Youn-Chul Kim

Wonkwang University, Riri, Jeollabuk-do, South Korea

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Publications (175)375.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A new lignan, (7'S,8S,8'S)-3,5'-dimethoxy-3',4,9'-trihydroxy-7',9-epoxy-8,8'-lignan, named vibruresinol (1), was isolated from the stems of Viburnum erosum by silica gel, ODS, and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. In addition, four other known lignans, (7'R,8S,8'S)-3,5'-dimethoxy-3',4,8',9'-tetrahydroxy-7',9-epoxy-8,8'-lignan (2), (+)-syringaresinol (3), (+)-pinoresinol (4), and (+)-pinoresinol-4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (5), and five known neolignans, herpetol (6), vibsanol (7), (-)-dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol (8), icariside E4 (9), and dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol (10), were isolated in the same manner. The chemical structures of the compounds were determined based on spectroscopic data including NMR, MS, and IR. All of the compounds described above were isolated from V. erosum for the first time. The isolated compounds 3, 4, and 6 were evaluated for neuroprotective activity on glutamate-induced cell death in HT22 cells and had EC50 values of 6.33 ± 1.22, 6.96 ± 0.65, and 9.15 ± 0.36 μM, respectively. Likewise, the same compounds had inhibitory activity on NO production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells with IC50 values of 8.30 ± 1.56, 7.89 ± 1.22, and 9.32 ± 0.36 μM, respectively.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, natural plant-derived products have been recognized as one of the main sources for drug discovery and development in human disease. 9-Hydroxy-6,7-dimethoxydalbergiquinol (HDDQ) isolated from the heart wood of Dalbergia odorifera is widely used in oriental medicine, however, the pharmacological effect of HDDQ in osteoclast-associated diseases remains unknown. In this study, HDDQ dose-dependently inhibited the early stage of RANKL-mediated osteoclast differentiation in bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) without cytotoxicity. HDDQ strongly inhibited Akt phosphorylation in RANKL-stimulated BMMs and did not show any effects on p38, JNK, and IκB phosphorylation and IκB degradation. Interestingly, we found that HDDQ down-regulated the induction by RANKL of c-Fos protein by suppressing its translation. Also, ectopic overexpression of c-Fos and NFATc1 rescued the inhibition of osteoclast differentiation by HDDQ. Furthermore, the Akt/c-Fos/NFATc1-regulated expression of genes required for osteoclastogenesis, such as OSCAR and TRAP, was inhibited by HDDQ. These findings suggest that HDDQ prevents osteoclast differentiation via down-regulation of Akt, c-Fos, and NFATc1 signaling molecules, suggesting a potential therapeutic value of HDDQ for bone disorders associated with increased bone resorption.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · International immunopharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is a risk factor associated with numerous disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and coronary heart disease. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of Pericarpium zanthoxyli extract (PZE) on the adipocytic differentiation of OP9 cells. During adipocyte differentiation, the OP9 cells were treated with 0, 10 and 20 µg/ml of PZE at various time intervals, followed by the examination of lipid droplet formation and the mRNA expression of adipogenesis-related genes. The cells treated with PZE during the early period (days 0-2) showed a significant reduction in the accumulation of lipid droplets, which were induced by a standard adipogenic cocktail, as well as a decrease in the expression of the adipogenesis-related transcription factor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and PPARγ-target genes, such as adipocyte protein 2 (aP2), fatty acid synthase (FAS) and other adipocyte markers. Adipocyte differentiation was not inhibited by treatment with PZE during the late stage of differentiation (days 3-5). Thus, the inhibitory effects of PZE on adipocyte differentiation occurred during the early stages of adipogenesis, which was confirmed by the decrease in the levels of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ) in a dose-dependent manner when the OP9 cells were exposed to PZE. Taken together, our results indicate that PZE inhibit the early stages of adipogenic differentiation by inhibiting C/EBPβ expression.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · International Journal of Molecular Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: (2S)-2'-Methoxykurarinone (MK), a compound isolated from the roots of Sophora flavescens, has various physiological properties, such as anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antidiabetic, and antineoplastic effects. However, the effect of S. flavescens-derived MK on osteoclastogenesis remains unknown. Therefore, we examined the effect and mechanism of action of MK on receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. MK inhibited osteoclast differentiation in bone marrow cell-osteoblast cocultures but did not affect the RANKL-to-osteoprotegerin ratio induced by osteoclastogenic factors in osteoblasts. MK also inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation from bone marrow macrophages in a dose-dependent manner, without cytotoxicity. Pretreatment with MK significantly suppressed the Akt, p38, c-Jun N terminal kinase (JNK), c-Fos, and nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1) pathways and inhibited the bone-resorbing activity of mature osteoclasts. These results collectively suggest that MK inhibits osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption through RANKL-induced mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and c-Fos-NFATc1 signaling pathways.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Opuntia humifusa (OH) on cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis (AP). Acute pancreatitis was induced via intraperitoneal injection of cholecystokinin analog cerulein (50 μg/kg). In the OH pretreatment group, OH was administered intraperitoneally (100, 250, or 500 mg/kg) 1 hour before first cerulein injection. In the posttreatment group, OH was administered intraperitoneally (500 mg/kg) 1 hour after the first cerulein injection. Furthermore, we isolated the pancreatic acinar cells using collagenase method, then investigated the acinar cell viability, cytokine productions, and the regulating mechanisms. The both pretreatment and posttreatment of OH treatment attenuated the severity of AP, as shown by the histology of the pancreas and lung, and inhibited neutrophil infiltration; serum amylase and lipase activities; proinflammatory cytokine expression such as interleukin 1, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor α; and cell death including apoptosis and necrosis. Furthermore, OH inhibited the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinases. These results suggest that OH reduces the severity of AP by inhibiting acinar cell death through c-Jun N-terminal kinases.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Pancreas
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    ABSTRACT: The herbs of Euphorbia supina (Euphorbiaceae) have been used to treat hemorrhage, chronic bronchitis, hepatitis, jaundice, diarrhea, gastritis, and hemorrhoids as a medicinal herb. This work is aimed to qualitatively and quantitatively analyze the polyphenols with peroxynitrite-scavenging activities. The eight compounds: gallic acid, methyl gallate, avicularin, astragalin, juglanin, isoquercitrin 6″-gallate, astragalin 6″-gallate, and ellagic acid, were isolated from E. supina and used for HPLC analysis and peroxynitrite (ONOO(-))-scavenging assay. Simultaneous analysis of the eight compounds was performed on MeOH extract and its fractions. The contents in MeOH extract and peroxynitrite-scavenging activities of the dimer of gallic acid, ellagic acid (15.64 mg/g; IC50 0.89 μM), and two galloylated flavonoid glycosides, astragalin 6″-gallate (13.72 mg/g; IC50 1.43 μM) and isoquercitrin 6″-gallate (16.99 mg/g; IC50 1.75 μM), were high, compared to other compounds. The legendary uses of E. supina could be attributed to the high content of polyphenols, particularly ellagic acid, isoquercitrin 6″-gallate, and astragalin 6″-gallate as active principles.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we isolated a new sulfonic acid derivative, (Z)-4-methylundeca-1,9-diene-6-sulfonic acid (1), from the sea urchin collected from the Sea of Okhotsk. We established the structure of this new compound by analysis of NMR and HRMS data, along with comparison of the data with those of the related compounds reported in the literature. In addition, we investigated its anti-inflammatory effects in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. Compound 1 inhibited the production of NO, iNOS, PGE2, and COX-2, and it also suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α and IL-1β. It inhibited the translocation of the NF-κB subunit p65 into the nucleus by interrupting the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α. In addition, compound 1 significantly decreased the phosphorylation of JNK and p38 in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages, suggesting that suppression of the inflammation process by compound 1 was mediated through the MAPK pathway. Taken together, this study showed that the anti-inflammatory effects of a new sulfonic acid derivative, (Z)-4-methylundeca-1,9-diene-6-sulfonic acid were mediated through the inhibition of NF-κB and JNK/p38 MAPK signaling pathways.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    ABSTRACT: In the course of a bioassay-guided study of metabolites from the marine fungus Eurotium sp. SF-5989, two diketopiperazine type indole alkaloids, neoechinulins A and B, were isolated. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of neoechinulins A (1) and B (2) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. Neoechinulin A (1) markedly suppressed the production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in a dose dependent manner ranging from 12.5 µM to 100 µM without affecting the cell viability. On the other hand, neoechinulin B (2) affected the cell viability at 25 µM although the compound displayed similar inhibitory effect of NO production to neoechinulin A (1) at lower doses. Furthermore, neoechinulin A (1) decreased the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). We also confirmed that neoechinulin A (1) blocked the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages by inhibiting the phosphorylation and degradation of inhibitor kappa B (IκB)-α. Moreover, neoechinulin A (1) decreased p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation. Therefore, these data showed that the anti-inflammatory effects of neoechinulin A (1) in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages were due to the inhibition of the NF-κB and p38 MAPK pathways, suggesting that neoechinulin A (1) might be a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Molecules
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    ABSTRACT: In the course of studies on bioactive metabolites from marine fungi, a new 10-membered lactone, named penicillinolide A (1) was isolated from the organic extract of Penicillium sp. SF-5292 as a potential anti-inflammatory compound. The structure of penicillinolide A (1) was mainly determined by analysis of NMR and MS data and Mosher's method. Penicillinolide A (1) inhibited the production of NO and PGE2 due to inhibition of the expression of iNOS and COX-2. Penicillinolide A (1) also reduced TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 production, and these anti-inflammatory effects were shown to be correlated with the suppression of the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α, NF-κB nuclear translocation, and NF-κB DNA binding activity. In addition, using inhibitor tin protoporphyrin (SnPP), a competitive inhibitor of HO activity, it was verified that the inhibitory effects of compound 1 on the production of pro-inflammatory mediators and NF-κB DNA binding activity were partially associated with HO-1 expression through Nrf2 nuclear translocation.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Marine Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: The root of Polygala tenuifolia Willd. (Polygalaceae) is well known for its use in the treatment of neurasthenia, amnesia, and inflammation. In this study, we isolated phenyl propanoid type metabolite tenuifoliside A, one of the phenylpropanoids from P. tenuifolia, and investigated its anti-inflammatory effects in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 and murine peritoneal macrophages. The results showed that tenuifoliside A inhibited the production of nitric oxide (NO), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), prostaglandin E2 (PG E2), and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2. In addition, tenuifoliside A suppressed the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β. We also evaluated the effects of tenuifoliside A on the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB). Tenuifoliside A inhibited the translocation of the NF-κB subunit p65 into the nucleus by interrupting the phosphorylation and degradation of inhibitor kappa B (IκB)-α in LPS-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages. Moreover, we confirmed that the suppression of the inflammatory process by tenuifoliside A was mediated through the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathway based on the fact that tenuifoliside A significantly decreased p-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK) protein expression in LPS-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages. Taken together, the anti-inflammatory effects of tenuifoliside A were mediated by the inhibition of the NF-κB and MAPK pathways. This study is the first report on the anti-inflammatory effects of tenuifoliside A, and the strong anti-inflammatory effects of tenuifoliside A provide potential compound to be developed as therapeutic for inflammatory diseases.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · European journal of pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: 8-Epiloganin (1), mussaenoside (2), and 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid (3) have been isolated from Castilleja rubra, and the anti-inflammatory properties of these metabolites in a cell culture system were investigated. Compounds 1-3 suppressed not only the production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2, but also the expression of inducible NO synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the RAW264.7 murine macrophage cell line. Compounds 1-3 also inhibited the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines induced by LPS, namely, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β. The underlying mechanism of the anti-inflammatory action of compounds 1-3 was associated with downregulation of nuclear factor-κB.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    ABSTRACT: The heartwood of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Leguminosae) is an important source of traditional Korean and Chinese medicines. 9-Hydroxy-6,7-dimethoxydalbergiquinol (HDDQ), a compound isolated from D. odorifera, has various biological activities. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of HDDQ in modulating the regulation of anti-inflammatory activity through the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in BV2 microglia. HDDQ inhibited the protein expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), iNOS-derived nitric oxide (NO), and the production of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and COX-2-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse BV2 microglia. HDDQ also reduced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production, and suppressed the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α and the nuclear translocation of p65 in mouse BV2 microglia in response to LPS. Furthermore, HDDQ upregulated HO-1 expression via nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in mouse BV2 microglia. Using tin protoporphyrin (SnPP), an HO activity inhibitor, we verified that the inhibitory effects of HDDQ on the proinflammatory mediators NO, PGE2, TNF-α, and IL-1β, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) DNA-binding activity are associated with the induction of HO-1 expression. Our data suggest that HDDQ has therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases caused by neuroinflammation.