A Ebner

Franziskus Hospital Bielefeld, Bielefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (198)624.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) surgery and potential risk factors for seizure recurrence after surgery. This retrospective study included 434 consecutive adult patients who underwent TLE surgery at Bethel Epilepsy Centre between 1991 and 2002. Hippocampal sclerosis was found in 62% of patients, gliosis in 17.3%, tumors in 20%, and focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) in 6.9%. Based on a Kaplan-Meier analysis, the probability of Engel Class I outcome for the patients overall was 76.2% (95% CI 71-81%) at 6 months, 72.3% (95% CI 68-76%) at 2 years, 71.1% (95% CI 67-75%) at 5 years, 70.8% (95% CI 65-75%) at 10 years, and 69.4% (95% CI 64-74%) at 16 years postoperatively. The likelihood of remaining seizure free after 2 years of freedom from seizures was 90% (95% CI 82-98%) for 16 years. Seizure relapse occurred in all subgroups. Patients with FCD had the highest risk of recurrence (hazard ratio 2.15, 95% CI 0.849-5.545). Predictors of remission were the presence of hippocampal atrophy on preoperative MR imaging and a family history of epilepsy. Predictors of relapse were the presence of bilateral interictal sharp waves and versive seizures. Six-month follow-up electroencephalography predicted relapse in patients with FCD. Short epilepsy duration was predictive of seizure remission in patients with tumors and gliosis; 28.1% of patients were able to discontinue antiepileptic medications without an increased risk of seizure recurrence (hazard ratio 1.05, 95% CI 0.933-1.20). These findings highlight the role of etiology in prediction of long-term outcome after TLE surgery.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · Journal of Neurosurgery
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    ABSTRACT: Our aim was to determine the surgical outcome in adult patients with intractable extratemporal epilepsy and follow it over time. We retrospectively studied the operative outcome in 218 consecutive adult patients with extratemporal lesions who underwent resective surgical treatment for intractable partial epilepsy in the Bethel Epilepsy Center, Bielefeld, Germany, between 1991 and 2005. Patients were divided into three groups according to the 5-year period in which the surgical procedure took place. Group I (1991-1995) consisted of 64 patients. The postoperative Engel Class I outcome was 50% at 6 months, 44.4% at 2 years, and 45.2% at 5 years. Group II (1996-2000) included 91 patients. Engel Class I outcome was 57.1% at 6 months, 53.8% at 2 years, and 53.5% at 5 years. In Group III (2001-2005), there were 63 patients. Engel Class I outcome was 65.1% at 6 months, 61.3% at 2 years, and 60.6% at 5 years. Short duration of epilepsy, surgery before 30 years of age, pathological findings of neoplasm, and well-circumscribed lesions on the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging scan were good prognostic factors. Poor prognostic factors were one or more of the following: psychic aura, generalized tonic-clonic seizure, versive seizure, history of previous surgery, and focal cortical dysplasia. On multivariate analysis, only the presence of well-circumscribed lesions on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging predicted a positive outcome (P = 0.001). Our results indicate that extratemporal epilepsy surgery at the Bethel Epilepsy Center has become more effective in the treatment of extratemporal epilepsy patients over the years, ensuring continuous improvement in outcome. This improvement can be attributed mainly to more restrictive patient selection.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Neurosurgery
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    ABSTRACT: The mesiotemporal lobe is involved in decision making processes because bilateral amygdala damage can cause impairments in decision making that is mainly based on the processing of emotional feedback. In addition to executive functions, previous studies have suggested the involvement of feedback processing in decision making under risk when explicit information about consequences and their probabilities is provided. In the current study, we investigated whether unilateral mesiotemporal damage, comprising of the hippocampus and/or the amygdala, results in alterations of both kinds of decision making. For this purpose, we preoperatively examined 20 patients with refractory unilateral mesiotemporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and a comparison group (CG) of 20 healthy volunteers with the Iowa Gambling Task to assess decision making based on feedback processing, the Game of Dice Task to assess decision making under risk, and with a neuropsychological test battery. Results indicate that TLE patients performed normally in decision making under risk, but can exhibit disturbances in decision making on the Iowa Gambling Task. A subgroup analysis revealed that those patients with a preference for the disadvantageous alternatives performed worse on executive subcomponents and had seizure onset at an earlier age in comparison to the patient subgroup without disadvantageous decision making. Furthermore, disadvantageous decision making can emerge in patients with selective hippocampal sclerosis not extended to the amygdala. Thus, our results demonstrate for the first time that presurgical patients with TLE can have selective reductions in decision making and that these deficits can result from hippocampal lesions without structural amygdala abnormalities.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Neuropsychologia

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Aktuelle Neurologie

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Aktuelle Neurologie

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Aktuelle Neurologie
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    ABSTRACT: Gelastic epilepsy due to hypothalamic hamartomas is usually a severe condition encompassing both epileptic seizures and an epileptic encephalopathy associated with behavioral and cognitive impairments. Here we report the effects of interstitial radiosurgery in the treatment of this generally pharmacoresistant epilepsy syndrome. Twenty-four consecutive patients (3-46 years of age, 7 women, mean age 21.9 years, mean duration of epilepsy 17.6 years) with gelastic epilepsy due to MR-ascertained hypothalamic hamartoma and a minimum follow-up period of 1 year were included in this evaluation. Treatment was performed by interstitial radiosurgery using stereotactically implanted (125)I seeds. Effects of treatment on seizure frequency and possible side effects were assessed prospectively. Factors influencing outcome and side effects were analyzed statistically. After a mean 24-month follow-up period following the last radiosurgical treatment, 11/24 patients were seizure free or had seizure reduction of at least 90% (Engel class I and II), in some cases only after repeated treatment. The duration of epilepsy prior to radiosurgery negatively influenced outcome. Treatment was well tolerated in most patients. Headache, fatigue, and lethargy were transient side effects associated with the development of brain edema extending from the implantation site in five patients. Four patients had a weight gain of more than 5 kg which was severe in two patients. The majority of those patients whose cognitive functions initially deteriorated showed subsequent recovery of cognitive functions, but episodic memory in two patients showed persistent decline at 1 year follow-up. Longer disease duration increased the risk for cognitive side effects, and larger hamartoma size and eccentric seed positioning increased the risk for radiogenic brain edema. Neither perioperative mortality nor neurologic impairments, visual field defects, or endocrinologic disturbances were encountered following treatment. Interstitial radiosurgery was efficacious in significantly improving gelastic epilepsy in about half of the patients treated in this series. Weight gain may occur as a side effect, whereas other severe side effects reported following microsurgical removal of the hamartoma were absent. The study results strongly suggest early causal treatment, as chances for seizure control are higher and the risk for cognitive side effects is lower in patients with shorter disease duration.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Neurology
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    ABSTRACT: Our aim is to investigate seizure outcome and prognostic factors after pure frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) surgery. We retrospectively studied the operative outcome in 97 consecutive adult patients who underwent resective surgery for intractable partial epilepsy between 1991 and 2005. Based on Kaplan-Meier, the probability of an Engel Class I outcome was found to be 54.6% (95% CI 44-64) at 6 months, 49.5% (95% CI 39.3-59.6) at 2 years, 47% (CI 34-59) at 5 years and 41.9% (CI 23.5-60.3) at 10 years. If the patient was seizure free at 2-year follow-up, the probability of remaining seizure free up to 10 years was 86% (95% CI 76-98). For 13.6% of the patients a running down of seizures could be shown. Factors predictive of poor long-term outcome were incomplete resection, using of subdural grids, IED in follow-up EEG, tonic seizures and an unspecific aura or a postoperative aura. Factors predictive of good long-term outcome were the presence of a well-circumscribed lesion in preoperative MRI, ipsilateral IED in preoperative EEG, surgery before age of 30 and short epilepsy duration prior to surgery. In the multivariate analysis, preoperative well-circumscribed lesion in MRI predicts seizure remission whereas persistent postoperative auras predict seizure relapse. FLE surgery should depend on restrictive patient selection to assure favorable outcome.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Epilepsy Research
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of patients who underwent extratemporal epilepsy surgery and to assess preoperative prognostic factors associated with seizure outcome. This retrospective study included 154 consecutive adult patients who underwent epilepsy surgery at Bethel Epilepsy Centre, Bielefeld, Germany between 1991 and 2001. Seizure outcome was categorized based on the modified Engel classification. Survival statistics were calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves, life tables, and Cox regression models to evaluate the risk factors associated with outcomes. Sixty-one patients (39.6%) underwent frontal resections, 68 (44.1%) had posterior cortex resections, 15 (9.7%) multilobar resections, 6 (3.9%) parietal resections, and 4 (2.6%) occipital resections. The probability of an Engel Class I outcome for the overall patient group was 55.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 52-58% at 0.5 years), 54.5% (95% CI 50-58%) at 1 year, and 51.1% (95% CI 48-54%) at 14 years. If a patient was in Class I at 2 years postoperatively, the probability of remaining in Class I for 14 years postoperatively was 88% (95% CI 78-98%). Factors predictive of poor long-term outcome after surgery were previous surgery (p = 0.04), tonic-clonic seizures (p = 0.02), and the presence of an auditory aura (p = 0.03). Factors predictive of good long-term outcome were surgery within 5 years after onset (p = 0.015) and preoperative invasive monitoring (p = 0.002). Extratemporal epilepsy surgery is effective according to findings on long-term follow-up. The outcome at the first 2-year follow-up visit is a reliable predictor of long-term Engel Class I postoperative outcome.
    No preview · Article · May 2008 · Journal of Neurosurgery
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    R Schulz · M Hoppe · H Pannek · T May · A Ebner

    Preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Clinical Neurophysiology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Neuropediatrics
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated peri-ictal vegetative symptoms (PIVS) in 141 patients with adult temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and assessed frequency, gender effect, and lateralizing value of peri-ictal autonomic signs. We recorded abdominal auras in 62%, goosebumps in 3%, hypersalivation in 12%, spitting in 1%, cold shivering in 3%, urinary urge in 3%, water drinking in 7%, postictal nose wiping (PNW) in 44%, and postictal coughing in 16%. At least one vegetative sign appeared in 86% of the patients. The presence of PIVS did not have a significant lateralizing value. PNW occurred in 52% of women and in 33% of men, whereas any PIVS was present in 93% of women and 77% of men. In summary, contradictory to previous studies, the presence of PIVS has no lateralizing value, which may be linked to a low frequency of occurrence of PIVS. PIVS, especially PNW, occurred more frequently in women, supporting the gender differences in epilepsy.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Epilepsy & Behavior
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    ABSTRACT: Electrical stimulation of the human epileptic brain is used mainly for identification of eloquent cortical regions such as motor and speech areas. Other stimulation responses include the patient's epileptic auras and seizures. In addition, experiential phenomena may be elicited. Here we describe the reproducible initiation of a structured complex visual hallucination on stimulation of the left lateral occipital cortex (superior part of Brodmann area 19, close to the angular gyrus of the parietal lobe). Our findings illustrate that stimulation of the left temporo-parieto-occipital junction may activate networks of visual perception (color, pattern, movement, rotation, shape, and memory) independent of the cortical hierarchy from elementary to complex information.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Epilepsy & Behavior
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the predictive value of demographic data for the seizure outcome after extratemporal epilepsy surgery. Eightyone patients who underwent resective extratemporal epilepsy surgery were retrospectively studied concerning (a) age at surgery, (b) onset of epilepsy, (c) duration of epilepsy, (d) number of seizures at the time of presurgical evaluation, (d) number of presurgically tested antiepileptic substances and (f) number of seizure types. The data were correlated to the postoperative seizure outcome after two years. 33 patients (40.7%) were seizure free two years after surgery. Univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that both tumor etiology and low presurgical seizure frequency were independently associated with seizure freedom after epilepsy surgery. The recurrence rate in patients with one or more seizures per day was more than two-fold if compared with patients with fewer seizures. The remaining demographic factors did not show a significant association with seizure outcome in our 81 patients. Fewer than daily seizures prior to surgery and a tumoral etiology independently increase the likelihood of remaining seizure free two years after extratemporal epilepsy surgery.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2007 · Journal of Neurology
  • Matthias Hoppe · Reinhard Schulz · Alois Ebner
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    ABSTRACT: Since its development in the early 20th century by Berger, clinical EEG based on scalp electrodes has played a crucial role in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy. Until today EEG is the simplest, safest and most inexpensive diagnostic tool to directly register the basic pathophysiologic cerebral mechanisms of epileptic disorders. Specificity and sensitivity of the interictal epileptiform potentials (IED) like spikes, sharp waves and spike-wave complexes is about 90%, so that interictal occurrence of IED in surface EEG is strongly supportive of the diagnosis of epilepsy, and recording an ictal pattern proves the epileptic nature of an attack almost with certainty. Special procedures like hyperventilation, intermittent photic stimulation, prolonged or repeated recordings and sleep recordings can be performed to increase sensitivity and specificity. Also, certain patterns resembling epileptiform potentials -the so called benign variants- should be familiar to the EEG reader. With these restraints, occurrence, shape, localization, and evolution of epileptiform activity in surface EEG is irreplaceable in the diagnosis of epilepsy, and in the classification of the epileptic syndrome.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2007 · Das Neurophysiologie-Labor

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2007 · Klinische Neurophysiologie
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    ABSTRACT: Eine wichtige Voraussetzung für die erfolgreiche epilepsiechirurgische Behandlung ist der Nachweis kongruenter Befunde der präoperativen Abklärung. Anfallsfreiheit wird in der Regel nur dann erwartet, wenn es gelingt, eine als epileptogen definierte Läsion komplett zu entfernen. In diesem Fallbericht wird der unerwartet gute postoperative Verlauf nach inkompletter Resektion einer ausgedehnten kortikalen Entwicklungsstörung beschrieben. Concordant findings during the presurgical work-up are important prerequisites for successful epilepsy surgery. Seizure freedom is usually expected only if the epileptogenic lesion is completely removed. We report a patient who became seizure-free although a huge cortical malformation was only partially removed.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Zeitschrift für Epileptologie
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    ABSTRACT: We assessed cognitive functions before and 3 months after interstitial radiotherapy in 14 patients with gelastic seizures caused by hypothalamic hamartoma. Cognitive functioning was assessed before temporary implantation of (125)I-seed and 3 months after seed explantation. Performance was compared with that of a selected control group of conservatively treated patients with symptomatic focal epilepsy tested before add-on treatment with a new antiepileptic drug and after reaching steady state. No short-term negative side effects of the interstitial radiosurgery could be observed for the domains of attention and executive functions and verbal and figural memory performance. Cognitive development of the patients treated with seeds was comparable to that of the control group at both assessments. Thus, the stereotactic implantation of (125)I-seeds in this patient group with gelastic seizures caused by hypothalamic hamartoma provides a well-tolerated minimally invasive method in the treatment of this severe epileptic syndrome without negative cognitive side effects.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2007 · Epilepsy & Behavior
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    ABSTRACT: To quantitatively evaluate the lateralizing significance of ictal head movements of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). We investigated EEG-video recorded seizures of patients with TLE, in which the camera position was perpendicular to the head facing the camera in an upright position and bilateral head movement was recorded. Thirty-eight seizures (31 patients) with head movement in both directions were investigated. Ipsilateral and contralateral head movements were defined according to ictal EEG. Head movements were quantified by selecting the movement of the nose in relation to a defined point on the thorax (25/s) in a defined plane facing the camera. The duration of the head version was determined independently of the camera angle. The angle, duration, and angular speed of the head movements were computed and inter and intrasubject analyses were performed (Wilcoxon rank sum). Ipsilateral movement always preceded contralateral movement. The positive predictive value was 100% for movement in both directions. The duration of contralateral head version was significantly longer than ipsilateral head movement (6.4 +/- 4.1 s vs. 3.9 +/- 3.1 s, p<0.001). The angular speed of both movements was similar (15.5 +/- 12.1 deg/s vs. 17.3 +/- 13.0 deg/s). The quantitative analysis shows the importance of sequence in the seizure's evolution and duration, but not angular speed for correct lateralization of versive head movement. This quantitative method shows the high lateralizing value of ictal lateral head movements in TLE.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2007 · Epilepsia
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study described here was to investigate the pathophysiology of patients' ability to react during the conscious (aura) phase of complex partial seizures (CPS) originating from the temporal lobe. We reviewed video recordings of CPS experienced by 130 adult patients who had undergone epilepsy surgery for intractable medial temporal lobe epilepsy. All patients were instructed to push the alarm button when they felt an aura. We defined the preictal reactivity as the ability to push the alarm button before the complex partial (unconscious) phase of seizures. Seventy-seven patients (59%) pushed the alarm button before seizures. Patients with preictal reactivity were significantly younger, more often had lateralized EEG seizure patterns, and had a better postoperative outcome. Patients who did not push the alarm button had secondarily generalized seizures more often. Ability to react before CPS is associated with a circumscribed region involved at seizure onset and spread, and with a seizure-free postoperative outcome.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2007 · Epilepsy & Behavior

Publication Stats

5k Citations
624.39 Total Impact Points


  • 2008-2012
    • Franziskus Hospital Bielefeld
      Bielefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2010
    • Masaryk University
      • First Department of Neurology
      Brünn, South Moravian, Czech Republic
  • 2005-2010
    • Evangelic Hospital Bielefeld
      Bielefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
    • University of Freiburg
      Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2004
    • University of Aveiro
      Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
  • 2000
    • Hospital Nossa Senhora das Graças
      Curityba, Paraná, Brazil
    • Philipps University of Marburg
      Marburg, Hesse, Germany
  • 1998
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      • Department of Urology
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1996
    • University of Münster
      • Department of Neurology
      Muenster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany