[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The efficacy and safety of capecitabine and bevacizumab in elderly patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) considered unsuitable for receiving first-line chemotherapy with an irinotecan or oxaliplatin-based combination were assessed in a phase II, open, multicentre, uncontrolled study.
Treatment consisted of capecitabine 1250 mg m(-2) (or 950 mg m(-2) for patients with a creatinine clearance of 30-50 ml min(-1)) twice daily on days 1-14 and bevacizumab (7.5 mg kg(-1)) on day 1 every 3 weeks.
A total of 59 patients aged >or=70 years with mCRC were enrolled. In an intention-to-treat analysis, the overall response rate was 34%, with 71% of patients achieving disease control. Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 10.8 months and 18 months, respectively. In all, 32 patients (54%) had grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs), the most common being hand-foot syndrome (19%), diarrhoea (9%) and deep venous thrombosis (7%). Four patients died because of treatment-related AEs. A relationship was detected between creatinine clearance <or=50 ml min(-1) and the development of non-bevacizumab-related grade 3/4 AEs. The incidence of bevacizumab-associated AEs (hypertension, thromboembolic events and proteinuria) was consistent with that of previous reports in elderly patients.
Bevacizumab combined with capecitabine represents a valid therapeutic alternative in elderly patients considered to be unsuitable for receiving polychemotherapy.
Full-text · Article · May 2010 · British Journal of Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the efficacy and safety of the combination therapy with docetaxel and cisplatin (CDDP) at low doses in elderly patients with advanced NSCLC.
A total of 42 patients aged > or =70 years with previously untreated advanced NSCLC received docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) plus CDDP 50 mg/m(2) on day 1. The regimen was repeated every 21 days. Patients received a minimum of three courses unless progressive disease was detected.
By intent-to-treat analysis, the overall response rate was 31% (95% CI, 17.8-47.2%). A total of 18 patients (43%) had stable disease and 11 (26%) progressed. Median time to progression was 5.2 months. Overall median survival was 8.9 months, with 1-year actuarial survival rate of 41%. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status was improved in 18 patients (43%). The chemotherapy regimen was well tolerated. A total of 11 patients (26%) had grade 3/4 adverse events: 7 (17%) neutropenia (one of them was diagnosed with febrile neutropenia), 3 (7%) asthenia, 3 (7%) nausea/vomiting, 1 (2%) diarrhea, 1 (2%) thrombocytopenia and 1 (2%) neurotoxicity. No death due to toxicity was seen.
The combination of low-dose CDDP and docetaxel for elderly patients with advanced NSCLC is an efficient and well-tolerated chemotherapeutic approach.
No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility, toxicity and efficacy of the combination of docetaxel and mitomycin C as second-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Thirty-eight patients with histologically confirmed, locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC were included in this phase II trial. All patients had been previously treated with a platinum-based regimen. Treatment consisted of docetaxel (75 mg/m2) followed by mitomycin C (8 mg/m2) on day 1, every 21 days. Patients received a minimum of three courses unless progressive disease was detected.
A total of 190 courses of docetaxel-mitomycin C were administered (median five courses per patient). This combination was well tolerated with grade 3-4 toxicity experienced with the following frequency: neutropenia in five patients (13%), fatigue in four (11%), anaemia, thrombocytopenia, nausea/vomiting and peripheral neuropathy in one each (3%). Three of 38 patients had a partial response (8%, 95% confidence interval 2.6-21.6%), 14 patients (37%) experienced stabilization of disease and 21 (55%) had disease progression. Median time to progression was 3.6 months. Overall median survival was 10.4 months, with the 1-year actuarial survival rate being 35%.
The addition of mitomycin C to docetaxel as second-line therapy in NSCLC is well tolerated but does not seem to improve the response rate.
No preview · Article · Nov 2006 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Improving chemotherapeutic efficacy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) will require the development of new strategies to better use currently available agents. To assess the efficacy and safety of a biweekly regimen of cisplatin, gemcitabine and vinorelbine for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.
Patients with selected stage IIIb (pleural effusion)/stage IV NSCLC, performance status of 0-2 and normal organ function were eligible. Treatment consisted of cisplatin 100 mg/m(2) on day 1 plus gemcitabine, 1,000 mg/m(2) and vinorelbine 25 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 15 every 28 days.
Of the 40 patients enrolled and assessable for response, there were five (12.5%) with confirmed complete response and 14 (35%) with a confirmed partial response for an overall response rate of 47.5%. Nine patients had stable disease while 12 (30%) progressed. Median progression-free survival and overall survival for all patients were 6.3 and 11.1 months, respectively. Toxicity was principally hematologic, with grade 3-4 neutropenia in 30%, and grade 3-4 nausea/vomiting in 22.5%. There were no treatment-related deaths.
The biweekly regimen of cisplatin, gemcitabine and vinorelbine is associated with a high rate of response, lesser toxicity than other three-drug regimens and no benefit of survival. Therefore, the regimen under study may be an appealing alternative when considering other treatment modalities for advanced lung cancer, such as neoadjuvant therapy.
No preview · Article · Sep 2006 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity profile of the combination of docetaxel and prolonged gemcitabine infusion in front-line chemonaive patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
A total of 50 chemonaive patients diagnosed with advanced NSCLC according to the AJCC/TNM classification system were included in the present study. Treatment consisted of 1000 mg/m(2) gemcitabine given as a 100-min continuous infusion (10 mg/m(2) per min) on days 1 and 8 of each course and 75 mg/m(2) docetaxel as a 60-min infusion on day 8, repeating each course every 21 days.
The ECOG performance status of the patients were as follows: 0 (10%), 1 (60%), and 2 (30%). All patients had two-dimensionally measurable disease. Their median age was 63 years (range 41-75 years). Of the 50 patients, 28 (56%) had squamous cell carcinoma, 14 adenocarcinoma (28%), and 8 (16%) large-cell carcinoma, and 40% and 60% of patients presented with stage IIIB and IV disease, respectively. Of those with stage IV disease, 33% had more than one metastatic site. A total of 220 courses were administered with a median of five courses per patient. Of 46 patients assessed for response, 12 (26%) had a partial remission (95% CI 13-39%). In 19 patients (41%) the disease remained stable, while disease progression was observed in 15 (33%). The median time to disease progression was 4 months, and median survival time was 7 months. At 1 year, 25% of patients remained alive, and the main grade 3/4 toxicity (according to the WHO scale) consisted of neutropenia ( n=6, 12%), asthenia ( n=4, 8%), peripheral edema ( n=3, 6%), dyspnea ( n=3, 6%), and diarrhea ( n=2, 4%).
Prolonged gemcitabine infusion combined with docetaxel is well tolerated and its efficacy is similar to that of other chemotherapeutic schemes used for NSCLC treatment. However, the prolonged infusion of gemcitabine did not appear to result in any improvement in outcome or toxicity versus the standard dose rate.
No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Epirubicin and docetaxel are two of the most active drugs against breast carcinoma. As the achievement of a pathological complete response (pCR) is important for survival of patients with locally advanced disease, we used both drugs as neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Women with locally advanced or inflammatory breast cancer received epirubicin 120 mg/m2 followed by docetaxel 75 mg/m2, both on day 1, every 21 days for four cycles. Lenograstim was administered for 10 days in all cycles.
Of 51 patients included, 50 received a total of 188 cycles, with a median of 4 per patient. The median age was 47 years, tumour stage was IIIA in 14 patients and IIIB in 36. Oestrogen receptors were positive in 65% of tumours. There were 10 clinical complete responses (20%) and 29 partial responses (58%). Surgery consisted of mastectomy in 40 patients and tumorectomy in 6. After surgery, 9 pCR were recorded (18%). One patient progressed and died soon after the end of chemotherapy. After a median follow-up of 22 months, the median disease-free survival was 33.7 months. Grade 3/4 neutropenia was observed in 32% of patients, anaemia in 6%, and thrombocytopenia in 4%. Five patients had febrile neutropenia. There were no toxic deaths or grade 4 nonhaematological toxicities.
Docetaxel plus high-dose epirubicin showed promising activity in patients with locally advanced and inflammatory breast cancer, at the cost of moderate toxicity.
No preview · Article · Jan 2005 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility, toxicity and efficacy of the combination of low-dose cisplatin (CDDP) and gemcitabine (GEM) in elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
This phase II trial included 46 patients aged 70 years or older with previously untreated advanced NSCLC. All patients were evaluable for response and toxicity. Treatment consisted of CDDP 50 mg/m(2) on day 1 plus GEM 1000 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8. The regimen was repeated every 21 days. Patients received a minimum of three courses unless progressive disease was detected.
