N Nicoli Aldini

Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

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Publications (113)306.36 Total impact

  • Francesco Pieri · Nicoló Nicoli Aldini · Claudio Marchetti · Giuseppe Corinaldesi

    No preview · Article · Feb 2016
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    ABSTRACT: In vitro peripheral blood mononuclear cells differentiate into osteoclasts under the influence of osteoclast-stimulating factors. However, accumulating evidence suggests spontaneous osteoclasts formation and activity in patients affected by local or systemic bone remodeling diseases in comparison with healthy controls. Therefore, within this review, we summarize the studies where spontaneous osteoclastogenesis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells was observed in pathological conditions of the skeletal system. We indicate a linkage between immunoregulation by T cells and spontaneous osteoclasts formation with increased levels of tumor necrosis factors-α, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand and inteleukin-7 production. In the light of these results, it would be of crucial importance to deepen the correlation between systemic bone remodeling diseases and spontaneous osteoclastogenesis as well as to investigate in detail the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon and the clinical relevance in bone remodeling disease diagnosis and monitoring. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Cellular Physiology
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of titanium implants functionalised with collagen type I (TiColl) on bone regeneration and osteointegration in a healthy and osteopenic rat animal model. TiColl screws were implanted into the femoral condyles of healthy and osteopenic rats and compared with acid-etched titanium (Ti) screws. The osteointegration process was evaluated by a complementary approach combining microtomographic, histological, histomorphometric and biomechanical investigations at four and 12 weeks. The TiColl screw also ensured a greater mechanical stability; the push-out values for TiColl screws increased from four to 12 weeks (+28 %). The energy necessary to detach the bone from the screw was significantly higher for TiColl-functionalised screws in comparison to Ti screws (+23 %) at 12 weeks. Histomorphometric investigation revealed that total bone-to-implant contact was higher in TiColl screws in comparison to Ti screws (P < 0.05) and at epiphyseal level, increased bone-to-implant contact was found with TiColl screws in comparison to Ti screws (P < 0.05) in an ovariectomy (OVX) condition. A significant increase in the measured total bone ingrowth from four to 12 weeks was detected for both materials, but more significant for the TiColl material (P < 0.0005). Finally, bone ingrowth in the TiColl group was significantly higher (P < 0.005) in comparison to that of Ti screws in the SHAM condition at metaphyseal level at 12 weeks. The present results showed that TiColl is effective in promoting implant osteointegration even in compromised bone.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015 · International Orthopaedics
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    N Nicoli Aldini · A Angelini · S Pagani · R Bevoni · M Girolami · M Fini
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    ABSTRACT: Several techniques have been proposed to restore the compromised function of a joint. These include the arthroplasty by placing various tissues or materials between the articular surfaces. An important contribution to the diffusion of arthroplasty techniques was made by Vittorio Putti, head of the Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute in Bologna from 1912 to 1940. Interposition arthroplasty is still used for some non-weight-bearing joints, such as wrist and elbow, and gives good results. This type of surgery has been further developed by the improvement in biomaterials, biomechanical studies and the regenerative medicine. This paper describes the development starting from a historical survey particularly focused on Putti’s contribution and ending with the state of the art of regenerative medicine in the treatment of joint diseases. Level of evidence V.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy
  • Francesca Veronesi · Melania Maglio · Matilde Tschon · Nicolò Nicoli Aldini · Milena Fini
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    ABSTRACT: Several therapeutic approaches have been developed to address hyaline cartilage regeneration, but to date there is no universal procedure to promote the restoration of mechanical and functional properties of native cartilage, which is one of the most important challenges in orthopaedic surgery. For cartilage tissue engineering, adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered as an alternative cell source to chondrocytes. Since little is known about adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADSC) cartilage regeneration potential, the aim of this review was to give an overview of in vivo studies about the chondrogenic potential and regeneration ability of culture-expanded ADSCs when implanted in heterotopic sites or in osteoarthritritic and osteochondral defects. The review compares the different studies in terms of number of implanted cells and animals, cell harvesting sites, in vitro expansion and chondrogenic induction conditions, length of experimental time, defect dimensions, scaffolds used and post-explant analyses of the cartilage regeneration. Despite variability of the in vivo protocols, it seems that good cartilage formation and regeneration were obtained with chondrogenically predifferentiated ADSCs (1x10(7) cells for heterotopic cartilage formation and 1x10(6) cells/scaffold for cartilage defect regeneration) and polymeric scaffolds, even if many other aspects need to be clarified in future studies.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Sports injuries frequently involve tendons, muscles and ligaments. The variable outcome of surgery and medical treatment support early functional treatments. Eccentric exercise (EE) showed effectiveness in the management of Achilles tendinopathy (AT), patellar tendinopathy (PT) and lateral epicondyle tendinopathy (LET). Preliminary results of EE in other tendinopathies and sports injuries suggest its wide prescription in the sport rehabilitation field. Sources of data A comprehensive search of PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Collaboration Database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) Search review, National Guidelines, Scopus and Google Scholar was performed using keywords such as 'eccentric exercise', 'sports injuries rehabilitation', 'tendinopathy', 'hamstrings strain' 'adductor injuries′ and 'ACL reconstruction rehabilitation'. Areas of agreement EE, alone or associated with other therapies, represents a feasible, cost-effective and successful tool in the treatment of well-known targets and might be promising in shoulder tendinopathy, adductor-related groin pain, hamstring strains, and ACL rehabilitation. Area of controversy The lack of standardization of protocols, the variable amount, quality and follow-up of studies, the different anatomy and pathophysiology of the therapeutic targets limit the evidence of applicability of EE to sports injuries. Growing points The role of pathology and biomechanics in the response to EE should be further investigated. Areas timely for developing research New randomized controlled trials should test the effectiveness of standardized EE regimens to various sites of sports injuries.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · British Medical Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the hard and soft tissue stability and esthetic outcomes of single-tooth implants placed in the anterior atrophic maxilla, following augmentation with mandibular block grafts covered with bovine hydroxyapatite and a resorbable collagen membrane, over a 5-year period. Materials and methods: Patients with a bony deficiency of ≥ 3 mm horizontally and ≤ 3 mm vertically were treated consecutively with reconstructive procedures and implant placement 6 months afterward. Alveolar ridge dimensions were measured before and after augmentation using computed tomography. Clinical and radiographic measurements of soft and hard tissue levels and esthetic parameters (pink esthetic score [PES]) were performed annually to assess treatment outcomes. Results: Twenty-nine patients were treated. One patient had partial graft exposure after 1 month that required regrafting at the time of implant placement. Mean bone gain was 4.23 ± 0.69 mm horizontally and 1.71 ± 0.75 mm vertically. The implant cumulative success rate was 100%, according to the criteria of Albrektsson et al. Mean crestal bone resorption after 5 years was low (0.61 ± 0.33 mm). Moderate recession of the facial mucosa (-1.12 ± 0.4 mm) was observed during the study period, while mesial and distal papilla heights increased slightly (0.13 ± 0.17 and 0.19 ± 0.37 mm, respectively). Mean PES ratings remained stable, varying from 9.07 ± 1.49 at the moment of definitive crown delivery to 8.61 ± 1.55 at 5 years. Only two cases (7%) were considered slightly below the defined threshold (PES = 8) of marginal esthetic acceptability. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that implants placed in anterior atrophic maxillae augmented with mandibular block grafts showed stable hard and soft tissue levels and reasonable esthetic outcomes over the medium term, although ongoing recession of the facial mucosa was observed.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants
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    ABSTRACT: Background Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HR) has been gaining popularity especially for young and active patients. Although different series report good mid-term results, the long-term outcome and failure mechanisms are still concerning. In this consecutive revision case series, 9 retrieved specimens of a failed Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) were divided according to the time to fracture: 3 specimens failed at less than 6 months (Group 1), 3 failed between 6 months and 3 years (Group 2) and 3 failed later than 3 years (Group 3). The objective of the study was to examine by a specific quantitative histomorphometry and microtomography (micro-CT) method the characteristics of bone quality and its microarchitecture in retrieved metal-on-metal HR. Methods A series of 948 BHR were performed between 2001 and 2009. Among these implants 10 failures occurred and nine of these underwent revision surgery and were examined by histomorphometry and micro-CT. Results Histomorphometry showed a significant increase in trabecular separation (Tb.Sp) in Group 3 in comparison with Group 1 (113%, p < 0.05). In the top region, micro-CT showed that Groups 2 and 3 presented significant lower bone volume (Group 2: 61%, p < 0.005; Group 3: 1%, p < 0.05), trabecular number (Group 2: 53%, p < 0.005; Group 3: 40%, p < 0.05), and higher Tb.Sp (Group: 71%,p < 0.05) when compared to Group 1. Additionally, histomorphometry showed that the top regions in Group 1 had a significantly lower mean percentage of empty osteocyte lacunae than the top regions in both Group 2 and 3 (p < 0.05). Conclusions This study showed that the morphometric parameters considered are crucial for a good understanding of mechanical properties of HR and may be of significant importance in the pathogenesis of HR failure particularly in the development of late fractures.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow (BM) are widely used for bone and less for cartilage tissue regeneration due to their self-renewal and differentiating properties into osteogenic or chondrogenic lineages. This review considers the last decade of clinical trials involving a two-step procedure, by expanding in vitro MSCs from BM, or the so called "one-step" procedure, using BM in toto or BM concentrate, for the regeneration of cartilage and osteochondral tissue defects. The following conclusions were drawn: 1) cartilage defects that can be repaired by the two-step technique are about twice the size as those where the one-step method is used; 2) the two-step procedure is especially used for the treatment of osteoarthritic lesions, whereas the one-step procedure for osteochondral defects; 3) the number of transplanted cells ranges between 3.8x10^6 cells/ml and 11.2x10^6 cells/ml and the period of cell culture expansion of implanted MSCs vary widely concerning the two-step procedure; 4) hyaluronic or collagenic scaffolds are used in all the clinical studies analyzed for both techniques; 5) the follow-up of the two-step procedure is longer than that of the one-step method, despite having a lower number of patients; and finally, 6) the mean age of the patients (about 39 years old) is similar in both procedures. Clinical results underline the safety and good and encouraging outcomes for the use of MSCs in clinics. Although more standardized procedures are required, the length of follow-up and the number of patients observed should be augmented and the design of trials should be implemented to achieve evidence-based results.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Stem cells and development
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes of ultrashort implants (4-mm diameter, 6-mm length) supporting fixed partial dentures in severely atrophic posterior mandibles. Twenty-five patients with posterior edentulous mandibular spans and 7- to 8-mm residual bone heights above the mandibular canal were enrolled. In total, 61 submerged implants were placed and loaded 5 to 6 months later. Patients were followed for 2 years after prosthesis connection with clinical, radiographic, and resonance frequency analysis (RFA) examinations. Two implants failed in one patient before loading; all other implants showed favorable clinical and radiographic findings throughout the observation period (2-year survival and success rate: 96.8%). Postoperative pain and swelling were negligible. Mean changes in marginal bone levels were stable (0.40 ± 0.23, 0.51 ± 0.38, and 0.60 ± 0.13 mm after 6 months and 1 and 2 years, respectively) and were unaffected by measured crown-to-implant ratios (range: 1.31 to 3.12). Mean RFA values increased significantly from implant placement (67.35 ± 6.67) to 2 years (72.91 ± 5.07, P < .0001). Prosthetic complications included two prosthesis decementations, three ceramic veneer chippings, and one prosthesis screw loosening. Within the limitations of the short follow-up period, the use of 6-mm-long implants was a predictable treatment method for patients with atrophic posterior mandibles and increased crown-to-implant ratios.
    No preview · Article · May 2012 · The International journal of prosthodontics
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate whether 6-mm-long implants (test group) could be a suitable alternative to standard-length implants (≥11 mm; control group) placed simultaneously with a sinus augmentation for the treatment of atrophic posterior maxillae. Materials and Methods: In total, 68 patients having 6 to 7 mm of residual bone height and at least 6 mm thickness below the sinus were randomly allocated to the two treatment groups. Two or three implants were placed in each patient and submerged for 4 months. Outcome measures were implant failures, complications, operation time, postoperative pain and swelling, soft tissue parameters, marginal bone levels, and implant stability quotient (ISQ) values. Patients were followed for 3 years after loading. Results: Two dropouts occurred, one in each group. Three of 73 control implants and one of 71 test implants failed. At 3 years, mean marginal bone loss was 0.57 ± 0.82 mm in the control group versus 0.45 ± 0.34 mm in the test group. No significant difference was observed between groups in terms of implant failures, prosthetic complications, soft tissue parameters, marginal bone loss, or ISQ values. However, the control procedure required significantly longer operation times and led to more surgical complications, pain, and swelling, compared with the test procedure. Conclusions: Both techniques showed similar clinical and radiographic outcomes at 3 years, but the short implants provided advantages in terms of reduced surgical time and invasiveness.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
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    ABSTRACT: Local antibiotic diffusion in rabbit femurs from two new PMMA-based and nail-shaped composites, enriched with β-tricalcium phosphate (P-TCP) and BaSO4 or only with BaSO4 (P-BaSO4), and soaked in a solution of gentamicin (G) and vancomycin (V) was studied. Nails were implanted into the intramedullary cavity of healthy and osteomyelitic femurs to study the resolution of infection and to quantify the antibiotic penetration into bone by microbiological, pharmacological, and histological tests. A significant progression of osteomyelitis was recorded 7 weeks after MRSA inoculation, whereas no bacteria were found in animals treated with antibiotic-loaded nails as confirmed by microbiology and histology (Smeltzer score). The release of both antibiotics from composites was high and prompt both in healthy and infected bone; the amount of V was higher than that of G in all bone samples. Antibiotics of both composites were still present in bone 3 weeks after nail implantation. The P-BaSO4 composite released a lower amount of antibiotics than did P-TCP. The G–V combination in vivo exerted a synergistic bactericidal effect, which was confirmed by microbiological, histological, and clinical results (no infection). These new porous PMMA composites, soaked in G–V solution in the operating room, might be an effective and useful drug delivery system for osteomyelitis treatment. © 2011 Orthopaedic Research Society Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 30:348–355, 2012
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2012 · Journal of Orthopaedic Research

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
  • R. Giardino · M. Fini · N.N. Aldini · A.P. Parrilli
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    ABSTRACT: The in vivo evaluation of a material to be used in clinics is a long trial and requires a well planned sequence of steps. In vivo tests are complementary to those performed in vitro that provide necessary and useful results to be added to those found in the in vivo testing, and strongly reduce the number of animals used. Animal studies require first of all the compliance to the ethical and legal rules on animal experimentation. The procedures are standardized at an international level. In particular the rules of ISO 10993 are the guidelines for these investigations. In the procedure of validation of a material, the choice of more than one animal species for the performing of the tests, namely a small/medium and a large size animal should be appropriate. Considering the research on biomaterials, the use of small animals can be acceptable in the early stage of testing, but for the evaluation of prototypes biofunctionality large animals should better approximate the human environment. According to the European and International rules, the experiments must be performed in authorized laboratories, and surgical interventions in well equipped operatory rooms and in general anesthesia. Clinical monitoring and X ray investigations allow the scheduled follow-up on living animals. After the sacrifice histology and histomorphometry provide useful information about the interactions between the material and the tissues, together with biomechanical test. More recently computerized microtomography, a non destructive procedure, is added to the methods of study on laboratory animals allowing high resolution images and the visualization of the internal structures of the objects.