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · International immunopharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Three new neolignans, named 9-methoxyobovatol (6), magnobovatol (7), and 2-hydroxyobovaaldehyde (9), along with six known ones, magnolol (1), honokiol (2), isomagnolol (3), obovatol (4), obovatal (5), and obovaaldehyde (8), were isolated from the fruits of Magnolia obovata using silica gel and ODS column chromatography. From the results of spectroscopic data including EIMS, IR, 1H- and 13C-NMR, DEPT, and 2D-NMR (gCOSY, gHSQC, gHMBC), the chemical structures were determined. All isolated compounds were evaluated for inhibition activity on nitric oxide production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, and compounds 1-4, 6, 7, and 9 showed significant activity with IC50 values of 15.8 ± 0.3, 3.3 ± 1.2, 14.1 ± 0.9, 6.2 ± 1.2, 14.8 ± 2.3, 14.2 ± 1.2, and 14.8 ± 3.2 µM, respectively, without any visible toxic effect.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2013 · Planta Medica
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    ABSTRACT: Nepalese sumac (Rhus parviflora) is a wild edible fruit used for the treatment of various ailments including neurological complications and stomach disorders in the traditional medicinal system of south Asia (Ayurveda). Four flavonoids were isolated from ethyl acetate (EtOAc) fraction of Nepalese sumac fruits and their chemical structures were determined on the basis of NMR, fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry (FAB/MS), and IR. The efficiency of isolated compounds in attenuating glutamateinduced cell death in an immortalized mouse hippocampal cell line (HT-22) and inhibition of cycline dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) were investigated. Among the compounds, flavanols, fustin (1) and taxifolin (2), an aurone, aureusidin (3), and a biflavonoid, agathisflavone (4) were found to have protective effect against glutamate induced oxidative injury in HT22 cells. Aureusidin (3), a Cdk5/p25 inhibitor (IC50 3.5 μM), was the most potent neuroprotector with an EC50 value of 11.90 μM.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Food science and biotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of cudraflavone B, a prenylated flavonoid isolated from the root bark of Cudrania tricuspidata, against oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. We observed that cudraflavone B inhibited proliferation of these cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. At 15 µM, cudraflavone B induced cell death via apoptosis (characterized by the appearance of nuclear morphology) and increased the accumulation of the sub-G1 peak (portion of apoptotic annexin V positive cells). Treatment with cudraflavone B triggered the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway (indicated by induction of the proapoptotic protein p53 and the p21 and p27 effector proteins), downregulation of cell cycle regulatory proteins (e.g., p-Rb, changing Bax/Bcl-2 ratios, cytochrome-c release), and caspase-3 activation. Cudraflavone B time-dependently activated NF-κB, the MAP kinases p38, and ERK, and induced the expression of SIRT1. SIRT1 activator, resveratrol, dose-dependently attenuated the growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing effect of cudraflavone B and blocked cudraflavone B-induced regulatory protein expressions in the mitochondrial pathway such as p53, p21, p27, Bax, caspase-3, and cytochrome-c. Conversely, treatment with SIRT1 inhibitor sirtinol caused opposite effects. These results demonstrate for the first time that the molecular mechanism underlying the antitumor effect in oral squamous cell carcinoma cells is related to the activation of MAPK/and NF-κB as well as of the SIRT1 pathway. Therefore, cudraflavone B may be a lead for the development of a potential candidate for human oral squamous cell carcinoma cells.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Planta Medica
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    ABSTRACT: Nine phenolic compounds, phloracetophenone-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), p-hydroxybenzoic acid-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2), leonuriside A (3), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenol-1-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (4), cis-p-coumaric acid-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (5), trans-p-coumaric acid-4-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (6), trans-p-coumaric acid-9-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (7), (-)-shikimic acid (8) and (-)-methyl shikimate (9), were isolated for the first time from the fruits of Rhus parviflora. Compounds 1, 3-6 and 8 inhibited lipopolysaccharide-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production and inducible NO synthase expression in RAW 264.7 macrophages with IC50 values of 9.24 ± 1.20, 21.37 ± 2.02, 23.07 ± 1.58, 9.86 ± 0.98, 19.05 ± 1.66 and 11.3 ± 1.54 μM, respectively. The results indicated possible use of compounds for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Natural product research
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    Jae Hak Sohn · Yu-Ri Lee · Dong-Sung Lee · Youn-Chul Kim · Hyuncheol Oh
