Elmo Mannarino

Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia, Umbria, Italy

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Publications (311)1190.12 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Our study evaluated brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) changes over time after adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) in women with left-sided breast cancer investigating its correlation with heart dosimetric parameters. Methods: Forty-three patients underwent clinical cardiac examination, electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography and BNP measurement before RT (T0) and 1 (T1), 6 (T6) and 12 months (T12) after. After T12 cardiac assessment was performed annually in each patient. Mean values and standard deviation (SD) of BNP, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), V20, V25, V30, V45 and mean dose were calculated. Normalized BNP (BNPn) was calculated as follows: BNPnT1 = BNPT1/BNPT0, BNPnT6 = BNPT6/BNPT0, BNPnT12 = BNPT12/BNPT0. Absolute BNP and BNPn values were used for data analysis. Results: Median follow-up from the end of RT to the last check-up was 87 months (range 37-120 months). Minimum follow-up was 74 months except for two patients, who died at respectively 37 and 47 months after RT. In all patients LVEF did not change significantly (p = 0.22) after RT. BNP increased significantly (p < 0.001), particularly 1 and 6 months after RT. It slightly decreased after 12 months. BNP did not correlate with V20, V25, V30, V45, mean dose and MHD. All BNPn correlated significantly (p < 0.05) with V20, V25, V30, V45, mean dose and MHD. Four patients had a cardiac event; in the only subject who developed myocardial infarction, V20, V25, V30 and V45 were the highest and BNP increased from T1 and persisted high even at T12. Conclusion: Our results confirm that BNP could be a useful minimally invasive marker of early RT related cardiac impairment.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Plasma adiponectin levels have previously been inversely associated with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. In this study, we used a sex-stratified Mendelian randomization approach to investigate whether adiponectin has a causal protective influence on IMT. Methods and results: Baseline plasma adiponectin concentration was tested for association with baseline IMT, IMT progression over 30 months, and occurrence of cardiovascular events within 3 years in 3430 participants (women, n=1777; men, n=1653) with high cardiovascular risk but no prevalent disease. Plasma adiponectin levels were inversely associated with baseline mean bifurcation IMT after adjustment for established risk factors (β=-0.018, P<0.001) in men but not in women (β=-0.006, P=0.185; P for interaction=0.061). Adiponectin levels were inversely associated with progression of mean common carotid IMT in men (β=-0.0022, P=0.047), whereas no association was seen in women (0.0007, P=0.475; P for interaction=0.018). Moreover, we observed that adiponectin levels were inversely associated with coronary events in women (hazard ratio 0.57, 95% CI 0.37 to 0.87) but not in men (hazard ratio 0.82, 95% CI 0.54 to 1.25). A gene score of adiponectin-raising alleles in 6 loci, reported recently in a large multi-ethnic meta-analysis, was inversely associated with baseline mean bifurcation IMT in men (β=-0.0008, P=0.004) but not in women (β=-0.0003, P=0.522; P for interaction=0.007). Conclusions: This report provides some evidence for adiponectin protecting against atherosclerosis, with effects being confined to men; however, compared with established cardiovascular risk factors, the effect of plasma adiponectin was modest. Further investigation involving mechanistic studies is warranted.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of the American Heart Association
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    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in the clinical practice is still debated, due to different diagnostic criteria, target populations and clinical settings. Thus, the main purposes of the study were: (I) to evaluate prevalence of MS; (II) to estimate prevalence of additional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and concomitant conditions in patients with MS followed by general practitioners (GPs) in Italy. GPs from three different macro-areas were asked to evaluate the first and the last three outpatients, consecutively seen during 20 consecutive weeks in 2007, whatever the reason for clinical consultation. MS was defined according to Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III definition. Clinical data were collected locally and centrally analysed. The overall population sample included 4,513 outpatients, among which 1,574 (34.9%) from Regione Lazio, 1,498 (33.2%) from Regione Piemonte, and 1,441 (31.9%) from Regione Umbria. The population analysis included 4,418 (97.9%) adult outpatients [52.1% females, (mean age, 58.0±11.8 years); mean body mass index (BMI), 26.7±4.7 kg/m(2)]. MS was diagnosed in 1,456 (33.0%) outpatients. High-normal blood pressure (BP) was the most common risk factor for MS (n=1,382; 94.9%), followed by abdominal obesity (n=1,229; 84.4%), hypertriglyceridemia (n=1,032; 70.9%), abnormal fasting glucose (n=819; 56.3%) and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels (n=730; 50.1%). Using this sample of outpatients followed by GPs in Italy, our study reports a relatively high prevalence of MS and a high prevalence of associated CV and metabolic risk factors in patients with than in those without MS.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015
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    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic variants robustly associated with coronary artery disease were reported in the vicinity of the interleukin (IL)-5 locus, and animal studies suggested a protective role for IL-5 in atherosclerosis. Therefore, we set this work to explore IL-5 as a plasma biomarker for early subclinical atherosclerosis, as determined by measures of baseline severity and change over time of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). We used biobank and databases of IMPROVE, a large European prospective cohort study of high-risk individuals (n = 3534) free of clinically overt cardiovascular disease at enrollment, in whom composite and segment-specific measures of cIMT were recorded at baseline and after 15 and 30 months. IL-5 was measured with an immunoassay in plasma samples taken at baseline. IL-5 levels were lower in women than in men, lower in the South than in North of Europe, and showed positive correlations with most established risk factors. IL-5 showed significant inverse relationships with cIMT change over time in the common carotid segment in women, but no significant relationships to baseline cIMT in either men or women. Our results suggest that IL-5 may be part of protective mechanisms operating in early atherosclerosis, at least in women. However, the relationships are weak and whereas IL-5 has been proposed as a potential molecular target to treat allergies, it is difficult to envisage such a scenario in coronary artery disease. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Atherosclerosis
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Low levels of IgM anti- phosphorylcholine (anti-PC) increase the risk of cardiovascular events (CVE). Here we investigate the association of low anti-PC with the progression of carotid intima media thickness (C-IMT) and incidence of CVE in a large cohort of individuals at high risk of CVE, the IMPROVE, a prospective multicenter European study. Methods 3711 subjects (54-79 years) with at least three established cardiovascular risk factors were enrolled. Baseline serum levels of IgM anti-PC were measured by ELISA. Carotid ultrasound investigations were performed at baseline and after 15 and 30 months of follow-up. The risk of C-IMT progression and ischemic CVE associated with low anti-PC levels was tested by logistic regression and Cox regression analysis, respectively. Risk estimates were adjusted by center and conventional cardiovascular risk factors. Results 3670 study participants were included in the present analysis and 213 CVE were recorded during a 3 year follow up. Anti-PC levels (U/ml) were classified into quartiles [Q1≤ 40, Q2 >40-≤64, Q3 >64-≤102, Q4 >102]. In men, low levels of anti-PC (Q1) were associated with the highest (> 90th) percentile of the fastest C-IMT progression, i.e. the segment showing the fastest progression over 30 months in the whole carotid tree, with an OR of 1.41 (95%CI, 1.02-1.9) and with an increased risk of CVE with a multivariable adjusted HR of 1.85 (95%CI, 1.1-3.1). No significant associations were found in women. Conclusions Low anti-PC levels increase the risk of CVE in men. This effect may be partly mediated by a fast C-IMT progression.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Atherosclerosis
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    ABSTRACT: Background The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between heart failure (HF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in tertiary care centers using the clinical records of patients enrolled in internal medicine departments. Patients and methods We used the clinical records of 1380 elderly patients to identify patients with a history of HF and CKD using admission ICD codes and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) formulas. Magnitude and strength of such associations were investigated by univariable and multivariable analysis. Results Of the 1380 patients enrolled, 27.9% had HF (age 80 ± 7, BMI 27 ± 6 kg/m2) and 17.4% CKD (age 81 ± 7, BMI 26.8 ± 6 kg/m2). Both groups were significantly older (P < 0.0001) with BMI higher than the patients without those diagnosis (P < 0.02). Patients with a history of CKD showed higher non-fasting glycaemia (140 ± 86 vs. 125 ± 63 mg/dL, P < 0.001). CKD was significantly associated with HF (P < 0.0001). Patients with HF had an estimated GFR lower than patients without HF (P < 0.0001). Comorbidity and severity indices were significantly higher in subjects with HF (P < 0.0001) and CKD (P < 0.0001) than in those without. Multivariable analysis showed a significant association between HF and age (for five years increase OR 1.13, P < 0.009), BMI (for each 3 kg/m2 increase OR 1.15, P < 0.001), GFR (for each decrease of 10 mL/min increase OR 0.92, P < 0.002) and severity index (IS) (for each 0.25 units increase OR 1.43, P < 0.001). Conclusion HF on admission is strongly associated with CKD, older age, BMI, and SI. These data focus the value of epidemiological studies such REPOSI in identifying and monitoring multimorbidity in elderly.