Wei-Bing Xie

Southern Medical University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (19)63.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Methamphetamine (METH) is an amphetamine-like psychostimulant that is commonly abused. Previous studies have shown that METH can induce damages to the nervous system and recent studies suggest that METH can also cause adverse and potentially lethal effects on the cardiovascular system. Recently, we demonstrated that DNA damage-inducible transcript 4 (DDIT4) regulates METH-induced neurotoxicity. However, the role of DDIT4 in METH-induced cardiotoxicity remains unknown. We hypothesized that DDIT4 may mediate METH-induced autophagy and apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. To test the hypothesis, we examined DDIT4 protein expression in cardiomyocytes and in heart tissues of rats exposed to METH with Western blotting. We also determined the effects on METH-induced autophagy and apoptosis after silencing DDIT4 expression with synthetic siRNA with or without pretreatment of a mTOR inhibitor rapamycin in cardiomyocytes using Western blot analysis, fluorescence microscopy and TUNEL staining. Our results showed that METH exposure increased DDIT4 expression and decreased phosphorylation of mTOR that was accompanied with increased autophagy and apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. These effects were normalized after silencing DDIT4. On the other hand, rapamycin promoted METH-induced autophagy and apoptosis in DDIT4 knockdown cardiomyocytes. These results suggest that DDIT4 mediates METH-induced autophagy and apoptosis through mTOR signaling pathway in cardiomyocytes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Exposure to methamphetamine (METH), a widely used illicit drug, has been shown to cause neuron apoptosis. p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) is a key mediator in neuronal apoptosis. This study aimed to examine the effects of PUMA in METH-induced neuronal apoptosis. We determined PUMA protein expression in PC12 cells and SH-SY5Y cells after METH exposure using western blot. We also observed the effect of METH on neuronal apoptosis after silencing PUMA expression with siRNA using TUNEL staining and flow cytometry. Additionally, to investigate possible mechanisms of METH-induced PUMA-mediated neuronal apoptosis, we measured the protein expression of apoptotic markers, including cleaved caspase-3, cleaved PARP, Bax, B-cell leukemia/lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and cytochrome c (cyto c), after METH treatment with or without PUMA knockdown. Results showed that METH exposure induced cell apoptosis, increased PUMA protein levels, activated caspase-3 and PARP, elevated Bax and reduced Bcl-2 expression, as well as increased the release of cyto c from mitochondria to the cytoplasm in both PC12 and SH-SY5Y cells. All these effects were attenuated or reversed after silencing PUMA. A schematic depicting the role of PUMA in METH-induced mitochondrial apoptotic pathway was proposed. Our results suggest that PUMA plays an important role in METH-triggered apoptosis and it may be a potential target for ameliorating neuronal injury and apoptosis caused by METH.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Toxicology Letters
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    ABSTRACT: N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) has been implicated in tumorigenesis and metastasis in different cancers. However, its role in nasopharyngeal carcinoma remains unknown. We found that NDRG1 expression level was high in nasopharyngeal cancer 5-8F cells but low in 5-8F-LN cells with lymphatic metastasis potential. Knockdown of NDRG1 by shRNA promoted 5-8F cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro and its tumorigenesis in vivo. Moreover, NDRG1 deficiency induced an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of 5-8F cells as shown by an attenuation of E-cadherin and an induction of N-cadherin and vimentin expression. NDRG1 knockdown also enhanced Smad2 expression and phosphorylation. Smad2 signaling was attenuated in 5-8F cells but was significantly activated in 5-8F-LN cells. Knockdown of Smad2 restored E-cadherin but attenuated N-cadherin expression in NDRG1-deficient 5-8F cells, suggesting a reduction of EMT. Consistently, blockade of Smad2 in 5-8F-LN cells increased E-cadherin while diminishing N-cadherin and vimentin expression. These data indicate that Smad2 mediates the NDRG1 deficiency-induced EMT of 5-8F cells. In tumors derived from NDRG1-deficient 5-8F cells, E-cadherin expression was inhibited while vimentin and Smad2 were increased in a large number of cancer cells. Most importantly, NDRG1 expression was attenuated in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues, resulted in a lower survival rate in patients. The NDRG1 was further decreased in the detached nasopharyngeal cancer cells, which was associated with a further reduced survival rate in patients with lymphatic metastasis. Taken together, these results demonstrated that NDRG1 prevents nasopharyngeal tumorigenesis and metastasis via inhibiting Smad2-mediated EMT of nasopharyngeal cells. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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    ABSTRACT: Methamphetamine (METH) is an extremely addictive stimulant drug that is widely used with high potential of abuse. Previous studies have shown that METH exposure damages the nervous system, especially dopaminergic neurons. However, the exact molecular mechanisms of METH-induced neurotoxicity remain unclear. We hypothesized that caspase-11 is involved in METH-induced neuronal apoptosis. We tested our hypothesis by examining the change of caspase-11 protein expression in dopaminergic neurons (PC12 and SH-SY5Y) and in the midbrain of rats exposed to METH with Western blotting. We also determined the effects of blocking caspase-11 expression with wedelolactone (a specific inhibitor of caspase-11) or siRNA on METH-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells and SH-SY5Y cells using Annexin V and TUNEL staining. Furthermore, we observed the protein expression changes of the apoptotic markers, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP, after silencing the caspase-11 expression in rat midbrain by injecting LV-shcasp11 lentivrus using a stereotaxic positioning system. Results showed that METH exposure increased caspase-11 expression both in vitro and in vivo, with the effects in vitro being dose- and time-dependent. Inhibition of caspase-11 expression with either wedelolactone or siRNAs reduced the number of METH-induced apoptotic cells. In additional, blocking caspase-11 expression inhibited METH-induced activation of caspase-3 and PARP in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that caspase-11/caspase-3 signal pathway is involved in METH-induced neurotoxicity. These results indicate that caspase-11 plays an essential role in METH-induced neuronal apoptosis and may be a potential gene target for therapeutics in METH-caused neurotoxicity. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Toxicology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Toxicological Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly abused amphetamine‑like psychostimulant. At present, the mechanisms underlying MA‑induced cardiotoxicity are poorly understood. The cardiotoxic effects have yet not been clearly elucidated with respect to the apoptotic pathway. Insulin‑like growth factor binding protein‑5 (IGFBP5) is important for cell growth control and the induction of apoptosis. The aim of the present study was to analyze whether IGFBP5 is involved in MA‑induced apoptosis as a novel target. MA‑induced apoptosis was observed in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) in a concentration‑dependent manner using a terminal deoxyribonucleotide transferase‑mediated dUTP nick end‑labeling assay. Using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, MA was demonstrated to induce concentration‑dependent increases in the expression of IGFBP5. Silencing IGFBP5 with small interfering RNA significantly reduced apoptosis and suppressed the expression of caspase‑3 in NRVMs following treatment with MA. To the best of our knowledge, the present study provided the first evidence suggesting that IGFBP5 is a potential therapeutic target in MA‑induced apoptosis in vitro, providing a foundation for future in vivo studies.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Molecular Medicine Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Overexposure to methamphetamine (METH), a psychoactive drug, induces a variety of adverse effects to the nervous system, including apoptosis of dopaminergic neurons. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 5 (IGFBP5), a member of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system, is a pro-apoptotic factor that plays important roles in neuronal apoptosis. To test the hypothesis that IGFBP5 can mediate METH-induced neuronal apoptosis, we examined IGFBP5 mRNA and protein expression changes in PC12 cells exposed to METH (3.0mM) for 24h and in the striatum of rats following 15mg/kg x 8 intraperitoneal injections of METH at 12h interval. We also checked the effect on neuronal apoptosis after silencing IGFBP5 expression with TUNEL staining and flow cytometry; western blot was used for detecting the expression of apoptotic markers active-caspase3 and PARP. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying IGFBP5-mediated neuronal apoptosis, we determined the release of cytochrome c (cyto c), an apoptogenic factor, from the mitochondria after METH treatment with or without IGFBP5 knockdown. Our results showed that IGFBP5 expression was increased significantly after METH exposure in PC12 cells and in the METH-treated rats' striatum. Further, METH-exposed PC12 cells exhibited higher apoptosis-positive cell number and activity of caspase3 and PARP compared with control cells, while these changes can be blocked by silencing IGFBP5 expression. In addition, a significant increase of cyto c release from mitochondria after METH exposure was observed and it was inhibited after silencing IGFBP5 expression in PC12 cells. These results indicate that IGFBP5 plays key roles in METH-induced neuronal apoptosis and may be a potential gene target for therapeutics in METH-caused neurotoxicity.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Toxicology Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Methamphetamine (METH) belongs to Amphetamine-type stimulants, METH abusers are at high risk of neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there are still no effective treatments to METH-induced neurodegeneration because its mechanism remains unknown. In order to investigate METH's neurotoxic mechanism, we established an in vitro PD pathology model by exposing PC12 cells to METH. We found the expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), nitric oxide (NO) and α-synuclein (α-syn) was significantly increased after METH treatment for 24h, in addition, the aggregattion of α-syn and the S-nitrosylation of protein disulphideisomerase(PDI) were also obviously enhanced. When we exposed PC12 cells to the NOS inhibitor N-nitro-L-arginine(L-NNA) with METH together, the L-NNA obviously inhibited these changes induced by METH. While when we exposed PC12 cells to the precursor of NO L-Arginine together with METH, the L-Arginine resulted in the opposite effect compared to L-NNA. And when we knocked down the PDI gene, the L-NNA did not have this effect. Therefore, PDI plays a significant role in neurological disorders related to α-syn aggregation, and it suggests that PDI could be as a potential target to prevent METH-induced neurodegeneration.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Toxicology Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Rationale: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) differentiation from neural crest cells (NCCs) is critical for cardiovascular development, but the mechanisms remain largely unknown. Objective: Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) function in VSMC differentiation from NCCs is controversial. Therefore, we determined the role and mechanism of a TGF-β downstream signaling intermediate Smad2 in NCC differentiation to VSMCs. Methods and results: By using Cre/loxP system, we generated a NCC tissue-specific Smad2 knockout mouse model and found that Smad2 deletion resulted in defective NCC differentiation to VSMCs in aortic arch arteries during embryonic development and caused vessel wall abnormality in adult carotid arteries where the VSMCs are derived from NCCs. The abnormalities included 1 layer of VSMCs missing in the media of the arteries with distorted and thinner elastic lamina, leading to a thinner vessel wall compared with wild-type vessel. Mechanistically, Smad2 interacted with myocardin-related transcription factor B (MRTFB) to regulate VSMC marker gene expression. Smad2 was required for TGF-β-induced MRTFB nuclear translocation, whereas MRTFB enhanced Smad2 binding to VSMC marker promoter. Furthermore, we found that Smad2, but not Smad3, was a progenitor-specific transcription factor mediating TGF-β-induced VSMC differentiation from NCCs. Smad2 also seemed to be involved in determining the physiological differences between NCC-derived and mesoderm-derived VSMCs. Conclusions: Smad2 is an important factor in regulating progenitor-specific VSMC development and physiological differences between NCC-derived and mesoderm-derived VSMCs.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Circulation Research
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    ABSTRACT: Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) is an inducible enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandins, and it is hypothesized to induce carcinogenesis and metastasis in colorectal cancer. Our previous data also indicated that a higher expression level of Cox-2 was correlated with colorectal cancer metastasis. The Cox-2 protein was detected in the glandular cavity of colorectal cancer and the surrounding interstitial tissues. The usefulness of the Cox-2 gene as a gene therapy target and diagnostic marker remains unknown. In this study, a method using immuno-PCR and real-time PCR followed by supramolecular immunobead real-time PCR was established and used to detect the expression of Cox-2 in serum samples of nude mice with colorectal carcinoma. In addition, we established a Cox-2 gene stable knockdown colorectal cell line (SW480-EGFP-Cox-2 shRNA) using lentiviral vector-mediated RNA interference (RNAi) technology and established an imageable colorectal cancer metastasis mouse model. We found that the proliferation, invasion and tumorigenesis of SW480-EGFP-Cox-2 shRNA cells were attenuated compared with SW480 cells. In vivo experiments also demonstrated that angiogenesis in the Cox-2 knockdown colorectal cancer cells was decreased. The whole body optical imaging revealed that the SW480-EGFP-Cox-2 shRNA cells had an abrogated ability to develop metastases in the lymph nodes, lungs or liver in vivo. The improved immunobead PCR assay detected significantly lower Cox-2 protein levels in the serum samples of the SW480-EGFP-Cox-2 shRNA group compared with those of the SW480-EGFP-Cox-2-Ctrl shRNA group. In conclusion, our results indicated that the knockdown of Cox-2 expression suppressed the proliferation and invasion of colorectal cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. This study also demonstrated that silencing Cox-2 in vivo reduced the metastastic potential of colorectal cancer. Thus, Cox-2 is a promising marker for the diagnosis of colorectal metastasis and a potential therapeutic target for colorectal cancer.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Oncology Reports
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    Ning Shi · Wei-Bing Xie · Shi-You Chen
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    ABSTRACT: Smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation and proliferation occur simultaneously during embryonic development. The underlying mechanisms especially common factors regulating both processes, however, remain largely unknown. The present study has identified cell division cycle 7 (Cdc7) as one of the factors mediating both the proliferation and SMC differentiation. TGF-β induces Cdc7 expression and phosphorylation in the initial phase of SMC differentiation of pluripotent mesenchymal C3H10T1/2 cells. Cdc7 specific inhibitor or shRNA knockdown suppresses TGF-β-induced expression of SMC early markers including α-SMA, SM22α, and calponin. Cdc7 overexpression, on the other hand, enhances SMC marker expression. Cdc7 function in inducing SMC differentiation is independent of Dumbbell former 4 or Dbf4, the catalytic subunit of Cdc7 critical for cell proliferation, suggesting that Cdc7 mediates SMC differentiation through a mechanism distinct from cell proliferation. Cdc7 regulates SMC differentiation via activating SMC marker gene transcription. Knockdown of Cdc7 by shRNA inhibits SMC marker gene promoter activities. Mechanistically, Cdc7 interacts with Smad3 to induce SMC differentiation. Smad3 is required for Cdc7 function in inducing SMC promoter activities and marker gene expression. Likewise, Cdc7 enhances Smad3 binding to SMC marker promoter via supporting Smad3 nuclear retention and physically interacting with Smad3. Taken together, our studies have demonstrated a novel role of Cdc7 in SMC differentiation.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Response gene to complement 32 (RGC-32) is a downstream target of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). TGF-β is known to play a pathogenic role in renal fibrosis. In this study, we investigated RGC-32 function in renal fibrosis following unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in mice, a model of progressive tubulointerstitial fibrosis. RGC-32 is normally expressed only in blood vessels of mouse kidney. However, UUO induces RGC-32 expression in renal interstitial cells at the early stage of kidney injury, suggesting that RGC-32 is involved in interstitial fibroblast activation. Indeed, expression of smooth muscle α-actin (α-SMA), an indicator of fibroblast activation, is limited to the interstitial cells at the early stage, and became apparent later in both interstitial and tubular cells. RGC-32 knockdown by shRNA significantly inhibits UUO-induced renal structural damage, α-SMA expression and collagen deposition, suggesting that RGC-32 is essential for the onset of renal interstitial fibrosis. In vitro studies indicate that RGC-32 mediates TGF-β-induced fibroblast activation. Mechanistically, RGC-32 interacts with Smad3 and enhances Smad3 binding to the Smad binding element in α-SMA promoter as demonstrated by DNA affinity assay. In the chromatin setting, Smad3, but not Smad2, binds to α-SMA promoter in fibroblasts. RGC-32 appears to be essential for Smad3 interaction with the promoters of fibroblast activation-related genes in vivo. Functionally, RGC-32 is crucial for Smad3-mediated α-SMA promoter activity. Taken together, we identify RGC-32 as a novel fibrogenic factor contributing to the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis through fibroblast activation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    Jia-Ning Wang · Ning Shi · Wei-Bing Xie · Xia Guo · Shi-You Chen
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to determine the role of response gene to complement 32 (RGC-32) in vascular lesion formation after experimental angioplasty and to explore the underlying mechanisms. Using a rat carotid artery balloon-injury model, we documented for the first time that neointima formation was closely associated with a significantly increased expression of RGC-32 protein. Short hairpin RNA knockdown of RGC-32 via adenovirus-mediated gene delivery dramatically inhibited the lesion formation by 62% as compared with control groups 14 days after injury. Conversely, RGC-32 overexpression significantly promoted the neointima formation by 33%. Gain- and loss-of-function studies in primary culture of rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) indicated that RGC-32 is essential for both the proliferation and migration of RASMCs. RGC-32 induced RASMC proliferation by enhancing p34(CDC2) activity. RGC-32 stimulated the migration of RASMC by inducing focal adhesion contact and stress fiber formation. These effects were caused by the enhanced rho kinase II-α activity due to RGC-32-induced downregulation of Rad GTPase. RGC-32 plays an important role in vascular lesion formation following vascular injury. Increased RGC-32 expression in vascular injury appears to be a novel mechanism underlying the migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. Therefore, targeting RGC-32 is a potential therapeutic strategy for the prevention of vascular remodeling in proliferative vascular diseases.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology
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    ABSTRACT: Both TGF-β and myocardin (MYOCD) are important for smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation, but their precise role in regulating the initiation of SMC development is less clear. In TGF-β-induced SMC differentiation of pluripotent C3H10T1/2 progenitors, we found that TGF-β did not significantly induce Myocd mRNA expression until 18 h of stimulation. On the other hand, early SMC markers such as SM α-actin, SM22α, and SM calponin were detectable beginning 2 or 4 h after TGF-β treatment. These results suggest that Myocd expression is blocked during the initiation of TGF-β-induced SMC differentiation. Consistent with its endogenous expression, Myocd promoter activity was not elevated until 18 h following TGF-β stimulation. Surprisingly, Smad signaling was inhibitory to Myocd expression because blockade of Smad signaling enhanced Myocd promoter activity. Overexpression of Smad3, but not Smad2, inhibited Myocd promoter activity. Conversely, shRNA knockdown of Smad3 allowed TGF-β to activate the Myocd promoter in the initial phase of induction. Myocd was activated by PI3 kinase signaling and its downstream target Nkx2.5. Interestingly, Smad3 did not affect PI3 kinase activity. However, Smad3 physically interacted with Nkx2.5. This interaction blocked Nkx2.5 binding to the Myocd promoter in the early stage of TGF-β induction, leading to inhibition of Myocd mRNA expression. Moreover, Smad3 inhibited Nkx2.5-activated Myocd promoter activity in a dose-dependent manner. Taken together, our results reveal a novel mechanism for Smad3-mediated inhibition of Myocd in the initiation phase of SMC differentiation.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Both TGF-β and myocardin (MYOCD) are important for smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation, but their precise role in regulating the initiation of SMC development is less clear. In TGF-β-induced SMC differentiation of pluripotent C3H10T1/2 progenitors, we found that TGF-β did not significantly induce Myocd mRNA expression until 18 h of stimulation. On the other hand, early SMC markers such as SM α-actin, SM22α, and SM calponin were detectable beginning 2 or 4 h after TGF-β treatment. These results suggest that Myocd expression is blocked during the initiation of TGF-β-induced SMC differentiation. Consistent with its endogenous expression, Myocd promoter activity was not elevated until 18 h following TGF-β stimulation. Surprisingly, Smad signaling was inhibitory to Myocd expression because blockade of Smad signaling enhanced Myocd promoter activity. Overexpression of Smad3, but not Smad2, inhibited Myocd promoter activity. Conversely, shRNA knockdown of Smad3 allowed TGF-β to activate the Myocd promoter in the initial phase of induction. Myocd was activated by PI3 kinase signaling and its downstream target Nkx2.5. Interestingly, Smad3 did not affect PI3 kinase activity. However, Smad3 physically interacted with Nkx2.5. This interaction blocked Nkx2.5 binding to the Myocd promoter in the early stage of TGF-β induction, leading to inhibition of Myocd mRNA expression. Moreover, Smad3 inhibited Nkx2.5-activated Myocd promoter activity in a dose-dependent manner. Taken together, our results reveal a novel mechanism for Smad3-mediated inhibition of Myocd in the initiation phase of SMC differentiation.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
  • Lei Leng · Teng-fei Liu · Zhong-xi Huang · Wei-bing Xie · Kai-tai Yao
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    ABSTRACT: To establish a nude mouse model of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) lymph node metastasis and screen the signature genes associated with the metastasis. The NPC 5-8F-EGFP cells were inoculated into nude mice, from which a 5-8F-LN cell line with lymph node metastasis potential was obtained. The lymphatic metastasis-related signature genes of breast cancer and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma were screened by data mining method. The NPC cell lines 5-8F and 6-10B showed 307 differentially expressed genes by microarray analysis, from which 20 overlapping genes were identified, and 3 overexpressed genes were found with probable metastasis potential, namely the ADM, IRF1, and CAV1 genes. Quantitative RT-PCR validated the data mining results in the 5-8F-EGFP, 6-10B-EGFP, NP69, and 5-8F-LN cell lines. The 3 NPC cell lines 5-8F-EGFP, 6-10B-EGFP and 5-8F-LN showed significantly higher expressions of IRF1 than NP69 cells (P=0.008, 0.022, and 0.006, respectively. The expression level of CAV1 in 5-8F-EGFP cells was significantly higher than that in 6-10B-EGFP cells (P=0.014), but ADM expression showed no significant difference between the 4 cell lines. IRF1 may play an important role in the progression of NPC. The overexpression of CAV1 in 5-8F-EGFP cells can be associated with the high metastatic potential of the cells.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
  • Zu-guo Li · Teng-fei Liu · Wei-bing Xie · Jun Zhou · Li Yu · Yan-qing Ding
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression of in colorectal carcinoma cell lines and tissues and its clinical implications. SP immunohistochemistry was used to detect COX-2 protein in SW480 and SW620 cell lines and 50 primary colorectal carcinoma and 50 lymphoma metastasis carcinoma specimens. Real-time PCR was used to detect COX-2 mRNA expression in SW480 and SW620 cell lines. SW480 and SW620 cell lines both highly expressed COX-2. The positive expression levels of COX-2 increased significantly in lymph node metastatic carcinoma in comparison with primary colorectal carcinoma (P<0.05). The expression COX-2 mRNA in SW620 cell line was higher than that of SW480 cell line, showing a mean expression increment of 2.268 folds in SW620 cell line relative to SW480. Elevated COX-2 expression may be associated with lymph node metastases of colorectal carcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
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    ABSTRACT: In gene expression profiling, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) 5-8F cells differ from 6-10B cells in terms of their high tumorigenicity and metastatic ability. Differentially expressed genes from the two cell types were analyzed by combining with MILANO (the automatic custom annotation of microarray results which is based on all the available published work in PubMed). The results showed that five genes, including CTSD, P63, CSE1L, BPAG1 and EGR1, have been studied or mentioned in published work on NPC. Subsequently, we revaluated the roles of these genes in the pathogenesis of NPC by combining the data of gene chips from NPCs versus NPs and pooled cells from 5-8F, 6-10B and CNE2 versus NPs. The results suggested that the roles of BPAG1 and EGR1 are possibly different from those reported in previous NPC studies. These five genes are likely to be involved in the proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and metastasis of NPC. A reexploration of the genes will further define their roles in the pathogenesis of NPC.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2005 · Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of amino acids (AA) on the development of in vitro cultured preimplantation embryos of Kunming mice, and define the optimal AA concentration for embryo culture. Totally 630 zygotes were collected from the oviducts of superovulated female Kunming mice, which were cultured in protein-free potassium simplex optimized medium (mKSOM) supplemented with Eagle's essential amino acids and Eagle's non-essential amino acids of different concentrations (mKSOM, mKSOM+1/16AA, mKSOM+1/8AA, mKSOM+1/4AA, mKSOM+1/2AA, mKSOM+AA, and mKSOM+2AA). The embryos cultured with the amino acids showed higher development rate to both 8-cell embryo stage and blastocyst stage than those cultured without amino acids. The correlation of amino acid concentration with 8-cell and blastocyst development rates conformed to the cubic model, with the highest development rate to both of the two stages observed at half of the amino acid concentration. Amino acids can promote the development of preimplantation Kunming mouse embryos, but excessively high concentration of amino acids impair embryo development possibly because of metabolic and osmotic pressure changes of the embryos as well as toxicity of ammonium resulting from the metabolism of amino acids.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2005 · Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA
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    ABSTRACT: To design and clone all known and predicted coding genes of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as the cDNA probes for preparing the microarray for EBV detection, thereby to facilitate further investigation of the pathogenetic role of EBV. Oligo 6.0 software, BLAST program and Primer Premier 5 software were employed to design and screen the cDNA probes of the whole EBV genome, whose length ranged from 300 to 600 mer each with high specificity. These cDNA probes obtained through PCR and reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR amplification from the genomic DNA and RNA of B95-8 cells and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tissue were cloned into T/A clone vector, followed by identification of these probes by sequencing analysis. A total of 85 gene fragments (BWRF1 gene-contained 7 repeats of open reading frames) coding for proteins and 2 EBERs in EBV genome were successfully cloned, not including LF1 and LF3 genes that did not exist in EBV genome of B95-8 cells, which provides the basis for preparing microarray to explore the role of EBV genome in its related diseases.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2005 · Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA

Publication Stats

127 Citations
63.37 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008-2015
    • Southern Medical University
      • Department of Pathology
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2011-2012
    • University of Georgia
      • Department of Physiology and Pharmacology
      Атина, Georgia, United States
  • 2005-2012
    • Nanfang Hospital
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China