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to evaluate a surgical/prosthetic protocol for the immediate rehabilitation of the augmented edentulous maxilla, and to compare the outcomes of implants placed in grafted (test group) versus native (control group) sites in the same patients. Twenty patients were included in the study. Each patient was treated with a bilateral sinus augmentation procedure using a 50:50 composite graft of autogenous mandibular bone and bovine hydroxyapatite. Four to 5 months later, 155 implants (90 test and 65 control) were placed and restored with screw-retained fixed definitive prostheses supported by titanium frameworks within 1 week. All patients were followed for 1 year. Implant stability quotient (ISQ) measurements and radiographic evaluation of the marginal bone resorption (MBR) were performed. Two test implants failed in two patients, giving a cumulative 1-year success rate of 98.7%; the prostheses success rate was 100%. Insertion torque and ISQ values for test implants were significantly lower than those for control implants (unpaired t-test, p < .0001). The mean MBR around control and test implants at the 1-year evaluation were similar (0.47 ± 0.25 mm and 0.43 ± 0.21 mm, respectively). The combination of implants placed in sinus-grafted and native sites can be immediately loaded with a fixed full-arch prosthesis and yield short-term successful outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
  • Nicolò Nicoli Aldini · Milena Fini · Roberto Giardino
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    ABSTRACT: Pietro Loreta (1831 to 1889), head of surgery at the University of Bologna, Italy, is at present a little-known name. However, in the field of surgery in the second half of the 19th century, his contributions to various areas, especially that of bladder stone treatment and gastric surgery, aroused great interest also at the international level. This survey focuses on both of these subjects that are particularly indicative of Loreta's activity. While he was trying to improve the operation of perineal cystotomy, which was about to be abandoned, he was faced with the new frontier of gastrointestinal tract surgery. Surgery was in rapid transformation, and the practice of a general surgeon still encompassed the domains of different surgical specialties, which would develop individually afterward. Loreta was a pupil of the outstanding surgeon Francesco Rizzoli and some of his pupils such as Alessandro Codivilla and Bartolo Nigrisoli became heads of surgery. His attitude of caution, that he recommended in his writings, is more remarkable considering his problematic nature and might be the most significant and original trait of Loreta's personality.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · The American surgeon
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of single implants immediately placed and restored with two different implant-abutment connections. Forty subjects requiring single maxillary premolar replacement were consecutively included in this study and prospectively followed for 12 months. One implant was placed at the time of tooth extraction and immediately restored in each patient. Subjects were randomly selected to receive either prosthetic abutments with a Morse taper connection and a platform switch (test group) or conventional abutments with an internal connection and a matching diameter (control group). A provisional screw-retained crown was positioned and adjusted for nonfunctional loading within 24 hours. Four months later, the definitive crowns were delivered. Periodontal parameters and clinical and radiographic measurements of soft and hard tissue levels were recorded at the moment of prosthesis placement and at 4 and 12 months afterward. Means of the two groups were compared using paired and independent-sample t tests (P = .05). Of the 40 patients recruited, 38 (24 women and 14 men) completed the study. No implants were lost in the control group, whereas one implant failed in the test group. At the 12-month examination, no statistically significant differences were seen between the two groups for periodontal parameters, marginal soft tissue level change, or papilla height (P > .05), but greater marginal bone loss was observed at the control sites (0.51 ± 0.24 mm) compared to the test sites (0.2 ± 0.17 mm) (P = .0004). Although the control group demonstrated a slight increase in marginal bone loss compared to the test group, the peri-implant soft tissues were very stable with both types of implant-abutment connection after 12 months of loading.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants
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    ABSTRACT: Limited incorporation and modest bone remodeling can cause allograft failure. We investigated whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1) can improve allograft integration. A 3-cm full-size intercalary bone defect was created in the mid-diaphysis of the metatarsal bone of the sheep and it was replaced with an allograft alone (control group), or with MSCs (MSC group), OP-1 (OP-1 group), or MSCs and OP-1 (MSC + OP-1 group). Radiographic results showed a faster and complete integration of the allograft in the MSC + OP-1 group. Histology demonstrated that the amount of new bone was significantly greater inside the graft and a longer vessel penetration in the MSC + OP-1 group than in others. Mechanical strength of the allograft was not compromised by the high rate of bone remodeling. These results demonstrated that the association of MSCs and OP-1 improve bone allograft integration promoting an almost complete bone restoring.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2010 · Tissue Engineering Part A
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    ABSTRACT: The present in vivo preliminary experiment is aimed at testing mechanical and biological behaviour of a new nano-structured composite multilayer biomimetic scaffold for the treatment of chondral and osteochondral defects. The three-dimensional biomimetic scaffold (Fin-Ceramica Faenza S.p.A., Faenza-Italy) was obtained by nucleating collagen fibrils with hydroxyapatite nanoparticles, in two configurations, bi- and tri-layered, to reproduce, respectively, chondral and osteochondral anatomy. Chondral defects (lateral condyle) and deep osteochondral defects (medial condyle) were made in the distal epiphysis of the third metacarpal bone of both forelimbs of two adult horses and treated respectively with the chondral and osteochondral grafts. Both animals were euthanised six months follow up. The images obtained at the second look arthroscopy evaluation, performed two months after surgery, demonstrated good filling of the chondral and osteo-chondral defects without any inflammatory reaction around and inside the lesions. At the histological analysis the growth of trabecular bone in the osteochondral lesion was evident. Only in one case, the whole thickness of the osteochondral lesion was filled by fibrocartilaginous tissue. The formation of a tidemark line was evident at the interface with the newly formed bone. Newly formed fibrocartilaginous tissue was present in the area of the chondral defect. Initial alignment of the collagen fibres was recognisable with polarised light in both groups. The results of the present pilot study showed that this novel osteochondral and chondral scaffold may act as a suitable matrix to facilitate orderly regeneration of bone and hyaline-like cartilage.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2010 · Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Previous in vivo studies have shown a limited potential for vertical bone regeneration using osteoconductive scaffolds alone. In the present study, we investigated whether the association of adipose-derived adult stem cells (ASCs) with anorganic bovine bone (ABB) scaffold improved bone formation and implant osseointegration in a vertical guided bone regeneration model. Two pre-formed titanium domes were placed on the calvaria of 12 rabbits. Four treatment modalities were evenly distributed among the 24 domes: ABB alone, and ABB containing 3 x 10(5), 3 x 10(6), or 3 x 10(7) cells/graft. After 1 month, the domes were removed and one titanium implant was placed into each augmented site. One month after the second operation, the animals were killed and biopsy specimens were examined by histomorphometric and micro-CT analyses. Results indicated that at all concentrations, the ASC-loaded groups showed significantly more new bone formation and higher mean values of bone-implant contact and bone density inside threads than the ABB group. Furthermore, ASCs demonstrated a dose-response relationship, with the highest dose chosen inducing more robust bone regeneration. This study suggests that the delivery of ASCs on ABB might effectively increase vertical bone regeneration and implant osseointegration, versus ABB alone.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · Biomaterials

Publication Stats

3k Citations
306.36 Total Impact Points


  • 1994-2014
    • Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli
      • • Laboratory of Preclinical and Surgical Studies
      • • Laboratory of Biomechanics and Technology Innovation
      Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 1997-2012
    • University of Bologna
      • • Department of Biomedical Science and Neuromotor Sciences DIBINEM
      • • School of Medicine
      Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 2008
    • University of Murcia
      Murcia, Murcia, Spain
  • 2007
    • Università Politecnica delle Marche
      Ancona, The Marches, Italy
  • 1994-2001
    • IOR
      București, Bucureşti, Romania
  • 1990-2001
    • Istituto Codivilla Putti S.p.A.
      Cortina d'Ampezzo, Veneto, Italy