[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has been widely investigated for treatments of many cancers including prostate cancer. HOXB13, silenced in androgen receptor-negative (AR(-)) prostate cancer cells, plays a role in AR(-) prostate cancer cell growth arrest. In this study we intended to elucidate the mechanisms that are involved in the proliferation inhibition of AR(-) prostate cancer cells triggered by ATRA. We discovered that ATRA was able to induce the growth arrest and to increase HOXB13 expression in AR(-) prostate cancer cells. Both EZH2 and DNMT3b participated in the repression of HOXB13 expression through an epigenetic mechanism involving DNA and histone methylation modifications. Specifically, EZH2 recruited DNMT3b to HOXB13 promoter to form a repression complex. Moreover, ATRA could upregulate HOXB13 through decreasing EZH2 and DNMT3b expressions and reducing their interactions with the HOXB13 promoter. Concurrently, the methylation level of the HOXB13 promoter was reduced upon the treatment of ATRA. Results from this study implicated a novel effect of ATRA in inhibition of the growth of AR(-) resistant human prostate cancer cells through alteration of HOXB13 expression as a result of epigenetic modifications.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The sex-determining region Y-box 7 (Sox7) is a member of high mobility group (HMG) transcription factor family, essential for embryonic development and endoderm differentiation. Deregulation of Wnt signaling pathway is a hallmark of colorectal cancer. Our results showed that the expression level of SOX7 was frequently down-regulated in human colorectal cancer cell lines and in primary colorectal tumor tissues, and the SOX7 silencing was partially due to the aberrant DNA methylation of the gene. Restoration of SOX7 induced colorectal cancer cell apoptosis, inhibited cell proliferation and colony formation. In addition, SOX7 efficiently suppressed beta-catenin-mediated transcriptional activity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cell senescence, an irreversible cell cycle arrest, reflects a safeguard program that limits the capacity of uncontrolled
cell proliferation. Treatment of tumor cells with certain chemotherapeutic agents activates premature senescence to decrease
the tumorigenecity. Here we show that sublethal concentrations of adriamycin could induce premature senescence in lung cancer
cells. Adriamycin treatment resulted in the up-regulation of BMP4, which is underexpressed in NSCLC (non-small cell lung cancers).
Moreover, the BMP4-Smad pathway played a key role in mediating adriamycin-induced senescence. Overexpression of BMP4 was able
to induce premature senescence in lung cancer cells and this process required the participation of cyclin/cyclin-dependent
kinase (cdk) inhibitors p16INK4a and p21WAF1/cip1. We also show that increases of p16INK4a and p21WAF1/cip1 expression in response to BMP4 were mediated by the Smad signaling pathway. Furthermore, our data revealed that p300 was
recruited to P16INK4a and P21WAF1/cip1 promoters by Smad1/5/8 to induce the hyperacetylation of histones H3 and H4 at the promoters. The present study provides
useful clues to the evaluation of the potentiality of BMP4 as a responsive molecular target for cancer chemotherapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HOXB13 is a homeodomain protein implicated to play a role in growth arrest in AR (androgen receptor)-negative prostate cancer cells. Expression of HOXB13 is restricted to the AR-expressing prostate cells. In this report, we demonstrate that the HDAC inhibitor NaB (sodium butyrate) was able to induce cell growth arrest and to increase HOXB13 expression in AR-negative prostate cancer cells. We also show that both HDAC4 and YY1 participated in the repression of HOXB13 expression through an epigenetic mechanism involving histone acetylation modification. Specifically, co-immunoprecipitation assays revealed that HDAC4 and YY1 formed a complex. The chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays verified that HDAC4 was recruited to HOXB13 promoter by YY1. Moreover, promoter truncation and point mutation studies determined that the two proximal YY1 binding sites on the HOXB13 promoter were essential for the recruitments of YY1 and HDAC4. Data presented in this report suggest that YY1 and HDAC4 affected cell growth by repressing transcriptional regulation of HOXB13 through an epigenetic modification of histones.
No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The transcription factor YY1 has been implicated to play a role in cell growth control. In this report, we demonstrate that YY1 was able to suppress NCI-H460 cell senescence through regulating the expression of p16(INK4a), a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. We also show that YY1 participated in the repression of p16(INK4a) expression in 293T cells through an epigenetic mechanism involving histone acetylation modification. Specifically, HDAC3 and HDAC4 inhibited the p16(INK4a) promoter activity. The chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays verified that HDAC3 and HDAC4 were recruited to p16(INK4a) promoter by YY1. Moreover, co-immunoprecipitation assays revealed that these three protein factors formed a complex. Furthermore, knockdown of these factors induced cell enlargement and flattened morphology and significantly increased the SA-beta-gal activity, a biochemical marker of cell senescence. Overall, data from this study suggest that YY1, HDAC3 and HDAC4 restrained cell senescence by repressing p16(INK4a) expression through an epigenetic modification of histones.