 mg/dl was observed in 2% of the CH group compared with 39% of the right EH group (P < 0.01) and 52% of the combined EH group (P < 0.01). No differences in the rates of bile leak/biloma, post-hepatectomy liver failure or 90-day mortality were found.ConclusionsCH, as compared with EH, was safe and associated with a shorter hospital stay and less post-operative liver dysfunction. CH should be considered in patients with centrally located tumours amenable to such a resection.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · HPB
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    Cristina R Antonescu · Ronald P DeMatteo
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    ABSTRACT: In the June 1, 2005, issue of Clinical Cancer Research, Antonescu and colleagues defined second-site KIT mutations in gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) as the leading mechanism of acquired resistance to imatinib. Secondary mutations were detectable mainly in KIT exon 11 mutant GISTs after prolonged initial clinical responses. These findings played a critical role in designing the next generation of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Clin Cancer Res; 21(15); 3363-5. ©2015 AACR.See related article by Antonescu et al., Clin Cancer Res 2005;11(11) June 1, 2005;4182-90. ©2015 American Association for Cancer Research.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Clinical Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To investigate associations between imaging features of cholangiocarcinoma by visual assessment and texture analysis, which quantifies heterogeneity in tumor enhancement patterns, with molecular profiles based on hypoxia markers. Methods: The institutional review board approved this HIPAA-compliant retrospective study of CT images of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, obtained before surgery. Immunostaining for hypoxia markers (EGFR, VEGF, CD24, P53, MDM2, MRP-1, HIF-1α, CA-IX, and GLUT1) was performed on pre-treatment liver biopsies. Quantitative imaging phenotypes were determined by texture analysis with gray level co-occurrence matrixes. The correlations between quantitative imaging phenotypes, qualitative imaging features (measured by radiographic inspection alone), and expression levels of the hypoxia markers from the 25 tumors were assessed. Results: Twenty-five patients were included with a median age of 62 years (range: 54-84). The median tumor size was 10.2 cm (range: 4-14), 10 (40%) were single tumors, and 90% were moderately differentiated. Positive immunostaining was recorded for VEGF in 67% of the cases, EGFR in 75%, and CD24 in 55%. On multiple linear regression analysis, quantitative imaging phenotypes correlated significantly with EGFR and VEGF expression levels (R2 = 0.4, p<0.05 and R2 = 0.2, p<0.05, respectively), while a trend was demonstrated with CD24 expression (R2 = 0.33, p = 0.1). Three qualitative imaging features correlated with VEGF and CD24 expression (P<0.05), however, none of the qualitative features correlated with the quantitative imaging phenotypes. Conclusion: Quantitative imaging phenotypes, as defined by texture analysis, correlated with expression of specific markers of hypoxia, regardless of conventional imaging features.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) and percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) are both used to resolve jaundice before surgery for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC). PTBD has been associated with seeding metastases. The aim of this study was to compare overall survival (OS) and the incidence of initial seeding metastases that potentially influence survival in patients with preoperative PTBD versus EBD. Between 1991 and 2012, a total of 278 patients underwent preoperative biliary drainage and resection of PHC at 2 institutions in the Netherlands and the United States. Of these, 33 patients were excluded for postoperative mortality. Among the 245 included patients, 88 patients who underwent preoperative PTBD (with or without previous EBD) were compared to 157 patients who underwent EBD only. Survival analysis was done with Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression with propensity score adjustment. Unadjusted median OS was comparable between the PTBD group (35 months) and EBD-only group (41 months; P = 0.26). After adjustment for propensity score, OS between the PTBD group and EBD-only group was similar (hazard ratio, 1.05; 95 % confidence interval, 0.74-1.49; P = 0.80). Seeding metastases in the laparotomy scar occurred as initial recurrence in 7 patients, including 3 patients (3.4 %) in the PTBD group and 4 patients (2.7 %) in the EBD-only group (P = 0.71). No patient had an initial recurrence in percutaneous catheter tracts. The present study found no effect of PTBD on survival compared to patients with EBD and no increase in seeding metastases that developed as initial recurrence. These data suggest that PTBD can safely be used in preoperative management of PHC.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Annals of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Reports show that FOLFIRINOX therapy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) results in objective response rates two to threefold higher than those of other regimens. This study aimed to assess response and resection rates for locally unresectable (stage 3) patients initially treated with induction FOLFIRINOX. The institutional cancer database was queried for patients treated with induction FOLFIRINOX therapy between 2010 and 2013. Patients were included in the study if they were treated at the authors' institution for stage 3 PDAC (locally unresectable) that had been adjudicated at a weekly multidisciplinary tumor board. The study identified 101 patients. The median age was 64 years (range 37-81 years), and the median follow-up period was 12 months (range 3-37 months). The patients received a median of six cycles (range 1-20 cycles) of induction FOLFIRINOX. No grade 4 or 5 toxicity was recorded. At the initial restaging (median of 3 months after diagnosis), 23 patients (23 %) had developed distant metastases, 15 patients (15 %) had undergone resection, and 63 patients (63 %) had proceeded to chemoradiation. In the group of 63 patients who had proceeded to chemoradiation (median of 9 months after diagnosis), an additional 16 patients (16 %) had undergone resection, and 5 patients (5 %) had developed metastases. A partial radiographic response was observed in 29 % of all the patients, which was associated with ability to perform resection (p = 0.004). The median overall survival time was 11 months for the group that progressed with FOLFIRINOX and 26 months for the group that did not progress. Nearly one third of the patients who had been initially identified as having stage 3 pancreatic carcinoma and had been treated with FOLFIRINOX responded radiographically and underwent tumor resection.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Annals of Surgical Oncology

Publication Stats

21k Citations
2,439.86 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998-2016
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Hepatopancreatobiliary Service
      • • Department of Radiology
      New York, New York, United States
  • 2003-2014
    • Weill Cornell Medical College
      New York, New York, United States
    • University of Louisville
      Louisville, Kentucky, United States
  • 2013
    • Emory University
      • Department of Surgery
      Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • 2011
    • Gracie Square Hospital, New York, NY
      New York, New York, United States
  • 2010
    • Roger Williams University
      Бристоль, Rhode Island, United States
  • 2004
    • Yale-New Haven Hospital
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States
    • Harvard University
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1995-1997
    • University of Pennsylvania
      • Department of Surgery
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1996
    • William Penn University
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States