Liyan Xue

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (49)237.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation(RFA) combined with endoscopic resection(ER) for eradicating widespread early non-flat type esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC) and precancerous lesions. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 4 patients with early non-flat type ESCC and precancerous lesions in January 2010 at the Cancer Institute and Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Proportion of patients with histological complete response (CR) 3 months, 12 months to 5 years after operation and adverse events were observed. Results: These 4 patients were all male, aged from 47 to 71 (mean age 62) years, including 2 of ESCC, 1 of HGIN, 1 of MGIN confirmed by pathology. USL length was 6-12 (mean 8.5) cm. Treatment area (TA) length was 8-14 (mean 10.5) cm. Three cases were 0-II(a(mean length 2 cm), and 1 case 0-II(c(mean length 4 cm). Lesions of 2 cases were complete cycle, and other 2 cases occupied 3/4 circumference. Four patients completed their operations successfully. Total operation time was 42-105 (mean 66.8) min, RFA time was 3-12(mean 8.25) min, and ER time was 6-20 (10.25) min, without bleeding and perforation. The mean hospital stay was 3 days. Pathology examination showed that 2 cases were ESCC G2(lesion length 12, 8 cm; non-flat type lesion length 3, 4 cm), 1 was HGIN(lesion length 12 cm; non-flat type lesion length 1 cm) and 1 was MGIN (lesion length 6 cm; non-flat type lesion length 2 cm). Three cases were CR 3 months, 1 to 5 years after operation. One case had HGIN at 3-month and MGIN at 1-year and 3-year during follow up, and was CR after treatment with HALO. Postoperative esophageal stenosis occurred in 4 cases. Among them, 2 cases were mild without treatment, and 2 were severe, who were relieved by endoscopic water sac dilation for 5-8 (mean 6.5) times. Conclusion: RFA combined with ER is effective and safe in the treatment of patients with early non-flat esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is usually preceded by the oral premalignant lesions, mainly oral leukoplakia (OLK) after repeated insults of carcinogens, tobacco. B(a)P and DMBA are key carcinogens in tobacco smoke. In the present study, for the first time we established the cancerous cell line OSCC-BD induced by B(a)P/DMBA mixture and transformed from dysplastic oral leukoplakia cell line DOK. Cell morphology, proliferation ability, migration ability, colony formation, and tumorigenicity were studied and confirmed the malignant characteristics of OSCC-BD cells. We further identified the differential proteins between DOK and OSCC-BD cells by stable isotope dimethyl labeling based quantitative proteomic method, which showed 18 proteins up-regulated and 16 proteins down-regulated with RSD < 8%. Differential proteins are mainly related to cell cycle, cell proliferation, DNA replication, RNA splicing and apoptosis. Abberant binding function, catalysis activity and transportor activity of differential proteins might contribute to the malignant transformation of OLK. Of the 34 identified differential proteins with RSD < 8%, 13 novel cancer-related proteins were reported in the present study. This study might provide a new insight into the mechanism of OLK malignant transformation and the potent biomarkers for early diagnosis, meanwhile further facilitate the application of the quantification proteomics to carcinogenesis research.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Scientific Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Esophageal squamous cell neoplasia (ESCN) has high mortality due to late detection. In high risk regions such as China, screening is performed by Lugol's chromoendoscopy (LCE). LCE has low specificity resulting in unnecessary tissue biopsy with subsequent increase in procedure cost and risk. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of a novel, low-cost high resolution microendoscope (HRME) as an adjunct to LCE. In this prospective trial, 147 consecutive high-risk patients were enrolled from two US and two Chinese tertiary centers. Three expert and four novice endoscopists performed white light endoscopy followed by LCE and HRME. All optical images were compared to gold standard of histopathology. Using a per biopsy analysis, sensitivity of LCE vs. LCE + HRME was 96% vs. 91% (p=0.0832), specificity 48% vs. 88% (p<0.001), PPV 22% vs 45% (p<0.0001), NPV 98% vs. 98% (p=0.3551), and overall accuracy 57% vs. 90% (p<0.001). Using a per patient analysis, sensitivity of LCE vs. LCE + HRME was 100% vs. 95% (p=0.16), specificity 29% vs. 79% (p<0.001), PPV 32% vs. 60%, 100% vs. 98%, and accuracy 47% vs. 83% (p<0.001). With use of HRME, 136 biopsies (60%; 95% CI: 53-66%) could have been spared, and 55 patients (48%; 95% CI: 38-57%) spared any biopsy. In this trial, HRME improved the accuracy of LCE for ESCN screening and surveillance. HRME may be a cost-effective "optical" biopsy adjunct to LCE, potentially reducing unnecessary biopsy and facilitating real-time decision-making in globally underserved regions; ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT 01384708. Copyright © 2015 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Background and study aims: Endoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an established therapy for Barrett's esophagus. Preliminary reports, limited by low patient numbers, also suggest a possible role for RFA in early esophageal squamous cell neoplasia (ESCN). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of RFA for early ESCN (moderate/high grade intraepithelial neoplasia [MGIN/HGIN] and early flat-type esophageal squamous cell carcinoma [ESCC]). Patients and methods: This prospective cohort study included patients with at least one flat (type 0-IIb) unstained lesion (USL) on Lugol's chromoendoscopy and a consensus diagnosis of MGIN, HGIN, or early ESCC. RFA was used at baseline to treat all USLs, and then biopsy (and focal RFA if USL persisted) was performed every 3 months until all biopsies were negative for MGIN, HGIN, and ESCC. The main outcome measurements were complete response at 3 and 12 months (absence of MGIN, HGIN, and ESCC), neoplastic progression, and adverse events. Results: A total of 96 patients participated (MGIN 45, HGIN 42, early ESCC 9). At 3 and 12 months, 73 % (70/96) and 84 % (81/96), respectively, showed a complete response. Two patients (2 %) progressed (MGIN to HGIN; HGIN to T1m2 ESCC); both were treated endoscopically and achieved complete response. Stricture occurred in 20 patients (21 %), all after circumferential RFA. Lugol's + RFA 12 J/cm(2) (single application, no cleaning) was the favored baseline circumferential RFA technique (82 % 12-month complete response [14/17], 6 % stricture [6/17]). Conclusion: In patients with early ESCN, RFA was associated with a high complete response rate and an acceptable safety profile. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Endoscopy

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Endoscopy
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    ABSTRACT: Background Endoscopic treatments for early esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and the esophageal neoplasm are two types: endoscopic resection (ER) and ablation. Resection enables evaluation of the lesion in the ER specimens, while ablation cannot. We sought to establish a pre-ER evaluated system with a diagnostic and staging accuracy similar to ER for the development of ablation therapy. Methods In our study, we collected data pertaining to early esophageal cancer and esophageal neoplasm treated with ER, analyzed the pre- and post-ER data of the lesions and evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of pre-ER system compared with the gold standard. Results The diagnostic accuracy rate was 91% based on the pre-ER system compared with the gold standard, and 93% based on the ER diagnosis. The AUC of the pre-ER system was 0.964, while the ER examination was 0.971. Conclusion These results suggest that the accuracy of pre-ER system was comparable to ER. The pre-ER system enables prediction of histological diagnosis and stage of the lesions, and the choice of treatment for superficial esophageal neoplasm.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2014 · BMC Cancer
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    Full-text · Dataset · Sep 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1), an important member of mitochondrial heat shock protein 90 family, is involved in multiple biological processes in several types of tumors. However, its pathological role in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) remains unknown. Herein, we demonstrated the clinical value of TRAP1, and its role in apoptosis and motility in ESCC. The clinical potential of TRAP1 was investigated through immunohistochemical analysis in 328 ESCC samples, which revealed that strong TRAP1 expression was associated with increased risk of lymph node metastasis, while high TRAP1 expression correlated with poor prognosis. Expression of TRAP1 was found to be an independent prognostic factor for patients with ESCC. Additionally, TRAP1 upregulation antagonized cisplatin-induced apoptosis while its downregulation sensitized cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis. As revealed by the transwell assay, TRAP1 overexpression promoted migration and invasion as compared to the control groups. In contrast, silencing of endogenous TRAP1 expression attenuated the ability of migration and invasion. Finally, the molecular mechanism investigated in the present study demonstrated that TRAP1-mediated migration and invasion occurred through STAT3/MMP2 signaling pathway. In conclusion, TRAP1 may be considered as a molecular predictive marker for prognosis and a novel molecular candidate for therapeutic target in ESCC.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Journal of Genetics and Genomics
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    ABSTRACT: Aims To evaluate PIK3CA gene mutations and PIK3CA expression status in Chinese esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients, and their correlation with clinicopathological characteristics and clinical outcomes. Methods Direct sequencing was applied to investigate mutations in exons 9 and 20 of PIK3CA in 406 Chinese ESCC patients. PIK3CA expression was evaluated using immunohistochemistry analysis. The associations of PIK3CA gene mutations and PIK3CA expression with clinicopathological characteristics and clinical outcome were examined. Results Thirty somatic point mutations (30/406, 7.4%) were identified in exon 9 whereas no mutations were detected in exon 20. PIK3CA mutations were not correlated with clinicopathological characteristics or clinical outcomes. However in the ESCC patients with family cancer history, PIK3CA mutations were independently correlated with worse overall survival (multivariate hazard ratio (HR) = 10.493, 95% CI: 2.432–45.267, P = 0.002). Compared to normal esophageal tissue, PIK3CA was significantly overexpressed in cancer tissue (P<0.001). PIK3CA overexpression was independently associated with higher risk of local recurrence (multivariate HR = 1.435, 95% CI: 1.040–1.979, P = 0.028). In female ESCC patients, PIK3CA overexpression was independently correlated with worse overall survival (multivariate HR = 2.341, 95% CI: 1.073–5.108, P = 0.033). Conclusions Our results suggest PIK3CA gene mutation and overexpression could act as biomarkers for individualized molecular targeted therapy for Chinese ESCC patients.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Background & Aims High-resolution microendoscopy is an optical imaging technique with the potential to improve the accuracy of endoscopic screening for esophageal squamous neoplasia. Although these microscopic images can readily be interpreted by trained personnel, quantitative image analysis software could facilitate the use of this technology in low-resource settings. In this study we developed and evaluated quantitative image analysis criteria for the evaluation of neoplastic and non-neoplastic squamous esophageal mucosa. Methods We performed image analysis of 177 patients undergoing standard upper endoscopy for screening or surveillance of esophageal squamous neoplasia, using high-resolution microendoscopy, at 2 hospitals in China and 1 in the United States from May 2010 to October 2012. Biopsies were collected from imaged sites (n=375); a consensus diagnosis was provided by 2 expert gastrointestinal pathologists and used as the standard. Results Quantitative information from the high-resolution images was used to develop an algorithm to identify high-grade squamous dysplasia or invasive squamous cell cancer, based on histopathology findings. Optimal performance was obtained using mean nuclear area as the basis for classification, resulting in sensitivities and specificities of 93% and 92% in the training set, 87% and 97% in the test set, and 84% and 95% in an independent validation set, respectively. Conclusions High-resolution microendoscopy with quantitative image analysis can aid in the identification of esophageal squamous neoplasia. Use of software-based image guides may overcome issues of training and expertise in low-resource settings, allowing for widespread use of these optical biopsy technologies.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology

  • No preview · Article · May 2014 · Gastroenterology
  • Jun Lu · Liyan Xue · Mulan Jin · Ning Lyu
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the difference of microRNA (miRNA) expression between two groups of early stage (pT1N0) esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients who had different outcome and the prognostic significance of different miRNA in metastatic of early ESCC, and to identify useful prognostic markers in the selection of appropriate treatment for early ESCC patients. Methods: TaqMan human miRNA arrays and bioinformatics were used to detect and analyze the expression profiles of miRNAs in the two groups, and RT-PCR was used to verify the differences in miRNA expression. Results: The miRNA arrays revealed a total of 41 markedly changed miRNAs in the survival group compared with the death group. Bioinformatics analysis, prediction and significant function analyses of targeted genes and pathway analysis identified that miR-27a, miR-143 and miR-886-5p levels were increased or decreased by seven-folds or more. The enriched target genes were GRB2, SOS1, MAPK1, EGFR, CBL, SPRY2, RPS6KA5, IGF1R, NGFR, MAPK14 and CREB1. These genes were significantly related to the following signaling pathways, i.e.Sprouty regulation of tyrosine kinase signals pathway, Erk1/Erk2 Mapk signaling pathway and transcription factor CREB and its extracellular signals. Conclusions: miR-27a, miR-886-5p, and miR-143 may be potential prognostic markers of metastasis for early ESCC. The detection of these miRNAs plays a directive role for the treatment options of early ESCC. The regulation of targeted genes and mechanism remain to be further studied.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Genomic changes affecting tumour suppressor genes are fundamental to cancer. We applied SNP array analysis to a panel of testicular germ cell tumours to search for novel tumour suppressor genes and identified a frequent small deletion on 6q25.3 affecting just one gene; ZDHHC14. The expression of ZDHHC14, a putative protein palmitoyltransferase with unknown cellular function, was decreased both at RNA and protein levels in testicular germ cell tumours. ZDHHC14 expression was also significantly decreased in a panel of prostate cancer samples and cell lines. Through next generation sequencing of the ZDHHC14 genomic locus we discovered several mutations in both cancer types. Inducible overexpression of ZDHHC14 led to reduced cell viability and increased apoptosis through the classic caspase-dependent pathway. Finally, we confirmed our in vitro findings of the tumour suppressor role of ZDHHC14 in a mouse xenograft model, showing that overexpression of ZDHHC14 inhibits tumourigenesis. Thus we have identified a novel tumour suppressor gene that is commonly downregulated in testicular germ cell tumours and prostate cancer, as well as given insight into the cellular functional role of ZDHHC14, a potential protein palmitoyltransferase that may play a key protective role in cancer.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · The Journal of Pathology
  • Xin Yang · Liyan Xue · Lei Guo · Peng Wen · Dongmei Lin
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    ABSTRACT: Lung adenocarcinoma is one of the most common histological subtypes of lung cancer. The incidence of this disease was continuously increased. This study aims to detect the expressions of Napsin A, TTF-1, ERCC1, RRM1, EGFR, HER2, ERα, ERβ, PR, and Bcl-2 in lung adenocarcinoma and to explore their correlations with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis. A total of 227 lung adenocarcinoma specimens were constructed in tissue microarrays. The expressions of the 10 tumor biomarkers were analyzed by immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded sections. Among the 10 markers, Napsin A was gender-related (P=0.049). Napsin A, PR, and EGFR were significantly associated with smoking. TTF-1 and ERCC1 were closely associated with tumor size. Napsin A, TTF-1, ERα, and PR were remarkably associated with tumor differentiation. TTF-1, Bcl-2, and ERCC1 were closely associated with tumor stage (P<0.05). No marker was related to age. No correlations were observed between ERβ, HER2, and RRM1 expressions and clinicopathological parameters (P>0.05). Univariate analysis results showed that Napsin A, TTF-1, and ERCC1 were significantly associated with overall survival. TTF-1 was remarkably associated with disease-free survival (P<0.05). Stage I cases were further analyzed and revealed that only Napsin A expression was associated with overall survival (P<0.05). No marker was correlated with disease-free survival (P>0.05). Multivariate analysis results showed that pathological staging was significantly associated with overall survival and disease-free survival (P<0.05). No marker was identified as a predictor of patient outcome (P>0.05). Napsin A, TTF-1, and ERCC1 are the markers indicating good prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer
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    Yue Zhao · Wei Zhou · Liyan Xue · Weimin Zhang · Qimin Zhan
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    ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking is an established risk factor for esophageal cancers. Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1), the key transcription factor of the mammalian Hippo pathway, has been reported to be an oncogenic factor for many cancers. In this study, we find nicotine administration can induce nuclear translocation and activation of YAP1 in ESCC. Consistently, we observed nuclear translocation and activation of YAP1 by knockdown of CHRNA3, which is a negative regulator of nicotine signaling in bronchial and esophageal cancer cells. Nicotine administration or CHRNA3 depletion substantially increased proliferation and migration in esophageal cancer cells. Interestingly, we find that YAP1 physically interacts with nAChRs, and nAChRs-signaling dissociates YAP1 from its negative regulatory complex composed with α-catenin, β-catenin and 14-3-3 in the cytoplasm, leading to upregulation and nuclear translocation of YAP1. This process likely requires PKC activation, as PKC specific inhibitor Enzastaurin can block nicotine induced YAP1 activation. In addition, we find nicotine signaling also inhibits the interaction of YAP1 with P63, which contributes to the inhibitory effect of nicotine on apoptosis. Using immunohistochemistry analysis we observed upregulation of YAP1 in a significant portion of esophageal cancer samples. Consistently, we have found a significant association between YAP1 upregulation and cigarette smoking in the clinical esophageal cancer samples. Together, these findings suggest that the nicotine activated nAChRs signaling pathway which further activates YAP1 plays an important role in the development of esophageal cancer, and this mechanism may be of a general significance for the carcinogenesis of smoking related cancers.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: OLC1 was recently identified to be a potential oncogene. However, the role of OLC1 in human esophageal cell carcinoma (ESCC) is unknown. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the expression of OLC1 in human ESCC from normal, premalignant, and malignant lesions, and to clarify the mechanisms by which OLC1 contributes to the progression of ESCC. Two hundred and fourteen paired ESCC specimens, and an independent set from 28 ESCC patients, were used to analyze the correlation between OLC1 expression and the pathological characteristics of tumors using immunohistochemistry. Stable OLC1-overexpressing and OLC1-interfering esophageal cancer cells were established and a series of experimental methods were used to investigate the biological functions and mechanisms of action of OLC1. We showed that OLC1 was overexpressed in 145 of 214 (67.8%) of human ESCC specimens, compared with in only 59 of 214 (27.57%) paired adjacent normal tissues (P<0.001). OLC1 overexpression occurred at a rate of 35% (10/28) at the stage of mild/moderate dysplasia, but was significantly upregulated to 66% (22/33) at the stages of severe dysplasia and in situ carcinoma, while 71% positive staining (22/28) was observed in invasive carcinoma tissues compared with normal tissues (P<0.05). We also provided evidence that OLC1 abnormalities significantly altered the cell proliferation and apoptosis induced by cytotoxic agents. OLC1 overexpression suppressed apoptosis, and was associated with attenuated caspase-3 activation and increased Bcl-2 stability. Our study provides strong evidence suggesting OLC1 abnormalities may contribute to the development of human ESCC and have some important clinical significance.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Sporadic gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) usually form a well-circumscribed mass. In contrast, diffuse interstitial cell of Cajal (ICC) hyperplasia along the Auerbach plexus without a discrete mass may occur in patients with germline mutations in the NF1, c-KIT or PDGFRA genes. However, sporadic, diffuse ICC hyperplasia without c-KIT or PDGFRA mutations has not been reported. We describe herein one such case, forming a giant diverticulum. A 63-year-old woman with no features of Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) presented with increasing abdominal pain for more than 30 years. A large, diverticulum-like mass in the ileum was resected. Microscopically, a diffuse proliferation of bland spindle cells was seen extending for 12 cm, replacing the muscularis propria and lined by intact mucosa. The spindle cells were CD117+/CD34+/DOG1+/SMA+/Desmin-/S100-. Mutation analyses did not reveal any mutations in c-KIT or PDGFRA. The lesion had two silent mutations in the NF1 gene. It is rare of the diffuse form of sporadic ICC hyperplasia showing diffuse longitudinal microscopic growth completely replacing the muscularis propria, mimicking diffuse ICC hyperplasia in hereditary GIST syndromes, but without solid components and no c-KIT or PDGFRA gene mutations. This peculiar form of sporadic ICC hyperplasia may be related to intestinal dysmotility in this ileal segment and giant diverticulum formation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer has the highest mortality rate among malignant tumors. Proteomics is a powerful tool to identify protein biomarkers. The identification of protein biomarkers associated with lung adenocarcinoma would have significance for making prognoses and designing targeted therapies. In our study, we applied a two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis approach coupled to a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometric analysis for the identification of proteins differentially expressed between lung adenocarcinoma and the paired normal bronchial epithelial tissues derived from seven patients (four of them developed distant metastasis after operation). In addition, we chose two candidate proteins and examine their expression levels in lung adenocarcinoma and adjacent normal tissues using immunohistochemistry methods, and their expression levels in serum of patients and healthy donors by ELISA. In this study, 173 proteins were found to be differentially expressed (ratio>1.5 or<-1.5, P≤0.05), and 22 of them were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Thirteen proteins were at lower levels in the lung adenocarcinoma group, while nine proteins were at higher abundance. Immunohistochemistry analysis confirmed the expression levels of the two candidate proteins. The differential expression of the candidate secreted protein in serum from lung adenocarcinoma samples and healthy controls was showed by ELISA. Our results demonstrated a differential protein expression pattern for lung adenocarcinoma compared with the paired normal bronchial epithelial tissues. Further functional validation of candidate proteins is ongoing and might provide new insights in lung adenocarcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie
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    ABSTRACT: Background Long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1 or L1), the most abundant and only autonomously active family of non-LTR retrotransposons in the human genome, expressed not only in the germ lines but also in somatic tissues. It contributes to genetic instability, aging, and age-related diseases, such as cancer. Our previous study identified in human gastric adenocarcinoma an upregulated transcript GCRG213, which shared 88% homology with human L1 sequence and contained a putative conserved apurinic/apyrimidinic endonucleas1 domain. Methods Immunohistochemistry was carried out by using a monoclonal mouse anti-human GCRG213 protein (GCRG213p) antibody produced in our laboratory, on tissue microarray constructed with specimens from 175 gastric adenocarcinoma patients. The correlation between GCRG213p expression and patient clinicopathological parameters was evaluated. GCRG213p expression in gastric cancer cell lines were studied using Western blotting analysis. L1 promoter methylation status of gastric cancer cells was tested using methylation-specific PCR. BLASTP was used at the NCBI Blast server to identify GCRG213p sequence to any alignments in the Protein Data Bank databases. Results Most primary gastric cancer, lymph node metastases and gastric intestinal metaplasia glands showed positive GCRG213p immunoreactivity. High GCRG213p immunostaining score in the primary gastric cancer was positively correlated with tumor differentiation (well differentiated, p = 0.001), Lauren’s classification (intestinal type, p < 0.05) and a late age onset of gastric adenocarcinoma (≥65 yrs; p < 0.05). GCRG213p expression has no association with other clinicopathological parameters, including survival. Western blotting analysis of GCRG213p expression in gastric cancer cells indicated that GCRG213p level was higher in gastric cancer cell lines than in human normal gastric epithelium immortalized cell line GES-1. Partial methylation of L1 in gastric cancer cells was confirmed by methylation-specific PCR. BLASTP program analysis revealed that GCRG213p peptide shared 83.0% alignment with the C-terminal region of L1 endonuclease (L1-EN). GCRG213p sequence possesses the important residues that compose the conserved features of L1-EN. Conclusions GCRG213p could be a variant of L1-EN, a functional member of L1-EN family. Overexpression of GCRG213p is common in both primary gastric cancer and lymph node metastasis. These findings provide evidence of somatic L1 expression in gastric cancer, and its potential consequences in the form of tumor.
    Preview · Article · May 2013 · BMC Cancer
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    Preview · Article · May 2013 · Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Publication Stats

675 Citations
237.79 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011-2015
    • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2005-2015
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2010-2014
    • Queen Mary, University of London
      • • Barts Cancer Institute
      • • Centre for Molecular Oncology
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
    • University of London
      • The Institute of Cancer Research
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 2005-2014
    • Chongqing Cancer Hospital and Institute
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2012
    • China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Fuda Cancer Hospital
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2008
    • Nevada cancer institute
      Las Vegas, Nevada, United States