Laura Manotti

National Research Council, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (4)8.29 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy is increasingly used in the diagnosis and biological characterization of breast carcinomas in patients who receive preoperative chemotherapy. In this context, nuclear cytologic grade supplemented by DNA content could play an important role in the morphologic assessment of breast cancer. In this study, DNA ploidy pattern, analyzed by flow cytometry on FNAs from 92 primary breast carcinomas, was related to cytologic nuclear grade. Twenty-seven samples were cytologic grade 1, 33 were grade 2, and 32 were grade 3. Ploidy correlated with cytologic nuclear grade (P = 0.0001). Thirty percent of grade 1, 55% of grade 2, and 84% of grade 3 tumors were DNA aneuploid. For 30 of the 92 FNAs, it was possible to compare nuclear cytologic grade with the corresponding histologic grade using the Scarff, Bloom, and Richardson system. A high concordance (80%) between nuclear grade on FNAs and histologic grade was found. DNA flow cytometry in combination with nuclear cytologic grade might represent additional information for the characterization of breast cancer diagnosed by FNA. Diagn Cytopathol 1996;15:116–120. © 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1996 · Diagnostic Cytopathology
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    ABSTRACT: The observation that human meningiomas are rich in steroid hormone receptors has led to the hypothesis that their growth may be hormonally dependent. This study aims to correlate the biochemical expression of estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PgR) with their nuclear immunoreactivity in a large series of meningiomas. The occurrence of ER and PgR in patients with primary untreated meningiomas was studied with a dextrancoated charcoal method (DCC) and the results were compared with those of an immunocytochemical assay (ICA). Progesterone and estrogen receptor determinations were performed on 103 and 99 meningiomas respectively using the DCC assay. Forty-six and 44 of these samples were immunocytochemically evaluated for the presence of PgR and ER respectively. Of the 46 samples evaluated by both the methods, 89% were found PgR positive by DCC and 70% by ICA. The overall concordance between PgR-DCC and PgR-ICA was 80%. Whereas low concentrations of ER were found in 8/44 samples (18%) assayed by DCC, specific staining was never observed in any of the samples tested by ICA. Our findings confirm that the majority of meningiomas are devoid of ER and that the biochemical evidence of PgR correlates well with the nuclear localization of progesterone receptors determined by immunocytochemistry.
    No preview · Article · Apr 1995 · Surgical Neurology
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    ABSTRACT: Fine-needle aspiration cytology has been already established as a reliable method for the diagnosis of breast cancer. Its application has been recently extended to immunocytochemical analysis of biological parameters. In the current study estrogen and progesterone receptors, Ki67 growth fraction, and p53 protein expression were immunocytochemically evaluated on the cellular material sampled by the same fine-needle aspirate used for the conventional cytologic diagnosis of malignancy. Fine-needle aspiration specimens from 100 patients with primary breast carcinoma were submitted to the immunocytochemical analysis. Twenty-eight percent were in premenopause; 23% had tumors with a diameter less than 2 cm, 59% from 2 to 5 cm, and 18% more than 5 cm; 60% had axillary nodal status negative, 34% positive, and 6% unknown. The concomitant immunocytochemical evaluation of all parameters was possible in 70% of the patients. A significant association was found between p53 overexpression and Ki67 values (p = 0.004), and between Ki67 values and progesterone receptor status (p = 0.003). No correlation was found between any parameter and clinical tumor size. Estrogen (p = 0.02) and progesterone (p = 0.04) receptor negativity and high Ki67 growth fraction (p = 0.005) were significantly associated with the clinical evidence of axillary node involvement. This study suggests that fine-needle aspiration cytology represents an effective practice for a simultaneous evaluation of multiple biologic indicators and could be useful as a preoperative procedure in patients who are candidates for neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or endocrine therapy.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1994 · Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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    ABSTRACT: Estrogen receptors (ERs) and progesterone receptors (PRs) were determined by an immunocytochemical assay (ICA) on fine needle aspirates (FNAs) from patients with primary, recurrent and metastatic mammary carcinoma, and the results were compared to those with the biochemical dextran-coated charcoal (DCC) method performed on the surgical sample in order to compare the two methods. The aspirates were suspended in a buffered saline solution, cytocentrifuged onto glass slides and immunocytochemically stained according to the protocol of commercial kits employing monoclonal antibodies specific for ER and PR. Immunocytochemical staining of malignant cells was evaluated on the basis of the percentage of stained cells; 10% staining was taken as the cutoff value. Fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs) from 107 breast carcinomas were analyzed immunocytochemically for ER and 31 of them for PR, also. The overall concordance between ICA and DCC was 88% for ER and 87% for PR. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value of ICA on FNAs as compared to conventional DCC were 87%, 90, 97% and 63%, respectively, for ER and 85%, 100%, 100% and 56% for PR. These findings suggest that estrogen immunocytochemical assays and progesterone immunocytochemical assays on FNAs in breast cancer patients are reliable techniques for evaluating receptor status and can be useful in assessing ER and PR whenever surgical biopsy is not indicated and when information about ER and PR status is required at the time of the clinical diagnosis.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1994 · Acta cytologica