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Publications (3)1.67 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A rapid and simple method for determination of theophylline, theobromine and caffeine in dietary supplements containing guarana by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) has been developed. Theophylline, theobromine and caffeine were extracted from finely powdered samples with water in a boiling water bath for 20 min, then the extracts were filtered and the filtrates were subjected to UPLC. Liquid samples were diluted with water and filteres, and the filtrates were subjected to UPLC. UPLC separation was performed on an AQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm i.d.x50 mm, 1.7 microm, Waters) with 10 mmol/L ammonium acetate buffer (pH 4.0)-acetonitrile gradient and eluates were monitored at 275 nm. The recoveries of theophylline (spiked at 200 microg/g [tablet] and 50 microg/mL [liquid]), theobromine (spiked at 200 microg/g [tablet] and 50 microg/mL [liquid]) and caffeine (spiked at 1,000 microg/g [tablet] and 250 microg/mL [liquid]) were 97.6-98.7%, 97.3-99.7%, 97.1-105.4%, respectively. The quantitation limits of theophylline, theobromine and caffeine were 10 microg/g (seed, seed powder, tablet and capsule) and 2.0 microg/mL (liquid) each. When this analytical method was applied to commercial dietary supplements, theophylline, theobromine and caffeine were found at concentrations of 4.45 mg/tablet, 5.48 mg/tablet, 139 mg/tablet, respectively. Taking 4 tablets of this product according to the directions on the package could be dangerous to consumers because of possible overdosing of these ingredients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan (Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi)
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    ABSTRACT: A new sildenafil analogue, cyclopentynafil (1) and a new tadalafil analogue, N-octylnortadalafil (2) were isolated from a dietary supplement illegally marketed for erectile dysfunction. The structures of the sildenafil and tadalafil analogues were elucidated by using HPLC-photodiode array (PDA), LC-MS, high-resolution MS, NMR and circular dichroism (CD). These compounds were determined to be 5-[2-ethoxy-5-(4-cyclopentylpiperazin-1-ylsulfonyl)phenyl]-1-methyl-3-propyl-1,6-dihydro-7H-pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7-one and (6R,12aR)-2-octyl-6-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2,3,6,7,12,12a-hexahydropyrazino[1',2':1,6]pyrido[3,4-b]indole-1,4-dione, respectively. Recently, a large number of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors, including their analogues, have been isolated from dietary supplements, while cyclopentynafil and N-octylnortadalafil are the first compounds reported to be new sildenafil and tadalafil analogues, respectively. Quantitative HPLC analysis showed that the contents of 1 and 2 in the product were about 130 mg/tablet (301 microg/mg) and about 27 mg/tablet (64.1 microg/mg), respectively.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2009 · CHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN
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    ABSTRACT: A tadalafil analogue was detected in a dietary supplement marketed for tonic effect, along with hydroxyhomosildenafil and aminotadalafil. The tadalafil analogue was isolated by preparative thin layer chromatography (TLC) and its structure was elucidated using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), liquid chromatography electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS), Fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance-mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The compound was determined to be methyl-1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-(chloroacetyl)-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole-3-carboxylate.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2008 · Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan (Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi)