Peter Brne

Bia Separations, Hajdenšaft, Ajdovščina, Slovenia

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Publications (8)29.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Human serum albumin (HSA) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) represent over 75% of all proteins present in human plasma. These high-abundance proteins prevent the detection of low-abundance proteins which are potential markers for various diseases. The depletion of HSA and IgG is therefore essential for further proteome analysis. In this paper we describe the optimization of conditions for selective depletion of HSA and IgG using affinity and pseudo-affinity chromatography. A BIA Separations CIM (convective interaction media) Protein G disk was applied for the removal of IgG and the Mimetic Blue SA A6XL stationary phase for the removal of HSA. The binding and the elution buffer for CIM Protein G disk were chosen on the basis of the peak shape. The dynamic binding capacity was determined. It was shown to be dependent on the buffer system used and independent of the flow rate and of the concentration of IgG. Beside the binding capacity for the IgG standard, the binding capacity was also determined for IgG in human plasma. The Mimetic Blue SA A6XL column was characterized using human plasma. The selectivity of the depletion was dependent on the amount of human plasma that was loaded on the column. After the conditions on both supports had been optimized, the Mimetic Blue SA A6XL stationary phase was combined with the CIM Protein G disk in order to simultaneously deplete samples of human plasma. A centrifuge spin column that enables the removal of IgG and HSA from 20 microL of human plasma was designed. The results of the depletion were examined using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · Journal of Chromatography A
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    ABSTRACT: Convective interaction media (CIM; BIA Separations) monoliths are attractive stationary phases for use in affinity chromatography because they enable fast affinity binding, which is a consequence of convectively enhanced mass transport. This work focuses on the development of novel CIM hydrazide (HZ) monoliths for the oriented immobilization of antibodies. Adipic acid dihydrazide (AADH) was covalently bound to CIM epoxy monoliths to gain hydrazide groups on the monolith surface. Two different antibodies were afterwards immobilized to hydrazide functionalized monolithic columns and prepared columns were tested for their selectivity. One column was further tested for the dynamic binding capacity.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2008 · Journal of Chromatography A
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    ABSTRACT: This review describes the novel chromatography stationary phase--a porous monolithic methacrylate-based polymer--in terms of the design of the columns and some of the features that make these columns attractive for the purification of large biomolecules. We first start with a brief summary of the characteristics of these large molecules (more precisely large proteins like immunoglobulins G and M, plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and viral particles), and a list of some of the problems that were encountered during the development of efficient purification processes. We then briefly describe the structure of the methacrylate-based monolith and emphasize the features which make them more than suitable for dealing with large entities. The highly efficient structure on a small scale can be transferred to a large scale without the need of making column modifications, and the various approaches of how this is accomplished are briefly presented in this paper. This is followed by presenting some of the examples from the bioprocess development schemes, where the implementation of the methacrylate-based monolithic columns has resulted in a very efficient and productive process. Following this, we move back to the analytical scale and demonstrate the efficiency of the monolithic column--where the mass transfer between the stationary and mobile phase is greatly enhanced--for the in-process and final control of the new therapeutics. The combination of an efficient structure and the appropriate hardware results in separations of proteins with residence time less than 0.1 s.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Journal of Separation Science
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    ABSTRACT: New non-destructive method for characterization of ion exchange chromatographic columns based on transient pH formed by a step change in ionic strength of buffer solutions was examined. The method was used to distinguish between cation and anion or weak and strong ion exchange chromatographic supports and to determine the capacity of the chromatographic resins. The general scheme to distinguish between most commonly used types of ion exchange chromatographic columns was proposed. The duration of pH transient was shown to be linearly proportional to the total ionic capacity and was used to estimate protein dynamic binding capacity of the resin. The effects of pH, concentration and temperature on transient pH duration were examined.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · Journal of Chromatography A
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    ABSTRACT: Certain diagnostic, analytical and preparative applications require the separation of immunoglobulin G (IgG) from immunoglobulin M (IgM). In the present work, different ion-exchange methacrylate monoliths were tested for the separation of IgG and IgM. The strong anion-exchange column had the highest dynamic binding capacity reaching more than 20mg of IgM/ml of support. Additionally, separation of IgM from human serum albumin, a common contaminant in immunoglobulin purification, was achieved on the weak ethylenediamino anion-exchange column, which set the basis for the IgM purification method developed on convective interaction media (CIM) supports. Experiments also confirmed flow independent characteristics of the short monolithic columns.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Journal of Chromatography A
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    ABSTRACT: In order to enable the detection of low abundance proteins from human plasma, it is necessary to remove high abundance proteins. Among them, human serum albumin and immunoglobulin G represent more than 75% of all such proteins. In this paper, the characterization of short monolithic columns was performed followed by the optimization of a multidimensional approach, known as conjoint liquid chromatography, to deplete human serum albumin and immunoglobulin G from a human plasma sample. Two different chromatographic modes were used: ion-exchange chromatography and affinity chromatography. A monolithic stationary phase (convective interaction media disk) bearing strong anion-exchange groups and another immobilized with protein G were placed in series into one housing. The optimal binding conditions were found that removed a majority of human serum albumin and immunoglobulin G from the human plasma sample. This method was compared to the depletion using a combination of pseudo-affinity and affinity columns. The results of the human serum albumin and immunoglobulin G depletion were confirmed by 2D electrophoresis. It has been shown that anion-exchange and affinity chromatography using convective interaction media monolithic columns can represent an efficient complementary technique for human serum albumin and immunoglobulin G removal from human plasma.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2007 · Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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    ABSTRACT: New therapeutics that are being developed rely more and more on large and complex biomacromolecules like proteins, DNA, and viral particles. Manufacturing processes are being redesigned and optimized both upstream and downstream to cope with the ever-increasing demand for the above target molecules. In downstream processing, LC still represents the most powerful technique for achieving high yield and high purities of these molecules. In most cases, however, the separation technology relies on conventional particle-based technology, which has been optimized for the purification of smaller molecules. New technologies are, therefore, needed in order to push the downstream processing ahead and into the direction that will provide robust, productive, and easy to implement methods for the production of novel therapeutics. New technologies include the renaissance of membranes, various improvements of existing technologies, but also the introduction of a novel concept--the continuous bed or monolithic stationary phases. Among different introduced products, Convective Interaction Media short monolithic columns (SMC) that are based on methacrylate monoliths exhibit some interesting features that make them attractive for these tasks. SMC can be initially used for fast method development on the laboratory scale and subsequently efficiently transferred to preparative and even more importantly to industrial scale. A brief historical overview of methacrylate monoliths is presented, followed by a short presentation of theoretical considerations that had led to the development of SMC. The design of these columns, as well as their scale-up to large units, together with the methods for transferring gradient separations from one scale to another are addressed. Noninvasive methods that have been developed for the physical characterization of various batches of SMC, which fulfill the regulatory requirements for cGMP production, are discussed. The applications of SMC for the separation and purification of large biomolecules, which demonstrate the full potential of this novel technology for an efficient downstream processing of biomolecules, are also presented.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2005 · Journal of Separation Science
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to develop a fast, simple, non-destructive, non-toxic and low-priced method for determining the amount of ionic groups on resins, since the conventional titration method fails to give proper results on methacrylate monoliths. After the column had been pre-saturated with a high concentration buffer solution, a low concentration buffer solution of the same pH value was pumped through the column. Measuring pH and absorbance, the profiles with a shape of typical break-through curve were obtained. It was shown that the time of the pH transient, which appeared under such conditions, could be used as a measure of the total ionic capacity of ion-exchange monolithic columns. The effect of the column length, linear velocity and varying concentrations of buffer solutions on the time of the pH transient was examined. The method was shown to be suitable for determining the amount of ionic groups on both anion and cation monolithic columns. In addition, it could also be applied to particle bed columns. The time of the pH transient and the protein dynamic binding capacity were also compared and it was concluded that for a given monolith the protein capacity can be derived from the data obtained by the new method.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · Journal of Chromatography A