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · European geriatric medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Systemic inflammation and imbalance between endothelial injury and repair, the latter referred to as vascular incompetence, are associated with atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk. Psoriasis, an inflammatory disease of the skin, has been associated with atherosclerosis. We investigated whether, in psoriasis, inflammation and vascular incompetence are associated with carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) irrespective of metabolic syndrome and other established cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), the ratio between endothelial microparticles (EMPs) and progenitors (EPCs), a marker of vascular incompetence, and cIMT were measured in 84 patients with psoriasis and 90 healthy controls, balanced for age, gender and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Results: Patients with psoriasis had higher hsCRP, EMP/EPC ratio and cIMT than controls. Patients with both psoriasis and metabolic syndrome had the highest hsCRP levels, psoriasis and metabolic syndrome being associated with a 3.1- and 2.6-fold increased risk of having high hsCRP levels, respectively. Logarithm transformed hsCRP and EMP/EPC ratio were predictors of high cIMT (odds ratio 3.8; 95% confidence interval 1.3-11.4; p = 0.02 and odds ratio 8.7; 95% confidence interval 2.7-27.5; p < 0.001, respectively) regardless of confounders. Patients with high hsCRP and EMP/EPC ratio had higher cIMT than those with none or at least one of risk variable. Conclusions: Patients with psoriasis have an increased burden of cardiovascular risk, including inflammation, vascular incompetence and early atherosclerosis. Increased hsCRP levels, possibly sustained by the inflammatory nature of psoriasis and metabolic syndrome, and vascular incompetence are associated with early carotid atherosclerosis, regardless of metabolic syndrome and other established cardiovascular risk factors.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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    Full-text · Dataset · Jun 2014
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    ABSTRACT: The findings of studies investigating whether or not low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration promotes development of atherosclerosis have been contradictory. The present study employed a Mendelian randomisation approach and carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT), a surrogate marker of coronary artery disease, to address this question. The multicentre, longitudinal Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and IMT-Progression as Predictors of Vascular Events in a High-Risk European Population (IMPROVE) cohort study, which enrolled individuals with at least three cardiovascular risk factors and no history or symptoms of cardiovascular disease, was used for the present investigation. Participants underwent carotid ultrasound examination at baseline and at months 15 and 30. Six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with serum 25(OH)D concentration in genome-wide association studies were identified and genotyped in 3,418 individuals, of whom 929 had type 2 diabetes. SNPs in the genes encoding vitamin D binding protein (GC; rs2282679 and rs7041) and 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase/NAD synthetase-1 (DHCR7; rs12785878 and rs3829251) were negatively associated with 25(OH)D levels. Effect sizes and significance of associations between SNPs and 25(OH)D levels differed between individuals with and without type 2 diabetes, although no significant interactions were observed. A SNP in DHCR7 interacted with type 2 diabetes to significantly influence progression of cIMT measures independent of 25(OH)D levels and established risk factors. Expression analysis demonstrated that this SNP modulates DHCR7 mRNA levels in aortic adventitia. SNPs in GC and DHCR7 were associated with serum levels of 25(OH)D, but only rs3829251 (DHCR7) influenced progression of subclinical atherosclerosis, as measured by cIMT, in a manner dependent on type 2 diabetes status but independent of 25(OH)D levels.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Diabetologia
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Experimental studies have suggested that autoimmunity is involved in atherosclerosis and provided evidence that both protective and pro-atherogenic immune responses exist. This concept has received support from small clinical studies implicating autoantibodies directed against apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) in human atherosclerosis. We examined circulating autoantibodies directed against native and malondialdehyde (MDA)-modified epitope p210 of apoB-100 (IgG-p210nat and IgM-p210MDA) in relation to early atherosclerosis in a large, European longitudinal cohort study of healthy high-risk individuals. Approach and results IgG-p210nat and IgM-p210MDA were quantified in baseline plasma samples of 3430 participants in the IMPROVE study and related to composite and segment-specific measures of severity and rate of progression of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) determined at baseline and after 30 months. IgM-p210MDA autoantibody levels were independently related to several cIMT measures both in the common carotid artery and in the carotid bulb, including measures of cIMT progression, higher levels being associated with lower cIMT or slower cIMT progression. Consistent inverse relationships were also found between plasma levels of IgG-p210nat and baseline composite measures of cIMT. These associations disappeared when adjusting for established and emerging risk factors, and there were no associations with rate of cIMT progression besides in certain secondary stratified analyses. Conclusions The present study provides further evidence of involvement of autoantibodies against native and MDA-modified apoB-100 peptide 210 in cardiovascular disease in humans and demonstrates that these associations are present already at a subclinical stage of the disease.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Atherosclerosis
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    ABSTRACT: Background Patients with systemic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases display an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Inflammatory and immune-mediated mechanisms have been identified to promote induction and progression of atherosclerotic endothelial injury (1). Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) represents an interesting model to investigate pathogenetic mechanisms involved in atherosclerotic damage. Young SS patients are characterized by an accelerated subclinical atherosclerotic damage and disease-related immune mechanisms may be involved in this process (2,3). However, the exact pathogenetic mechanisms involved in the precocious vascular damage in SS are still unknown. Recent evidence suggests that endothelial integrity loss may involve defects in the vascular regenerative capacity provided by circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and generation of circulating microparticles (MPs). Endothelial (E) MPs represent an emerging marker of endothelial dysfunction in patients with CV diseases and an increased number of EMPs have been demonstrated in diseases characterized by high inflammatory response, as polymyalgia rheumatica (4). Increased levels of leukocyte and platelet MPs have been recently demonstrated in SS and have been identified as biomarkers reflecting systemic cell activation. On the other hand, the role of EMPs in SS has never been investigated. Objectives Evaluate the degree of endothelial injury in SS patients by measuring number of circulating EMPs and their repair potential by EPC measurement. Methods 31 SS patients (30 female, 1 male, mean age 52±12 SD) and 31 age- and sex-matched normal controls (NC) were enrolled. Number of circulating EMPs (CD31+/CD42-) and EPC (CD34+/KDR+) was quantified by FACS analysis. Parameters of disease activity and damage were measured by ESSDAI (inactive ≤2, active >2) and SSDDI, respectively. Disease-related clinical features, laboratory markers of immunologic dysfunction and traditional CV risk factors were recorded. Results SS patients displayed higher levels of EMPs and lower count of EPC than NC (634±21548 vs 399±28 n/microL: p<0.001 and 203±16 vs 563±21 n/mL: p<0.001, respectively). No correlation was depicted between EMPs, EPCs and EMP/EPC ratio and parameters of disease activity/damage or disease-related clinical and immunologic features. Of interest, a correlation was demonstrated between number of cigarettes smoked and active disease (p=0.001). Conclusions This is the first demonstration of a significant imbalance between endothelial injury and repair in SS, as demonstrated by increased number of EMPs associated with EPC count reduction. In this setting, increased endothelial fragmentation in association with a reduced endothelial repair may advocated as adjunctive potential pathogenic mechanism promoting subclinical atherosclerotic damage in SS. Among traditional CV risk factors, smoke may be associated with an higher risk of active disease. Disclosure of Interest None Declared
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
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    Full-text · Dataset · Nov 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in cardiovascular disease and is associated with multiple cardiovascular risk factors. We investigated the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration in relation to latitude, baseline carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), and IMT progression, the carotid IMT measures being surrogate markers of subclinical atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease risk. Serum 25(OH)D concentration was related to high-resolution carotid IMT measures in 3430 middle-aged and elderly subjects with high cardiovascular risk but no prevalent disease, who were recruited at 7 centers in Finland, Sweden, The Netherlands, France, and Italy. Participants underwent carotid ultrasound examination at baseline and at months 15 and 30 after entry into the study, whereas blood samples, clinical data, and information about lifestyle were collected at baseline. Serum 25(OH)D levels were positively associated with latitude (Jonckheere-Terpstra χ=166.643; P<0.001) and, as previously reported, associated with a range of cardiovascular risk factors. There were no independent relationships between 25(OH)D and segment-specific or composite IMT measures in the entire cohort. In analyses stratified by sex, diabetes mellitus, and statin treatment, weak associations with some baseline and progression measures of carotid IMT were observed in males, diabetics, and nonstatin-treated individuals. Levels of 25(OH)D differed across Europe, were highest in the North, showed multiple associations with established and emerging cardiovascular risk factors but were not consistently, independently related to measures of carotid IMT. This argues against a protective role of vitamin D against subclinical atherosclerosis in high-risk individuals.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology
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    ABSTRACT: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are believed to play a role in promoting abnormal vascularization in neoplastic sites. We measured the number of circulating EPCs in treatment-naïve patients with early non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and healthy controls. The prospective influence of baseline and post-surgery EPC levels on cancer recurrence and survival was investigated. Circulating EPCs were quantified by FACS analysis in 34 patients with Stage I-II NSCLC and 68 healthy age- and sex-matched controls. Measurement of EPCs was repeated 48 h after thoracic surgery and at the hospital discharge. Cancer recurrence and survival was evaluated after 446 ± 106 days of follow-up (range 182-580 days). The base 10 logarithmic [log] number of circulating EPCs was comparable between patients with NSCLC and controls [mean ± standard deviation (SD): 2.3 ± 0.32 vs 2.3 ± 0.26 n/ml, P = 0.776]. In regression analysis, smoking status [standardized coefficient beta (β) = -0.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) for B -0.29/-0.03, P = 0.014] and systolic blood pressure [β = -0.23, 95% CI for B -0.011/-0.001, P = 0.018] were independent predictors of the number of EPCs, irrespective of the NSCLC status. The mean number of EPCs did not change after surgical treatment. However, a post-surgery EPC increase was observed in 44% patients. Patients with a 48 h post-surgery EPC increase had a higher rate of cancer recurrence/death than patients with either stable or decreased post-surgery EPC levels [hazard ratio (HR) 4.4, 95% CI 1.1-17.3; P = 0.032], irrespective of confounders. Circulating EPC levels are comparable between patients with early-stage NSCLC and healthy controls. Overall, surgical cancer resection was not associated with a significant early EPC change. However, an early post-surgery EPC increase is able to predict an increased risk of cancer recurrence and death.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2013 · European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Statin therapy is followed by reductions in carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, but a significant number of treated patients still have increased CIMT. We investigated whether on-treatment levels of CRP is associated with CIMT in hypercholesterolemic patients receiving statin therapy. The influence of blood pressure and anti-hypertensive therapy on the association between CRP and CIMT was evaluated. Assessment of cardiovascular risk factors, CRP and CIMT was performed in a cross-sectional study of 240 hypercholesterolemic patients at intermediate cardiovascular risk under statin therapy; 125 patients received only a statin (Statin Group) and 115 also anti-hypertensive therapy (Combined Therapy Group). Logarithmically transformed CRP (β=0.17, p=0.01) and HDL cholesterol levels (β=-0.27, p<0.001) were correlates of CIMT, irrespective of confounders. High CRP levels (>3 mg/L) were associated with a 2.7-fold increased risk of having high CIMT (>1.25 mm). High CIMT was present in a high percentage of patients not at target for cholesterol and blood pressure levels (61%). Patients in the Statin Group had lower Framingham risk and CIMT than those in the Combined Therapy Group. In the Statin Group, logarithmically transformed CRP (β=0.28, p=0.004) and HDL cholesterol (β=-0.21, p=0.03) were associated with CIMT. In the Combined Therapy Group, HDL cholesterol was the only significant CIMT correlate (β=-0.33, p=0.001). On-treatment CRP and HDL cholesterol levels are associated with CIMT among hypercholesterolemic patients under statin therapy. In patients receiving both statin and anti-hypertensive therapy, HDL cholesterol remains the main covariate of CIMT.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Life sciences
