[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neonatal periungual hyperpigmentation is a clinical entity that usually affects dark-skinned neonates and it is classified among neonatal transient dermatoses. This condition is rarely seen in fair-skinned neonates. A 2-year-old boy presented with periungual hyperpigmentation of the distal phalanges of both hands and feet. Any other cutaneous or extra cutaneous abnormality was not detected. Clinical diagnosis of neonatal periungual hyperpigmentation was established. We report this case to emphasize that this clinical entity, which is rare in fair-skinned neonates, is a benign, asymptomatic and transient condition.
No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Deri Hastaliklari ve Frengi Arsivi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study investigated the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels of patients with Behcet's Disease.
Thirty-two patients with Behcet's Disease and 31 matched healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), and total alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were measured in both groups.
There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding demographic data. The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels of patients and controls were 13.76 (range: 4.00-35.79) and 18.97 (range: 12.05-36.94) ng/ml, respectively. In patients with Behcet's Disease, 25-hydroxyvitamin D values were significantly lower than those of the healthy controls (p<0.001). Serum Ca, P, and ALP levels were similar in both groups. Serum ESR and CRP levels were significantly higher in patients than controls (p<0.05). There was no correlation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and age, body mass index (BMI), disease duration, ESR, or CRP levels. Multivariate regression analysis parameters showed that smoking, alcohol intake, and use of colchicine were the main predictors of 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels. Of the parameters studied, the largest impact was due to colchicine therapy (p<0.001). We did not find a significant relationship between the use of corticosteroids and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels.
Our results suggest that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels are decreased in patients with Behcet's Disease. Smoking, alcohol intake, and use of colchicine appear to affect vitamin D levels.
Preview · Article · May 2011 · Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Behcet's disease is a chronic multisystemic disease of unknown pathogenesis characterized by four major symptoms: oral aphthous ulcers, skin lesions, ocular symptoms and genital ulcerations. The disease is spread throughout the world, but it is most frequent in Turkey, Japan, Korea and China. Although HLA-Bw51 has been found to predominate in Behcet's cases, the genetic etiology has not yet been clarified. In this study, we investigated the chromosomal abnormalities and sister chromatid exchange rates in patients with Behcet's diseases. Thirty-eight patients with Behcet's disease (diagnosed for the first time) and 30 healthy subjects (as controls) were included in this study. Although numerical and structural chromosomal abnormalities were not detected in our patients, we found an increased rate of sister chromatid exchange in patients over the control groups (P < 0.01). On the basis of these results, we discuss the genetic etiology of Behcet's disease.
No preview · Article · Jul 2006 · The Journal of Dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) in susceptibility to psoriasis vulgaris in the Northeast region of Turkey and to contribute to the data related to HLA and psoriasis.
The study included 72 unrelated psoriatic patients (43 men and 29 women; aged 11-76 years) admitted to the Dermatology Department, University Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey between April 2002 and November 2003. We studied the distribution of HLA class I and II antigens in patients with psoriasis: 72 patients were divided into 2 groups according to the onset of psoriasis before age 40 years with family history (type I) and onset after age 40 without family history (type II). The HLA class I and II antigens were analyzed using the PCR-SSP method in 72 patients and in 104 controls.
We found an increase in HLA-A*30 and A*68, B*7, B*13, B*57, Cw6, and DRB1*07 antigens in psoriatic patients compared with controls. As we compared type I and type II psoriasis with control group, B*57, Cw6 and DRB1*07 alleles were more significant in patients with type I psoriasis. Our patients with type II psoriasis represented a significant association with the HLA-B*13.
Our findings along with previous HLA studies on psoriasis vulgaris patients from different racial groups showed that HLA-B*57 and DRB1*07 alleles are associated with the disease.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2006 · Saudi medical journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was performed to evaluate the effect of individualized diet challenges consisting of allergen foods on disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Twenty patients with positive skin prick test (SPT) response for food extracts and 20 with negative SPT response were included. All patients were instructed to restrict the most common allergen foods during 12 days and then assigned into two groups according to SPT results. Food challenges were performed with all of the allergen foods in prick test positive group (PTPG) and with corn and rice in prick test negative group (PTNG) during 12 days. Allergen foods were then eliminated from PTPG patients' diet, while corn and rice were removed in PTNG. Clinical evaluations were performed after fasting (baseline), at the end of the challenge phase and reelimination phase. Stiffness, pain, physician's and patient's global assessment of disease activity, health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), Ritchie's index, serum amyloid A protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were determined. All of the disease variables, except HAQ, were increased with food challenges in PTPG. In PTNG, no significant change was observed in any of the variables except pain (P<0.05) and patient's global assessment (P<0.05). Our results showed that the individualized dietary manipulations may effect the disease activity for selected RA patients.
No preview · Article · Apr 2006 · Rheumatology International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HLA class I and II alleles have been described in patients with alopecia areata (AA). As in other immune mediated diseases, the HLA alleles associated with AA may influence the patient's ability to respond to immune challenges from both self and non-self antigens and can offer clues to the cause, prognosis, and potential therapy for the disease. The aim of this study was to determine which HLA class I and II alleles are associated with Turkish alopecia areata patients. Sixty-three patients with AA, alopecia totalis, or alopecia universalis were included in this study and compared with seventy-six healthy transplant donors. HLA DNA typing was performed by the PCR/SSP method. The frequency of HLA-B62 was significantly higher in patients than in controls. HLA-A2, HLA-A24, HLA-B35, HLA-DRB1*11, and HLA-DRB1*15 were significantly less common in patients than in the control group.
No preview · Article · Oct 2005 · The Journal of Dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic or chronically relapsing inflammatory skin disease characterized by typically distributed eczematous skin lesions with lichenification, pruritic excoriations, dry skin and a susceptibility to skin infections. Nitric oxide is a molecule which is produced in endothelial cells, neuronal cells, fibroblasts, platelets, macrophages and neutrophils by nitric oxide synthetase, which plays a role in important biological and pathological processes. Nitric oxide, whose release is induced by cytokines and endotoxins, is produced in excessive amounts in acute, chronic inflammatory as well as infectious conditions. The purpose of our research was to determine nitric oxide (NO? ) values in patients with atopic dermatitis through spectrophotometric analysis. Data obtained from 22 atopic dermatitis patients and from 16 healthy controls were compared. The disease was mild (mild group), moderate (moderate group) and severe (severe group). Mean serum NO? levels were significantly higher in patients than in controls. Among patient groups, while there was no significant difference between mild and moderate groups, a significant difference was found between mild and severe groups, and between moderate and severe groups.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CRP) is a relatively rare disorder of unknown origin, mostly affecting young female adults. We here present the case of a 21-year-old male patient with confluent and reticulated papillomatosis. Skin examination revealed brownish, verrucous, hyperkeratotic, 2 to 5 mm papules, which formed confluent patches and plaques with a reticulate network on the interscapular area. The patient was initially treated with ketoconazole cream for two weeks without improvement. The disease can be rather persistent and resistant to topical therapy. Our case showed a satisfactory response to treatment with azithromycin. Although this treatment is known to be effective in some cases, the action mechanism of azithromycin on CRP is not fully understood.
No preview · Article · Sep 2004 · The Journal of Dermatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lichen planus (LP) is a common, pruritic and inflammatory disease of the skin, hair follicles and mucous membranes. Immunologic mechanisms, especially cell-mediated immunity, play a major role in triggering the clinical expression of the disease. P-selectin is an adhesion molecule present within endothelial cells and mediates endothelial-leukocyte interactions. Therefore, it is considered that P-selectin plays an important role in LP. The aim of our study is to research the relation between P-selectin and LP. Serum P-selectin levels were determined with the enzyme- linked immunosorbent sandwich assay method in sera from 40 LP patients and 40 healthy controls. The serum levels of P-selectin were statistically significantly higher in the patients than in healthy controls (p < 0.05), in female patients (39.32 +/- 11.34 pg/ml) than in male patients (31.93 +/- 9.83 pg/ml) (p < 0.01), and in the patients with eruptive form (40.27 +/- 9.32 pg/ml) than in those with the localised (32.83 +/- 9.93 pg/ml) and hypertrophic (31.72 +/- 8.39 pg/ml) forms (both p < 0.01). In conclusion, we found a meaningful relation between LP and serum P-selectin levels.
Preview · Article · May 2004 · Yonsei Medical Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We herein present the imaging findings in a case of diffuse primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma of the cranial vault with orbital and brain invasion. MR imaging revealed first concomitant orbital and parenchymal invasion in a case of primary diffuse non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the cranial vault. Contrast-enhanced MR imaging revealed a diffuse mass in the scalp of the frontoparietal region bilaterally and invasion of the right orbit and left frontoparietal lobe. Histologic and immunopathologic examinations revealed diffuse primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2003 · American Journal of Neuroradiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Behçet's disease is a systemic vasculitis of unknown aetiology. Endothelial cell injury plays an important role in the pathogenesis and immunopathology of systemic vasculitises, but an immunopathogenic basis is also probable in Behçet's disease. E-selectin is an indicator of endothelial injury, and beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2M) is increased in immunological disorders. The serum concentrations of these two markers were determined in 40 patients with active Behçet's disease and 40 healthy controls. E-selectin was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and beta 2M was determined by the nephelometric method. The mean (+/- SD) serum concentration of E-selectin was 122.13 +/- 62.32 ng/ml and that of beta 2M was 0.31 +/- 0.05 mg/dl. Both concentrations were statistically significantly increased in patients with Behçet's disease compared with controls. More comprehensive studies are needed to determine whether these parameters are useful indicators of the activity of Behçet's disease.
Preview · Article · Feb 2002 · The Journal of international medical research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Folliculitis decalvans is a rare and chronic progressive hair disorder leading to scarring alopecia and atrophy. Its etiology is still unclear. It starts with areas of perifollicular erythema, and follicular papules and pustules spread peripherally, leaving central scarred patches of alopecia. We report a 27-year-old man who presented with folliculitis decalvans involving the scalp, face, nape, and beard. There were pustules, crusts, and scarring alopecia on the scalp and beard.
No preview · Article · Jul 2001 · The Journal of Dermatology