Harukuni Tokuda

Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan

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Publications (398)1187.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Inhibition of tumour promotion in multistage chemical carcinogenesis is considered a promising strategy for cancer chemoprevention. In an ongoing investigation of bioactive secondary metabolites from Celastraceae species, five new dihydro-β-agarofuran sesquiterpenes (1-5), named Chiapens A-E, and seventeen known ones, were isolated from Maytenus chiapensis. Their structures were elucidated by extensive NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric techniques, and their absolute configurations were determined by circular dichroism studies, chemical correlations and biogenic means. The isolated compounds, along with twenty known sesquiterpenes, previously isolated from Zinowiewia costaricensis, have been tested for their inhibitory effects on Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorpol-13-acetate (TPA). Thirty three compounds from this series showed stronger effects than that of β-carotene, the reference inhibitor. The structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis revealed that the type of substituent, in particular at the C-1 position of the sesquiterpene scaffold, was able to modulate the anti-tumour promoting activity. Compounds 3, 6, and 33 showed significant effects in an in vivo two-stage mouse-skin carcinogenesis model.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported on meyerin (trans-4-hydroxycinnamic acid derivative) and 7-methoxy-5-prenyloxycoumarin, which are abundantly found in Meyer lemon (Citrus meyeri) relative to other citrus fruits. In the present study, the antitumor-promoting activities of these compounds were examined using the in vitro Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation test and the in vivo two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis test. 7-Methoxy-5-prenyloxycoumarin was suggested to have inhibitory activity on tumor promotion in the EBV-EA test, whereas meyerin exhibited weak activity. Furthermore, 7-methoxy-5-prenyloxycoumarin significantly inhibited mouse skin tumor promotion relative to control in the two-stage carcinogenesis test. These results indicate that 7-methoxy-5-prenyloxycoumarin has antitumor-promoting activity in vitro and in vivo.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Food Science and Technology Research
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    ABSTRACT: Aplog-1 is a simplified analog of debromoaplysiatoxin (DAT) with potent tumor-promoting and proinflammatory activities. Aplog-1 and DAT exhibited anti-proliferative activities against several human cancer cell lines, whereas aplog-1 did not have tumor-promoting nor proinflammatory activities. We have recently found 10-methyl-aplog-1 (1) to have strong anti-proliferative activity compared with aplog-1. To further investigate the structural factors involved in the tumor-promoting, proinflammatory, and anti-proliferative activities, two dimethyl derivatives of aplog-1 (2, 3) were synthesized, where two methyl groups were installed at positions 4 and 10 or 10 and 12. 10,12-Dimethyl-aplog-1 (2) had stronger inhibitory effects on the growth of several human cancer cell lines than 1 and DAT, but exhibited no tumor-promoting and proinflammatory activities. In contrast, 4,10-dimethyl-aplog-1 (3) displayed weak tumor-promoting and proinflammatory activities along with anti-proliferative activity similar to that of 1 and DAT. Compound 2 would be the optimized seed for anticancer drugs among the simplified analogs of DAT.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: 4-Hydroxyderricin (4HD) and xanthoangelol (XAG) are major components of n-hexane/ethyl acetate (5:1) extract of the yellow-colored stem juice of Angelica keiskei. 4-Hydroxyderricin and XAG have been reported to increase glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4)-dependent glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, but the detailed mechanism of this phenomenon remains unknown. This present study was aimed at clarifying the detailed mechanism by which 4HD and XAG increase GLUT4-dependent glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Both 4HD and XAG increased glucose uptake and GLUT4 translocation to the plasma membrane. 4-Hydroxyderricin and XAG also stimulated the phosphorylation of 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase. In addition, phosphorylation of liver kinase B1 (LKB1), which acts upstream of AMPK, was also increased by 4HD and XAG treatment. Small interfering RNA knockdown of LKB1 attenuated 4HD- and XAG-stimulated AMPK phosphorylation and suppressed glucose uptake. These findings demonstrate that 4HD and XAG can increase GLUT4-dependent glucose uptake through the LKB1/AMPK signaling pathway in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Nutrition research
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    ABSTRACT: Two jasmonate derivatives, glucosylcucurbic acid (1) and methyl glucosylcucurbate (2), were isolated from the MeOH extract of defatted shea (Vitellaria paradoxa; Sapotaceae) kernels. These and their deglucosylated derivatives, cucurbic acid (3) and methyl cucurbate (4), were evaluated for their melanogenesis-inhibitory and cancer chemopreventive potencies. Compounds 1, 3, and 4 exhibited potent melanogenesis-inhibitory activities in α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH)-stimulated B16 melanoma cells. Western-blot analysis revealed that compounds 1 and 3 reduced the protein levels of MITF (=microphthalmia-associated transcription factor), tyrosinase, TRP-1 (=tyrosine-related protein 1), and TRP-2 mostly in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, compound 1 exhibited inhibitory effects against EpsteinBarr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in Raji cells, against TPA-induced inflammation in mice, and against skin tumor promotion in an in vivo two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis test based on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) as initiator, and with TPA as promoter. Copyright © 2015 Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta AG, Zürich.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Chemistry & Biodiversity
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    ABSTRACT: Three new oxidative metabolites of lycopenes, (erythro)-lycopene-5,6-diol, (threo)-lycopene-5,6-diol, and 1,16-dehydro-2,6-cyclolycopene-5-ol B, and four new oxidative metabolites of γ-carotenes, 2',6'-cyclo-γ-carotene-1',5'-diol A, 2',6'-cyclo-γ-carotene-1',5'-diol B, (erythro)-γ-carotene-5,6-diol, and (threo)-γ-carotene-5,6-diol, were isolated as minor components from the aril of gac, Momordica cochinchinensis. These structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data, and some of them were compared to the structures of synthetic samples. Furthermore, the oxidative metabolic conversion pathways of lycopene and γ-carotene were discussed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Aplog-1 is a simplified analog of the tumor-promoting aplysiatoxin with anti-proliferative and cytotoxic activities against several cancer cell lines. Our recent findings have suggested that protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) could be one of the target proteins of aplog-1. In this study, we synthesized amide-aplog-1 (3), in which the C-1 ester group was replaced with an amide group, to improve chemical stability in vivo. Unfortunately, 3 exhibited seventy-fold weaker binding affinity to the C1B domain of PKCδ than that of aplog-1, and negligible anti-proliferative and cytotoxic activities even at 10(-4) M. A conformational analysis and density functional theory calculations indicated that the stable conformation of 3 differed from that of aplog-1. Since 27-methyl and 27-methoxy derivatives (1, 2) without the ability to bind to PKC isozymes exhibited marked anti-proliferative and cytotoxic activities at 10(-4) M, 3 may be an inactive control to identify the target proteins of aplogs.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: In order to produce a novel keto-carotenoid in Escherichia coli, we introduced the marine bacterial carotenoid ketolase gene (crtW) into pathway-engineered E. coli producing carotenoids of plant origin, which carried the lycopene biosynthesis genes (crtE, crtB, and crtI) from soil bacterium Pantoea ananatis and the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha genes that encode lycopene β-cyclase (MpLCYb), lycopene ε-cyclase (MpLCYe), and β-carotenoid hydroxylase (MpBHY). A novel keto-carotenoid (1) was produced by these carotenoid biosynthesis genes in E. coli along with α-echinenone, adonirubin, and adonixanthin. The structure of 1 was determined as (3S,6′R)-3-hydroxy-β,ε-caroten-4-one based on Uv–vis, MS, 1H NMR, and CD spectral data. This compound was named 4-ketozeinoxanthin and showed anti-tumor-promoting activity.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Tetrahedron Letters
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    ABSTRACT: The MeOH extract of defatted shea (Vitellaria paradoxa; Sapotaceae) kernels was investigated for its constituents, and fifteen oleanane-type triterpene acids and glycosides, two steroid glucosides, two pentane-2,4-diol glucosides, seven phenolic compounds, and three sugars, were isolated. The structures of five triterpene glycosides were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical methods. Upon evaluation of the bioactivity of the isolated compounds, it was found that some or most of the compounds have potent or moderate inhibitory activities against the following: melanogenesis in B16 melanoma cells induced by α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH); generation of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals, against Epstein–Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by 12-O-teradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) in Raji cells; t TPA-induced inflammation in mice, and proliferation of one or more of HL-60, A549, AZ521, and SK-BR-3 human cancer cell lines, respectively. Western blot analysis established that paradoxoside E inhibits melanogenesis by regulation of expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosinase, and tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) and TRP-2. In addition, tieghemelin A was demonstrated to exhibit cytotoxic activity against A549 cells (IC50 13.5 μM) mainly due to induction of apoptosis by flow cytometry. The extract of defatted shea kernels and its constituents may be, therefore, valuable as potential antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, skin-whitening, chemopreventive, and anticancer agents.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Phytochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: A new and efficient total synthesis has been developed to obtain plagiochin G (22), a macrocyclic bisbibenzyl, and four derivatives. The key 16-membered ring containing biphenyl ether and biaryl units was closed via an intramolecular SNAr reaction. All synthesized macrocyclic bisbibenzyls inhibited Epstein–Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in Raji cells and, thus, are potential cancer chemopreventive agents.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Tetrahedron Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Nine limonoids, 1–9, one apocarotenoid, 11, one alkaloid, 12, and one steroid, 13, from the leaf extract; and one triterpenoid, 10, five steroids, 14–18, and two flavonoids, 19 and 20, from the bark extract of Melia azedarach L. (Chinaberry tree; Meliaceae) were isolated. Among these compounds, three compounds, 4–6, were new, and their structures were established as 3-deacetyl-28-oxosalannolactone, 3-deacetyl-28-oxosalanninolide, and 3-deacetyl-17-defurano-17,28-dioxosalannin, respectively, on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses and comparison with literature data. All of the isolated compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against leukemia (HL60), lung (A549), stomach (AZ521), and breast (SK-BR-3) cancer cell lines. 3-Deacetyl-4′-demethyl-28-oxosalannin (3) against HL60 and AZ521 cells, and methyl kulonate (10) against HL60 cells exhibited potent cytotoxicities with IC50 values in the range of 2.8–5.8 μM. In addition, upon evaluation of compounds 1–13 against production of nitric oxide (NO) in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), seven, i.e., trichilinin B (1), 4, ohchinin (7), 23-hydroxyohchininolide (8), 21-hydroxyisoohchininolide (9), 10, and methyl indole 3-carboxylate (12), inhibited production of NO with IC50 values in the range of 4.6–87.3 μM with no, or almost no, toxicity to the cells (IC50 93.2–100 μM). Western blot analysis revealed that compound 7 reduced the expression levels of the inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and COX-2 proteins in a concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, compounds 5, 6, 13, and 18–20 exhibited potent inhibitory effects (IC50 299–381 molar ratio/32 pmol TPA) against EpsteinBarr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in Raji cell line.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Chemistry & Biodiversity
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    ABSTRACT: Compared to the current knowledge on cancer chemotherapeutic agents, only limited information is available on the ability of organic compounds, such as drugs and/or natural products, to prevent or delay the onset of cancer. In order to evaluate chemical chemopreventive potentials and design novel chemopreventive agents with low to no toxicity, we developed predictive computational models for chemopreventive agents in this study. First, we curated a database containing over 400 organic compounds with known chemoprevention activities. Based on this database, various random forest and support vector machine binary classifiers were developed. All of the resulting models were validated by cross validation procedures. Then, the validated models were applied to virtually screen a chemical library containing around 23,000 natural products and derivatives. We selected a list of 148 novel chemopreventive compounds based on the consensus prediction of all validated models. We further analyzed the predicted active compounds by their ease of organic synthesis. Finally, 18 compounds were synthesized and experimentally validated for their chemopreventive activity. The experimental validation results paralleled the cross validation results, demonstrating the utility of the developed models. The predictive models developed in this study can be applied to virtually screen other chemical libraries to identify novel lead compounds for the chemoprevention of cancers.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design
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    ABSTRACT: Two of each semisynthetic lanostane- and cycloartane-type triterpenes with a cyano-enone functionality, i.e., 13 and 18, and 23 and 28, respectively, sixteen of their synthetic intermediates, 9–12, 14–17, 19–22, and 24–27, along with seven semisynthetic oxygenated triterpene acetates, 29–35, and eight natural hydroxy triterpenes, 1–8, were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against leukemia (HL60), lung (A549), stomach (AZ521), and breast (SK-BR-3) cancer cell lines. One natural triterpene, 8, and ten semisynthetic triterpenes, 9, 13, 15, 18, 23, 25, 28, 29, 32, and 33, exhibited potent cytotoxicities against one or more cell lines with IC50 values in the range of 1.4–9.9 μM. Two lanostane-type triterpenes with a cyano-enone functionality, 3-oxolanosta-1,8,24-triene-2-carbonitrile (13) and 3-oxolanosta-1,8-diene-2-carbonitrile (18), induced apoptosis in HL60 cells, as observed by membrane phospholipid exposure in flow cytometry. Western blot analysis showed that 13 and 18 significantly reduced procaspases-3, -8, and -9, and increased cleaved caspases-3, -8, and -9. These findings indicated that compounds 13 and 18 induced apoptosis in HL60 cells via both the mitochondrial and the death receptor-mediated pathways. In addition, upon evaluation of the inhibitory effects on EpsteinBarr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in Raji cells, seven natural triterpenes, 1–6 and 8, and ten semisynthetic triterpenes, 9, 10, 14, 15, 19, 20, 24, 25, 29, and 30, exhibited inhibitory effects which were higher than that of β-carotene, a vitamin A precursor studied widely in cancer-chemoprevention animal models.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Chemistry & Biodiversity
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    ABSTRACT: Seventeen limonoids (tetranortriterpenoids), 1–17, including three new compounds, i.e., 17-defurano-17-(2,5-dihydro-2-oxofuran-3-yl)-28-deoxonimbolide (14), 17-defurano-17-(2ξ-2,5-dihydro-2-hydroxy-5-oxofuran-3-yl)-28-deoxonimbolide (15), and 17-defurano-17-(5ξ-2,5-dihydro-5-hydroxy-2-oxofuran-3-yl)-2′,3′-dehydrosalannol (17), were isolated from an EtOH extract of the leaf of neem (Azadirachta indica). The structures of the new compounds were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses and comparison with literature. Upon evaluation of the cytotoxic activities of these compounds against leukemia (HL60), lung (A549), stomach (AZ521), and breast (SK-BR-3) cancer cell lines, seven compounds, i.e., 1–3, 12, 13, 15, and 16, exhibited potent cytotoxicities with IC50 values in the range of 0.1–9.9 μM against one or more cell lines. Among these compounds, cytotoxicity of nimonol (1; IC50 2.8 μM) against HL60 cells was demonstrated to be mainly due to the induction of apoptosis by flow cytometry. Western blot analysis suggested that compound 1 induced apoptosis via both the mitochondrial and death receptor-mediated pathways in HL60 cells. In addition, when compounds 1–17 were evaluated for their inhibitory activities against melanogenesis in B16 melanoma cells, induced with α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), seven compounds, 1, 2, 4–6, 15, and 16, exhibited inhibitory activities with 31–94% reduction of melanin content at 10 μM concentration with no or low toxicity to the cells (82–112% of cell viability at 10 μM). All 17 compounds were further evaluated for their inhibitory effects against the EpsteinBarr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in Raji cells.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Chemistry & Biodiversity
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    Full-text · Dataset · Jan 2014
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    ABSTRACT: A concise method for the synthesis of heterocycle-fused naphthoquinones such as naphtho[2,3-b]-furan-4,9-dione, 1H-benz[f]indole-4,9-dione, and naphtho[2,3-b]thiophene-4,9-dione was developed. This method employed Sonogashira coupling and tandem addition-elimination/intramolecular cyclization, and it enabled the preparation of versatile heterocycle-fused naphthoquinones from one substrate.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: To produce novel types of sophorose lipids containing an odd number of carbon atoms in the lipophilic moiety, Candida bombicola ATCC 22214 was grown in 500-ml flask cultures with glucose as main carbon source, and additionally, 2-tridecanone as co-substrate. After solvent extraction, the crude product mixture was separated into pure fractions, and each fraction was analysed via NMR and mass spectroscopy. This effective strategy generated five new glycolipids, 2-tridecyl sophorosides, which differed in the number of glucose units, and acetyl and hydroxy groups, respectively. Based on these compounds, a proposal for the possible biosynthetic pathway was deduced. Two compounds of the mixture, mono- and diacetylated 2-tridecyl sophorosides, respectively, were able to lower the surface tension of water from 72 mN m(-1) to 32 mN m(-1) and the interfacial tension between water and n-hexadecane from 43 mN m(-1) down to 4 and 3 mN m(-1). Thus, both compounds possess a very good surfactant behaviour. Moreover, it was observed that the new products inhibit the growth of particular Gram-positive bacteria, and they indicate potential for antitumour-promoting activity.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung C
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    ABSTRACT: A new flavonoid glycoside, chrysin 6-C-β-rutinoside (chrysin α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-C-β-glucopyranoside; 2), and two new triterpene glycosides, (31R)-31-O-methylpassiflorine (7) and (31S)-31-O-methylpassiflorine (8), along with 14 known glycosides, including three flavonoid glycosides, 1, 3, and 4, six triterpene glycosides, 5, 6, and 9-12, three cyano glycosides, 13-15, and two other glycosides, 16 and 17, were isolated from a MeOH extract of the leaves of Passiflora edulis (passion flower; Passifloraceae). The structures of new compounds were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis and comparison with literature data. Upon evaluation of compounds 1-17 against the melanogenesis in the B16 melanoma cells induced with α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), three compounds, isoorientin (1), 2, and (6S,9R)-roseoside (17), exhibited inhibitory effects with 37.3-47.2% reduction of melanin content with no, or almost no, toxicity to the cells (90.8-100.2% cell viability) at 100 μM. Western blot analysis showed that compound 2 reduced the protein levels of MITF, TRP-1, and tyrosinase, in a concentration-dependent manner while exerted almost no influence on the level of TRP-2, suggesting that this compound inhibits melanogenesis on the α-MSH-stimulated B16 melanoma cells by, at least in part, inhibiting the expression of MITF, followed by decreasing the expression of TRP-1 and tyrosinase. In addition, compounds 1-17 were evaluated for their inhibitory effects against the EpsteinBarr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in Raji cells.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Chemistry & Biodiversity
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    ABSTRACT: The aqueous extract of Peltophorum pterocarpum (Fabaceae) wood exhibited potent inhibitory effects against EpsteinBarr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in Raji cells and against melanogenesis in α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH)-stimulated B16 melanoma cells, as well as potent 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical-scavenging activity. Two phenolic acid derivatives, bergenin (1) and gallic acid (2), were isolated from the ethyl acetate (AcOEt)-soluble fraction obtained from the extract. Compound 1 exhibited potent inhibitory effect against EBV-EA activation and against skin tumor promotion in an in vivo two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis test based on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) as initiator, and with TPA as promoter. Both compounds 1 and 2 exhibited melanogenesis-inhibitory activities in α-MSH-stimulated B16 melanoma cells, and, in addition, compound 2 showed strong DPPH radical-scavenging activity.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Chemistry & Biodiversity
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    ABSTRACT: Aplog-1, a simplified analog of debromoaplysiatoxin with anti-proliferative activity, bound to and activated protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ), that is involved in tumor suppression and apoptosis. To examine the contribution of PKCδ to the anti-proliferative activity of aplog-1, we synthesized 27-methyl and 27-methoxy derivatives that differed in the ability to activate PKCδ. Activators of PKCδ like aplog-1 and 27-(R)-Me-aplog-1 strongly inhibited the growth of several cancer cell lines. On the other hand, 27-(S)-Me-aplog-1 and 27-O-Me-aplog-1 without the ability to activate PKCδ, exhibited only weak growth inhibitory activity against these cell lines. These results suggest indirectly that the activation of PKCδ might be involved in the anti-proliferative activity of aplog-1 against aplog-sensitive cancer cell lines.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Tetrahedron

Publication Stats

10k Citations
1,187.92 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009-2015
    • Kanazawa University
      • Graduate School of Medical Sciences
      Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
  • 1990-2014
    • Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
      • • Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
      • • Graduate School of Medical Science
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2013
    • Kinki University
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2010
    • Meijo University
      • Faculty of Pharmacy
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
    • Nagoya City University
      • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 2003-2010
    • Hiroshima University
      • Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences
      Hirosima, Hiroshima, Japan
  • 1983-2010
    • Kyoto University
      • • Division of Applied Life Sciences
      • • Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      • • Department of Microbiology
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2008
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      • Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry
      Chapel Hill, NC, United States
    • Takasaki University of Commerce
      Takasaki, Gunma Prefecture, Japan
  • 2006-2008
    • Nihon University
      • College of Science and Technology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2004
    • Kobe Pharmaceutical University
      Kōbe, Hyōgo, Japan
    • Kyoto Prefectural University
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
    • Mukogawa Women's University
      Nishinomiya, Hyōgo, Japan
  • 2000-2003
    • Okayama University
      • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science
      Okayama, Okayama, Japan
    • Kansai University
      Suika, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1990-1999
    • Kyoto Pharmaceutical University
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 1993
    • Setsunan University
      • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 1992
    • Kagoshima University
      Kagosima, Kagoshima, Japan