Leif Thuesen

Aalborg University Hospital, Ålborg, North Denmark, Denmark

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Publications (354)2538.95 Total impact

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
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    ABSTRACT: Se ha demostrado que el armazón vascular bioabsorbible Absorb produce una disminución del área total de las placas en el segmento tratado. Sin embargo, no se sabe si el tamaño de la placa se modifica tan solo en los segmentos tratados con armazones o si la modificación se extiende también a otros segmentos coronarios.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction and objectives: The Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold has been shown to decrease total plaque areas in the treated segment. However, it is unknown whether plaque size is modified in scaffolded segments only or whether the modification extends to other coronary segments. Methods: Absorb Cohort A is a single-arm, prospective study, with safety and imaging endpoints, in which 30 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with the first generation Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold. Noninvasive multislice computed tomography imaging was performed in 18 patients at 18 months and 5 years of follow-up. The present study was an intrapatient comparison of matched segments (normalized by the segment length) of the scaffolded region with nonintervened segments for lumen volume, vessel volume, plaque volume, plaque burden, and percent change in plaque atheroma volume. Results: All 18 scaffolded segments could be analyzed. In the nonintervened segments, 1 of 72 segments had a motion artifact and was excluded. Serial comparison showed that the scaffolded segments showed no significant change in the mean plaque burden, total atheroma volume, total lumen volume, or vessel volume between 18 months and 5 years. Conversely, the untreated segments showed a significant increase in plaque burden (2.7 ± 6.5%; P < .01) and normalized plaque volumes (8.0 ± 22.8mm(3); P < .01). This resulted in a significant difference in plaque burden between scaffolded and nonintervened segments (P = .03). Conclusions: In this small series, the Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold showed the potential to provide an additional benefit to pharmacological therapy in locally reducing progression of percent plaque burden. These findings need to be confirmed in larger studies.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Revista Espanola de Cardiologia
  • Leif Thuesen · Niels Ramsing Holm

    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate 1-year clinical and angiographic results after hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) combining off-pump left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafting through an inferior J-hemisternotomy with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Prospective, single-arm clinical feasibility study including 100 consecutive patients with multivessel disease undergoing staged HCR. The primary endpoint was the major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event rate at 1 year. Secondary endpoints included 1-year all-cause death, stroke, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, and angiographic graft and stent patency. Results: One-year clinical follow-up data were available in all patients. The primary endpoint was met by 20 patients (20%). Individual endpoints were as follows: 1 death due to heart failure; 1 stroke, 2 procedure-related myocardial infarctions; and 1 spontaneous myocardial infarction during follow-up. A total of 16 patients underwent repeat revascularization: 5 surgical reinterventions during the index hospitalization for angiographically suspected internal mammary artery graft dysfunction, and 3 repeat PCIs. Only 1 patient had evidence of ischemia. After discharge, PCI was performed in 6 patients who had recurrent angina, and in 2 asymptomatic patients who had angiographic restenosis. At the 1-year angiographic follow-up, 87 of 89 (98%) patients had patent internal mammary artery grafts. Angiographic restenosis was present in 10 of 100 lesions treated by PCI. Conclusions: Angiographically controlled HCR was associated with a high repeat revascularization rate. The 1-year 98% LIMA-graft patency rate, and low risk of death and stroke, seem promising for the long-term outcome. Non-left anterior descending coronary artery lesion revascularization remains a challenge.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND A retrograde approach improves the success rate of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) for chronic total occlusions (CTOs). OBJECTIVES The authors describe the European experience with and outcomes of retrograde PCI revascularization for coronary CTOs. METHODS Follow-up data were collected from 1,395 patients with 1,582 CTO lesions enrolled between January 2008 and December 2012 for retrograde CTO PCI at 44 European centers. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events were defined as the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and further revascularization. RESULTS The mean patient age was 62.0 � 10.4 years; 88.5% were men. Procedural and clinical success rates were 75.3% and 71.2%, respectively. The mean clinical follow-up duration was 24.7 � 15.0 months. Compared with patients with failed retrograde PCI, successfully revascularized patients showed lower rates of cardiac death (0.6% vs. 4.3%, respectively; p < 0.001), myocardial infarction (2.3% vs. 5.4%, respectively; p < 0.001), further revascularization (8.6% vs. 23.6%, respectively; p < 0.001), and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (8.7% vs. 23.9%, respectively; p < 0.001). Female sex (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.06; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.33 to 3.18; p < 0.001), prior PCI (HR: 1.73; 95% CI: 1.16 to 2.60; p < 0.011), low left ventricular ejection fraction (HR: 2.43; 95% CI: 1.22 to 4.83; p< 0.011), J-CTO (Multicenter CTO Registry in Japan) score $3 (HR: 2.08; 95% CI: 1.32 to 3.27; p < 0.002), and procedural failure (HR: 2.48; 95% CI: 1.72 to 3.57; p <0.001) were independent predictors of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at long-term follow-up. CONCLUSIONS The number of retrograde procedures in Europe has increased, with high percents of success, low rates of major complications, and good long-term outcomes.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Coronary bifurcation lesions (CBLs) are challenging and associated with a higher rate of adverse events than non-bifurcation lesions. In the era of drug-eluting stents, 2 primary interventional strategies for treating CBL include the complex strategy the main vessel (MV) and side-branch (SB) stenting, and the simple strategy MV stenting combined with provisional SB stenting. The meta-analysis of the simple vs. complex strategies demonstrated an increased incidence of myocardial infarction in the complex strategy. Likewise, the Tryton dedicated bifurcation stents, as compared with the simple strategy, increased the rate of myocardial infarction. In contrast, the Nordic-Baltic Bifurcation Study IV demonstrated that event rates were not significantly different comparing the simple vs. complex strategies in true bifurcation lesions involving a large SB. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has emerged as a powerful catheter based tool for the functional assessment of a stenosis, but the role of FFR on the long-term outcomes of patients with CBL has not been studied. Given the recent evidence that Tryton stents (a dedicated bifurcation stent) increased event rates, and the lack of benefit from using 2-stent techniques (the Nordic Baltic Bifurcation Study IV) in true CBL, assessing the FFR of the SB seems now of outmost importance, but randomized data are lacking. An intravascular study showed that kissing balloon inflation (KBI) significantly reduced SB stenosis, restored stent lumen at the carina, and expanded stent in the proximal segment. However, a recent randomized study showed no significant benefit of routine KBI. This review highlights current concepts and future perspectives in patients with CBL. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · International journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: The widespread use of coronary stents has exposed a growing population to the risk of stent thrombosis, but the importance in terms of risk of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs) remains unclear. We studied five years follow-up data for 2,098 all-comer patients treated with coronary stents in the randomized SORT OUT II trial (mean age 63.6 yrs. 74.8% men). Patients who following stent implantation were readmitted with STEMI were included and each patient was categorized ranging from definite- to ruled-out stent thrombosis according to the Academic Research Consortium definitions. Multivariate logistic regression was performed on selected covariates to assess odds ratios (ORs) for definite stent thrombosis. 85 patients (4.1%), mean age 62.7 years, 77.1% men, were admitted with a total of 96 STEMIs, of whom 60 (62.5%) had definite stent thrombosis. Notably, definite stent thrombosis was more frequent in female than male STEMI patients (81.8% vs. 56.8%, p = 0.09), and in very late STEMIs (p = 0.06). Female sex (OR 3.53 [1.01-12.59]) and clopidogrel (OR 4.43 [1.03-19.01]) was associated with increased for definite stent thrombosis, whereas age, time since stent implantation, use of statins, initial PCI urgency (STEMI [primary PCI], NSTEMI/unstable angina [subacute PCI] or stable angina [elective PCI]), and glucose-lowering agents did not seem to influence risk of stent thrombosis. In a contemporary cohort of coronary stented patients, stent thrombosis was evident in more than 60% of subsequent STEMIs.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Background The impact of adherence to the recommended duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after first generation drug-eluting stent implantation is difficult to assess in real-world settings and limited data are available. Methods We followed 4,154 patients treated with coronary drug-eluting stents in Western Denmark for 1 year and obtained data on redeemed clopidogrel prescriptions and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, i.e., cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or stent thrombosis) from medical databases. Results Discontinuation of clopidogrel within the first 3 months after stent implantation was associated with a significantly increased rate of MACE at 1-year follow-up (hazard ratio (HR) 2.06; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.08-3.93). Discontinuation 3-6 months (HR 1.29; 95% CI: 0.70-2.41) and 6-12 months (HR 1.29; 95% CI: 0.54-3.07) after stent implantation were associated with smaller, not statistically significant, increases in MACE rates. Among patients who discontinued clopidogrel, MACE rates were highest within the first 2 months after discontinuation. Conclusions Discontinuation of clopidogrel was associated with an increased rate of MACE among patients treated with drug-eluting stents. The increase was statistically significant within the first 3 months after drug-eluting stent implantation but not after 3 to 12 months.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The impact of angiographically visible distal embolization (DE) and distal protection occurring during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on long-term outcome has not been studied in a contemporary ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) cohort. To evaluate the association between DE and long-term outcome in STEMI patients treated with primary PCI with or without distal protection. Methods and results: In this post-hoc analysis of a randomized study, 591 STEMI patients were randomized to conventional primary PCI or primary PCI with distal protection and followed for 5 years. There was no statistically significant difference in MACE rate between patients treated with or wthout distal protection (19% versus 25%; p=0.10). There seemed to be interaction between distal protection and DE in major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (p=0.08), mortality (p=0.02) and reinfarction (p=0.06), but not admission for heart failure (p=0.40). DE was related to increased risk of admission for heart failure independently of distal protection (12.0% versus 5.0; p=0.015). The MACE rate for patients treated with standard PCI with DE was 31.3% compared to 24.8% for patients without DE (p=0.30), and 44.4% for patients treated with distal protection with DE compared to 17.9% for patients without DE (p=0.005). DE was not related to mortality (p=0.52) or reinfarction (p=0.52) among patients treated with standard PCI, but was related to higher rates of mortality (p=0.012) and reinfarction (p=0.008) when distal protection was used. Conclusion: DE occurred in 11% of STEMI patients treated with conventional primary PCI, and was associated with increased risk of development of heart failure. Distal protection did not improve the 5-years MACE rate, and might even aggravate the prognosis following DE, but this should only be considered hypothesis-generating.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Hypertension is a well known risk factor for atherosclerosis. However, data on the prognostic impact of hypertension in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are inconsistent and mainly related to studies performed in the thrombolytic era, with very few data in patients undergoing primary angioplasty. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact hypertension on clinical outcome in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI with BMS or DES. Methods: Our population is represented by 6298 STEMI patients undergoing primary angioplasty included in the DESERT database from 11 randomized trials comparing DES vs BMS for STEMI. Results: Hypertension was observed in 2764 patients (43.9%), and associated with ageing (p<0.0001), female gender (p<0.001), diabetes (p<0.0001), hypercholesterolemia (p<0.0001), previous MI (p=0.002), previous revascularization (p=0.002), longer time-to-treatment (p<0.001), preprocedural TIMI 3 flow, and with a lower prevalence of smoking (41% vs 53.9%, p<0.001) and anterior MI (42% vs 45.9%, p=0.002). Hypertension was associated with impaired postprocedural TIMI 0-2 flow (Adjusted OR [95% CI]=1.22 [1.01-1.47], p=0.034). At a follow-up of 1,201 ± 440 days, hypertension was associated with higher mortality (adjusted HR [95% CI]=1.24 [1.01-1.54], p=0.048), reinfarction (adjusted HR [95% CI]=1.31 [1.03-1.66], p=0.027), stent thrombosis (adjusted HR [95% CI]=1.29 [0.98-1.71], p=0.068) and TVR (adjusted HR [95% CI]=1.22 [1.04-1.44], p=0.013). Conclusions: This study showed that among STEMI patients undergoing primary angioplasty with DES or BMS, hypertension is independently associated with impaired epicardial reperfusion, mortality, reinfarction and TVR, and a trend in higher ST.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · International Journal of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Concerns have emerged regarding a higher risk of stent thrombosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, especially in the setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis based on individual patient data to evaluate long-term safety and effectiveness of paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) as compared to bare metal stents (BMS) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for STEMI. We examined all completed randomized trials on PES for STEMI. Individual patient data were obtained from six trials. We performed survival analyses with the use of Cox-regression analysis stratified according to trial. Kaplan-Meier survival curves are presented with event rates reported as estimated probabilities. A subsequent landmark analysis was performed for patients who were event-free at 1-year follow-up in order to define outcome in terms of early (≤1 year) and late (>1 year) events. A total of six trials were finally included in the meta-analysis with 4435 patients, 2875 (64.8 %) assigned to PES and 1560 (35.2 %) to BMS. No significant differences in baseline characteristics were observed between the two groups. However, a significantly higher percentage of patients in the DES group were on dual antiplatelet therapy during 3-year follow-up, as compared to BMS. At long-term follow-up (1,095 [1,090-1,155] days), no significant difference between PES and BMS was observed in mortality (9.2 vs 11.9 %, respectively, HR [95 % CI] = 0.84 [0.67, 1.06], p = 0.15, pheterogeneity = 0.59), reinfarction (8.8 vs 7 %, respectively; HR [95 % CI] = 1.10 [0.84, 1.44], p = 0.51, pheterogeneity = 0.32), stent thrombosis (6.7 vs 4.0 % respectively, HR [95 % CI] = 1.13 [0.82, 1.55], p = 0.45, pheterogeneity = 0.99) and TVR (11.9 vs 20.0 %; HR [95 % CI] = 0.64 [0.54, 0.77], p < 0.0001, pheterogeneity = 0.25). Landmark analysis showed that PES was associated with a significantly higher rate of very late reinfarction (>1 year) (5.6 vs 3.9 %, HR [95 % CI] = 1.61 [1.05-2.47], p = 0.03, pheterogeneity = 0.51], very late ST (2.9 vs 1.1 %, HR [95 % CI] = 1.88 [1.00-3.54], p = 0.05, pheterogeneity = 0.94]. The present pooled patient-level meta-analysis demonstrates that among STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI, PES compared to BMS is associated with a significant reduction in TVR at long-term follow-up. Although there were no differences in cumulative mortality, reinfarction or stent thrombosis, the incidence of very late reinfarction and stent thrombosis was increased with PES.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
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    ABSTRACT: We used the Western Denmark Heart Registry to assess one-year and long-term all-cause mortality and stent failure following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) or bare-metal stents (BMS). The use of DES compared with BMS during PCI has reduced the risk of restenosis in native coronary artery lesions. In saphenous vein grafts (SVG) the outcome after DES compared with BMS is insufficiently described. From January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2010 all patients with PCI of SVG lesions were identified among 3.0 million inhabitants. Stent failure was defined as clinically driven target lesion revascularization, graft occlusion without intervention, or stent thrombosis. The study cohort consisted of 529 patients with 755 SVG lesions (348 DES patients with 510 lesions and 181 BMS patients with 245 lesions). Mean age did not differ between patients with DES-treated lesions compared to patients with BMS-treated lesions (67.5 ± 9.1 years vs. 67.6 ± 9.3 years; P = 0.85). The median follow-up time was 3.0 years (25th-75th percentile: 1.4-5.1 years). One-year (n = 27 (8.2%) vs. n = 12 (6.7%), log rank P = 0.60) and 3-year cumulative mortality (n = 31 (18.8%) vs. n = 59 (21.8%), log rank P = 0.64) did not differ significantly between DES- and BMS-treated patients. One-year cumulative stent failure was seen in 39 (6.6%) DES-treated lesions vs. 24 (10.8%) BMS-treated lesions (P = 0.088), and 3-year cumulative stent failure in 48 (15.4%) vs. 34 (18.8%) lesions (P = 0.25), respectively. In SVG lesions, DES showed no long-term benefit compared to BMS in rates of all-cause mortality or stent failure. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the effects of the everolimus-eluting Xience™/Promus™ stent (EES) and the sirolimus-eluting Cypher™ stent (SES) on intimal hyperplasia (IH) in diabetic patients. Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus have increased risk of in-stent restenosis after coronary stent implantation due to intimal hyperplasia (IH). Methods: In a sub study of the Randomized Comparison of Everolimus-Eluting and Sirolimus-Eluting Stents in Patients Treated with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (SORT OUT IV trial), serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) 10-month follow-up data were available in 88 patients, including 48 EES and 40 SES treated patients. IVUS endpoints included IH volume, in-stent % volume obstruction and changes in external elastic membrane (EEM) volume. Results: Compared to the SES group, IH volume was increased in the EES group [median (interquartile range): 2.8 mm(3) (0.0-12.6) vs. 0.0 mm(3) (0.0-1.1), p=0.001]. In-stent % volume obstruction was increased in EES compared to SES [median (interquartile range): 1.6% (0.0-8.2) vs. 0.0% (0.0-1.0), p=0.001]. Peri-stent external elastic membrane (EEM) volume: (post procedure vs. follow-up EES [300 mm(3) (219-491) vs. 307 mm(3) (223-482), p=0.73] and SES [316 mm(3) (235-399) vs. 323 mm(3) (246-404), p=0.05]) and peri-stent plaque volume: EES [163 mm(3) (103-273) vs. 184 mm(3) (115-291), p=0.18] and SES [186 mm(3) (139-248) vs. 175 mm(3) (153-243), p=0.26]) were unchanged in both groups. In the proximal reference segment a significant increase in plaque area was seen in the EES group only, without vascular remodeling. Conclusion: In diabetic patients, EES stent implantation was associated with increased IH volume obstruction without involvement of vascular remodeling. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: To investigate the extent and the circumferential distribution of the neointima tissue developed following an Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation. Methods and results: Twenty-three patients who were treated with the Absorb BVS and had optical coherence tomographic examination after scaffold implantation, at six-month and at two-year follow-up, were included in the current analysis. The lumen and the scaffold borders were detected and the circumferential thickness of the neointima was measured at one degree intervals. The symmetry of the neointima was defined as: minimum/maximum thickness. The lumen area was decreased at six months compared to baseline but it did not change between six-month and two-year follow-up (baseline: 7.49 [6.13-8.00] mm2, six months: 6.31 (4.75-7.06) mm2, two years: 6.01 [4.67-7.11] mm2, p=0.373). However, the mean neointima thickness (six months: 189 [173-229] μm, two years: 258 [222-283] μm, p<0.0001) and the symmetry index of the neointima (six months: 0.06 [0.02-0.09], two years: 0.27 [0.24-0.36], p<0.0001) were increased at two years. Full circumferential coverage of the vessel wall by neointima tissue was seen in 91% of the studied frames at two years. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that after an Absorb BVS implantation neointima tissue develops that covers almost the whole circumference of the vessel wall. In contrast to the metallic stents, the neointima tissue does not compromise the luminal dimensions. Further research is required to evaluate the neointimal characteristics and assess the potential value of the device in passivating high-risk plaques.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a serious condition in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. We compared the risk of acute CIN and the influence of preventive strategies in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. A total of 720 patients were randomized in the Prevention of Contrast-induced Nephropathy in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CINSTEMI) trial. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1:1:1 ratio to receive hydration with sodium chloride together with 1 of 4 prophylactic regimes (1) N-acetylcysteine (NAC), (2) sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) infusion, (3) NAC in combination with NaHCO3, or (4) hydration with sodium chloride infusion alone. Patients in cardiogenic shock were excluded. Acute CIN was defined as an increase in serum creatinine concentration >25% from the baseline value within a 3-day period. Overall, CIN occurred in 141 (21.9%) patients. The prevention treatment with NAC, NaHCO3, or the combined NAC and NaHCO3 did not reduce the rate of CIN significantly compared with hydration with intravenous sodium chloride infusion alone (20.1% versus 20.1% versus 20.8% versus 26.5%; P=NS). However, an increase in serum creatinine >25% from the baseline value to 30 day was significantly lower in patients treated with combined NAC and NaHCO3 (18.7% versus 19.1% versus 9.2% versus 21.3%; P=0.033). Treatment with NAC or NaHCO3 did not reduce the rate of acute CIN significantly. Combined treatment with NAC and NaHCO3 may reduce the risk of renal dysfunction after 30 days. http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01160627.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Circulation Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: Background Several concerns have emerged on the higher risk of in-stent thrombosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, especially in the setting of STEMI patients. Few data have even been reported in high-risk patients, such as those with anterior MI. Therefore this represents the aim of the current study. Methods The literature was scanned by formal searches of electronic databases (MEDLINE and CENTRAL). We examined all completed randomized trials of DES for STEMI. The following key words were used for study selection: randomized trial, myocardial infarction, reperfusion, primary angioplasty, stenting, DES, sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), Cypher, paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES), Taxus. No language restrictions were enforced. Results Individual patient’s data were obtained from 11 out of 13 trials, including a total of 2,782 patients with anterior MI [1,739 or 62.5 % randomized to DES and 1,043 or 37.5 % randomized to bare-metal stent (BMS)]. At long-term follow-up, no significant benefit was observed with DES as compared to BMS in terms of mortality [9.8 vs 10.9 %, HR (95 % CI) = 0.81 (0.61, 1.07), p = 0.13, p heterogeneity = 0.18], reinfarction [8.8 vs 6.4 %, respectively; HR (95 % CI) = 1.14 (0.80, 1.61), p = 0.47, p heterogeneity = 0.82], and stent thrombosis [5.6 vs 5 %, OR (95 % CI) = 0.88 (0.59, 1.30), p = 0.51, p heterogeneity = 0.65], whereas DES was associated with a significant reduction in terms of target-vessel revascularization (TVR) [13.7 vs 23.4 %; OR (95 % CI) = 0.56 (0.46, 0.69), p
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Clinical Research in Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the incidence of incomplete stent apposition and to explore the impact of the presence of thrombus and protruding plaque after stent implantation on neointima formation at follow-up in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with serial optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) investigations. In a multi-centre study, 141 patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction <12 h from onset were randomized to either PPCI with thrombectomy (TB) using an Eliminate catheter (TB: n = 71) or without TB (non-TB: n = 70). OFDI after drug-eluting stenting was performed using TERUMO OFDI system. Per protocol, at follow-up 49 patients segments were reimaged. At post-procedure and follow-up, there were no differences in stent and lumen areas between the two groups. At follow-up, per strut-level analysis, percentage of incompletely apposed struts was 0.42 ± 0.94 vs. 0.38 ± 0.77% (P = 0.76), and percentage of covered struts was 92.7 ± 7.2 vs. 94.4 ± 9.2% (P = 0.47) in the TB and non-TB groups, respectively. There was a positive correlation between intra-stent structure (ISS) volume at post-procedure and the neointima volume at 6-month follow-up (Pearson's r = 0.409, P = 0.04). Up to 12 months, there have been two and four patients having target vessel failure in the TB and in the non-TB groups, respectively. In patients with STEMI, there were no significant differences in OFDI parameters between TB and non-TB groups at both post-procedure and 6-month follow-up. However, ISS volume at post-procedure was positively associated with neointimal volume at 6-month follow-up.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
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    ABSTRACT: In head-to-head comparisons of coronary drug-eluting stents, the primary endpoint is traditionally assessed after 9-12 months. However, the optimum timepoint for this assessment remains unclear. In this study, we assessed clinical outcomes at up to 5 years' follow-up in patients who received two different types of drug-eluting stents. We undertook this multicentre, open-label, randomised superiority trial at five percutaneous coronary intervention centres in Denmark. We randomly allocated 2332 eligible adult patients (≥18 years of age) with an indication for drug-eluting stent implantation to the zotarolimus-eluting Endeavor Sprint stent (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, CA, USA) or the sirolimus-eluting Cypher Select Plus stent (Cordis, Johnson & Johnson, Warren, NJ, USA). Randomisation of participants was achieved by computer-generated block randomisation and a telephone allocation service. The primary endpoint of the SORT OUT III study was a composite of major adverse cardiac events-cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularisation-at 9 months' follow-up. In this study, endpoints included the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events and definite stent thrombosis at follow-up times of up to 5 years. Analysis was by intention to treat. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00660478. We randomly allocated 1162 patients to receive the zotarolimus-eluting stent and 1170 to the sirolimus-eluting stent. At 5-year follow-up, rates of major adverse cardiac events were similar in patients treated with both types of stents (zotarolimus-eluting stents 197/1162 [17·0%] vs sirolimus-eluting stents 182/1170 [15·6%]; odds ratio [OR] 1·10, 95% CI 0·88-1·37; p=0·40). This finding was indicative of the directly contrasting results for rates of major adverse cardiac events at 1-year follow up (zotarolimus 93/1162 [8·0%] vs sirolimus 46/1170 [3·9%]; OR 2·13, 95% CI 1·48-3·07; p<0·0001) compared with those at follow-up between 1 and 5 years (104 [9·0%] vs 136 [11·6%]; OR 0·78, 95% CI 0·59-1·02; p=0·071). At 1-year follow-up, definite stent thrombosis was more frequent after implantation of the zotarolimus-eluting stent (13/1162 [1·1%]) than the sirolimus-eluting stent (4/1170 [0·3%]; OR 3·34, 95% CI 1·08-10·3; p=0·036), whereas the opposite finding was recorded for between 1 and 5 years' follow-up (zotarolimus-eluting stent 1/1162 [0·1%] vs sirolimus-eluting stent 21/1170 [1·8%], OR 0·05, 95% CI 0·01-0·36; p=0·003). 26 of 88 (30%) target lesion revascularisations in the zotarolimus-eluting stent group occurred between 1 and 5 years' follow-up, whereas 54 of 70 (77%) of those in the sirolimus-eluting stent group occurred during this follow-up period. The superiority of sirolimus-eluting stents compared with zotarolimus-eluting stents at 1-year follow-up was lost after 5 years. The traditional 1-year primary endpoint assessment therefore might be insufficient to predict 5-year clinical outcomes in patients treated with coronary drug-eluting stent implantation. Cordis and Medtronic.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · The Lancet

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12k Citations
2,538.95 Total Impact Points


  • 2000-2015
    • Aalborg University Hospital
      • Department of Cardiology
      Ålborg, North Denmark, Denmark
  • 1995-2015
    • Aarhus University Hospital
      • Department of Cardiology
      Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark
  • 1988-2014
    • Aarhus University
      • • Department of Cardiology B
      • • Institute of Experimental Clinical Research
      Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark
  • 2013
    • Oulu University Hospital
      Uleoborg, Oulu, Finland
    • Herning Hospital
      Herning, Central Jutland, Denmark
  • 2012
    • Aalborg University
      Ålborg, North Denmark, Denmark
  • 2006-2012
    • Odense University Hospital
      • Department of Cardiology - B
      Odense, South Denmark, Denmark
  • 2011
    • Erasmus University Rotterdam
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2008
    • Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte
      Hellebæk, Capital Region, Denmark
  • 2007
    • University of Southampton
      Southampton, England, United Kingdom
  • 2003
    • Children's Heart Center
      Las Vegas, Nevada, United States
  • 1984
    • Cook County Hospital
      • Division of Cardiology
      Brooklyn, New York, United States