Rosanna Accardo

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States

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Publications (9)33.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Extensive primary resections or redos may produce significant chest wall defects requiring creative reconstructions in order to avoid reduction of the intrathoracic volume. We describe the successful use of an innovative technique for chest wall reconstruction based on the concept of roof coverage of sport arenas. In fact, titanium plates are anchored to the residual rib stumps along the parasternal and paravertebral lines. The acellular collagen matrix prosthesis was sutured to the free edges of the same titanium plates to create a roof, reproducing the chest wall dome geometric configuration. A 36-year-old female patient was diagnosed with an extensive desmoid tumor involving the lateral segments of second to fifth ribs on the right side. The arena roof technique allowed for adequate expansion of the uninvolved lung and optimal chest wall functional recovery. (C) 2015 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) technique has been described both for diagnostic and therapeutic indications. Outcomes after uniportal VATS have never been reported in large series. Between January 2000 and December 2010, 644 uniportal VATS procedures (334 male and 310 female patients; median age, 55.5 years; range, 16 to 85) were performed by a single surgeon. This figure represents 27.7% of all the thoracic surgical procedures in the study period (2,369). Of the 644 uniportal VATS, 329 (51.1%) were diagnostic procedures for pleural conditions. Of the remaining 315 uniportal VATS procedures, 14 (2.2%) were performed for pre-thoracotomy exploration for lung cancer, and 115 (17.8%) for miscellaneous conditions including diagnosis of mediastinal masses. In addition, 186 nonanatomic wedge resections (28.9% of the total uniportal VATS procedures) were performed for pulmonary conditions; of these, 146 were done for pulmonary nodules. Median operative time was 18 and 22 minutes for uniportal VATS for diagnostic non-pulmonary indications and for wedge resections, respectively. Out of 644 patients, conversion to either 2 or 3 port VATS or minithoracotomy was necessary in 3.7% of the patients, often due to incomplete lung collapse (92%). Inclusive of the day of insertion, the chest drain was removed after a median of 4.3 (range, 2 to 20) and 2.4 days (range, 0 to 6) after uniportal VATS for pleural effusions and uniportal VATS lung wedge resections, respectively. Mortality and major morbidity after uniportal VATS was 0.6% and 2.8%, respectively. All deaths reported after uniportal VATS were for pleural effusions. Inclusive of the operative day, median hospitalization after surgery for uniportal VATS for pleural effusions and for wedge resections were 5.3 and 3.4 days, respectively. In our experience, uniportal VATS was performed in one third of our surgical candidates with limited operative time, a very low conversion rate to conventional VATS or minithoracotomy, a very low morbidity and mortality, and, short hospitalization. Uniportal VATS is an underappreciated procedure that can be reliably used in the diagnostic pathways of several intrathoracic conditions and to resect small pulmonary nodules with either diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. As such, uniportal VATS represents a consolidated addition to the surgical armamentarium.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · The Annals of thoracic surgery

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Flexible bronchoscopy is recommended to confirm correct placement of double-lumen tubes used for thoracic anesthesia. However, there is still controversy over routine bronchoscopic confirmation of their position. This study aimed to verify the usefulness of flexible bronchoscopy for confirming the position of double-lumen tubes after blind intubation. During a 9-month period, consecutive patients undergoing elective oncologic thoracic surgery were prospectively enrolled in the study. All patients were intubated with a left disposable polyvinyl chloride double-lumen tube. Immediately after intubation, clinical verification was made by the anesthesiologist. Then, the endoscopist performed flexible bronchoscopy with a 2.8-mm diameter Olympus(®) video bronchoscope, and verified the position of the double-lumen tube, before positioning the patient. The double-lumen tube was in optimal position, if the bronchial cuff was immediately below the tracheal carina, and there was a clear view of the left subcarina, with unobstructed left upper and lower bronchi. Misplacement of the double-lumen tube was diagnosed when the tube had to be moved (in or out) for more than 0.5 cm to correct its position. Critical malposition meant a double-lumen tube dislocated in the trachea or in the right bronchi, requiring immediate re-intubation under bronchoscopic guidance. A total of 144 patients (44 women (42%) and 60 men (58%), with a mean age of 51 years (range 25-77 years)) were enrolled in the study. Surgical procedures included 37 right-sided and 31 left-sided thoracotomies, 22 video-assisted thoracoscopic surgeries (VATSs) (16 right-sided and six left-sided), one median sternotomy, six mediastinotomies, and seven miscellaneous procedures. In 66 (63%, 95% confidence interval 53.2-71.8%) cases, there was complete agreement between the anesthesiologist and the endoscopist. The latter diagnosed misplacement of the double-lumen tube in 33 (32%, 95% confidence interval 22.8-40.7%) patients and critical malposition in five (5%, 95% confidence interval 0.7-8.9%) cases. After blind intubation, 37% of double-lumen tubes required repositioning by means of flexible bronchoscopy, despite positive evaluation made by the anesthesiologist. Our data suggests that initial bronchoscopic assessment should be made with the patient still in the supine position, and confirms that flexible bronchoscopy is useful in verifying the correct position of double-lumen tubes or adjusting possible misplacements, before starting thoracic surgery.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Traditional 3-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in a patient who is awake has been proposed as a breakthrough in the direction of fast tracking patients through routine thoracic surgical procedures. We wanted to explore the possibility of further reducing surgical invasiveness by resecting a peripheral pulmonary nodule with single-access (uniportal) VATS in an awake, nonintubated, nonventilated patient, with selective occlusion of the tributary lobar bronchus. A 47-year-old woman with bilateral peripheral nodules underwent uniportal VATS wedge resection of an undetermined nodule in the right middle lobe. The patient was awake and under mild sedation for the entire procedure. Single-shot epidural regional anesthesia was administered. Under guidance provided by a reusable, portable flexible bronchoscope, a Fogarty balloon was positioned to occlude the right middle lobe bronchus to facilitate collapse of the targeted parenchyma. At the end of the procedure, the chest drain was connected to a portable vacuum system delivering autonomous suction. Awake uniportal VATS resection of peripheral nodules in selected patients is feasible and appears to be safe. Available technology may enable further reduction of costs related to length of hospitalization. The concept of ambulatory thoracic surgery may further evolve by utilizing uniportal VATS in an awake patient to solve the often-challenging diagnostic dilemmas represented by undetermined lung lesions.
    Full-text · Article · May 2010 · The Annals of thoracic surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Post-pneumonectomy bronchopleural fistulas (BPFs) still represent a formidable therapeutic challenge. Several procedures have been proposed of which the least invasive are gaining distinct recognition and favour. We report the case of small-sized BPF treated by plastering the bronchial stump with a combination of bone substitute composite sprayed on a scaffold made of a Vycril mesh and placed on the mediastinal pleura overlying the right hilum.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2009 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery

  • No preview · Article · May 2007 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery

Publication Stats

125 Citations
33.96 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • University of Virginia
      • Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
      Charlottesville, Virginia, United States
  • 2011
    • CRO Centro di Riferimento Oncologico di Aviano
      Aviano, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy
  • 2009-2010
    • Istituto Nazionale Tumori "Fondazione Pascale"
      • S.C. Radiodiagnostica
      Napoli, Campania, Italy