Nazan Sarper

Kocaeli University, Cocaeli, Kocaeli, Turkey

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Publications (62)76.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The plasminogen (Plg) protein is the inactive proenzyme form of plasmin that dissolves fibrin thrombi by a process called fibrinolysis. It has been shown that homozygous or compound-heterozygous deficiency of this protein is a major cause of a rare inflammatory disease affecting mainly mucous membranes found in different body sites. In this study, five individual Turkish patients and nine Turkish families with type 1 Plg deficiency were investigated for PLG gene mutations. All of the coding regions of the PLG gene mutations were screened for mutations using denaturing high-pressure liquid chromatography (DHPLC). Samples showing a different DHPLC profile were subjected to DNA sequencing analysis. Here, we described five novel mutations namely, Cys49Ter, +1 IVS6 G>A, Gly218Val, Tyr283Cys, and Gly703Asp. Previously identified five nonsynonymous (Lys38Glu, Glu180Lys, Gly420Asp, Asp453Asn, Pro763Ser), five synonymous (330 C>T, 582 C>T, 771 T>C, 1083 A>G, 2286 T>G), and a 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) mutation (c.*45 A>G) were also reported in this present study. In this study, we have identified a total of eight mutations, five of which are novel. The mutations/polymorphisms identified in eight of the patients do not explain the disease phenotype. These cases probably carry other pathological mutations (homozygous or compound heterozygous) that cannot be detected by DHPLC.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis
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    ABSTRACT: A 9.5-year-old girl with malaise, fever, massive hepatosplenomegaly, anemia, leukocytosis (37.9×10/L), monocytosis (1.48×10/L), and thrombocytopenia is presented. Hemoglobin F was increased (18%). Bone marrow erythroid/myeloid ratio was 40/1 with 7% myeloblast and 5% monocyte suggesting erythroleukemia or juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). The patient had a fulminant course with respiratory compromise and died in 2 weeks before heterozygous somatic mutation in the PTPN11 gene was shown. JMML must be considered also in the patients older than 6 years. A cytopenic phase may precede JMML. Leucocytosis may be transient and there may be predominance of erythroid precursors in the bone marrow.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of sedoanalgesia performed outside the operating room by pediatricians trained in advanced airway management and life support. Midazolam and ketamine were administered consecutively by intravenous route under cardiorespiratory monitoring for painful procedures of pediatric hematology. A total of 115 patients had 237 sedoanalgesia sessions. Sedation time was 24.02±23.37 s and sedation success was 92.5% (Ramsay scores of ≥5). Patient satisfaction was high. The recovery time was 28.81±14.4 min. Although statistically significant (p<0.01) increases in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate were observed, these improved without any intervention. No severe adverse events were observed. Sedoanalgesia with intravenous midazolam and ketamine performed in an optimally equipped setting outside the operating room is effective and safe.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Turkish Journal of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of childhood cancer therapy on ovarian reserve tests and on pubertal development within 5 years were compared with a control group. The study group was composed of 41 patients who underwent chemotherapy during pre-menarche (subgroup A; n = 15) and after menarche (subgroup B; n = 26); the control group was composed of 44 patients admitted with non-cancer related diseases (in total n = 85). Mean total ovarian volume and total antral follicle counts on ultrasound examination were significantly lower in the study group compared with the control group (3.5 ± 2.3 versus 5.2 ± 2.4 ml; P = 0.001; and 3.4 ± 3.3 versus 8.6 ± 3.5; P < 0.001, respectively). Mean FSH level was significantly higher in the control group (13.5 ± 16.2 versus 7.3 ± 2.7 mIU/ml; P = 0.017). Anti-Müllerian hormone levels in subgroup A were significantly higher than in subgroup B (1.8 ± 0.1 versus 1.5 ± 0.08 pg/dl; P = 0.034). In conclusion ovarian volume, antral follicle count and FSH can be used for evaluating the harmful effect of cancer chemotherapy on ovarian follicles. Post-menarche, Anti-Müllerian values reveal that ovarian follicles are more sensitive to the devastating effects of cytotoxic treatment.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Reproductive biomedicine online
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    ABSTRACT: Both maternal and offspring-derived factors contribute to lifelong growth and bone mass accrual, although the specific role of maternal deficiencies in the growth and bone mass of offspring is poorly understood. In the present study, we have shown that vitamin B12 (B12) deficiency in a murine genetic model results in severe postweaning growth retardation and osteoporosis, and the severity and time of onset of this phenotype in the offspring depends on the maternal genotype. Using integrated physiological and metabolomic analysis, we determined that B12 deficiency in the offspring decreases liver taurine production and associates with abrogation of a growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor 1 (GH/IGF1) axis. Taurine increased GH-dependent IGF1 synthesis in the liver, which subsequently enhanced osteoblast function, and in B12-deficient offspring, oral administration of taurine rescued their growth retardation and osteoporosis phenotypes. These results identify B12 as an essential vitamin that positively regulates postweaning growth and bone formation through taurine synthesis and suggests potential therapies to increase bone mass.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of Clinical Investigation
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    ABSTRACT: A two-month-old male infant presented with jaundice, pallor, and hepatomegaly. The first child of non-consanguineous parents had also suffered from hemolytic anemia and neuromotor retardation and died at the age of 21 months. The patient required phototherapy and transfusion in the newborn period but hemolysis was mild thereafter. The patient had neuromotor retardation, and at the age of 14 months, ventilatory support was necessary, and the patient lived until 17 months. Triose-phosphate isomerase (TPI) deficiency, which is a rare autosomal recessive multisystem disorder of glycolysis, was detected. There was homozygous missense mutation in the TPI1 gene (p.Glu105Asp). This is the most common mutation with a severe phenotype that requires ventilator support in the second year of life. In patients with hemolysis and neuromotor retardation, TPI deficiency must be considered. There is no specific treatment, but detection of the index case may provide the opportunity for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · The Turkish journal of pediatrics
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we report a 15-year-old female with end-stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis, who admitted with acute respiratory failure and generalized edema. Abdominal tomography detected thrombi in the right renal vein, in the hepatic segment of the inferior vena cava and in iliac veins. Levels of proteins C and S, antinuclear antigen, anti-dsDNA, C3, and C4 were in normal limits. The thrombi persisted despite treatment with nadroparin, heparin with fresh frozen plasma and warfarin. Due to heparin resistance, antithrombin III levels were measured and were found abnormally low. The first echocardiographic examination was in normal limits but the second echocardiography revealed a huge thrombus occluding the tricuspid valve. Urgent thrombectomy was planned but the patient died in the intensive care unit due to severe pulmonary edema.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Turk Kardiyoloji Dernegi arsivi: Turk Kardiyoloji Derneginin yayin organidir
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    ABSTRACT: We present 2 cases of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis in 2 gypsy adolescents from related families. The patients had low antithrombin activity levels and inherited homozygous antithrombin deficiency was confirmed by molecular analysis (Leu131Phe mutation). One patient had a history of nephrectomy at the age of 9 due to nonfunctioning kidney and 2 siblings died at 4 months of age. His mother had 3 fetal losses in the third trimester. The other propositus had an elder sister who suffered from postpartum deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Heterozygous mutation was demonstrated in both parents.