A total of 190 GEM-CDDP courses were administered (median 4.1 courses per patient). The chemotherapy regimen was well tolerated. No patients developed grade 4 toxicity. Grade 3 toxicities were as follows: neutropenia in six patients (13%), and anemia, thrombopenia and nausea/vomiting in one (2%) each. Two patients (4%) had mild nephrotoxicity. Of the 46 patients, 16 had a partial response (35%, 95% confidence interval, CI, 28-52%), 17 (37%) remained stable and 13 (28%) had disease progression. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status improved in 17 patients (37%), whereas 25 (54%, 95% CI 44-74%) showed a clinical benefit. Median time to progression was 20 weeks. Overall median survival was 44 weeks, with a 1-year actuarial survival rate of 35%.
The combination of low-dose CDDP and GEM for elderly patients with advanced NSCLC is an effective and well-tolerated chemotherapeutic approach.
No preview · Article · Oct 2003 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Combination chemotherapy yields better response rates which do not always lead to a survival advantage. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the reported differences in the efficacy and toxicity of monotherapy with doxorubicin (DOX) versus combination therapy with cisplatin (CDDP) in endometrial adenocarcinoma lead to significant advantage in favour of the combination.
Eligible patients had histologically-proven advanced and/or recurrent endometrial adenocarcinoma and were chemo-naïve. Treatment consisted of either DOX 60 mg/m(2) alone or CDDP 50 mg/m2 added to DOX 60 mg/m2, every 4 weeks.
A total of 177 patients were entered and median follow-up is 7.1 years. The combination DOX-CDDP was more toxic than DOX alone. Haematological toxicity consisted mainly of white blood cell toxicity grade 3 and 4 (55% versus 30%). Non-haematological toxicity consisted mainly of grade 3 and 4 alopecia (72% versus 65%) and nausea/vomiting (36 % versus 12%). The combination DOX-CDDP provided a significantly higher response rate than single agent DOX (P <0.001). Thirty-nine patients (43%) responded on DOX-CDDP [13 complete responses (CRs) and 26 partial responses (PRs)], versus 15 patients (17%) on DOX alone (8 CR and 7 PR). The median overall survival (OS) was 9 months in the DOX-CDDP arm versus 7 months in the DOX alone arm (Wilcoxon P = 0.0654). Regression analysis showed that WHO performance status was statistically significant as a prognostic factor for survival, and stratifying for this factor, treatment effect reaches significance (hazard ratio = 1.46, 95% confidence interval 1.05-2.03, P = 0.024).
In comparison to single agent DOX, the combination of DOX-CDDP results in higher but acceptable toxicity. The response rate produced is significantly higher, and a modest survival benefit is achieved with this combination regimen, especially in patients with a good performance status.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2003 · Annals of Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical activity and toxicity of a combination chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide (C), adriamycin (A) and cisplatin (P) for patients with primary adenocarcinoma of the Fallopian tube having FIGO stage III-IV disease.
The CAP-regimen consisted of cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2, adriamycin 45 mg/m2, and cisplatin 50 mg/m2 administered intravenously on day one every 28 days.
Twenty-four eligible patients with histologically-confirmed Fallopian tube adenocarcinoma were entered in the trial. Fourteen patients had FIGO stage III, and ten had stage IV disease. The median number of CAP cycles was six. Ten patients had a complete and six had a partial response (response rate: 67%, 95% confidence limits: 45-84%). WHO grade III-IV side-effects included haematological toxicity, nausea/vomiting and alopecia. Furthermore, mild signs of cisplatin-related peripheral neurotoxicity were observed. At a median follow-up of 40 months, nine patients were alive and 15 had died due to malignant disease. The median time to progression was 13 months for all patients. The median overall survival was 24 months and the 1-, 3- and 5-year survival and their 95% confidence limits were 73% (54-92%), 25% (4-46%) and 19% (0-38%), respectively.
The present data confirm the therapeutic activity of the CAP-regimen in primary Fallopian tube adenocarcinoma. The response rate is moderate and the toxicity profile is acceptable.
No preview · Article · Feb 2001 · European journal of gynaecological oncology