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether several different measures of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) progression are associated with subsequent vascular events and whether such associations are independent of baseline carotid atherosclerotic profile and Framingham risk factors. A longitudinal cohort study (the IMPROVE study) was performed in 7 centers in 5 European countries (Finland, France, Italy, the Netherlands, and Sweden). Three thousand four hundred eighty-two subjects (median age 64.1 years; 47.8% men) with ≥3 vascular risk factors were recruited and monitored for a postprogression median follow-up of 21.5 months, during which time 129 subjects experienced a first vascular event (incidence of 20.4 per 1000 person-years). The 15th month progression of mean and maximum carotid IMT of the left and right common carotids, bifurcations, internal carotid arteries, and their composite measures, as well as the fastest IMTmax progression (Fastest-IMTmax-progr) detected in the whole carotid tree regardless of location, were used in statistical analyses. All carotid IMT measures showed significant progression during the first 15 months (P<0.001), but only the Fastest-IMTmax-progr was significantly associated with the risk of subsequent vascular events. The Fastest-IMTmax-progr association persisted after Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons and after adjustments for Framingham risk factors and pharmacological treatments (all P<0.005). The use of Framingham Risk Score in place of Framingham risk factors provided almost identical results (P=0.003). The Fastest-IMTmax-progr, a novel approach to assess carotid IMT progression, identifies focal increases of carotid IMT and, in contrast to other progression variables, is associated with cardiovascular risk.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aimsEctopic artery calcification has been documented in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, in whom an imbalance in the number of circulating osteoprogenitor cells (OPCs) has been identified. Circulating OPCs form calcified nodules in vitro; however, it remains unknown whether an association exists between the number of circulating OPCs and aortic calcifications. We investigated the relationship between OPCs and aortic calcifications in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.Methods and resultsThe number of circulating OPCs was quantified by FACS analysis in 50 osteoporotic postmenopausal women. OPCs were defined as CD15-/alkaline-phosphatase(AP)+ cells coexpressing or not CD34. Participants underwent measurement of markers of bone metabolism, bone mineral density and abdominal aortic calcium (AAC) by 64-slice computed tomography.Patients with AAC were older, had lower 25(OH)vitamin D levels and higher circulating CD15-/AP+/CD34- cells than those without AAC. Significant correlates of AAC included age (rho = 0.38 p = 0.006), calcium (rho = 0.35 p = 0.01), 25(OH)vitamin D (rho = −0.31, p = 0.03) and the number of CD15-/AP+/CD34- cells (rho = 0.55 p < 0.001). In regression analyses, the log-transformed number of CD15-/AP+/CD34- cells was associated with the presence (OR = 6.45, 95% CI 1.03–40.1, p = 0.04) and severity (β = 0.43, p < 0.001) of AAC, independent of age, 25(OH)vitamin D, calcium and other potential confounders. Patients with low 25(OH)vitamin D and high CD15-/AP+/CD34- cells had higher median AAC than other patients (1927/μL, 862–2714/μL vs 147/μL, 0–1665/μL, p = 0.003).Conclusion In women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, the number of circulating CD15-/AP+/CD34- cells is significantly associated with increased aortic calcifications, that appear to be correlated also with reduced 25(OH)vitamin D levels.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD
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    ABSTRACT: Hypercholesterolemia is important in the pathogenesis of arterial stiffness. Treatment with a combination of red yeast rice, berberine and policosanols reduced cholesterol levels in hypercholesterolemic patients. We investigated whether this nutraceutical combination would improve aortic stiffness in hypercholesterolemia.Seventy hypercholesterolemic patients were assigned to oral nutraceutical combination (NC, red yeast rice 200. mg, berberine 500. mg and policosanols 10. mg) or no active treatment (noNC). Lipid levels and aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) were assessed before and after treatment.NC reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol by 20%. More than 65% patients reached the recommended LDL cholesterol target. A significant difference in the response of aPWV to treatments (NC vs noNC) was found (. p=. 0.005): NC was associated with a reduction in aPWV (from 9.1. ±. 2.0 to 8.3. ±. 1.7. m/s, p<. 0.001), whereas no change was observed in the noNC arm. LDL cholesterol reduction was associated with improvement in aPWV (. r=. 0.30, p=. 0.01). In regression analyses, NC was associated with the presence of aPWV amelioration (OR and 95% CI, 4.2, 1.4-12.5) and the degree of aPWV reduction (. β=. 0.33, p=. 0.007).In conclusion, in patients with hypercholesterolemia, the nutraceutical combination reduced cholesterol levels and improved aPWV. An association between cholesterol reduction and aortic stiffness was found.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · PharmaNutrition

Publication Stats

6k Citations
1,190.12 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1988-2015
    • Università degli Studi di Perugia
      • • Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Sezione di Medicina Interna, Angiologia e Malattie da Arteriosclerosi
      Perugia, Umbria, Italy
  • 2007-2008
    • Azienda Ospedaliera Santa Maria della Misericordia
      Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy
  • 2003
    • University of Rome Tor Vergata
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 1997
    • University of Illinois at Chicago
      • Department of Physics
      Chicago, Illinois, United States