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    ABSTRACT: The selective inhibition of PTP1B has been widely recognized as a potential drug target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. In the course of screening for PTP1B inhibitory fungal metabolites, the organic extracts of several fungal species isolated from marine environments were found to exhibit significant inhibitory effect, and the bioassay-guided investigation of these extracts resulted in the isolation of fructigenine A (1), cyclopenol (2), echinulin (3), flavoglaucin (4), and viridicatol (5). The structures of these compounds were determined mainly by analysis of NMR and MS data. These compounds inhibited PTP1B activity with the 50% inhibitory concentration values of 10.7 µM, 30.0 µM, 29.4 µM, 13.4 µM, and 64.0 µM, respectively. Furthermore, the kinetic analysis of PTP1B inhibition by compounds 1 and 5 suggested that the compound 1 inhibited PTP1B activity in a non-competitive manner, while compound 5 inhibited PTP1B activity in a competitive manner.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    ABSTRACT: Saussurea pulchella (Asteraceae) is widely distributed in Korea and has been used in Korean folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation, hypertension, hepatitis, and arthritis. Pulchellamin G is an amino acid-sesquiterpene lactone conjugate isolated from S. pulchella. In the present study, we focused on the anti-inflammatory effect of pulchellamin G, which acts by inducing the expression of heme oxygenase (HO)-1. HO-1 plays important roles in cytoprotection since it has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antiapoptotic properties. Pulchellamin G inhibited the mRNA and protein expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), iNOS-derived nitric oxide (NO), and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and COX-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages. The compound also reduced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production and suppressed the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α and nuclear translocation of p65 in murine peritoneal macrophages in response to LPS stimulus. The inhibitory effects of pulchellamin G on nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) translocation was impaired by co-treatment of the cells with HO activity inhibitor tin protoporphyrin (SnPP). By using SnPP, we verified that the inhibitory effects of pulchellamin G on the pro-inflammatory mediators NO, PGE2, TNF-α, and IL-1β are associated with induction of HO-1 expression. Our data suggest that pulchellamin G might have potent therapeutic effects and it should be considered in the development of treatments for various inflammatory diseases.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · European journal of pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Standardization of processing methods for herbs is as important as authentication to maintain their quality and ensure their safe use. We had previously prepared a standardized and purified Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge extract, PF2401-SF, and showed that it protects against liver injury in vivo, at a greater potency than an ethanol extract. PF2401-SF was enriched with tanshinone I (11.5%), tanshinone IIA (41.0%), and cryptotanshinone (19.1%). In this study, we investigated potential anti-inflammatory effects of PF2401-SF in vitro and in vivo. We demonstrated that PF2401-SF shows anti-inflammatory potency on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in RAW 264.7 cells. A mechanistic study indicated that PF2401-SF induced heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression through extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) phosphorylation. Moreover, we also evaluated that PF2401-SF significantly reduced inflammation on carrageenan- or dextran-induced acute arthritis in rats. Our results suggest that PF2401-SF may be a potential candidate for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · International immunopharmacology
  • Dong-Sung Lee · Bin Li · Nam-Kyung Im · Youn-Chul Kim · Gil-Saeng Jeong
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    ABSTRACT: Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Leguminosae) has traditionally been used as an ingredient in East Asian medicines to treat various diseases. In the present study, 4,2',5'-trihydroxy-4'-methoxychalcone (TMC), a biologically active chalcone isolated from the heartwood of D. odorifera, inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, leading to a reduction in COX-2-induced prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and iNOS-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages. Furthermore, TMC suppressed tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production, and the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α as well as the LPS-stimulated nuclear translocation of p65 in macrophages. The present study also demonstrated that TMC induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression through the nuclear translocation of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in macrophages. The effects of TMC on LPS-induced NO, PGE2, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-1β production were partially reversed by the HO inhibitor tin protoporphyrin (SnPP). These results suggest that TMC inhibits pro-inflammatory mediators by inducing the expression of anti-inflammatory HO-1 via the Nrf2 pathway.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · International immunopharmacology

Publication Stats

2k Citations
375.64 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998-2015
    • Wonkwang University
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • Department of Pharmacy
      • • College of Dentistry
      Riri, Jeollabuk-do, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Wonkwang University School of Medicine and Hospital
      Riri, Jeollabuk-do, South Korea
  • 2000
    • Kyushu University
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan