Sheng-Yang Lee

Wan Fang Hospital, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (85)145.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate whether resonance frequency (RF) analysis combined with modal damping factor (MDF) analysis provides additional information on dental implant healing status. Materials and methods: In in vitro tests, epoxy resin was used to simulate the implant healing process. The RF and MDF values of the implants were measured during the entire polymerization process. Implant stability quotient (ISQ) and Periotest values (PTVs) from Ostell and Periotest devices were used to validate the apparatus. In in vivo experiments, vibrational analysis was performed on 17 dental implants in 12 patients. The RF and MDF values of the tested implants were recorded during the first 10 weeks after surgery. The effects of jaw types and primary stability on MDF healing curves were analyzed. Results: In the in vitro model, the RF values obtained from the apparatus used in this study were similar to those obtained from the Osstell device. Unlike the Periotest healing curve, the MDF curve showed a 1.8-fold increase during the early phase. In clinical experiments, the mean RF values were unchanged during the first 2 weeks and increased continuously until 6 weeks. The corresponding mean MDF value decreased over time and reached 0.045 ± 0.011 at 10 weeks, which is approximately 50% lower than the initial value. Although the RF values of the implants with higher initial frequency remained unchanged during the healing period, the MDF values decreased significantly. Conclusion: Analysis of RF combined with MDF provides additional information on dental implant healing status. MDF analysis can detect changes in the implant/bone complex during the healing period even in implants with higher RF values.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is an inflammatory molecule of the dental pulp. IL-1β stimulates cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandins production of pulp cells and affects the pulpal inflammation and repair. However, the effects of IL-1β on Monocyte Chemotactic Factor-1 (MCP-1) of dental pulp cells and its relation to transforming growth factor β-activated kinase-1 (TAK1), PI3K/Akt, and MEK/ERK signaling and COX activation are not fully clear. Design: Human dental pulp cells were exposed to IL-1β with/without pretreatment and co-incubation by aspirin (a COX inhibitor), 5z-7-oxozeaenol (a TAK1 inhibitor), LY294002 (a PI3K/Akt inhibitor) or U0126 (a MEK/ERK inhibitor). Viable cell number was evaluated by MTT assay. MCP-1 mRNA expression was tested by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). MCP-1 and COX-2 protein expression was studied by western blot. MCP-1 in the culture medium was measure by ELISA. Results: IL-1β showed little cytotoxicity to pulp cells. It stimulated MCP-1 mRNA and protein expression and MCP-1 secretion. Aspirin, U0126, LY294002 and 5z-7-oxozeaenol attenuated the IL-1β-induced MCP-1 expression. In addition, 5z-7-oxozeaenol, LY294002, U0126 and aspirin prevented the IL-1β-induced MCP-1 secretion of pulp cells. Conclusion: These results indicate that IL-1β may be involved in the pulpal inflammatory and healing processes by inducing MCP-1 expression and secretion. These events are related to differential activation of TAK1, PI3K/Akt and MEK/ERK 1/2 signaling and COX activation. These results are important for future pharmacologic intervention of pulpal inflammatory diseases.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Archives of oral biology
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    ABSTRACT: Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), in particular chondroitin sulfate, are an accepted marker of chondrogenic cells. This study develop a cell-based sulfated GAG assay for identifying the chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells. Based on fluorescent staining using safranin O and DAPI, this method was highly sensitive. The results were both qualitative and quantitative. It is suitable for identifying the chondrogenic process and also for screening compounds. The method may be helpful for discovering novel bioactive compounds for cartilage regeneration. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Analytical Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) plays an important role in cell proliferation, matrix formation, and odontogenesis. This study investigated the effects of TGF-β1 on stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs) and its signaling by MEK/ERK and Smad2. SCAPs were exposed to TGF-β1 with/without pretreatment and coincubation by SB431542 (an ALK5/Smad 2/3 inhibitor) or U0126 (a MEK/ERK inhibitor). Cell growth was examined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay or direct counting of viable cells. Collagen content was determined by using the Sircol collagen assay (Biocolor Ltd, Newtownabbey, Northern Ireland). Cell differentiation was evaluated by measuring alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Smad2 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation was analyzed by Western blotting or PathScan phospho-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Cell Signaling Technology Inc, Danvers, MA). TGF-β1 stimulated the growth and collagen content of cultured SCAPs. TGF-β1 stimulated ERK1/2 and Smad2 phosphorylation within 60 minutes of exposure. Pretreatment by U0126 and SB431542 effectively prevented the TGF-β1-induced cell growth and collagen content in SCAPs. TGF-β1 stimulated ALP activity at lower concentrations (0.1-1 ng/mL) but down-regulated ALP at higher concentrations (>5 ng/mL). U0126 prevented 0.5 ng/mL TGF-β1-induced ALP activity but showed little effect on 10 ng/mL TGF-β1-induced decline of ALP in SCAPs. Interestingly, SB431542 attenuated both the stimulatory and inhibitory effects on ALP by TGF-β1. TGF-β1 may affect the proliferation, collagen turnover, and differentiation of SCAPs via differential activation of ALK5/Smad2 and MEK/ERK signaling. These results highlight the future use of TGF-β1 and SCAP for engineering of pulpal regeneration and apexogenesis. Copyright © 2015 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Journal of endodontics
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this in vivo study was to evaluate the effect of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) on various resorbable calcium sulfate/calcium phosphate bone grafts in bone regeneration. Granular particles of calcium sulfate dehydrate (CSD), α-calcium sulfate hemihydrate/amorphous calcium phosphate (α-CSH/ACP), and CSD/β-tricalcium phosphates (β-TCP) were prepared for in vitro dissolution and implantation test. The chemical compositions of specimen residues after dissolution test were characterized by XRD. The ratios of new bone formation for implanted grafts/hDPSCs were evaluated using mandible bony defect model of Lanyu pig. All the graft systems exhibited a similar two-stage dissolution behavior and phase transformation of poor crystalline HAp. Eight weeks post-operation, the addition of hDPSCs to various graft systems showed statistically significant increasing in the ratio of new bone formation (p<0.05). Null hypothesis of hDPSCs showing no scaffold dependence in bone regeneration was rejected. The results suggest that the addition of hDPSCs to calcium sulfate based xenografts could enhance the bone regeneration in the bony defect. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Materials Science and Engineering C
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    ABSTRACT: Background Grape seeds extract (GSE) is a famous health food supplement for its antioxidant property. Different concentrations of GSE may have different impacts on cellular oxidative/reduction homeostasis. Antiproliferative effect of GSE has been reported in many cancers but rarely in oral cancer. Methods The aim of this study is to examine the antioral cancer effects of different concentrations of GSE in terms of cell viability, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial function, and DNA damage. Results High concentrations (50–400 μg/ml) of GSE dose-responsively inhibited proliferation of oral cancer Ca9-22 cells but low concentrations (1–10 μg/ml) of GSE showed a mild effect in a MTS assay. For apoptosis analyses, subG1 population and annexin V intensity in high concentrations of GSE-treated Ca9-22 cells was increased but less so at low concentrations. ROS generation and mitochondrial depolarization increased dose-responsively at high concentrations but showed minor changes at low concentrations of GSE in Ca9-22 cells. Additionally, high concentrations of GSE dose-responsively induced more γH2AX-based DNA damage than low concentrations. Conclusions Differential concentrations of GSE may have a differentially antiproliferative function against oral cancer cells via differential apoptosis, oxidative stress and DNA damage.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background/purpose The aim of this study was to investigate whether storage of extracted teeth in transportation solution for 24 hours has a negative effect on the cell density and mechanical properties of thawed pulp tissue extracted from frozen intact teeth. Material and methods Human premolars were kept in transportation solution for 0 hours or 24 hours. For each transportation time, the tested teeth were divided into two experimental groups: teeth that had been frozen in a magnetic programmed freezer (PF, n = 5) and in a traditional freezer at −20°C (TF, n = 5). The tested teeth were then stored at −150°C for 7 days. After thawing, the extracted pulp was subjected to a histological examination and mechanical testing. Results Storage in transportation solution for 24 hours had no significant negative effects on the histological or mechanical properties of the pulp tissue extracted from the cryopreserved intact teeth. The elastic modulus of pulp from the teeth that had been frozen at −20°C was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in samples that had been pre-stored in transportation solution for 24 hours. Conclusion This study demonstrated that exposure to transportation solution for 24 hours followed by storage in a programmed freezer did not negatively affect the cell density or the elastic modulus of the pulp tissue.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Journal of dental sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Successful and efficient cryopreservation of living cells and organs is a key clinical application of regenerative medicine. Recently, magnetic cryopreservation has been reported for intact tooth banking and cryopreservation of dental tissue. The aim of this study was to assess the cryoprotective effects of static magnetic fields (SMFs) on human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) during cryopreservation. Human DPSCs isolated from extracted teeth were frozen with a 0.4-T or 0.8-T SMF and then stored at -196 °C for 24 h. During freezing, the cells were suspended in freezing media containing with 0, 3 or 10% DMSO. After thawing, the changes in survival rate of the DPSCs were determined by flow cytometry. To understand the possible cryoprotective mechanisms of the SMF, the membrane fluidity of SMF-exposed DPSCs was tested. The results showed that when the freezing medium was DMSO-free, the survival rates of the thawed DPSCs increased 2- or 2.5-fold when the cells were exposed to 0.4-T or 0.8-T SMFs, respectively (p < 0.01). In addition, after exposure to the 0.4-T SMF, the fluorescence anisotropy of the DPSCs increased significantly (p < 0.01) in the hydrophilic region. These results show that SMF exposure improved DMSO-free cryopreservation. This phenomenon may be due to the improvement of membrane stability for resisting damage caused by ice crystals during the freezing procedure.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of the addition of funoran to xylitol chewing gum in dental plaque. In a double-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial, 36 health adults (21-30 years old), who volunteered after informed consent, with >10(5) colony- forming units/ml mutans streptococci (MS) at baseline, were assigned randomly into one of three parallel study groups: xylitol+funoran gum (group A), sucrose gum group (group B), and control group (no gum have been provided; group C). The pH value, flash weight, and MS of dental plaque were recorded at baseline and after 2 weeks of treatment. A statistically significant reduction (p<0.05) of salivary MS was displayed in group A after the intervention when compared with baseline. The weight of plaque was reduced after 2 weeks of treatment (p=0.032) in group A. There was no significance in plaque pH value before and after the treatment in any group. Daily funoran-containing xylitol chewing gum application significantly reduced the dental plaque volume and caries pathogen counts in the oral cavity, suggesting that the use of funoran-containing xylitol chewing gum may be a useful adjunct for caries control.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Journal of Polymer Engineering
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    ABSTRACT: Novel poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) microtube array membranes (MTAMs) with a porous wall structure were prepared by electrospinning. Porogen of polyethylene glycol (PEG) was mixed with PLLA and dissolved in a dichloromethane/dimethylformamide solvent. The solution dope was delivered to the outer layer of coaxial spinneret, while the PEG/polyethylene oxide (50/50 wt. %) aqueous solution was delivered to the core layer, to form arrays of core-shell fibers through an electrospinning process. Porogen was then washed off to produce array of microtubes with a porous wall structure. The morphology and physical properties of the MTAMs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), a texture analyzer (TA), and a thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). With porogen content of 0~50 wt.%, pores, ranging from a few tens of nanometers to a few microns, were clearly seen in SEM micrographs for the surface of PLLA/PEG30-50 MTAMs after the washing process. However, porogen was effectively washed off only from PLLA/PEG30-50 MTAMs, thus their wall structure was transformed from a dense to porous one. PLLA/PEG MTAMs remained relatively hydrophobic. Young’s modulus of PLLA/PEG MTAMs decreased from 850 to 400 kPa, while the fracture work increased from 854 g.mm to a maximum value of 4478 g.mm for PLLA/PEG10. Permeation through MTAMs was conducted, and results revealed that only pores in the walls of PLLA/PEG30-50 MTAMs were well interconnected. Cumulative permeation increased with the PEG content. These results suggest that multifunctional porous PLLA MTAMs can potentially be used in medical applications, such as nerve regeneration conduits.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Current Nanoscience
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluates the radiopacity and cytotoxicity of Portland cements containing a radiopacifier of bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) with yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) dopant. Various radiopacifier powders of Bi2O3 with 0%, 15%, 30%, and 100% YSZ dopant were prepared by solid-state reaction at 700°C for 12 hours and characterized by x-ray diffraction. Portland cement/radiopacifier/calcium sulfate (75/20/5) were mixed and set by deionized water. Changes in radiopacity and in vitro cell viability of the hydrated cements were assessed. An average of 6 measured equivalent thickness of aluminum (N = 6) capable of producing similar radiographic density was recorded. The cytotoxicity of each material was determined in MC3T3 E1 cell-based methyl-thiazol-tetrazolium assay. The x-ray diffraction patterns of YSZ doped Bi2O3 are different from those of pure Bi2O3 and YSZ. The cement-containing radiopacifier of Bi2O3/YSZ (85/15) presented significantly greater radiopacity (P < .05) compared with pure Bi2O3. The mouse osteoblastic cell (MC3T3-E1) viabilities of these 2 groups were statistically similar (P < .05). The radiopacifier of Bi2O3/YSZ (85/15) reveals higher radiopacity but similar cell viability when compared with pure Bi2O3. It shows potential use as an alternative radiopacifier in root-end filling materials.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Journal of endodontics
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to test whether damping factor is an adequate parameter for monitoring the status of the trabecular bone-implant interface. Materials and methods: Implants were placed in epoxy resin with elastic moduli of 2,900, 210, and 1.4 MPa to simulate cortical bone, cancellous bone, and connective tissue, respectively. Resonance frequency and damping factor (DF) values of the tested implants were measured using vibration analysis. An impulse force was used to induce vibration within implants. The DF values of the tested implants were calculated from the obtained frequency spectrum using a half-power method. The resulting data were analyzed to test the statistical effects of the cortical height and trabecular status on the DF values of the sample implants. Results: When the simulated tissue at the implant-bone interface changed from connective tissue to bone, the detected DF value decreased markedly. In addition, the mean DF value of the tested implants increased significantly (P<.05) from 0.043±0.008 when the elastic modulus of the surrounding resins was 2,900 MPa to 0.114±0.018 when the modulus was 1.4 MPa. Furthermore, when the tested implants were firmly fixed with 2 mm of simulated cortical bone, the alternation of healing tissue at the trabecular bone area could be detected by the DF method. Conclusion: DF is a sensitive measure for monitoring the status of oral implant osseointegration when implant boundary conditions are good at the cortical level but still weak at the trabecular bone area.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants
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    ABSTRACT: Our goal was to investigate the relationship between clinical status and the presence of carious or periodontal pathogens among parent-child familial pairs. Clinical practices of risk assessment with consideration of familial pathogen interaction might reduce the need for therapy, improve patient outcomes, and ultimately reduce oral disease burden. Materials and Methods: In this study, we enrolled 30 parent-child pairs, with the children exhibiting complete deciduous dentition or mixed dentition with only permanent first molars. Clinical statuses were evaluated using caries and periodontal disease indicators, including the sum of decay and the number of missing or filled teeth (DMFT) for adults, decay, extraction caused by dental disease, and filled teeth (deft), for children, probing depth, and plaque control record (PCR). Supra- and sub-gingival bacteria were determined based on semi-quantitative measurements of microbial infection by using data from the Dentocult(®) SM test (caries-related organisms) and the PerioCheck(®) test (periodontal disease-related organisms). No statistically significant relationship was detected between the prevalence of periodontal pathogens and that of cariogenic pathogens in the oral cavity. However, the clinical status of caries (DMFT) was negatively correlated with the clinical status of periodontal disease (pocket depth) in parents who were infected with dominant periodontal pathogens (r = -0.59, p<0.01). Parents' DMFT scores were positively correlated with children's deft and PCR scores. PCR and deft scores of children appeared to decrease significantly with the parent's pocket depth. The study showed that the quantity of caries pathogens were not significant related to periodontal pathogens, but the caries clinical outcome is negative related with periodontal clinical outcome between familial pairs.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The formation of a stereocomplex between PLLA and PDLA has been studied intensively because it increases the mechanical performance and thermal/hydrolytic resistance of polylactide-based materials; however, few studies have investigated the stereocomplex formation between PLLA and the (D-lactide)-containing PLLA copolymer. To investigate the effect of the D-lactide content of PLLA on the thermal behaviors and mechanical properties, (5D/95L) polylactide [(5D/95L)PLA], which contains a molar ratio of 5% of the D-form and 95% of the L-form of the monomer, and (15D/85L) polylactide [(15D/85L)PLA], which contains a molar ratio of 15% of the D-form and 85% of the L-form of the monomer, were used in a series of specimens. For the hydrolytic degradation test, the specimens were placed in 20-mL vials, which were filled with phosphate-buffered solution; the vials were allowed to stand at 57°C for 91 days in accordance with the ASTM F1635-95 (2000) standard test method for in vitro studies. The mechanical properties, thermal properties and crystallization behaviors were investigated using DSC and MTS, respectively. Results: The initial bending strength of the (5D/95L)PLA and (15D/85L)PLA were 35.4 and 31.1 N, respectively. After 1 week, the binding strength of the (5D/95L)PLA increased by 9.8%, and the binding strength of the (15D/85L)PLA decreased by 26%. In addition, the DSC curve of the (5D/95L)PLA demonstrated a higher melting temperature in the 1st week, and this Tc was observed in the DSC curve of the (5D/95L)PLA only during this time. The DSC curve of the (15D/85L)PLA was irregular. Discussion & Conclusions: In the (5D/95L)PLA, the recrystallization that occurred during the hydrolysis process was confirmed by the Tc and the increase in the bending strength. The stereocomplex crystallites may be formed in the (15D/85L)PLA during the degradation process. Because of the increase in the D-form monomer, the stereocomplexes were generated more easily and acted as nucleation sites. The PLLA crystal near the stereocomplex crystallites exhibited an incomplete structure, which led to a faster decrease in the bending strength. The low D-lactide content in the matrix of the PLLA did not form a stereocomplex crystallite because the surface area was not large enough to act as a nucleation site. However, the higher D-lactide-containing fraction formed a large stereocomplex crystallite. The (5D/95L)PLA demonstrated better thermal/hydrolytic resistance and mechanical stability than the (15D/85L)PLA.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Biomedical Engineering Applications Basis and Communications
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    ABSTRACT: Growth and differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5) is a multifunctional protein that regulates the development and repair in many tissues. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether GDF-5 may influence the proliferation, differentiation, and collagen turnover of human dental pulp cells. Human dental pulp cells were treated with different concentrations of GDF-5 (0-500 ng/mL). Morphology of pulp cells was observed under a microscope. Cell proliferation was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay. Immunofluorescent assay was used to observe the percentages of cell mitosis. Collagen content was measured by Sircol collagen assay. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 level in the culture medium was measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blotting. Cell differentiation was evaluated by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and ALP enzyme activity assay. After exposure of dental pulp cells to various concentrations of GDF-5, cell number was up-regulated significantly in dose-dependent manner. GDF-5 also stimulated mitosis of dental pulp cells as indicated by an increased percentage of binucleated cells from 28% to 35%-45%. GDF-5 did not affect the collagen content and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 level of pulp cells. GDF-5 decreased the ALP activity of pulp cells as analyzed by ALP staining and enzyme activity assay, with 14%-44% of inhibition. GDF-5 revealed mitogenic and proliferative activity to dental pulp cells. GDF-5 showed inhibitory effect on ALP activity but little effect on the collagen turnover. These events are crucial in specific stages of dental pulp repair and regeneration. GDF-5 may be potentially used for tissue engineering of pulp-dentin complex.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Journal of endodontics
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this research is to study the e®ects of alumina addition on the microstructure-mechanical property relationship and sintering behavior of yttria (3 mol%)-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics. Well-dispersed YSZ/Al 2 O 3 ceramics containing 10À40 wt.% Al 2 O 3 were prepared by solid state reaction method. The relative density, average grain size, lattice parameters, microhardness, and fracture toughness of YSZ/Al 2 O 3 ceramics system sintered in the temper-ature range of 1250$1500 C as a function of Al 2 O 3 content were investigated. Experimental results showed that the ceramics with high Al 2 O 3 content and low sintering temperature tended to reveal low bulk densities. But the Al 2 O 3 content dependence on relative density for YSZ/Al 2 O 3 ceramics becomed deminishing when increasing the sintering temperature. Dense ceramics with composition of (80/20) (YSZ/Al 2 O 3) and sintered at temperature of 1400 C and 1450 C revealed the optimal Vickers hardness and fracture toughness properties. These ceramics with high Al 2 O 3 content tended to reveal small grain sizes. The high sintering temperature governs the slow grain growth and high hardness in materials indicating the good correlation between microstructure of fabricated dense and mechanical properties.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2013 · Biomedical Engineering Applications Basis and Communications
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    ABSTRACT: Caveolin is an essential and signature protein of caveolae. Caveolin-1 participates in signal transduction processes by acting as a scaffolding protein that concentrates, organizes and functional regulates signalling molecules within caveolar membranes. Beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) has been widely used for scaffold in tissue engineering due to its high biodegradability, osteoconductivity, easy manipulation, and lack of histotoxicity. To better understand the role of caveolin-1 in bone homeostasis and response to β-TCP scaffold, β-TCP was implanted into the dog mandible defects in beagle dogs, and gene expression profiles were examined focused on the molecular components involved in caveolin-1 regulation. Here we showed the quantitative imageology analysis characterized using in vivo micro-computed tomography (CT) images at 4 and 7 days after β-TCP implanted in dog mandibles. The bone reformation by using the β-TCP scaffolds began within 4 days of surgery, and was healing well at 7 days after surgery. Higher mRNA level of caveolin-1 was observed in β-TCP-implanted Beagle dog mandibles compared with controls at day 4 and day 7 post-surgery. The enhancement of caveolin-1 by β-TCP was further confirmed by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence analysis. We further revealed increased Smad7 and Phospho Stat3 expression in β-TCP-implanted specimens. Taken together, these results suggest that the enhancement of caveolin-1 play an important role in accelerating bone formation by β-TCP. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2013.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials
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    ABSTRACT: We previously demonstrated the autophagy-inducing activity in the crude extract of areca nut (ANE) and its 30-100 kDa fraction (ANE 30-100 K). This study aimed to analyze whether chronic ANE and ANE 30-100 K stimulations lead to higher stress resistance and autophagic activity in oral cells, and whether the resulting autophagic status in stimulated cells correlates with stress resistance. Malignant cells from the mouth oral epidermoid carcinoma Meng-1 (OECM-1) and blood (Jurkat T) origins were stimulated with non-cytotoxic ANE and ANE 30-100 K for 3 months. Sensitivity to anticancer drugs of and autophagy status in stimulated cells, analyzed respectively by XTT assay and calculating microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3-II LC3-II/β-actin ratios from Western blot, were compared to non-treated cells. Autophagy inhibitors, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and chloroquine (CQ), were used to assess whether autophagy inhibition interferes the altered chemoresistance. Areca nut extract-stimulated (ANE-s) and ANE 30-100 K-stimulated (30-100 K-s) OECM-1 and Jurkat T cells generally exhibited higher cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) resistances, compared to non-stimulated cells. Most stimulated cells expressed significantly higher levels of LC3-II and Atg4B proteins. Interestingly, these cells also showed stronger tolerances against hypoxia environment and expressed higher LC3-II levels under glucose-deprived and hypoxia conditions. Finally, both 3-MA and CQ alleviated, albeit to different degrees, the increased chemoresistance in ANE-s and/or 30-100 K-s cells. Chronic stimulations of ANE or ANE 30-100 K may increase tolerance of oral cancer and leukemia T cells to anticancer drugs, as well as to glucose deprivation and hypoxia conditions, and cause an elevation of autophagy activity responsible for increased drug resistance.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines the relationship between the retention force and natural frequency of dental posts cemented with zinc phosphate cement. Forty-two decoronated maxillary incisors were collected and embedded in resin blocks. The 7-mm post spaces were prepared for all test samples prior to cementing the 13-mm Para-Posts with zinc phosphate cement. The natural frequency values and retention forces of the zinc phosphate cement-cemented Para-Posts in various liquid/powder mixing ratios were measured. Thereafter, the natural frequency values of the zinc phosphate cement-cemented posts were continuously detected during ultrasonic vibration. Moreover, both the natural frequency values and the dislodgement forces in response to ultrasonic vibrations were measured for the pretreated post samples. Results showed that the natural frequency values of the posts significantly decreased from 8.8 ± 0.8 to 5.0 ± 0.5 kHz (P < 0.05) before and after ultrasound treatment, respectively. The natural frequency values and the dislodgement forces of tested posts had a highly linear relationship (R(2) = 0.99, P < 0.05). These findings suggest that natural frequency is a variable for monitoring the stability status of zinc phosphate cement-cemented dental posts.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H Journal of Engineering in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the cryoprotective effect of static magnetic fields (SMFs) on human erythrocytes during the slow cooling procedure. Human erythrocytes suspended in 20% glycerol were slowly frozen with a 0.4-T or 0.8-T SMF and then moved to a -80°C freezer for 24 hr. The changes in survival rate, morphology, and metabolites of the thawed erythrocytes were examined. To understand possible cryoprotective mechanisms of SMF, membrane fluidity and dehydration stability of SMF-exposed erythrocytes were tested. For each test, sham-exposed erythrocytes were used as controls. Our results showed that freezing coupled with 0.4-T or 0.8-T SMFs significantly increased the relative survival ratios of the frozen-thawed erythrocytes by 10% and 20% (p<0.001), respectively. The SMFs had no effect on erythrocyte morphology and metabolite levels. However, membrane fluidity of the samples exposed to 0.8-T SMF decreased significantly (p<0.05) in the hydrophobic regions. For the dehydration stability experiments, the samples exposed to 0.8-T SMF exhibited significantly lower (p<0.05) hemolysis. These results demonstrate that a 0.8-T SMF decreases membrane fluidity and enhances erythrocyte membrane stability to resist dehydration damage caused by slow cooling procedures.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · PLoS ONE

Publication Stats

940 Citations
145.05 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007-2015
    • Wan Fang Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2002-2015
    • Taipei Medical University
      • • Dental Department
      • • School of Dentistry
      • • Graduate Institute of Oral Rehabilitation Sciences
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2011
    • Show Chwan Memorial Hospital
      Chang-hua Pei-pu, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2004
    • Nihon University
      • School of Dentistry at Matsudo
      Edo, Tokyo, Japan