Yuichiro Kurimura

Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan

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Publications (33)60.88 Total impact


  • No preview · Article · Aug 2015
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    ABSTRACT: A 75-year-old man visited our hospital complaining of a foul smelling, painful swelling of the glans of the penis. Physical examination showed a true phimosis and a huge solid mass on the glans under the foreskin. After postectomy and penile tumor biopsy, we performed partial penectomy. Histologically, the tumor was composed of atypical spindle cells arranged in an epithelioid pattern and stained positive for both epithelial and mesenchymal markers. Therefore we diagnosed the tumor as sarcomatoid carcinoma of the penis. One month after surgery, advanced gastric cancer was discovered. Thereafter, cancer rapidly spread throughout the whole body, and he died six months postoperatively.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the usefulness of measurement of procalcitonin (PCT) for patients, who developed febrile neutropenia during cancer chemotherapy for urological cancer. Of the Patients who underwent cancer chemotherapy for bladder, renal pelvic or ureteral, and testicular cancer in our department from 2010 to 2013, 51 had febrile events. Their clinical courses and PCT values were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. PCT was positive in 12 patients and negative in 39. The duration with febrile status was significantly longer in the PCT-positive group than in the PCT-negative group. There was no significant difference between the blood count values in each group, but C-reactive protein (CRP) was significantly higher in the PCT-positive group than in the PCT-negative group. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in other tests with blood. There were 12 patients with febrile neutropenia (FN) but all were classified into low-risk by the MASCC scoring system. Four of these 12 patients were positive for PCT. Our results suggested that, in patients with a fever of 37.5°C or more during the course of cancer chemotherapy for urologic cancer, bacteremia possibly existed if the patient was positive for PCT. In addition, the duration of fever tended to be longer and the condition was more severe. When the patients with urological cancer undergo cancer chemotherapy manifest high-grade fever, PCT is promising and valuable as an indicator of the severity of infection.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2014
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    ABSTRACT: In Japan, chemotherapy for urogenital malignant diseases is commonly performed by urologists and febrile neutropenia (FN) is one of the major adverse events associated with chemotherapy, however, few reports exist from the urological field about FN. In this present study, a total of 883 courses of chemotherapy (326 patients) performed from 2010 to 2011 at 10 University Hospitals were retrospectively reviewed. The regimens were GC (gemcitabine and cisplatin), GCP (gemcitabine, cisplatin and paclitaxel) and M-VAC (methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, cisplatin) for urothelial carcinoma, and EP (etoposide and cisplatin) and BEP (bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin) for testicular cancer. In 81 courses (9.2%, 66 patients; 20.2%) including FN, antimicrobials and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) were administered in 69 courses (85.2%) and in 77 courses (95.1%), respectively. The MASCC risk-index score was evaluated in no more than 51 courses (63.0%) and 1 patient with 18 points on the MASCC score died due to myelotoxicity and infections. According to statistical investigations, FN is significantly more frequent in GCP and M-VAC than in GC (p = 0.0073, <0.0001) and in a similar manner in BEP than in EP (p = 0.0405). In patients with afebrile neutropenia (AN), observed in 232 courses (26.3%), antimicrobials and G-CSF were administered in 5 courses (2.2%) and in 144 courses (62.1%), respectively. Further evidence from the urological field is required to investigate the treatment and risk of FN for management of patients with urogenital malignancies.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Japanese Journal of Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a member of the collectin family that has an important role in maintaining pulmonary homeostasis. In this study, we demonstrated that SP-D inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. We found that SP-D suppressed epidermal growth factor (EGF) signaling in A549 cells, H441 human lung adenocarcinoma cells and human EGF receptor (EGFR) stable expression CHO-K1 cells. A binding study using (125)I-EGF demonstrated that SP-D downregulated the binding of EGF to EGFR. A ligand blot indicated that SP-D bound to EGFR, and a lectin blot suggested that EGFR in A549 cells had both high-mannose type and complex type N-glycans. We purified the recombinant extracellular domain of EGFR (soluble EGFR=soluble EGFR (sEGFR)), and demonstrated that SP-D directly bound to sEGFR in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. The binding of SP-D to sEGFR was suppressed by EDTA, mannose or N-glycopeptidase F treatment. Mass spectrometric analysis indicated that N-glycans in domain III of EGFR were of a high-mannose type. These data suggest that SP-D reduces EGF binding to EGFR through the interaction between the carbohydrate recognition domain of SP-D and N-glycans of EGFR, and downregulates EGF signaling. Our finding suggests the novel type of regulation system of EGF signaling involving lectin-to-carbohydrate interaction and downregulation of ligand binding.Oncogene advance online publication, 10 March 2014; doi:10.1038/onc.2014.20.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Oncogene
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) after urological scrotal and inguinal surgical procedures and the preventive effect of antimicrobial prophylaxis for SSI, retrospective analysis was performed. The patients who underwent scrotal and inguinal operations from 2001 to 2010 were included in this analysis. A first or second generation cephalosporin was administered as antimicrobial prophylaxis just before the start of surgery and no additional prophylaxis was conducted. The surgery was classified into 76 (38%) cases with testicular sperm extraction (TESE), 72 (36%) with radical orchiectomy, 29 (14.5%) with bilateral orchiectomy (surgical castration) and 23 (11.5%) with other scrotal and inguinal operations. The median age and age range were 36 years and 18-81 years, respectively. SSI occurred in 7 (3.5%) cases. The frequencies of SSI were 6.5% in the patients with urological inguinal surgery and 1.6% in those with scrotal surgery. The frequency of SSI in the patients with urological inguinal surgery was not negligible even though it is considered a clean operation, and further analysis is warranted to prevent SSI.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: We retrospectively investigated the incidence of genitourinary tract infection in 5895 patients who underwent transrectal and/or transperineal prostate biopsy procedure between January and December 2011 at 46 institutions belonging to Japanese Research Group for Urinary Tract Infection (JRGU). The total rate of genitourinary tract infection after prostate biopsy was 0.76%, while that following transrectal procedure was 0.83% and following transperineal procedure was 0.57%, which were not significantly different. In contrast, febrile infection associated with a fever (≥38 °C) occurred significantly more frequently after transrectal (0.71%) than transperineal (0.16%) approach (P = 0.04). Notably, in infectious cases, Escherichia coli was most frequently isolated. Of the 9 E. coli strains isolated by urine culture, 6 (66.7%) produced extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and 7 (77.8%) showed levofloxacin resistance. Similarly, of 6 E. coli strains isolated by blood culture, 4 (66.7%) produced ESBL and 6 (100%) showed levofloxacin resistance. When the efficacy of antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) with levofloxacin for the patients undergoing transrectal or transperineal biopsy was compared between a single dose (500 mg) and that given for 2 or more days, no significant difference was observed for the rate of infection (transrectal: 0.82% vs. 1.04%, p = 0.94; transperineal: 0.30% vs. 0.46%, p = 0.68). Although a single dose of levofloxacin for AMP is sufficient to prevent genitourinary infection after transrectal or transperineal prostate biopsy, and recommended in this era of increased multi-drug resistant pathogens, the increase in fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli and ESBL-producing E. coli has emerged as a profound problem for surveillance.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The "Japanese guidelines for prevention of perioperative infections in urological field" was edited by the Japanese Urological Association in 2007. They are the first Japanese guidelines for antimicrobial prophylaxis specifically to prevent perioperative infections in the urological field. We report here the results of a multicenter prospective study conducted to examine the validity and usefulness of these guidelines. Patients and methods: The subjects were 513 patients who had undergone urological surgeries between July and September 2008 at 10 nationwide university institutions in the Japanese Society of UTI Cooperative Study Group. These surgeries were transurethral resection of bladder (TURBT), transurethral resection of prostate (TURP), adrenalectomy, nephrectomy, nephroureterectomy, radical prostatectomy and total cystectomy. Analysis was performed on patient information, surgical procedures, types and durations of administration of prophylactic antibiotic agents, and the presence of surgical site infections (SSI) and remote infections (RI). Results: Of 513 patients, 387 (75.4%) were administered prophylactic antibiotic agents according to the guidelines. In these patients, the incidences of SSI and RI were 5.9% and 4.1%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that significant factors for SSI were the surgical risk (according to the ASA physical status classification system), diabetes, and operation time, and that the only significant factor for RI was the operation time. Conclusions: More large-scale study and evidences are necessary in order to demonstrate the validity and usefulness of these guidelines.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Nippon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
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    ABSTRACT: To survey the present condition of administration method of the antimicrobial prophylactic (AMP) agents for the perioperative infection in Japan on revising "The Japanese guidelines for prevention of perioperative infections in urologic field (2006)". With the approval of the Japanese Urological Association (JUA) in 2011, all of the principal urological training institutions certified by JUA (n = 836) were encouraged to participate to survey their adherence to the JUA guidelines (published in 2006) for AMP to prevent perioperative infection in urological field, and 446 (53.3%) institutions responded to the questionnaire. The rates of following the JUA guidelines of, "completely", "mainly", "not too much", and "not at all" were 6.5%, 69.7%, 22.0% and 1.6%, respectively. The guidelines were followed for open clean operations in 48.5%, open clean-contaminated operations in 66.4%, open contaminated operations in 61.8%, laparoscopic clean operations in 54.1%, laparoscopic clean-contaminated operations in 61.2%, transurethral resection of bladder tumor in 71.5%, transurethral resection of prostate in 68.9%, ureteroscopy and transurethral ureterolithotomy in 68.2%, prostate biopsy in 43.2%, and cystoscopy were in 42.2%, respectively. However, in terms of duration of AMP administration, the longer duration than those recommended by the guidelines were observed for clean surgery, transurethral resection of bladder tumor, ureteroscopy and transurethral ureterolithotomy, prostate biopsy, and cystoscopy. In terms of kinds of AMP, the guidelines were almostly followed in all operative procedures. However, the duration of AMP administration were longer than those recommended by the guidelines. On revision of "Japanese guidelines for prevention of perioperative infections in urologic field (2006)", these data would be taken into consideration to avoid dissociation between the guidelines and the practical side in the urologists.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Nippon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
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    ABSTRACT: It is important to know in advance the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of causative pathogens for patients with severe acute complicated pyelonephritis when we treat such severe urinary tract infections. The purpose of this study was to clarify the causative pathogens for acute pyelonephritis with urinary obstruction due to urinary tract stones and their antimicrobial susceptibilities. In the period from 2008 to 2011, 43 patients diagnosed as having acute pyelonephritis with urinary obstruction due to urinary tract stones were included in this study, and urinary drainage was commonly necessary for the patients. In this study, medical records were reviewed and the data were analyzed retrospectively. The median age of the subjects was 65 years (range: 36 to 89) and the number of female patients was 23. Urinary tract stones were located in the left side in 16 cases, the right side in 24 and both sides in 3. The median size of the urinary tract stones was 9 (2 to 40) mm. As drainage, a ureteral stent (Double-J stent) was inserted in 41 patients, nephrostomy was constructed in 1 and both were done in 1. No patients died of the disease. Pathogens were isolated in 30 of the 43 cases and Escherichia coli, isolated from 15 cases, was predominant among them. There was 1 (7%) strain that was quinolone resistant, and 1 with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase production. In our study, the recommended treatment regimen in the Japanese guidelines was feasible for the patients with acute pyelonephritis with urinary obstruction due to urinary tract stones.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Japanese Journal of Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Radical cystectomy followed by urinary diversion or reconstruction (RC) is a standard treatment for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. In these operations, a high frequency of complications, especially postoperative infection, has been reported. However, there have only been a few studies about postoperative anaerobic bacterial infection. To clarify the significance and role of anaerobic bacteria in postoperative infection, we retrospectively analyzed cases in which postoperative infection by these organisms developed. A total of 126 patients who underwent RC from 2006 to 2010 were included in this study. Various types of postoperative infection occurred in 66 patients. Anaerobic bacterial infections were detected with cultures for urine and blood in one case, for blood in two cases, and for surgical wound pus in four. The frequency of postoperative anaerobic bacterial infection in RC was less than that of colon surgery. However, this study revealed the possible development of a nonnegligible number of postoperative anaerobic bacterial infections. Therefore, we should consider anaerobic bacteria as possible pathogens in postoperative infection after RC.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: The adherence of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) to the host urothelial surface is the first step for establishing UPEC infection. Uroplakin Ia (UPIa), a glycoprotein expressed on bladder urothelium, serves as a receptor for FimH, a lectin located at bacterial pili, and their interaction initiates UPEC infection. Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is known to be expressed on mucosal surfaces in various tissues besides the lung. However, the functions of SP-D in the non-pulmonary tissues are poorly understood. The purposes of this study were to investigate the possible function of SP-D expressed in the bladder urothelium and the mechanisms by which SP-D functions. SP-D was expressed in human bladder mucosa and its mRNA was increased in the bladder of the UPEC infection model in mice. SP-D directly bound to UPEC and strongly agglutinated them in a Ca2+-dependent manner. Co-incubation of SP-D with UPEC decreased the bacterial adherence to 5637 cells, the human bladder cell line, and the UPEC-induced cytotoxicity. In addition, pre-incubation of SP-D with 5637 cells resulted in the decreased adherence of UPEC to the cells and in the reduced number of the cells injured by UPEC. SP-D directly bound to UPIa and competed with FimH for UPIa binding. Consistent with the in vitro data, the exogenous administration of SP-D inhibited UPEC adherence to the bladder and dampened UPEC-induced inflammation in mice. These results support the conclusion that SP-D can protect the bladder urothelium against UPEC infection, and suggest a possible function of SP-D in urinary tract.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: The spread of antimicrobial-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae worldwide is a critical issue in the control of sexually transmitted infections. The purpose of this study was to clarify recent trends in the susceptibility of N. gonorrhoeae to various antimicrobial agents and to compare these data with our previous data. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of various antimicrobial agents were determined in N. gonorrhoeae strains clinically isolated from male gonococcal urethritis. In addition, amino acid sequencing of penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 2, encoded by the penA gene, was analyzed so that genetic analysis of mosaic PBP 2 could clarify the susceptibility of the strains to cefixime and other cephalosporins. The susceptibility rate for ceftriaxone, cefodizime, and spectinomycin, agents whose use is recommended by the guideline of the Japanese Society of Sexually Transmitted Infections (JSSTI), was 100 %. The susceptibility rates of the strains to penicillin G and ciprofloxacin were lower than those in previous reports. Mosaic PBP 2 structures were detected in 51.9 % of the strains and the MICs of the strains with the mosaic PBP 2 to cefixime were much higher than those of the strains without the mosaic PBP 2. In the clinical situation, the treatment regimen recommended by the JSSTI remains appropriate; however, the susceptibility to cephalosporins should be intensively surveyed because strains with mosaic PBP 2 were commonly detected.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012 · Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Radical cystectomy with urinary diversion or reconstruction, one of the options for the treatment of bladder cancer, has relatively higher complication rates compared with other urological surgeries. One of the complications is surgical site infection(SSI) and the frequency of SSI is high in radical cystectomy with urinary diversion or reconstruction. Although the frequency of SSI with urinary diversion or reconstruction has been decreasing gradually, the current frequency is still too high to be generally acceptable. There are guidelines for surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent SSI from the Japanese Urological Association(JUA), American Urological Association(AUA) and European Association of Urology(EAU), respectively. Those guidelines show that the duration of antimicrobial prophylaxis is less than 24 hours postoperation in the AUA and EAU and from 72 to 96 hours in the JUA. Second or 3 rd generation cephalosporin is recommended in each guideline. However, the principal causative pathogen of SSI is methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Japan and that resistant pathogen makes the prevention of SSI difficult. We review the current situation and future perspective of the proper management and adequate antimicrobial prophylaxis regimen for this operation with a high frequency of complications.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Japanese Journal of Chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary collectins, surfactant protein A (SP-A) and surfactant protein D (SP-D), play important roles in the innate immunity of the lung. Mycobacterium avium is one of the well-known opportunistic pathogens that can replicate within macrophages. We examined the effects of pulmonary collectins in host defense against M. avium infection achieved via direct interaction between bacteria and collectins. Although both pulmonary collectins bound to M. avium in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner, these collectins revealed distinct ligand-binding specificity and biological activities. SP-A and SP-D bound to a methoxy group containing lipid and lipoarabinomannan, respectively. Binding of SP-D but not SP-A resulted in agglutination of M. avium. A chimeric protein with the carbohydrate recognition domain of SP-D, which chimera revealed a bouquet-like arrangement similar to SP-A, also agglutinated M. avium. The ligand specificity of the carbohydrate recognition domain of SP-D seems to be necessary for agglutination activity. The binding of SP-A strongly inhibited the growth of M. avium in culture media. Although pulmonary collectins did not increase membrane permeability of M. avium, they attenuated the metabolic rate of the bacteria. Observations under a scanning electron microscope revealed that SP-A almost completely covers bacterial surfaces, whereas SP-D binds to certain areas like scattered dots. These observations suggest that a distinct binding pattern of collectins correlates with the difference of their biological activities. Furthermore, the number of bacteria phagocytosed by macrophages was significantly increased in the presence of SP-D. These data indicate that pulmonary collectins play critical roles in host defense against M. avium.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2011 · The Journal of Immunology

  • No preview · Conference Paper · May 2011

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  • No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · The Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the infection rate of asymptomatic men whose female sexual partners were diagnosed as having genital chlamydial infection and discuss the management for them. The subjects were asymptomatic men whose female sexual partners were diagnosed with genital chlamydial infection at other obstetric and gynecological clinics. Microscopic findings of urinary sediment and the results of a nucleic acid amplification test of the first-voided urine specimen were retrospectively examined in those men who visited our clinics. A total of 267 men were included and analyzed. The infection rate for urinary Chlamydia trachomatis in asymptomatic men was 36.3% (97 of 267). In the analysis of urinary sediment, 35 of the 267 (13.1%) had pyuria and 82.9% (29 of 35) in the men with pyuria were positive for urinary C. trachomatis in. Even in men without pyuria, the urinary C. trachomatis-positive rate was 29.3% (68 of 232). When such men have pyuria in the clinic, prompt treatment is the appropriate approach. If the men are without pyuria, testing for urinary C. trachomatis should be performed. Prompt treatment before doing any clinical evaluation can be an option in couples with trouble.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy