[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication after anesthesia and surgery; 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT) receptor antagonists have been considered as a first-line therapy. Ramosetron and palonosetron are more recently developed drugs and have greater receptor affinity and a longer elimination half-life compared with older 5-HT receptor antagonists. The purpose of this study was to determine which drug is more effective for preventing PONV between ramosetron and palonosetron.
We enrolled 100 patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopic surgery into this study. The subjects were divided into ramosetron group and palonosetron group. The medications were provided immediately before the induction of anesthesia. The occurrence of nausea and vomiting, severity of nausea according to a visual analogue scale, and rescue anti-emetic drug use were monitored immediately after the end of surgery and at 0-6 h, 6-24 h, and 24-48 h post-surgery.
The incidence of vomiting was significantly lower in the palonosetron group than in the ramosetron group during 0-6 h (6% vs 26%, P = 0.012) and 0-48 h (14% vs 34%, P = 0.034). The incidence of nausea and overall PONV, and the use of rescue antiemetic were not significantly different during all time intervals. The severity of nausea was not different between the two groups.
In conclusion, the incidence of PONV between the ramosetron and the palonosetron group have not shown the difference during 0-48 h, although palonosetron results in a lower incidence of vomiting during 0-6 h post-surgery.
Preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Korean journal of anesthesiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Both peripheral neuropathy and distal myopathy are well-established inherited neuromuscular disorders characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy of the distal limb muscles. A complex phenotype of peripheral neuropathy, myopathy, hoarseness, and hearing loss was diagnosed in a large autosomal dominant Korean family. A high density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based linkage study mapped the underlying gene to a region on chromosome 19q13.3. The maximum multipoint LOD score was 3.794. Sequencing of 34 positional candidate genes in the segregating haplotype revealed a novel c.2822G>T (p.Arg941Leu) mutation in the gene MYH14, which encodes the nonmuscle myosin heavy chain 14. Clinically we observed a sequential pattern of the onset of muscle weakness starting from the anterior to the posterior leg muscle compartments followed by involvement of intrinsic hand and proximal muscles. The hearing loss and hoarseness followed the onset of distal muscle weakness. Histopathologic and electrodiagnostic studies revealed both chronic neuropathic and myopathic features in the affected patients. Although mutations in MYH14 have been shown to cause nonsyndromic autosomal dominant hearing loss (DFNA4), the peripheral neuropathy, myopathy, and hoarseness have not been associated with MYH14. Therefore, we suggest that the identified mutation in MYH14 significantly expands the phenotypic spectrum of this gene.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) recognizing Class III epitope of CD34 are essential for flow cytometric diagnosis of leukemia.
27H2 mAb was developed from a mouse alternatively immunized with human acute leukemia cell lines, KG1 and Molm-1. Using flow cytometric analysis of various leukemic cell lines and peripheral blood, immunohistochemical study of frozen tonsil, we characterized 27H2 mAb. Antigen immunoprecipitated with 27H2 mAb immunobloted with anti-CD34 mAb. A case of bone marrow sample of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patient was obtained at CBNU Hospital. For epitope identification enzyme treatment with neuraminidase and O-sialoglycoprotein endopeptidase (OSGE) and blocking assay with known classIII mAb (HPCA-2) were done.
Only KG1 and Molm-1 revealed positive immunoreactivity. Immunohistochemical staining disclosed strong membranous immunoreactivity on high endothelial venules. Antigen immunoprecipitated by 27H2 mAb showed approximately 100 kDa sized band immunoblotted with anti-CD34 under non-reducing conditions. Epitope recognized by 27H2 mAb disclosed resistancy to both neuraminidase and OSGE treatment and completely blocked with known class III mAb preincubation. CD34 positive leukemic cells in BM of pre B cell ALL patient detected by FITC-conjugated 27H2 and HPCA-2 were identified with similar sensitivity.
A novel murine mAb recognizing class III epitope of human CD34 with high affinity, which is useful for flow cytometric diagnosis of leukemia, was developed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in cytologic findings between conventional preparation (CP) and SurePath™ liquid-based preparation (LBP) in thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA). Methods: We analyzed cytological features on a total of 182 thyroid FNAs (83 CP and 99 LBP) that were histologically confirmed as nodular hyperplasia (NH) or papillary carcinoma (PAC). Results: LBP was superior in cellular preservation and cellularity than CP. Interestingly, in LBP, cellularity of NH was similarly high compared to that of PAC. The three-dimensional pattern was more prominent in LBP than in CP. The presence of follicle structures was more frequently found in LBP than in CP in the PAC group. Dispersed single cells in the background were more prominent in LBP than in CP. In the PAC group, contrast of the nuclear membrane was more distinctive in CP than in LBP. Conclusions: In thyroid FNA, LBP is better for cellular preservation, cellularity, background and nuclear detail than CP. However, some features in LBP such as high cellularity in NH, prominent dispersed single cells, and frequent follicle patterns were unfamiliar findings in CP. Hence, we should be aware of these cytomorphologic features in LBP to make a proper diagnosis.
Preview · Article · Dec 2010 · The Korean Journal of Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Both the myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and the X-linked dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX1) are well-established inherited neuromuscular disorders characterized by progressive weakness and atrophy of the distal limb muscles. The underlying causes of the DM1 and CMTX1 are mutations in the DMPK and GJB1 gene, respectively. A patient with both DM1 and CMTX1 inherited these from his father and mother, respectively. Histopathological and electrodiagnostic studies revealed both chronic neuropathic and myopathic features. Physical disabilities were more severe than seen with either DM1 or CMTX1 alone. In addition, the present case reveals an asymmetric atrophy (22%) of the right calf muscle compared to the left side.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background : The aim of this study was to confirm the usefulness of cervicovaginal smears in the screening of squamous cell neoplasms of the uterine cervix by comparative analysis between the cytologic diagnosis of cervicovaginal smears and the histologic diagnosis of tissue specimens. Methods : We selected 743 patients who had both cervicovaginal smears and histologic evaluations of the uterine cervix by colposcopic biopsy, conization, or hysterectomy at the Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center between January 2005 and December 2007. Results : The accuracy rate of cervicovaginal smears and histologic diagnoses was 93.0% (691/743) and showed a high correspondence (kappa value, 0.770, p-value, 0.000). The false-negative and false-positive rates were 0.5% (6/484) and 17.8% (46/259), respectively. The sampling and interpretation errors were identified in four and two cases of six false-negative cases and 29 and 17 cases of 46 false-positive cases, respectively. In screening high grade squamous cell neoplasms, there were no false-negative cases and only one false-positive case which resulted from sampling error. The false-negative rate of cervicovaginal smears and the false-positive rate in high-grade squamous cell neoplsams were very low. Conclusions : The cervicovaginal smear is a powerful tool for screening of cervical squamous cell neoplasms.
Preview · Article · Apr 2009 · The Korean Journal of Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background : Fascin is associated with motility in various transformed cells. Overexpression of fascin is known to aid in the progression of some cancers and is associated with a poor prognosis. E-cadherin is a major protein of epithelial cells and its expression is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. The aim of this study was to determine the expression pattern for fascin and E-cadherin and how it is related to the prognostic factors for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods : The expression of fascin and E-cadherin was evaluated in 208 RCCs including 175 clear cell, 20 papillary, and 9 chromophobe types using tissue array analysis. Results : The expression of fascin increased as the tumor stage (p=0.00) and Fuhrman grade (p=0.00) increased. A high positive rate of expression for fascin was observed in cases with sarcomatoid changes (p=0.27). E-cadherin expression was seen in the distal tubules and collecting ducts of normal kidneys with a membranous pattern. The positive rate of expression for E-cadherin increased as the Fuhrman grade increased (1, 0%; 2, 23.2%; 3, 34.9%; and 4, 53.8%, p=0.00). An inverse correlation in RCCs was observed in the expression of fascin and E-cadherin (p=0.026, r=-0.158). Conclusions: In patients with RCC, the increased expression of fascin and E-cadherin was positively correlated to poor prognostic factors such as a higher Fuhrman nuclear grade and advanced pTNM stage.
Preview · Article · Apr 2009 · The Korean Journal of Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is classified into demyelinating neuropathy (CMT1) and axonal neuropathy (CMT2). Mutations
in the neurofilament light chain polypeptide (NEFL) gene are present in CMT2E and CMT1F neuropathies. Two types of Pro22 mutations have been previously reported: Pro22Ser in
CMT2E with giant axons, and Pro22Thr in CMT1F. In this study, we identified another Pro22 mutation, Pro22Arg, in a Korean
CMT1 family. An investigation to identify the clinical and pathological characteristics of the Pro22Arg revealed that it is
associated with demyelinating neuropathy features in CMT1F. Histopathological findings showed onion bulb formations but no
giant axons. It appears that the Pro22 mutations may influence not only the Thr-Pro phosphorylation site by proline-directed
protein kinases but also other structural alteration of the NEFL protein in a different way.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2008 · Journal of Human Genetics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by degeneration of motor nerves in the absence of sensory abnormalities. Recently, mutations in the small heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) gene were found to cause dHMN type II or Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2F (CMT2F). The authors studied 151 Korean axonal CMT or dHMN families, and found a large Korean dHMN type II family with the Ser135Phe mutation in HSP27. This mutation was inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, and was well associated with familial members with the dHMN phenotype. This mutation site is located in the alpha-crystallin domain and is highly conserved between different species. The frequency of this HSP27 mutation in Koreans was 0.6%. Magnetic resonance imaging analysis revealed that fatty infiltrations tended to progressively extend distal to proximal muscles in lower extremities. In addition, fatty infiltrations in thigh muscles progressed to affect posterior and anterior compartments but to lesser extents in medial compartment, which differs from CMT1A patients presenting with severe involvements of posterior and medial compartments but less involvement of anterior compartment. The authors describe the clinical and neuroimaging findings of the first Korean dHMN patients with the HSP27 Ser135Phe mutation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the neuroimaging findings of dHMN type II.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2008 · Experimental and Molecular Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A wide range of phenotypes have been reported in autosomal recessive (AR) Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) patients carrying mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 (GDAP1) gene, such as axonal, demyelinating, and intermediate forms of AR CMT. There have been very few reports of GDAP1 mutations in autosomal dominant (AD) CMT. Here, we report an AD CMT family with a novel Q218E mutation in the GDAP1 gene. The mutation was located within the well-conserved glutathione S-transferase (GST) core region and co-segregated with the affected members in the pedigree. The affected AD CMT individuals had a later disease onset and much milder phenotypes than the AR CMT patients, and the histopathologic examination revealed both axonal degeneration and demyelination.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Journal of Human Genetics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) cannot differentiate follicular adenoma from follicular carcinoma since this distinction can only be based on the presence of capsular or vascular invasion, and this cannot be detected on a cytologic smear. The goal of this study was to define the diagnostic cytologic findings of follicular neoplasm and the possibility of diagnosing follicular neoplasm by performing FNAC. The cases of histologically diagnosed follicular adenoma and follicular carcinoma on the thyroidectomy specimens were retrieved. Among them, the cases with preoperative FNAC that was done within 3 months of the operation were finally selected. Then we reviewed the FNAC and histologic slides of 19 cases: 9 follicular adenomas and 10 follicular carcinomas. Our results suggest that for cases of follicular neoplasm, the aspirates show high or abundant cellularity, frequent follicle formation and occasional cellular atypism of the follicular cells. However, the atypism is more pronounced and more frequently noticed in the cases of follicular carcinoma, which reveals more higher anisocytosis (7/10, 70%), nuclear pleomorphism (9/10, 90%), coarse clumping of chromatin (8/10, 80%) and cellular overlapping (8/10, 80%).
Preview · Article · Jan 2008 · The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The molecular mechanisms that are responsible for the initiation and progression of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma are largely unknown. p16 is an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase and its inactivation by methylation has been reported as a major tumorigenic mechanism in malignant tumors. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between the clinical data and the p16 protein expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2007 · The Korean journal of hematology