[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Esophageal lymphangioma is a very rare disease. We report a case of esophageal lymphangioma successfully treated with endoscopic
submucosal dissection (ESD), which yielded definitive histological diagnosis and symptom relief. ESD offers a better option
for definitive diagnosis as well as complete resection of large esophageal lymphangiomas with flat configuration.
KeywordsEsophageal lymphangioma-Endoscopic mucosal resection-Endoscopic submucosal dissection
No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) is performed increasingly often in adults, few findings are available on the use of DBE in pediatric patients in the published literature.
The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of DBE in pediatric patients.
A retrospective database review.
A database analysis was performed on all pediatric patients (18 years old or younger) who underwent DBE at the Jichi Medical University Hospital between September 2000 and October 2008 selected from a total of 825 patients.
Clinical utility and safety of DBE in pediatric patients.
A total of 92 procedures were performed in 48 patients (27 male, 21 female) with a median age (range) of 12.2 (4-18) years. DBE was performed with the patients under general anesthesia in 43 procedures and under moderate sedation in 49 procedures. The most common indication for DBE was treatment of a stricture of a biliary anastomosis after living-donor liver transplantation with establishment of Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy (23 patients). Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography using DBE was performed, and endoscopic therapy could be performed successfully in 13 (56%) patients. The second most common indication was obscure GI bleeding (10 patients); the lesions responsible for the bleeding were found in 7 (70%) patients. Other indications included surveillance and treatment of hereditary polyposis syndromes (5 patients), abdominal pain (4 patients), and inflammatory bowel disease (2 patients). The overall diagnostic yield was 65% (31 of the 48 patients). Postpolypectomy bleeding occurred in 1 case, but no other complications such as perforation and pancreatitis were observed.
Small number of patients, participation bias, and single center's experience.
DBE is a safe and clinically useful endoscopic procedure in pediatric patients.
No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · Gastrointestinal endoscopy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is often difficult to determine the cause of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). We evaluated the diagnostic yield and long-term outcome of patients with OGIB by using double-balloon endoscopy (DBE).
In this large, retrospective cohort study, DBE was performed in 200 consecutive patients with OGIB. Follow-up data were available from 151 patients for 29.7 months (range, 6-78 months), and clinical outcome was assessed.
DBE detected bleeding sources in 155 of 200 patients (77.5%). The most frequent source detected was small intestine ulcers/erosions (64 patients). Patients who underwent DBE within 1 month after the last episode of overt bleeding had a better yield of positive findings than those who did not (84%, 107/128 patients vs 57%, 24/42; P = .002). The overall rate of control of OGIB was 64% (97/151 patients). Patients with vascular lesions of the small intestine had a significantly lower rate of control of OGIB than those with other small intestine lesions (40%, 12/30 patients vs 74%, 52/70; P = .001). A requirement for a large transfusion before DBE (P = .012), multiple lesions (P = .010), and suspicious (not definite) lesions (P = .038) each significantly increased the likelihood of overt rebleeding in patients with vascular lesions of the small intestine.
DBE is useful for the diagnosis of patients with OGIB and should be performed as soon as possible after overt OGIB. Patients with vascular lesions of the small intestine should be followed with particular care.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology: the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) occasionally induce small-bowel injury. However, the clinical features have only been partially clarified. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical features of the disease and evaluate the effectiveness of endoscopic balloon dilation therapy for diaphragm disease, using double-balloon endoscopy (DBE).
This is a retrospective case study using our DBE database. Our inclusion criteria required patients to meet all the following criteria: (1) history of NSAID use; (2) endoscopic findings of erosion and/or ulcer and/or typical diaphragm-like strictures; (3) improvement in clinical findings (signs and symptoms) and/or endoscopic findings by cessation of NSAIDs, except for diaphragm disease; and (4) exclusion of other causes (e.g., malignant tumor, inflammatory bowel disease, and infectious disease). The clinical records of patients were investigated.
Eighteen patients were included. Sixteen patients showed ulcerative lesions, and the remaining 2 patients showed diaphragm diseases. For localized lesions, 12 patients evidenced lesions in the ileum, 5 patients had lesions in the duodenum and/or jejunum, and 1 had lesions in both intestines. The ulcerative lesions were multiple with various morphologies that were located unrelated to mesenteric or antimesenteric sides. The endoscopic balloon dilations were performed safely, and all patients improved with regard to their symptoms.
Symptomatic NSAID-induced small-bowel injuries exhibit a variety of patterns of ulcerative lesions as observed in the ileum in many cases. The endoscopic balloon dilation appears to be a safe and effective treatment for diaphragm disease.
No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Journal of Gastroenterology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Double balloon endoscopy (DBE) was developed as a new technique for visualization and intervention of the entire small intestine. It has been world-widely reported that DBE is very useful for not only diagnosis but also endoscopic therapy. In this chapter, hemostatic procedure, polypectomy, dilation therapy for benign strictures, reduction of intussusception, removal of foreign bodies, and therapeutic ERCP in long-limb surgical bypass patients are described introductively. Diagnostic DBE is thought to be safe with a low complication rate, but it is reported that the complication rate in therapeutic DBE is higher than that associated with colonoscopy. The thin wall of the small intestine can explain this. Endoscopic therapy in the small intestine should be performed with special care to avoid complications such as bleeding and perforation.
No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Small-intestinal vascular lesions observed by endoscopy vary in appearance. Angioectasia is a venous lesion that requires cauterization; a Dieulafoy's lesion and arteriovenous malformation may cause arterial bleeding, which requires clipping or laparotomy. For selection of the appropriate treatment, it is necessary to distinguish between venous and arterial lesions.
We classified these lesions into the following 6 groups: type 1a, punctulate erythema (< 1 mm), with or without oozing; type 1b, patchy erythema (a few mm), with or without oozing; type 2a, punctulate lesions (< 1 mm), with pulsatile bleeding; type 2b, pulsatile red protrusion, without surrounding venous dilatation; type 3, pulsatile red protrusion, with surrounding venous dilatation; type 4, other lesions not classified into any of the above categories. Types 1a and 1b are considered angioectasias. Types 2a and 2b are Dieulafoy's lesions. Type 3 represents an arteriovenous malformation. Type 4 is unclassifiable. Three endoscopists independently reviewed images and video to classify 102 vascular lesions into the above types. The rate of concordance among the 3 endoscopists was calculated.
Eighty-four lesions (82%) were classified into the same type by all of 3 endoscopists. The mean kappa value (standard deviation) for the concordance was 0.72 +/- 0.07, which confirmed substantial interobserver concordance.
This classification is applicable only to endoscopic findings. It was desirable to correlate the histopathologic findings with endoscopic observations.
This classification will be useful for selecting the hemostatic procedure and outcome studies.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The endoscopic diagnosis of depressed-type early gastric cancers is difficult because these cancers manifest as subtle changes in color and shape. The newly developed optimal band imaging (OBI) system can reconstruct the best spectral images derived from ordinary endoscopic images and enhances the mucosal surface without the use of dyes. This imaging technique is based on narrowing the bandwidth of conventional image arithmetically by using spectral estimation technology.
Evaluation of the usefulness of the OBI system for identifying the demarcation line of depressed-type early gastric cancers.
Jichi Medical University in Japan.
Twenty-seven cases with depressed-type early gastric cancer.
Comparative study for the success rate of identifying the demarcation line of depressed-type early gastric cancer by using optimal band images and conventional endoscopic images.
Demarcation of the depressed-type early gastric cancer was easily identified by optimal band images without magnification in 26 of 27 cases (96%), because distinct demarcation was observed endoscopically between the reddish images of the cancerous lesion and the yellowish images of the surrounding noncancerous area. With 40-fold magnification of optimal band images, the demarcation was also clearly recognized in all cases. Medical students could point out the demarcation line with significantly greater accuracy by observing the new nonmagnified optimal band images than by the conventional images (P< .0001).
Small sample size.
The new contrasting images of the OBI system can delineate the depressed-type early gastric cancer more easily than conventional endoscopy.
No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: En bloc resection of superficial tumors in the colon is challenging but beneficial for the precise diagnosis and treatment. We have been using a novel technique of endoscopic submucosal dissection with a viscous substance, sodium hyaluronate, and a needle knife in combination with a small-caliber-tip transparent hood and succeeded in the endoscopic en bloc resection of large superficial tumors in the colon. We endoscopically treated superficial tumors larger than 20mm in diameter of the colon in 166 patients between June 1998 and March 2005. All the lesions were successfully resected endoscopically and en bloc resection was achieved in 77% of them. Even large superficial tumors in the colon can be resected in one piece by using this technique.
No preview · Article · Jun 2007 · Inflammopharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Double balloon endoscopy is based on a new insertion mode in which two balloons at the distal ends of both an endoscope and an overtube are operated in combination. We have performed 419 enteroscopic examinations in 250 patients using the Fujinon double balloon endoscopy system between September 2000 and October 2005. Total enteroscopy was successfully achieved by the combination of both oral and anal approaches in 55 out of 71 cases in whom total enteroscopy was intended. Of 250 patients, ulcerative and/or erosive lesions were found in 49 cases and tumors/polyps were found in 49 cases. We also found 26 cases of vascular lesion, including angiodysplasia. Endoscopic treatments, including hemostasis using either clipping devices or electro coagulation, polypectomy, endoscopic mucosal resection, balloon dilation, and stent placement was successfully carried out. Double balloon enteroscopy is both feasible and useful technique for the diagnosis as well as treatment of small intestinal disorders.
No preview · Article · May 2007 · Inflammopharmacology