Sehnaz Bolkent

Istanbul University, İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey

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Publications (66)127.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we aimed to research the restorative effects of exendin-4, a GLP-1 analog, on renal tubular injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetes model. BALB/c male mice were divided into four groups: non-diabetic, non-diabetic + exendin-4 (3 μg/kg), diabetic and diabetic + exendin-4. In our diabetic model, we observed renal injury mainly in tubular area rather than glomeruli and exendin-4 decreased tubular injury with its glucose lowering effect. Besides, PCNA positive tubular cells, activities of LDH and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase were also significantly declined by the administration of exendin-4. Furthermore, exendin-4 attenuated the levels of ROS, MDA, 8-OHdG, proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β), chemokine MCP-1, ICAM-1, and fibrosis-related molecules (transforming growth factor β1 and fibronectin). In consistent with reducing tubular injury, macrophage infiltration and both MCP-1 and ICAM-1 production in tubular cells were decreased. These results indicate that exendin-4 may decrease renal tubular injury seen in the beginning of diabetic nephropathy by decreasing ROS production and inflammation.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Growth factors (Chur, Switzerland)
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    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Chard is used as an antidiabetic agent by the diabetic patients in Turkey. The effect of chard extract [Beta vulgaris L. var. cicla (Chenopodiaceae)] on the antioxidant system and the expression of surfactant-associated proteins (SP) in the lungs of hyperglycemic rats were examined. Hyperglycemia was induced by a single dose of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) provided intraperitoneally. Fourteen days after the rats were rendered hyperglycemic, the chard (2 g/kg/d), insulin (6 U/kg/d), and chard plus insulin (as mentioned above) were administered to rats for 45 d. On day 60, rats' lungs were removed. Oxidative stress parameters and SP expression were assayed. The lungs of hyperglycemic rats were characterized by the induced lipid and protein oxidation, elevated myeloperoxidase and xanthine oxidase activities, decreased glutathione levels, and reduced tissue factor and antioxidant enzymes activities (catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione-S-transferase). Chard treatment alone and chard treatment combined with insulin were capable of achieving a regression of pulmonary oxidative stress, by inhibiting lipid and protein oxidation, and restoring the antioxidant system of hyperglycemic rats. SP-A expressions were significantly unchanged in all groups, whereas pro-SP-C and SP-D expressions were reduced in hyperglycemic rats. Pro-SP-C and SP-D levels were increased by chard and insulin administrations alone and combined in hyperglycemic rats. All treatments have a positive effect on the surfactant and antioxidant systems of the lungs of hyperglycemic rats. The best therapeutic effect was provided by treatment with chard extract alone in the compensation of hyperglycemic symptoms.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Pharmaceutical Biology
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    ABSTRACT: For the purposes of the present study, the protective effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) on lung injury following renal ischemia-reperfusion (RIR) was investigated. Adult male rats were divided into four groups, namely, (I) control rats given physiological saline; (II) rats given PGE1 (20 μg/kg, intravenously); (III) rats subjected to RIR; and (IV) rats subjected to RIR given PGE1 30 min prior to ischemia and just before reperfusion. The right nephrectomy was performed in the RIR model. The left renal pedicle was occluded for 60 min to induce ischemia and then the left kidney was subjected to reperfusion for 60 min. The lungs of rats were used for microscopic and biochemical analyses. Although rats subjected to RIR did not exhibit heavy degenerative alterations in the lung structure, they possessed pulmonary interstitial edema. Lung glutathione levels and catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and tissue factor (TF) activities were decreased in rats subjected to RIR, while lung lipid peroxidation, myeloperoxidase (MPO), xanthine oxidase and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities, and blood urea and serum creatinine levels were increased in these rats when compared with the control group. PGE1 treatments resulted in the regression of oxidative stress via induction of antioxidant system, the decreased MPO and LDH activities, the reduced urea and creatinine levels, and the induced TF activity in rats subjected to RIR, while edema still remained permanent. We conclude that PGE1 may be useful in preventing lung injury with the exception of edema that occurred as a result of RIR in rats. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Toxicology and Industrial Health
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of vitamin U (vit U, S-methylmethionine) on oxidative stress, inflammation, and fibrosis within the context of valproic acid (VPA)-induced renal damage. In this study, female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: Group I consisted of intact animals, group II was given vit U (50 mg/kg/day, by gavage), group III was given VPA (500 mg/kg/day, intraperitonally), and group IV was given VPA + vit U. The animals were treated by vit U 1 h prior to treatment with VPA every day for 15 days. The following results were obtained in vit U + VPA-treated rats: (i) the protective effect of vit U on renal damage was shown by a significant decrease in histopathological changes and an increase in Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity; (ii) anti-oxidant property of vit U was demonstrated by a decrease in malondialdehyde levels and xanthine oxidase activity and an increase in glutathione levels, catalase and superoxide dismutase activities; (iii) anti-inflammatory property of vit U was demonstrated by a decrease in tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 levels, and adenosine deaminase activity; (iv) anti-fibrotic effect of vit U was shown by a decrease in transforming growth factor-β, collagen-1 levels, and arginase activity. Collectively, these data show that VPA is a promoter of inflammation, oxidative stress, and fibrosis which resulted in renal damage. Vit U can be proposed as a potential candidate for preventing renal damage which arose during the therapeutic usage of VPA.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Protoplasma
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    ABSTRACT: Ghrelin is a multifunctional peptide hormone which stimulates appetite and regulates glucose metabolism and adipogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ghrelin has protective effects in the liver of streptozocin (STZ) diabetic rats or not. Wistar-type neonatal rats were divided into four groups: I. Controls, II. Ghrelin administrated controls, III. STZ-diabetic rats, and IV. Ghrelin administrated diabetic rats. On the second day after birth, 100 mg/kg STZ was administered intraperitoneally in a single dose to induce diabetes in rats. 100 µg/kg/day ghrelin was administrated to rats subcutaneously for 4 weeks. Ghrelin administration improved histopathologic changes in STZ-diabetic liver. Obestatin immunoreactivity has been shown in livers of neonatal rats. The immunoreactivity of obestatin increased in diabetic rats and a decline was observed in ghrelin administrated diabetic rats. Caspase 8 and 3 immunoreactivities increased in diabetic rats; however, ghrelin administration differently affected caspases 8 and 3 immunoreactivities. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen immunoreactivities decreased in diabetic rats and in ghrelin administrated diabetic rats. Serum alanine (P < 0.05) and aspartate transaminase (P < 0.0001) and serum alkaline phosphatase (P < 0.0001) activities were decreased in ghrelin administrated diabetic rats compared to the diabetic rats. Gamma glutamyl transferase activity (P < 0.001) decreased in ghrelin administrated diabetic rats compared to the diabetic rats. The response of antioxidants including glutathione levels, catalase and superoxide dismutase activities were altered in ghrelin administrated diabetic rats. Our findings indicate that ghrelin administration affects hepatic functions in neonatal diabetic rats and might be considered as a therapeutic agent. © 2015 International Federation for Cell Biology.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Cell Biology International
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to evaluate the protective effect of water extract of Amaranthus lividus L. (A. lividus) (Amaranthaceae) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced toxicity in kidneys of rats. For this purpose, male albino Wistar rats were pretreated with A. lividus (250 and 500 mg/kg body weight (b.w.)) daily for 9 days and a single dose of CCl4 was applied intraperitoneally (50% in olive oil; 1.5 mL/kg b.w.) on the 10th day. All rats were killed 24 h after CCl4 administration, and kidneys were excised and used for determination of histopathological and biochemical parameters. CCl4 administration caused a remarkable increase in lipid peroxidation (LPO) and glutathione levels and glutathione-S-transferase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities and a decrease in catalase (CAT) activity when compared to the control group. Pretreatment with A. lividus (250 and 500 mg/kg b.w.) significantly prevented the elevation in LPO level and MPO activity as well as protected the decrease in CAT activity but did not alter other biochemical parameters. The protective effect of A. lividus was further evident through the decreased histological alterations in kidneys. In conclusion, this study has indicated that A. lividus possesses protective and antioxidant effects against CCl4-induced oxidative kidney damage. © The Author(s) 2014.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Toxicology and Industrial Health
  • Selda Gezginci-Oktayoglu · Ayse Karatug · Sehnaz Bolkent
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nerve growth factor (NGF) neutralization on synthesis and secretion of activin A (Act-A) and betacellulin (BTC) from primary β cells and the importance of these relations for β-cell proliferation. Methods: β Cells were isolated from euglycemic and streptozotocin-induced (75 mg/kg) hyperglycemic rats and treated with NGF neutralization antibody. The gene expression levels of Act-A and BTC in the primary β cells were evaluated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The cellular and secreted levels of Act-A and BTC proteins were estimated using Western blot analysis. Results: Nerve growth factor neutralization (1) reduced β-cell proliferation, (2) decreased Act-A at gene expression and protein levels while increasing its secretion from β cells, and (3) increased BTC at gene expression level while mildly decreasing its cellular protein level and secretion from β cells. Nerve growth factor neutralization specifically affected β cells of hyperglycemic rats. Conclusions: These findings indicate that NGF is an important regulator for the synthesis and secretion of Act-A and BTC from the β cells. Moreover, the results suggested that β-cell proliferation decreased through NGF neutralization is possibly related to decreased BTC and increased Act-A secretion from β cells of hyperglycemic rats.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Pancreas
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    Full-text · Conference Paper · Mar 2014
  • Engin Kaptan · Sehnaz Bolkent
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    ABSTRACT: The thumb pad is one of the most common secondary sexual characteristics in frogs. Although it is known that amphibian skin has affinity for several lectins, there is no report regarding lectin-binding affinity of the thumb pad or its structural components. This study investigated localization and seasonal variation of specific carbohydrate moieties of glycoconjugates in both the epidermal and dermal components of the frog thumb pad at the light microscopic level using lectin histochemistry. The study consisted of four seasonal groups of the frog species, Pelophylax ridibundus (Synonym of Rana ridibunda): active, prehibernating, hibernating and posthibernating. Four horseradish peroxidase conjugated lectins were employed. It was found that dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA), wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), and ulex europaeus (UEAI) gave positive reactions in both epidermal layers and breeding glands. These three lectins bound specific secretory cells in the breeding glands, and the distribution of the cells and epithelial lectin reactions exhibited seasonal changes. In addition, UEA-I and peanut agglutinin (PNA) showed an affinity in granular glands and the granular zone of mixed glands. Generally, epidermal lectin binding showed dense affinity during the posthibernation period. DBA, UEA-I, and WGA-specific cells in the mucous gland decreased gradually until the posthibernation period. These findings suggest that differences of lectin binding in the thumb pad may be related to functional activities and, thus, seasonal adaptations. Moreover, the presence of specific lectin-binding cells in the breeding glands indicated that they consisted of heterogeneous secretory cell composition or that the cells were at different secretory stages. J. Morphol., 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Journal of Morphology
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    ABSTRACT: The protective effect of an aqueous extract of the shoots and leaves of Smilax excelsa L. against acute carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)induced toxicity and the changes in antioxidative defense activities in kidney of rats were investigated. Female Wistar rats were supplied with S. excelsa shoots and leaves aqueous extract once a day for 9 days (orally at a dose of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg of body weight) prior to renal injury induction through intraperitoneal injection with a single dose of CCl4 (1 ml/kg body wt, in a 20 % v/v olive oil solution) on the 10th day. 24 h after CCl4 intoxication serum and tissue biochemical and hispathological analyses were undertaken after sacrification under anesthesia. Administration of the extract reversed the antioxidant parameters which were impaired in CCl4 group, in a dose dependent manner and at a dose of 400 mg/kg of body weight the levels of almost all the parameters were almost back to normal Control group. Nevertheless, the extract did not completely improve the CCl4-induced degenerative changes observed microscopically in kidney tissue. The results of this study suggest that S. excelsa could protect the kidney tissue against CCl4-induced nephrotoxicity in rats, probably by increasing antioxidative defense activities.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi
  • Pelin Arda-Pirincci · Sehnaz Bolkent
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    ABSTRACT: Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion is a major problem which may lead to multiorgan failure and death. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on apoptosis, cell proliferation, oxidative stress and the antioxidant system in intestinal injury induced by ischemia/reperfusion in rats and to determine if EGF can ameliorate these toxic effects. Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury was produced by causing complete occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery for 60min followed by a 60-min reperfusion period. Animals received intraperitoneal injections of 150μg/kg human recombinant EGF 30min prior to the mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion. Mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion caused degeneration of the intestinal mucosa, inhibition of cell proliferation, stimulation of apoptosis and oxidative stress in the small intestine of rats. In the ischemia/reperfusion group, lipid peroxidation was stimulated accompanied by increased intestinal catalase and glutathione peroxidase activities, however, glutathione levels and superoxide dismutase activities were markedly decreased. EGF treatment to rats with ischemia/reperfusion prevented the ischemia/reperfusion-induced oxidative injury by reducing apoptosis and lipid peroxidation, and by increasing antioxidant enzyme activities. These results demonstrate that EGF has beneficial antiapoptotic and antioxidant effects on intestinal injury induced by ischemia/reperfusion in rats.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Acta histochemica
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    ABSTRACT: Chard is a plant used as an alternative hypoglycemic agent by diabetic people in Turkey. The aim of this study was to examine the molecular mechanism of hypoglycemic effects of chard extract. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (6-7 months old) were divided into five groups for this investigation: (1) control, (2) hyperglycemic, (3) hyperglycemic+chard, (4) hyperglycemic+insulin, (5) hyperglycemic+chard+insulin. Fourteen days after animals were rendered hyperglycemic by intraperitoneal injection of 60mg/kg streptozotocin, the chard water extract (2g/kg/day) or/and insulin (6U/kg/day) was administered for 45 days. Hypoglycemic effect of chard extract was demonstrated by a significant reduction in the fasting blood glucose and increased glycogen levels in liver of chard extract-treated hyperglycemic rats. Moreover, activity of adenosine deaminase, which is suggested as an important enzyme for modulating the bioactivity of insulin, was decreased by chard treatment. Immunostaining analysis showed increased nuclear translocation of Akt2 and synthesis of GLUT2 in the hepatocytes of chard or/and insulin-treated hyperglycemic rats. The oxidative stress was decreased and antioxidant defense was increased by chard extract or/and insulin treatment to hyperglycemic rats according to the decreased malondialdehyde formation, the activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase, myeloperoxidase and increased glutathione levels. These findings suggest that chard extract might improve glucose response by increasing GLUT2 through Akt2 and antioxidant defense in the liver.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Acta histochemica
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine whether ghrelin treatment has a protective effect on gene expression and biochemical changes in the stomach of newborn streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats. In this study, four groups of Wistar rats were used: control, ghrelin control, diabetic and diabetic+ghrelin. The rats were sacrificed after four weeks of treatment for diabetes. The gene expressions of: somatostatin, cholecystokinin, apelin and the altered active caspase-3, active caspase-8, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, were investigated in the pyloric region of the stomach and antioxidant parameters were measured in all the stomach. Although ghrelin treatment to diabetic rats lowered the stomach lipid peroxidation levels, the stomach glutathione levels were increased. Exogenous ghrelin caused an increased activities of stomach catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase in diabetic rats. Numbers of somatostatin, cholecystokinin and proliferating cell nuclear antigen immunoreactive cells decreased in the diabetic+ghrelin group compared to the diabetic group. Apelin mRNA expressions were remarkably less in the diabetic+ghrelin rats than in diabetic rats. The results may indicate that ghrelin treatment has a protective effect to some extent on the diabetic rats. This protection is possibly accomplished through the antioxidant activity of ghrelin observed in type 2 diabetes. Consequently exogenous ghrelin may be a candidate for therapeutic treatment of diabetes.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · Acta histochemica
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a well-known mediator for maintaining the survival of neurons, while recent studies report that its absence induces apoptosis in cultured β cells of humans and rats. However, its relationship with other growth factors that have important roles in the survival and function of β cells such as epidermal growth factor (EGF) has not yet been elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of NGF withdrawal on the synthesis and secretion of EGF, insulin with respect to β cell apoptosis in hyperglycemic rats. Method: β cells were isolated from euglycemic and streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic rats and treated with NGF neutralizing antibody for withdrawal of NGF in culture medium. NGF, EGF and insulin levels in cell lysates and secretion samples were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and their gene expressions were determined by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay. Apoptosis was quantitatively determined by cytoplasmic histone-associated DNA fragments. Results: Nerve growth factor neutralization triggered β cell apoptosis. In addition decreased insulin, increased NGF and EGF were observed at gene expression and protein levels by NGF neutralization. Moreover, NGF withdrawal decreased secretion of these peptides from β cells. Although the alterations seemed to be similar under euglycemic and hyperglycemic conditions, NGF withdrawal more strongly affected β cells of hyperglycemic rats. Conclusions: These important findings indicate that NGF is an important regulator for the synthesis and secretion of EGF and insulin from the β cells. Moreover, results suggested that NGF withdrawal causes apoptosis by decreasing EGF, NGF and insulin secretion from β cells of hyperglycemic rats.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: Teduglutide is a long-acting synthetic analogue of human glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2). GLP-2 regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis as well as normal physiology in the gastrointestinal tract. In the present study, possible cytoprotective and reparative effects of teduglutide were analyzed on a mouse model with lung injury induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and actinomycin D (Act D). BALB/c mice were divided into six groups: control mice (I), mice injected intraperitoneally with 15μg/kg TNF-α (II), 800μg/kg Act D (III), Act D 2min prior to TNF-α administration with the same doses (IV), mice injected subcutaneously with 200μg/kg teduglutide every 12h for 10 consecutive days (V), and mice given Act D 2min prior to TNF-α administration on day 11 after receiving teduglutide for 10 days (VI). The TNF-α/Act D administration made the lung a sensitive organ to damage. Mice lung subjected to TNF-α/Act D were characterized by the disruption of alveolar wall, induced pulmonary endothelial/epithelial cell apoptosis and expression of active caspase-3. These mice exhibited an increase in lipid peroxidation, glutathione levels, and activities of myeloperoxidase, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and xanthine oxidase, as well as reduced tissue factor and sodium-potassium/ATPase activities. Teduglutide pretreatment regressed the structural damage, cell apoptosis and oxidative stress by reducing lipid peroxidation in mice received TNF-α/Act D. GLP-2 receptors were present on the cell membrane of type II pneumocytes and interstitial cells. Thus, teduglutide can be suggested as a novel protective agent, which possesses anti-apoptotic and anti-oxidant properties, against lung injury.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Peptides
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by anomalies forming in carbohydrate, lipid, protein metabolisms and the incidence of this disease varies widely throughout the world. Zinc is an important element which is essential for life and is present in nature. In this study, the animals were divided into four groups. These groups were named as untreated; zinc sulfate; streptozotocin (STZ); STZ and zinc sulfate. STZ (65mg/kg) was dissolved in a freshly prepared 0.01M pH 4.5 citrate buffer and given with intraperitoneal injection in a single dose. Zinc sulfate (100mg/kg) was dissolved in distilled water and given to the animals by gavage at a daily dose for 60 days. The rats were sacrificed under ether anesthesia. This study was aimed to investigate histological and biochemical changes of zinc supplementation on the kidney tissue in STZ-induced diabetic rats. In the current study, histological and histochemical observations showed that the occurred degenerative changes decreased after giving zinc in the kidney tissue of diabetic group. Kidney glutathione (GSH) levels decreased and lipid peroxidation (LPO), nonenzymatic glycosylation (NEG), urea and creatinine levels increased in diabetic rats. GSH levels increased, while LPO, NEG, urea and creatinine levels decreased in the kidney with administration of zinc to diabetic rats. As a result, we observed curative effects of zinc given to diabetic rats. We can say that zinc may be an important antioxidant for the treatment of secondary complications of diabetes in kidney tissue.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
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    ABSTRACT: Methiocarb (MC) is a widely used carbamate pesticide in agriculture and health programs. Although the main molecular mechanism of carbamate toxicity involves acetylcholinesterase inhibition, studies have also implicated the induction of oxidative stress. Therefore, the present study was aimed to evaluate the effect of acute MC exposure on lipid peroxidation, antioxidant defense systems, histological changes in Wistar rats and the protective effect of pretreatment with vitamin E and taurine. A total of 48 rats were randomly divided into six groups. Rats in group I were given corn oil, while those in group III were dosed with vitamin E (100 mg/kg body weight (b.w.)) and in group V were dosed with taurine (50 mg/kg b.w.). Rats in group II were administered with MC only (25 mg/kg b.w., 1/4 of median lethal dose (LD(50))), while those in groups IV and VI were pretreated with vitamin E (100 mg/kg b.w.) and taurine (50 mg/kg b.w.) for 20 days, respectively, and then exposed to MC (25 mg/kg b.w.). The rats administered with MC showed significant increase in the levels of malondialdehyde in the liver and kidney as an index of lipid peroxidation. Levels of glutathione and activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase were significantly increased, while activity of glutathione reductase remained unchanged in both the tissues after MC treatment. Mild degenerative histological changes were observed in liver tissue, while the changes in kidney tissue were more severe then liver after MC treatment. Pretreatment with vitamin E and taurine resulted in a significant decrease in the lipid peroxidation and alleviating effects on antioxidant defense systems in both the tissues, while protective effects on the histological changes were shown only in kidney when compared with liver. In conclusion, the study has demonstrated that the acute MC exposure in Wistar rats caused oxidative damage on liver and kidney, which were partly ameliorated by the pretreatment of vitamin E and taurine.
    Full-text · Article · May 2012 · Toxicology and Industrial Health
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    ABSTRACT: The present work was designed to examine possible effects of methiocarb on lipid peroxidation, reduced glutathione (GSH), antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide distumtase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) ve glutathione reductase (GSH-Rd) and histological changes in Wistar albino rats after 5-day exposure. Moreover, we evaluated possible protective effects of vitamin E and taurine on methiocarb-induced oxidative damage. Fourty-eight rats were randomly divided into six groups as follows: control; methiocarb; vitamin E; vitamin E+methiocarb; taurine and taurine+methiocarb. 5-day exposure of methiocarb (1/10 of LD50) significantly increased lipid peroxidation in liver and kidney when compared to control group. Levels of GSH and activities of SOD and CAT were found to be decreased, while GSH-Px increased and GSH-Rd remained unchanged in rat tissues treated with methiocarb. Pre-treatment of vitamin E (100 mg/kg b.w.) and taurine (50 mg/kg b.w.) resulted in a significant decrease on lipid peroxidation, alleviating effects on GSH and antioxidant enzymes. Administration of methiocarb caused to the degenerative changes in liver and kidney tissues. Pre-treatment of vitamin E and taurine were partially protected both tissues against methiocarb-induced liver and kidney injury. In conclusion, the study has demonstrated that 5-day methiocarb exposure in Wistar rats caused oxidative damage on liver and kidney which were partly ameliorated by pre-treatment of vitamin E and taurine.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Journal of Pharmacy of Istanbul University
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate (i) the cholecystokinin, somatostatin and apelin mRNA levels, (ii) the changes in levels and localization of these peptides, (iii) relation between these peptides, (iv) antiapoptotic effects and (v) antioxidant effects of ghrelin. The rats were divided into four groups second day after birth. These groups were respectively treated with physiological saline, ghrelin (100μg/kg/day), streptozotocin (100mg/kg), ghrelin and streptozotocin. After four weeks, small intestine and blood samples were taken from rats. Cholecystokinin mRNA and peptide, somatostatin mRNA, release to duodenal lumen of apelin peptide and apelin mRNA signals decreased in ghrelin-treated diabetic rats compared to the diabetic group. There was no statistically significant difference among the four groups for somatostatin and apelin peptides. Caspase-3 signals were not observed only in diabetic group treated with ghrelin. Caspase-8 signals were increased while PCNA signals were decreased in diabetic group given ghrelin compared to diabetic group. Small intestine CAT, SOD, GP(x) and GST activities and GSH levels were decreased and LPO, PC levels were increased in diabetic rats. Administration of ghrelin to diabetic rats caused an increase in intestinal CAT, SOD, GP(x) and GST activities and GSH levels, while PC levels decreased. As a result, we observed positive changes in diabetic rats treated with ghrelin in both microscopic and biochemical studies. We can suggest that ghrelin may be an important hormone for the treatment of diabetes.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Peptides