Hersh S Maniar

Barnes Jewish Hospital, San Luis, Missouri, United States

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Publications (74)460.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and effectiveness of the SAPIEN XT versus SAPIEN systems (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California) in patients with symptomatic, severe aortic stenosis (AS) who were not candidates for surgery.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of postoperative delirium (PD) in patients with aortic stenosis undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Method: Between 2010 and 2013, 427 patients underwent TAVR (n = 168) or SAVR (n = 259) and were screened for PD using the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit. The incidence of PD in both treatment groups was determined and its association with morbidity and mortality was retrospectively compared. Results: PD occurred in 135 patients (32%) with a similar incidence between SAVR (33% [86 out of 259]) and TAVR (29% [49 out of 168]) (P = .40). TAVR by transfemoral approach had the lowest incidence of PD compared with SAVR (18% vs 33%; P = .025) or TAVR when performed by alternative access techniques (18% vs 35%; P = .02). Delirium was associated with longer initial intensive care unit stay (70 vs 27 hours), intensive care unit readmission (10% [14 out of 135] vs 2% [6 out of 292]), and longer hospital stay (8 vs 6 days) (P < .001 for all). PD was associated with increased mortality at 30 days (7% vs 1%; P < .001) and 1 year (21% vs 8%; P < .001). After multivariable adjustment, PD remained associated with increased 1-year mortality (hazard ratio, 3.02; 95% confidence interval, 1.75-5.23; P < .001). There was no interaction between PD and aortic valve replacement approach with respect to 1-year mortality (P = .12). Among propensity-matched patients (n = 170), SAVR-treated patients had a higher incidence of PD than TAVR-treated patients (51% vs 29%; P = .004). Conclusions: PD occurs commonly after SAVR and TAVR and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Given the high incidence of PD and its associated adverse outcomes, further studies are needed to minimize PD and potentially improve patient outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Current guidelines recommend at least 24-hour Holter monitoring at 6-month intervals to evaluate the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after surgical ablation. In this prospective multicenter study, conventional intermittent methods of AF monitoring were compared with continuous monitoring using an implantable loop recorder (ILR). Methods: From August 2011 to January 2014, 47 patients receiving surgical treatment for AF at 2 institutions had an ILR placed at the time of operation. Each atrial tachyarrhythmia (ATA) of 2 minutes or more was saved. Patients transmitted ILR recordings bimonthly or after any symptomatic event. Up to 27 minutes of data was stored before files were overwritten. Patients also underwent electrocardiography (ECG) and 24-hour Holter monitoring at 3, 6, and 12 months. ILR compliance was defined as any transmission between 0 and 3 months, 3 and 6 months, or 6 and 12 months. Freedom from ATAs was calculated and compared. Results: ILR compliance at 12 months was 93% compared with ECG and Holter monitoring compliance of 85% and 76%, respectively. ILR devices reported a total of 20,878 ATAs. Of these, 11% of episodes were available for review and 46% were confirmed as AF. Freedom from ATAs was no different between continuous and intermittent monitoring at 1 year. Symptomatic events accounted for 187 episodes; however, only 10% were confirmed as AF. Conclusions: ILR was equivalent at detecting ATAs when compared with Holter monitoring or ECG. However, the high rate of false-positive readings and the limited number of events available for review present barriers to broad implementation of this form of monitoring. Very few symptomatic events were AF on review.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · The Annals of thoracic surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To determine the role of preoperative pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) evaluated for aortic valve replacement (AVR), and to evaluate the association between lung disease and mortality in specific subgroups. Methods: Between 2008 and 2013, 535 patients with preoperative PFTs underwent AVR (transcatheter AVR [TAVR], n = 246; surgical AVR [SAVR], n = 289). The severity of lung disease determined by the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) definition was evaluated in those with and without a clinical suspicion for lung disease (smoking, inhaled steroids/bronchodilators, or home oxygen). The association between lung disease and 1-year mortality was evaluated. Results: Of the 186 patients (35%) without suspected lung disease, 39 (21%) had moderate/severe lung disease by PFT analysis. Among all patients, 1-year mortality was 12% in those with no lung disease, 17% in those with no mild lung disease, 22% in those with moderate lung disease, and 31% in those with severe lung disease (P < .001, log-rank test). After adjustment, moderate/severe lung disease was associated with increased 1-year mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.30-3.29; P = .002); this association was not altered by smoking history, suspicion of lung disease, New York Heart Association class, or AVR type (interaction P value nonsignificant for all). Conclusions: In patients with AS evaluated for AVR, the STS risk score is significantly influenced by the severity of lung disease, which is determined predominantly by PFT results. Even when lung disease is not suspected, PFTs are abnormal in many patients undergoing AVR. Moderate/severe lung disease, diagnosed predominantly by PFTs, is an independent predictor of mortality after SAVR or TAVR. Collectively, these findings suggest that PFTs should be a routine part of the risk stratification of patients considered for AVR.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
  • Hersh Maniar · Eric Novak

    No preview · Article · Oct 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives This study sought to clarify the clinical and echocardiographic prognostic implication of myocardial injury after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Background The clinical significance of cardiac biomarker elevation after TAVR remains unclear. Methods Patients treated with TAVR in the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) trial were divided into tertiles (T1, T2, T3) based on the difference between the values on post-procedure day 1 and the baseline values of 2 cardiac biomarkers: cardiac troponin I (ΔcTnI); and creatine kinase-myocardial band (ΔCK-MB) fraction. Patients were stratified according to their access route: transfemoral (TF) (n = 1,840) or transapical (TA) (n = 1,173). Results At 30 days after TF-TAVR, patients in the highest tertile (T3) of cardiac biomarker elevation had a higher rate of all-cause mortality (ΔcTnI: T3: 5.4% vs. T1: 0.5%, p = 0.006; ΔCK-MB: T3: 5.7% vs. T1: 0.9%, p = 0.006) and cardiovascular mortality (ΔcTnI: T3: 4.9% vs. T1: 0.5%, p = 0.01; ΔCK-MB: T3: 3.9% vs. T1: 0.5%, p = 0.02). At 1 year, only patients in the highest CK-MB tertile had higher rates of all-cause (25.4% vs. 16.8%, p = 0.02) and cardiovascular (10.3% vs. 5.0%) mortality. Multivariable analysis demonstrated that greater release of cardiac biomarkers was independently associated with increased mortality in the TF population. After TA-TAVR, being in the highest tertile of cardiac biomarker elevation had no influence on clinical and echocardiographic outcomes at 30 days and 1 year. Conclusions After TF-TAVR, a greater degree of myocardial injury was associated with higher rates of 30-day all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. At 1 year, being in the highest tertile of ΔCK-MB was correlated with a higher rate of all-cause and cardiac mortality. Finally, the level of myocardial injury after TA-TAVR had no impact on clinical and echocardiographic outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · JACC Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with increased mortality after surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for aortic stenosis (AS), and when the pulmonary artery pressure is particularly elevated, there may be questions about the clinical benefit of TAVR. We aimed to identify clinical and haemodynamic factors associated with increased mortality after TAVR among those with moderate/severe PH. Methods Among patients with symptomatic AS at high or prohibitive surgical risk receiving TAVR in the Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves (PARTNER) I randomised trial or registry, 2180 patients with an invasive measurement of mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) recorded were included, and moderate/severe PH was defined as an mPAP ≥35&emsp14;mm&emsp14;Hg. Results Increasing severity of PH was associated with progressively worse 1-year all-cause mortality: none (n=785, 18.6%), mild (n=838, 22.7%) and moderate/severe (n=557, 25.0%) (p=0.01). The increased hazard of mortality associated with moderate/severe PH was observed in females, but not males (interaction p=0.03). In adjusted analyses, females with moderate/severe PH had an increased hazard of death at 1&emsp14;year compared with females without PH (adjusted HR 2.14, 95% CI 1.44 to 3.18), whereas those with mild PH did not. Among males, there was no increased hazard of death associated with any severity of PH. In a multivariable Cox model of patients with moderate/severe PH, oxygen-dependent lung disease, inability to perform a 6&emsp14;min walk, impaired renal function and lower aortic valve mean gradient were independently associated with increased 1-year mortality (p
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Heart (British Cardiac Society)
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The Cox maze IV procedure (CMPIV) has been established as the gold standard for surgical ablation; however, late outcomes using current consensus definitions of treatment failure have not been well described. To compare to reported outcomes of catheter-based ablation, we report our institutional outcomes of patients who underwent a left-sided or biatrial CMPIV at 5 years of follow-up. Methods: Between January 2002 and September 2014, data were collected prospectively on 576 patients with AF who underwent a CMPIV (n = 532) or left-sided CMPIV (n = 44). Perioperative variables and long-term freedom from AF, with and without AADs, were compared in multiple subgroups. Results: Follow-up at any time point was 89%. At 5 years, overall freedom from AF was 93 of 119 (78%), and freedom from AF off AADs was 77 of 177 (66%). No differences were found in freedom from AF, with or without AADs, at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years for patients with paroxysmal AF (n = 204) versus with persistent/longstanding persistent AF (n = 305), or for those who underwent standalone versus a concomitant CMP. Duration of preoperative AF and hospital length of stay were the best predictors of failure at 5 years. Conclusions: The outcomes of the CMPIV remain good at late follow-up. The type of preoperative AF or the addition of a concomitant procedure did not affect late success. The results of the CMPIV remain superior to those reported for catheter ablation and other forms of surgical AF ablation, especially for patients with persistent or longstanding AF.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: This study describes short-term and mid-term outcomes of nonagenarian patients undergoing transfemoral or transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in the Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valve (PARTNER)-I trial. From April 2007 to February 2012, 531 nonagenarians, mean age 93 ± 2.1 years, underwent TAVR with a balloon-expandable prosthesis in the PARTNER-I trial: 329 through transfemoral (TF-TAVR) and 202 transapical (TA-TAVR) access. Clinical events were adjudicated and echocardiographic results analyzed in a core laboratory. Quality of life (QoL) data were obtained up to 1 year post-TAVR. Time-varying all-cause mortality was referenced to that of an age-sex-race-matched US population. For TF-TAVR, post-procedure 30-day stroke risk was 3.6%; major adverse events occurred in 35% of patients; 30-day paravalvular leak was greater than moderate in 1.4%; median post-procedure length of stay (LOS) was 5 days. Thirty-day mortality was 4.0% and 3-year mortality 48% (44% for the matched population). By 6 months, most QoL measures had stabilized at a level considerably better than baseline, with Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) 72 ± 21. For TA-TAVR, post-procedure 30-day stroke risk was 2.0%; major adverse events 32%; 30-day paravalvular leak was greater than moderate in 0.61%; and median post-procedure LOS was 8 days. Thirty-day mortality was 12% and 3-year mortality 54% (42% for the matched population); KCCQ was 73 ± 23. A TAVR can be performed in nonagenarians with acceptable short- and mid-term outcomes. Although TF- and TA-TAVR outcomes are not directly comparable, TA-TAVR appears to carry a higher risk of early death without a difference in intermediate-term mortality. Age alone should not preclude referral for TAVR in nonagenarians. Copyright © 2015 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The Annals of thoracic surgery
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    ABSTRACT: When transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) cannot be carried out through transfemoral access, alternative access TAVR is indicated. The purpose of this study was to explore inhospital and 1-year outcomes of patients undergoing alternative access TAVR through the transapical (TA) or transaortic (TAo) techniques in the United States. Clinical records of 4,953 patients undergoing TA (n = 4,085) or TAo (n = 868) TAVR from 2011 to 2014 in The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS)/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry were linked to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services hospital claims. Inhospital and 1-year clinical outcomes were stratified by operative risk; and the risk-adjusted association between access route and mortality, stroke, and heart failure repeat hospitalization was explored. Mean age for all patients was 82.8 ± 6.8 years. The median STS predicted risk of mortality was significantly higher among patients undergoing TAo (8.8 versus 7.4, p < 0.001). When compared with TA, TAo was associated with an increased risk of unadjusted 30-day mortality (10.3% versus 8.8%) and 1-year mortality (30.3% versus 25.6%, p = 0.006). There were no significant differences between TAo and TA for inhospital stroke rate (2.2%), major vascular complications (0.3%), and 1-year heart failure rehospitalizations (15.7%). Examination of high-risk and inoperable subgroups showed that 1-year mortality was significantly higher for TAo patients classified as inoperable (p = 0.012). Patients undergoing TAo TAVR are older, more likely female, and have significantly higher STS predicted risk of mortality scores than patients operated on by TA access. There were no risk-adjusted differences between TA and TAo access in mortality, stroke, or readmission rates as long as 1 year after TAVR. Copyright © 2015 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · The Annals of thoracic surgery
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), the addition of surgical ablation to aortic valve replacement (AVR) does not increase procedural morbidity or mortality. However, efficacy in this population has not been carefully evaluated. This study compared outcomes between patients undergoing stand-alone Cox-Maze IV with those undergoing surgical ablation and concomitant AVR. From January 2002 to May 2014, 188 patients received a stand-alone Cox-Maze IV (n = 113) or surgical ablation with concomitant AVR (n = 75). In the concomitant AVR group, patients underwent Cox-Maze IV (n = 58), left-sided Cox-Maze IV (n = 3), or pulmonary vein isolation (n = 14). Thirty-one perioperative variables were compared. Freedoms from AF on and off antiarrhythmic drugs were evaluated at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. Follow-up was available in 97% of patients. Freedom from AF on and off antiarrhythmic drugs in patients receiving a stand-alone Cox-Maze IV versus concomitant AVR was not significantly different at any time point. The concomitant AVR group had more comorbidities, paroxysmal AF, pacemaker implantations (24% vs 5%, p = 0.002), and complications (25% vs 5%, p < 0.001). Freedoms from AF off antiarrhythmic drugs for patients receiving an AVR and pulmonary vein isolation at 1 year was only 50%, which was significantly lower than patients receiving an AVR and Cox-Maze IV ( 94%, p = 0.001). A Cox-Maze IV with concomitant AVR is as effective as a stand-alone Cox-Maze IV in treating AF, even in an older population with more comorbidities. Pulmonary vein isolation was not as effective and is not recommended in this population. A Cox-Maze IV should be considered in all patients undergoing AVR with a history of AF. Copyright © 2015 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • Hersh Maniar

    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction adversely affect outcomes in patients with heart failure or mitral valve disease, but their impact on outcomes in patients with aortic stenosis treated with transcatheter aortic valve replacement has not been well characterized. Among 542 patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis treated in the Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves (PARTNER) II trial (inoperable cohort) with a Sapien or Sapien XT valve via a transfemoral approach, baseline TR severity, right atrial and RV size and RV function were evaluated by echocardiography according to established guidelines. One-year mortality was 16.9%, 17.2%, 32.6%, and 61.1% for patients with no/trace (n=167), mild (n=205), moderate (n=117), and severe (n=18) TR, respectively (P<0.001). Increasing severity of RV dysfunction as well as right atrial and RV enlargement were also associated with increased mortality (P<0.001). After multivariable adjustment, severe TR (hazard ratio, 3.20; 95% confidence interval, 1.50-6.82; P=0.003) and moderate TR (hazard ratio, 1.60; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-2.52; P=0.042) remained associated with increased mortality as did right atrial and RV enlargement, but not RV dysfunction. There was an interaction between TR and mitral regurgitation severity (P=0.04); the increased hazard of death associated with moderate/severe TR only occurred in those with no/trace/mild mitral regurgitation. In inoperable patients treated with transcatheter aortic valve replacement, moderate or severe TR and right heart enlargement are independently associated with increased 1-year mortality; however, the association between moderate or severe TR and an increased hazard of death was only found in those with minimal mitral regurgitation at baseline. These findings may improve our assessment of anticipated benefit from transcatheter aortic valve replacement and support the need for future studies on TR and the right heart, including whether concomitant treatment of TR in operable but high-risk patients with aortic stenosis is warranted. URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01314313. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Circulation Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to study the outcomes of redo-mitral valve surgery in patients with pulmonary hypertension. We reviewed data on redo mitral valve surgery in patients with pulmonary hypertension measured by Swan-Ganz catheter (mean pulmonary artery pressure ≥ 25 mm Hg or systolic pulmonary artery pressure ≥ 40 mm Hg). Between 1996 and 2010, 637 patients underwent 658 redo mitral valve operations; 138 of them had pulmonary hypertension. The mean patient age was 61.3 (13.9) years, with mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 47.6% (13.2%). The mean systolic pulmonary artery pressure was 61.5 (16.8) mm Hg, and mean pulmonary artery pressure was 40.8 (11.6) mm Hg. Patients had one (71%, 98/138), two (23.9%, 33/138), and three (5.1%, 7/138) previous mitral valve operations. Thirty-day mortality was 10.1% (14/138). Multivariate predictors of 30-day mortality were chronic renal failure [odds ratio (OR), 8.041; P = 0.022], peripheral vascular disease (OR, 5.976; P = 0.025), previous mitral valve replacement (OR, 9.034; P = 0.014), and increasing age (OR, 1.077; P = 0.013). The severity of pulmonary hypertension did not impact 30-day (P = 0.314) or late mortality (P = 0.860). Kaplan-Meier survival rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 76.6% (n = 99), 65.7% (n = 62), and 55.9% (n = 41), respectively. Patients with pulmonary hypertension that undergo redo mitral valve surgery have a 55.9% 5-year survival rate. Increasing age, chronic renal insufficiency, peripheral vascular disease, and preexisting mitral valve prosthesis are associated with early mortality. The severity of pulmonary hypertension does not affect operative mortality rates, but it may decrease 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Innovations Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: A diverse group of operative strategies are utilized for treatment of acute Stanford type A aortic dissection. We hypothesized that a surgical strategy to prevent cross-clamp injury or false lumen pressurization would be associated with reduced morbidity, mortality, persistent false lumen patency, and improved survival. This study was designed to determine the differences in outcomes between operative techniques. Outcomes and postoperative imaging were compared in patients who underwent surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. Two groups were compared, based on operative strategy. The surgical strategy for group 1 consisted of no aortic cross-clamp use, use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, and use of only antegrade perfusion after aortic replacement. The surgical strategy for group 2 consisted of any other combination that lacked 1 of these 3 technical steps. Between January 1, 1996, and December 31, 2012, a total of 196 patients underwent surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. Operative mortality and postoperative morbidity were not statistically different between groups. Mean follow-up time was 3.95 (range: 0-15.4) years. Persistence of a false lumen was not statistically different between groups (P = .78). Overall survival was significantly better in group 1, versus group 2 (P = .0020). Multivariate Cox regression identified preoperative renal failure, chronic lung disease, greater number of packed red blood cells transfused, and being in group 2 as risk factors for poor long-term survival. The operative strategy of group 1 (no cross-clamp, use of DHCA and antegrade perfusion) was associated with a highly significant improvement in survival, despite a lack of statistical difference in the incidence of persistent false aortic lumen between groups. Copyright © 2015 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: In heart failure populations without aortic stenosis (AS), the prognostic utility of multiple biomarkers in addition to clinical factors has been demonstrated. We aimed to determine whether multiple biomarkers of cardiovascular stress are associated with mortality in patients with AS undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) independent of clinical factors. From a prospective registry of patients with AS, 348 participants who were referred for and treated with AVR (transcatheter (n=186) or surgical (n=162)) were included. Eight biomarkers were measured on blood samples obtained prior to AVR: growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15), soluble ST2 (sST2), amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP), galectin-3, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T, myeloperoxidase, high-sensitivity C reactive protein and monocyte chemotactic protein-1. Biomarkers were evaluated based on median value (high vs low) in a Cox proportional hazards model for all-cause mortality and a parsimonious group of biomarkers selected. Mean follow-up was 1.9±1.2 years; 92 patients died. Three biomarkers (GDF15, sST2 and NTproBNP) were retained in the model. One-year mortality was 5%, 12%, 17% and 34% for patients with 0 (n=79), 1 (n=99), 2 (n=86) and 3 (n=84) biomarkers elevated, respectively (p<0.001). After adjustment for the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) risk score, a greater number of elevated biomarkers was associated with increased mortality (referent: 0 elevated): 1 elevated (HR 1.48, 95% CI 0.61 to 3.63, p=0.39), 2 elevated (HR 2.83, 95% CI 1.21 to 6.61, p=0.017) and 3 elevated (HR 4.70, 95% CI 2.02 to 10.94, p<0.001). Among patients at intermediate or high surgical risk (STS score ≥4), 1-year and 2-year mortality rates were 35% and 44% for patients with three biomarkers elevated versus 4% and 4% for patients with 0 biomarkers elevated. When added to the STS score, the number of biomarkers elevated provided a category-free net reclassification improvement of 63% at 1 year (p<0.001). The association between a greater number of elevated biomarkers and increased mortality after valve replacement was similar in the transcatheter and surgical AVR populations (interaction p>0.10). These findings demonstrate the potential utility of multiple biomarkers to aid in risk stratification of patients with AS. Further studies are needed to evaluate their utility in clinical decision-making in specific AS populations. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: An inflammatory response after cardiac surgery is associated with worse clinical outcomes, but recent trials to attenuate it have been neutral. We evaluated the association between systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and mortality after transcatheter (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for aortic stenosis (AS) and evaluated whether diabetes influenced this relationship. Patients (n=747) with severe AS treated with TAVR (n=264) or SAVR (n=483) between January 2008 and December 2013 were included and 37% had diabetes mellitus. SIRS was defined by four criteria 12-48 h after aortic valve replacement (AVR): (1) white blood cell count <4 or >12; (2) heart rate >90; (3) temperature <36 or >38°C; or (4) respiratory rate >20. Severe SIRS was defined as meeting all four criteria. The primary endpoint was 6-month all-cause mortality (60 deaths occurred by 6 months). Inverse probability weighting (IPW) was performed on 44 baseline and procedural variables to minimise confounding. Severe SIRS developed in 6% of TAVR patients and 11% of SAVR patients (p=0.02). Six-month mortality tended to be higher in those with severe SIRS (15.5%) versus those without (7.4%) (p=0.07). After adjustment, severe SIRS was associated with higher 6-month mortality (IPW adjusted HR 2.77, 95% CI 2.04 to 3.76, p<0.001). Moreover, severe SIRS was more strongly associated with increased mortality in diabetic (IPW adjusted HR 4.12, 95% CI 2.69 to 6.31, p<0.001) than non-diabetic patients (IPW adjusted HR 1.74, 95% CI 1.10 to 2.73, p=0.02) (interaction p=0.007). The adverse effect of severe SIRS on mortality was similar after TAVR and SAVR. Severe SIRS was associated with a higher mortality after SAVR or TAVR. It occurred more commonly after SAVR and had a greater effect on mortality in diabetic patients. These findings may have implications for treatment decisions in patients with AS, may help explain differences in outcomes between different AVR approaches and identify diabetic patients as a high-risk subgroup to target in clinical trials with therapies to attenuate SIRS. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Heart (British Cardiac Society)
  • Hersh Maniar

    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Coverstone ED, Heberton GA, Lindman BR, et al. TCT-326 Utility of Fractional Flow Reserve Assessment in Aortic Stenosis. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014;64(11_S):. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2014.07.372.
    No preview · Conference Paper · Dec 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Aim of the StudyWe studied patients presenting for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with significant left main coronary artery disease (LMD) despite previously documented minimal or no LMD at percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for left-sided branch coronary artery disease.Methods Patients undergoing CABG for LMD with previous PCI were separated into fast or slow stenosis progression using percent change in LMD from first PCI to CABG divided by time (progression velocity). Outcomes and Kaplan–Meier survival were compared between the two groups.ResultsBetween September 1997 and June 2010, 4837 patients underwent CABG with 1235 of them having previous PCI of which 118 had LMD and previous left-sided branch PCI. Using median progression velocity fast and slow progression groups were identified (0.53 ± 0.18 and 4.5 ± 4.8%/month, p < 0.001). Mean follow-up was 4.9 ± 3.6 years and 6.9 ± 3.9 years, respectively. Fast progression patients were younger (p = 0.042), with higher baseline LMD at PCI (16.4% vs. 9% stenosis, p = 0.025), and a mean of 2.5 years to LMD compared to 10.6 years for the slow group (p < 0.001). There was no difference between the groups in number or type of PCI and number or type of vessel intervened. Kaplan–Meier survival was similar at one, three, and five years.Conclusions Fast LMD progression patients were younger and made up 4.7% (59/1235) of patients undergoing CABG with a history of PCI. Rapid progression was not related to number, type of PCI, or branch vessel intervened.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of Cardiac Surgery

Publication Stats

2k Citations
460.31 Total Impact Points


  • 2004-2015
    • Barnes Jewish Hospital
      San Luis, Missouri, United States
    • Weill Cornell Medical College
      • Department of Surgery
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2002-2015
    • Washington University in St. Louis
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
      San Luis, Missouri, United States
    • University of California, San Francisco
      • Department of Surgery
      San Francisco, California, United States
  • 2013
    • Saint Louis University
      Сент-Луис, Michigan, United States
  • 2009
    • Christiana Care Health System
      Wilmington, Delaware, United States
  • 2005
    • Leiden University
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2000
    • University of Illinois at Chicago
      Chicago, Illinois, United States