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Chronic menorrhagia causes anemia and impairment of life quality. In this study the aim was the screening of bleeding disorders in adolescents and young women with menorrhagia. Materials and Methods: The study was performed prospectively by pediatric hematologists. A form including demographic characteristics of the patients, bleedings other than menorrhagia, familial bleeding history, characteristics of the menorrhagia, and impairment of life quality due to menorrhagia was filled out by the researcher during a face-to-face interview with the patient. A pictorial blood assessment chart was also used for evaluation of blood loss. All patients underwent pelvic ultrasound sonography testing and women also received pelvic examination by gynecologists. Whole blood count, peripheral blood smear, blood group, serum transaminases, urea, creatinine, ferritin, PFA-100, PT, aPTT, INR, TT, fibrinogen, VWF:Ag, VWF:RCo, FVIII, and platelet aggregation assays were performed. Platelet aggregations were studied by lumiaggregometer. Results: Out of 75 patients enrolled, 60 patients completed the study. The mean age was 20.68±10.34 (range: 10-48) years and 65% (n=39) of the patients were younger than 18 years. In 18 (46%) of the adolescents, menorrhagia subsided spontaneously. In 20% (n=12) of the patients, a bleeding disorder was detected (1 case of type 3 von Willebrand disease, 2 patients with low VWF:Ag, 1 case of probable von Willebrand disease, 3 cases of Bernard-Soulier syndrome, 2 cases of Glanzmann thrombasthenia, 2 cases of immune thrombocytopenic purpura, 1 case of congenital factor VII deficiency). Conclusion: In patients with menorrhagia, at least complete blood count, peripheral smear, aPTT, PT, VWF:Ag, VWF:RCo, FVIII, and fibrinogen assays must be performed. When there is history of nose and gum bleeding, platelet function assay by lumiaggregometer must also be performed. In nearly 50% of adolescents, menorrhagia is dysfunctional and transient. Detailed coagulation assays can be postponed in adolescents if bleeding history other than menorrhagia and/or family history of bleeding and/or parental consanguinity is absent. All subjects with menorrhagia must consult with gynecologists and hematologists. Conflict of interest:None declared.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Turkish Journal of Haematology
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    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Turkish Journal of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: Wiskott- Aldrich Syndrome (WAS) is a recessive genetic disorder linked to the X-chromosome characterized by immune deficiency, eczema and thrombocytopenia. To the best of our knowledge, a few cases of vasculitis or aneurysmal formation have been reported in this syndrome, but the association has not been well established (1-6). We report a patient with WAS and extensive aortitis causing severe aneurysmal dilatation in the everywhere of the aorta who underwent successful first stage operation involving replacement of ascending aorta.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2013 · Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology
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    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Turkish Journal of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is associated with recurrent chromosomal aberrations andabnormal ectopic gene expression during T-cell development. In order to gain insight into the pathogenesis of T-ALLthis study aimed to measure the level of expression of 7 T-cell oncogenes (LMO2, LYL1, TAL1, TLX1, TLX3, BMI1, andCALM-AF10) in pediatric T-ALL patients Material and Methods: LMO2, LYL1, TLX1, TLX3, BMI1, TAL1, and CALM-AF10 expression was measured usingquantitative real-time PCR in 43 pediatric T-ALL patients. Results: A high level of expression of LMO2, LYL1, TAL1, and BMI1 genes was observed in a large group of T-ALL.Several gene expression signatures indicative of leukemic arrest at specific stages of normal thymocyte development(LYL1 and LMO2) were highly expressed during the cortical and mature stages of T-cell development. Furthermore,upregulated TAL1 and BMI1 expression was observed in all phenotypic subgroups. In all, 6 of the patients had TLX1and TLX3 proto-oncogene expression, which does not occur in normal cells, and none of the patients had CALM-AF10fusion gene transcription. Expression of LYL1 alone and LMO2-LYL1 co-expression were associated with mediastinalinvolvement; however, high-level oncogene expression was not predictive of outcome in the present pediatric T-ALLpatient group, but there was a trend towards a poor prognostic impact of TAL1 and/or LMO2 and/or LYL1 protooncogeneexpression. Conclusion: Poor prognostic impact of TAL1 and/or LMO2 and/or LYL1 proto-oncogene expression indicate the needfor extensive study on oncogenic rearrangement and immunophenotypic markers in T-ALL, and their relationship totreatment outcome. Conflict of interest:None declared.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Turkish Journal of Haematology

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Anadolu kardiyoloji dergisi: AKD = the Anatolian journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors were screened for risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Forty-four ALL survivors in first remission were enrolled. Twenty-six also received 12-18 Gy cranial radiotherapy (RT). Patients' body mass indexes (BMIs) at dignosis and during the study were compared. Metabolic syndrome (MS) evaluation was performed in patients, parents, and siblings older than 6 years. Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA) index of the survivors was also calculated. In survivors with impaired fasting glucose levels, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed. Thyroid functions and IGF-1 and/or IGFBP-3 levels of the survivors who received cranial RT were evaluated. Median age of the survivors was 11.5 years (6-23). At diagnosis, mean BMI percentile was 46.7 (3-95) and mean z-score was -0.09 ± 1.14; during the study, these values rose to 71.1 ± 25.6 (3-100) and 0.8 ± 0.94, respectively (P < .001). One patient (2.2%) and nine survivors (20%) were obese at diagnosis and during the study, respectively (P = .005). Survivors had significantly higher BMI percentile and BMI z-score compared to their siblings (P = .006 and P = .011, respectively). The study group was small and we could not show a correlation of the patients' obesity with RT, thyroid functions, IGF-1, and IGFBP-3 levels. In three survivors (6.8%), there was MS. Maternal and paternal MS was not found as a risk factor for MS of the survivors (P = .1, P = .5, respectively). The HOMA index revealed insulin resistance (IR) in 12 (27.2%) of the survivors, whereas OGTT revealed abnormal glucose regulation and/or IR in four. As a conclusion, ALL survivors have high risk for obesity and MS.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To identify the well-known common translocations and FLT3 mutations in childhood acute myelogenousleukemia (AML) patients in Turkey. Material and Methods: The study included 50 newly diagnosed patients in which t(15;17), t(8;21), and inv(16)chromosomal translocations were identified using real-time PCR and FLT3 gene mutations were identified via direct PCR amplification PCR-RE analysis. Results: In all, t(15;17) chromosomal aberrations were observed in 4 patients (8.0%), t(8;21) chromosomal aberrationswere observed in 12 patients (24.0%), inv(16) chromosomal aberrations were observed in 3 patients (6.0%), and FLT3-ITD mutations were observed in 2 patients (4.0%); FLT3-D835 point mutation heterozygosity was observed in only 1patient (2.0%) patient. Conclusion: Despite of the known literature, a patient with FLT3-ITD and FLT3-D835 double mutation shows a bettersurvival and this might be due to the complementation effect of the t(15;17) translocation. The reportedmutation ratein this article (4%) of FLT3 gene seems to be one of the first results for Turkish population.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Turkish Journal of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To present and discuss the treatment of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). Materials and Methods: The medical records of all patients (n=19) diagnosed in a tertiary hematology center between 1999 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Median age at diagnosis of AIHA was 5 years (range: 4 months-17 years). In all, 13 patients had primary (idiopathic) AIHA, whereas 2 had primary Evans Syndrome (ES), 2 had autoimmune lymphop-roliferative syndrome (ALPS)+ES, and 1 had Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) + AIHA. Among the 13 primary idiopathic AIHA patients, 9 recovered following a 4-8-week course of prednisolone treatment without relapses, whereas 3 patients required a longer course of prednisolone. One AIHA patient that was very resistant to prednisolone recovered after cyclosporine A was added to the treatment. All patients with primary idiopathic AIHA were in remission for a median of 3 years (range: 4 months-10 years) at the time this manuscript was written. Among the patients with primary ES, 2 had relapses similar to the ALPS patients. Splenectomy was performed in 1 primary ES patient, who at the time this report was written was also in remission. One ALPS patient required the addition of mycophenolate mofetil due to prednisolone resistance. The WAS patient was treatment resistant and died due to septicemia. Conclusions: Primary AIHA in pediatric patients generally has an acute onset and good response to corticosteroids. Primary or secondary ES has a chronic or relapsing course, and treatment may require other immunosuppressive agents in addition to corticosteroids. Complications of splenectomy must not be underestimated in patients with underlying immunodeficiency. AIHA often causes considerable morbidity and mortality in WAS.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Turkish Journal of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is a common subtype of acute leukemia in children. PAX5 plays a central role in B-cell development and differentiation. In this study, we analyzed PAX5 expression levels, transactivation domain mutations/deletions in B-ALL patients (n=115) and healthy controls (n=10). Relative PAX5 mRNA levels were significantly increased in B-ALL patients (p<0.0001). PAX5 expression was also evaluated in three different B-ALL subgroups (pro B, Common B and Pre B ALL) and showed stage specific expression levels. Pro B (p=0.04) and pre B (p=0.04) patients showed significantly high PAX5 mRNA levels compared to stage specific controls. At least one deletion of exons 7-8 or 9 has been identified in the 41% of the patients. CD34 positivity in patients and presence of large deletions (Δ7/8/9) showed a significant correlation (p=0.05). None of our patients showed PAX5 point mutations, but two previously identified SNPs (rs3780135 and rs35469494) were detected. Our results support that PAX5 is a critical factor in B-ALL development and aberrant PAX5 expression especially at early stages may leads to leukemic transformation.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2011 · Leukemia research
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    Emine Zengin · Nazan Sarper · Suar Cakı Kılıç
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of piperacillin/tazobactam (PIP/TAZO) versus PIP/TAZO plus amikacin in febrile neutropenic children with acute leukemia (AL). Children with AL who had febrile neutropenic episodes were randomized to treatment with PIP/TAZO versus PIP/TAZO plus amikacin. Modification was defined as addition of other antimicrobials and/or antifungal agents to the empirical therapy. Protocol failure was defined as withdrawal of the empirical regimen and introduction of other antimicrobials due to failure in controlling infection. Seventy-two febrile episodes of 42 patients with a median age of 4.5 years (3.5 months to 19 years) were evaluated. There were 37 and 35 episodes in PIP/TAZO and combination arms, respectively. Success without modification, with modification, protocol failure, duration of treatment were 45.9%, 35.1%, 18.9%, and 10 days in PIP/TAZO arm and 42.9%, 37.1%, 20%, and 12 days in combination arm, respectively (P > .05). There was no significant difference between the empirical therapy arms regarding median duration of neutropenia and defervescence of fever. Empirical therapy was substituted by other drugs in 6 and 5 episodes in PIP/TAZO and combination arms, respectively. There was no infection-related death. There was reversible increase in serum creatinine in 1 episode on the combination arm. Monotherapy with PIP/TAZO was effective and safe for initial empirical treatment of febrile neutropenic episodes in children with AL. However, local bacterial resistance patterns should be considered in daily practice. Combination of amikacin with PIP/TAZO did not improve treatment success, but it may increase nephrotoxicity.
    Preview · Article · May 2011 · Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
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    Nazan Sarper · Emine Zengin · Suar Çakı Kılıç
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    ABSTRACT: A 26-month-old male presented with bone marrow failure and dystrophic nail lesions mimicking onychomycosis. There was no skin finding. Treatment with androgen and methylprednisolone was started due to unavailability of a matched-related hematopoietic stem cell donor. After 30 months, transfusion support was required. TINF2 mutation was identified at the age of five and dyskeratosis congenita (DC) was confirmed. TIN2 mutation analysis must be carried out in patients younger than 10 years presenting with bone marrow failure even if characteristic physical anomalies of DC is missing. Genetic confirmation of DC prevents ineffective immunotherapy with misdiagnosis of acquired aplastic anemia.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Pediatric Blood & Cancer