Benjamin Turner

Princess Alexandra Hospital (Queensland Health), Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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Publications (10)14.07 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To examine the effectiveness of a targeted training approach to foster and support a peer-professional workforce in the delivery of a community rehabilitation program for adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) and their families. Method: A prospective longitudinal design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of a targeted two-day training forum for peer (n = 25) and professional (n = 15) leaders of the Skills to Enable People and Communities Program. Leaders completed a set of questionnaires (General Self-Efficacy Scale - GSES, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Volunteer Motivation Inventory - VMI and Community Involvement Scale - CIS) both prior to and immediately following the forum. Data analysis entailed paired sample t-test to explore changes in scores over time, and independent sample t-tests for comparisons between the two participant groups. Results: The results indicated a significant increase in scores over time for the GSES (p = 0.047). Improvements in leaders' volunteer motivations and community involvement were also observed between the two time intervals. The between group comparisons highlighted that the peer leader group scored significantly higher than the professional leader group on the CIS and several domains of the VMI at both time intervals. Conclusion: The study provides an enhanced understanding of the utility of innovative workforce solutions for community rehabilitation after ABI; and further highlights the benefits of targeted training approaches to support the development of such workforce configurations.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Disability and Rehabilitation
  • Areti Kennedy · Benjamin Turner · Melissa Kendall
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The Skills To Enable People and CommunitieS (STEPS) Program is a new information, support and skills program that aims to develop sustainable networks of support for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) and their families in communities throughout Queensland, Australia. The program adopts a self-management approach and is delivered by trained peer and professional leaders. Aim: To explore the experiences of both peer and lay leaders in the delivery of the STEPS Skills Program and coordination of STEPS Network Groups. Method: A multiple qualitative case study design was utilised to explore the unique experiences of three trained STEPS Program Leaders. Data collection entailed in-depth semistructured interviews with participants and further incorporated routine STEPS Program Leader descriptive data. The data analysis involved a four-stage approach that included assembling the raw case data, constructing case records, producing case narratives and cross-case pattern analysis. Results: Case study narratives were produced to describe participant experiences with the STEPS Program. The cross-case pattern analysis revealed two dimensions of comparison. The first dimension describes the process by which participants became STEPS Program Leaders, while the second dimension reflects the growth outcomes experienced by participants through their involvement with the STEPS Program. Specific growth outcomes are described in relation to the following domains: ‘expansion of social roles and skills’, ‘appreciation of life’, ‘interpersonal relationships and communication’, ‘confidence, personal strength and accomplishment’ and ‘growth in self as a person’. The results are also described with respect to a model that depicts the process of growth through STEPS Program delivery. Conclusion: Posttraumatic growth of peer leaders after brain injury can be facilitated within a therapeutic intervention such as the STEPS Program.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011
  • Benjamin James Turner · Jennifer Fleming · Tamara Ownsworth · Petrea Cornwell
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the service and support needs of individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) and their family caregivers during the transition phase from hospital to home. The study utilised a qualitative research design. Participants included 20 individuals with ABI and 18 family caregivers recruited from a specialist inpatient brain injury rehabilitation unit. Data collection entailed in-depth semi-structured interviews, which were conducted at three time points: pre-discharge, and 1- and 3-months post-discharge. Thematic analysis of the interview transcripts involved open, axial and selective coding techniques. The following primary themes, each with associated secondary themes, emerged from the analysis: (1) balancing the service and support equation; (2) negotiating the rehabilitation maze; (3) working with or against 'the system'. The first theme describes the varying types and level of support received by participants during the transition phase, while the second theme highlights the difficulties participants experienced in negotiating the rehabilitation process between hospital and home. The final theme depicts the challenges experienced by participants in accessing and utilising service support. The findings suggest that the scope of existing service models need to be extended to bridge the existing gap between inpatient and community services, thereby easing the impact of transition.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Disability and Rehabilitation
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    ABSTRACT: The increasing volume of literature concerning community-based rehabilitation for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) has recently brought into focus the importance of the early hospital-to-home transition phase. The present study aimed to explore the perspectives of individuals with ABI and their family caregivers concerning recovery and adjustment during the early transition phase from hospital to home. The study utilised a qualitative phenomenological design and included 20 participants with ABI and 18 family caregivers. Participants completed in-depth semi-structured interviews at the following time points: pre-discharge, and 1 and 3 months post-discharge. Data analysis entailed thematic analysis of the interview transcripts and incorporated open, axial and selective coding techniques. The following four primary themes emerged from the analysis process: (1) adapting to life in the real world; (2) variations in recovery; (3) the emotional adjustment rollercoaster; and (4) discovering the new me. Collectively, the findings highlight that while returning home was typically perceived to facilitate ongoing recovery, the process of adjusting emotionally to life at home posed a significant challenge for many participants during the transition phase. The clinical/service implications of the findings relate to the need for: (1) contextually appropriate rehabilitation options during the transition phase; and (2) the expansion of transition-based models of service delivery to include targeted psychological intervention approaches.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To explore the availability and perceived adequacy of service support for younger people with ABI and their families in Queensland during the transition phase from the perspective of service providers. Research Design: A qualitative research design utilising survey-based open-ended questioning. Methods and Procedures: Participants were service provider organisations in Queensland for younger people with aquired brain injury (ABI). A two-part survey was developed for the purpose of the study. The first part of the survey obtained general information regarding client base and service characteristics for each organisation, while the second part was designed to identify gaps in, and barriers and facilitators to service provision. Snowballing recruitment was used with the initial seed point an existing Brain Injury Network. Results: A response rate of 20% was obtained with a total of 12 surveys returned representing seven service providers. Services currently available included rehabilitation, consultancy, education and training, and practical and emotional supports. Existing gaps in, and barriers to service provision were clustered under three key themes: service infrastructure, transition support, and transition context. Some of the facilitators to service provision identified included interagency linkages and financial compensation for injury. Conclusions: Gaps in, and barriers to service provision during the transition phase were identified that could be utilised to develop models of service delivery to improve short- and long-term outcomes for younger people with ABI. Yes Yes
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009
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    ABSTRACT: To explore people's lived experiences of reengagement in meaningful occupations during the hospital-to-home transition phase after acquired brain injury (ABI). Participants included 20 people with ABI and 18 family caregivers. On the basis of a phenomenological approach, data collection entailed in-depth semistructured interviews at predischarge and 1 and 3 months postdischarge. Thematic analysis of interview transcripts involved open, axial, and selective coding techniques. Two primary themes emerged from the analysis: desired versus actual participation and struggle for independence. Theme 1 depicts the key occupations of importance to people and their caregivers during transition and explores desired and actual participation in occupations. Theme 2 highlights the struggle to regain independence and the differing perspectives of the 2 participant groups concerning this process. Clinical practice implications relate to client-centered goal setting, contexts and environments in which therapy occurs, and provision of information to patients and families.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2009 · The American journal of occupational therapy.: official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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    ABSTRACT: To profile early outcomes during the transition from hospital to home for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) and their family caregivers. Prospective longitudinal study with data collected at three time points: pre-discharge and 1- and 3-months post-discharge. Participants included 26 individuals with ABI and 26 family caregivers, who were assessed on measures of global functioning, psychosocial reintegration, health-related quality-of-life and emotional well-being. Changes in outcomes over time and group comparisons were examined using repeated measures ANOVAs with relevant post-hoc analyses. Participants typically demonstrated improved global functioning and psychosocial reintegration during the transition period, with closer alignment of perspectives (i.e. comparisons between self-ratings of participants with ABI and ratings of family caregivers) at 3-months post-discharge on the occupational activities and living skills domains. Additionally, levels of depression and stress reported by participants with ABI were observed to increase over time. Collectively, the results highlight the critical nature of the transition phase for psychosocial reintegration and emotional adjustment and support the need for holistic approaches to transition-specific interventions.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Brain Injury
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    ABSTRACT: To develop a framework for classifying the nature of goals identified by people with acquired brain injury (ABI) and explore the extent to which goals and the ability to set realistic goals vary over time and according to stage of recovery. Participants included 60 people with ABI comprising two subgroups: a post-acute subgroup (n = 28, mean time since injury = 1.1 years, SD = 0.5) and a long-term subgroup (n = 32, mean time since injury = 4.9 years, SD = 3.0). Participants completed the Self-Awareness of Deficits Interview, which includes a goal-setting component, at an initial assessment and at 12-month follow-up assessment. Data generated from the interviewing process were analysed using a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods. Through an inductive analysis, a classification framework was developed consisting of the following goal categories: 'relationships', 'work and education', 'injury/rehabilitation', 'health and leisure', 'daily life management' and 'general life/personal goals'. Each of these categories comprised several subcategories of goals. Overall, the post-acute subgroup identified more goals in the improve function/rehabilitation subcategory than the long-term subgroup (P = 0.002), whereas the nature of other life goals remained consistent over time. The ability to set realistic goals improved over time for the entire sample (P = 0.013). The findings provide therapists with greater insight into the goals most commonly identified by individuals with ABI. The classification framework may assist therapists to elicit client goals and tailor rehabilitation accordingly.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2008 · Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the transition experiences from hospital to home of a purposive sample of individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). Phenomenological, qualitative design. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 individuals with ABI (mean time since discharge = 15.2 months) and 11 family caregivers. Each interview was recorded, transcribed verbatim and then inductively analyzed. Through the inductive analysis process, a summary coding framework was developed that included that following eight main categories: the hospital experience; the transition process; the role of family caregivers; post-discharge services; friendship networks and community involvement; meaningful activities and time management; physical and psychological wellbeing; and barriers and facilitators. The results of the study provide valuable insights into the lived experiences of participants and provide evidence to support the existence of a distinct transition phase within the ABI rehabilitation continuum; additional to and closely associated with the acute, post-acute and community integration phases.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2007 · Brain Injury
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    ABSTRACT: To review the literature relating to the transition from hospital to home for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) and make recommendations concerning the future direction of transition-specific research. Relevant research articles were identified through searching existing database systems and by reviewing the reference lists of identified articles. Only articles in which the results directly related to individuals with ABI from the time of discharge to 1 year post-discharge were included in the review. A total of 50 articles were identified as meeting the criteria for inclusion in the review. The methodological quality of included articles was evaluated using a set of specific criteria. The articles were classified into the following categories: (i) The perspectives of individuals with ABI and their caregivers; (ii) outcomes for individuals with ABI following transition; (iii) post-discharge services; and (iv) transitional living services/programmes. The majority of articles were based on samples of individuals with stroke, typically aged over 65 years. A common theme identified in the review was that the transition from hospital to home is typically perceived as an exciting yet difficult period for individuals and their families and as such, post-discharge support is critical. Further ABI transition-specific research is necessary in order to: (i) Develop a comprehensive theoretical framework of the transition phase; and (ii) facilitate both the validation of current intervention strategies and the development of innovative/tailored intervention approaches.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2007 · Disability and Rehabilitation

Publication Stats

150 Citations
14.07 Total Impact Points


  • 2011-2013
    • Princess Alexandra Hospital (Queensland Health)
      • Occupational Therapy Department
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • 2007-2011
    • University of Queensland
      • • School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences
      • • Department of Occupational Therapy
      Brisbane, Queensland, Australia