[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether expression of the excision repair cross complementing protein (ERCC1), glutathione S-transferase pi (GST-p) and thymidylate synthase (TS) predict response in patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with 5-fluorouracil/oxaliplatin chemotherapy.
The study population consisted of 39 patients with advanced colorectal cancer (median age, 65 years). Patients were treated with the modified FOLFOX 6 regimen. The expression of ERCC-1, GST-p and TS of primary tumors were examined by immunohistochemistry.
The response rate of modified FOLFOX 6 chemotherapy was 51.3%. The positive rates of ERCC-1, GST-p and TS were 43.6%, 33.3% and 66.7%, respectively. The patients without ERCC-1 (p=0.0248) or GST-p? (p=0.0019) expression were more likely to respond to chemotherapy. TS expression did not correlate with chemotherapeutic response.
Immunohistochemical studies for ERCC-1 and GST-p may be useful in prediction of the response to 5-fluorouracil/oxaliplatin chemotherapy in advanced colorectal cancer patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Connexin26 (Cx26) is one of the connexins (Cxs) family members which form gap junction channels. Cx26 is considered to be a tumor suppressor gene. However, recent studies revealed that over expression of Cx26 is associated with a poor prognosis in several human cancers. This study investigated the correlation between Cx26 expression and the clinicopathological features and P53 expression in colorectal cancer.
One hundred and fifty-three patients who underwent a curative resection were studied. Tissue samples were investigated by immunohistochemical staining using antibodies for Cx26 and P53. Moreover, apoptotic cells were detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end-labeling (TUNEL) staining.
Cx26 expression was found in 83 cases (54.2%) and P53 expression in 71 cases (46.4%). A correlation was observed between the Cx26 expression and recurrence, histology, and p53 expression (P < 0.05). Cx26 positive tumors had significantly longer survival than Cx26 negative tumors (P < 0.05). A multivariate Cox analysis demonstrated that Cx26 expression was an independent prognostic factor (P < 0.05). However, no significant correlation was observed between Cx26 and AI.
This study suggests that Cx26 expression is an independent prognostic factor in patients that undergo a curative resection of colorectal cancer.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2010 · Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The clinical significance of chemokine receptor CCR7 expression in pancreatic ductal cancer was investigated.
Immunohistochemical staining of 89 pancreatic cancers treated macroscopically with curative resection without hematogenous metastases or peritoneal dissemination were analyzed in association with clinicopathological data.
The positivity of CCR7 in pancreatic cancer was 32.6% (29/89). A significant correlation was detected between CCR7-positive expression and lymph node metastasis. Patients with CCR7-positive tumors had significantly shorter survival times than those with CCR7-negative tumors (median, 12.8 vs. 21.9 months, respectively; p = 0.0039). CCR7 expression was an independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio, 1.949; p = 0.0364) by multivariate survival analysis; however, it was not an indicator for any particular site of recurrence.
The survival impact of CCR7 expression on resectable pancreatic cancer may be associated with lymphatic spread. The results from the present study should foster further investigation of treatments using an inhibitor for the CCR7 protein to improve the survival of pancreatic cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Combination chemotherapy of oxaliplatin, fluorouracil/leucovorin (FOLFOX) has reportedly become a standard regimen for colorectal cancer. In this study, we investigated the efficacies and adverse effects of modified FOLFOX6 (m-FOLFOX6) regimen in elderly patients. Thirty-nine patients with colorectal cancer, who received m-FOLFOX6 in our institution, were studied. Ten of the 39 patients, were older than 70 (elderly patients). Efficacies and adverse effects of m-FOLFOX6 were compared between patients over 70 years of age and those younger than 69 (younger patients). In terms of the response rate, there were no differences between the older and younger elderly patients. Moreover, the grade and frequency of adverse events were similar between them. We concluded that m-FOLFOX6 may bring about the same response rate in older and younger elderly patients. Moreover, m-FOLFOX6 may be given safely regardless of patient age.
No preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lymph node metastasis is one of the determining factors of a poor prognosis for colorectal cancer. Recent studies have reported that cancer cells can promote lymphangiogenesis and that chemokine receptors expressed by cancer cells might play a role in metastasis. In this study, we examined the correlation between the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) C, the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer.
One hundred and sixty-one consecutive patients who underwent resection at our department were studied. Lymph node metastasis was observed in 69 cases (43%) and lymphatic involvement was present in 105 cases (65%). Immunohistochemical staining was performed using antibodies for VEGF-C and CXCR4. Moreover, lymphatic vessel density (LVD) was evaluated within the tumor by immunostaining with a D2-40 antibody.
VEGF-C expression was found in 81 cases (50%) and CXCR4 expression in 87 cases (54%). Regarding the correlation between nodal metastasis and the expression of CXCR4 and VEGF-C, the incidence of nodal metastasis was significantly (p < 0.01) higher in patients with CXCR4-positive tumors than in those with CXCR4-negative tumors. In addition, a significant correlation was observed between CXCR4 and VEGF-C expression and lymphatic invasion (p < 0.01). LVD was significantly higher in VEGF-C-positive tumors compared with VEGF-C-negative tumors. However, there was no significant correlation between LVD and CXCR4 expression. Using multivariate analysis, VEGF-C, CXCR4, lymphatic invasion and wall invasion were found to be independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis.
This study suggests that although the mechanism that promoted lymph node metastasis was different between VEGF-C and CXCR4, both VEGF-C and CXCR4 contributed to lymphatic involvement and nodal metastasis in colorectal cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An umbilical metastasis of gastric cancer is known as Sister Mary Joseph's nodule. It ordinarily indicates a poor prognosis because umbilical metastasis often develops with peritoneal dissemination. Herein, we report a case of umbilical metastasis of gastric cancer that showed good response to chemotherapy, including the oral anticancer agent TS-1. The patient was a 55-year-old man in which gastric cancer was found by upper gastrointestinal series. Physical examination revealed an umbilical nodule that had an irregular surface and a hard consistency. Ultrasonography showed a 15 x 10 mm hypoechoic mass under the umbilicus. Core needle biopsy of the umbilical mass revealed adenocarcinoma. Peritoneal dissemination was proved by diagnostic laparoscopy. Oral anticancer agent TS-1 was administered with low-dose cis-platinum. The gastric lesion and umbilical nodule showed marked response to the chemotherapy and the response continued for 20 months. The patient died of disease progression 31 months after the initiation of the treatment.
No preview · Article · Mar 2004 · Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy