Jun-guo Yang

Zhejiang University, Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (5)13.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The laminin tyrosine-isoleucine-glycine-serine-arginine (YIGSR) peptide, corresponding to the 929-933 sequence of beta1 chain, is known to inhibit tumor growth and metastasis. In the present study, we observed that YIGSR not only inhibited the growth and migration of prostate cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner but also decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, inhibited ATP synthesis and increased caspase-9 activity. Investigation into the interaction of YIGSR with 67LR, the receptor for laminin and polyphenol (-) epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) employing MVD (Molegro Virtual Docker, an integrated platform for predicting protein ligand interactions), revealed that the binding site of YIGSR was the same as that of EGCG that explains as to why YIGSR is able to inhibit the cytotoxicity of EGCG against PC-3 cells.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · European journal of pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on the viability, membrane properties, and zinc distribution, with and without the presence of Zn(2+), in human prostate carcinoma LNCaP cells. We examined changes in cellular morphology and membrane fluidity of LNCaP cells, distribution of cellular zinc, and the incorporated portion of EGCG after treatments with EGCG, Zn(2+), and EGCG+Zn(2+). We observed an alteration in cellular morphology and a decrease in membrane fluidity of LNCaP cells after treatment with EGCG or Zn(2+). The proportion of EGCG incorporated into liposomes treated with the mixture of EGCG and Zn(2+) at the ratio of 1:1 was 90.57%, which was significantly higher than that treated with EGCG alone (30.33%). Electron spin resonance (ESR) studies and determination of fatty acids showed that the effects of EGCG on the membrane fluidity of LNCaP were decreased by Zn(2+). EGCG accelerated the accumulation of zinc in the mitochondria and cytosol as observed by atomic absorption spectrometer. These results show that EGCG interacted with cell membrane, decreased the membrane fluidity of LNCaP cells, and accelerated zinc accumulation in the mitochondria and cytosol, which could be the mechanism by which EGCG inhibits proliferation of LNCaP cells. In addition, high concentrations of Zn(2+) could attenuate the actions elicited by EGCG.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2009 · Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
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    ABSTRACT: The epidemiological studies and recent data have provided convinced evidence that green tea and its major constituent epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) might have the potential to lower the risk of cancers in humans. Metal ions, such as zinc and cadmium, which are necessary to our health, are important factors inducing many diseases including prostate cancer in the condition of absence or excess. EGCG can satisfactorily exhibit complex chemistry with metal ions because of multiple hydroxyl states, which in turn changes their bioactivities and metabolism pathways. This paper presents the results of an investigation of the cytotoxicity of EGCG against PC-3 prostate cancer cells in the presence and absence of Cd2+ in vitro. The results showed that both EGCG and Cd2+ suppressed viability and clonegenecity of PC-3 cells, and the suppression effect was enhanced when EGCG added with Cd2+. Although Cd2+ up-regulated the 67 kDa laminin receptor (67LR), which is a migration-associated protein, the cell migration ability was not significantly increased after each treatment. We also found that EGCG and Cd2+ directly interacted with mitochondrial, and the mixture of EGCG and Cd2+ (EGCG+Cd2+) significantly caused loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential, decrease of the ATP content and activation of caspase-9 compared with EGCG treated alone. Taken together, these findings suggest that Cd2+ enhanced the cytotoxicity of EGCG to PC-3 cells by up-regulating the 67LR and the mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Toxicology in Vitro
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    ABSTRACT: Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major component of green tea, has both preventive and therapeutic beneficial actions in prostate cancer. In the present study, we compared the growth inhibitory effects and the antioxidant and ability to modify cell membrane permeation of zinc-EGCG complex and Zn2+/EGCG mixture on androgen-insensitive prostate cancer (PC-3) cells. It was noted that free Zn2+ enhanced the growth inhibitory effects of EGCG on PC-3 cells at 160 micromol/L concentration,whereas zinc-EGCG complex was ineffective. EGCG showed potent free radical scavenging ability in the presence of Zn2+. EGCG in the presence of Zn2+ was more effective than EGCG alone in enhancing the permeability of the cell membrane, whereas zinc-EGCG complex had no effect on PC-3 cell membrane permeability. These results indicate that though Zn2+ enhanced the action of EGCG on PC-3 cells, zinc-EGCG complex is highly unlikely to be formed in the presence of Zn2+ and EGCG to explain the potentiating action of Zn2+ on the growth inhibitory property of EGCG on PC-3 cells.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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    ABSTRACT: Hypoxia is related to the etiology of numerous pathological disease states, such as the formation of tumors or diverse retinopathies. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a potent polyphenolic antioxidant and antiangiogenic compound found in green tea, has been shown to suppress the growth of blood vessels necessary for the growth of tumors and the induction of retinopathies. However, only a few studies have been carried focusing on the protective effects of EGCG on hypoxia-induced injury of cultured endothelial cells. The present study investigated the effects of EGCG on Na(2)S(2)O(4)-induced hypoxic injury in three types of cultured endothelial cells, primary isolates of normal human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and two transformed endothelial cells lines, RF/6A and ECV304. Our results indicated that Na(2)S(2)O(4) inhibited the growth of HUVE, RF/6A, and ECV304 cells in a dose-dependent manner; EGCG also exerted inhibitory effects on the growth of the three cell types, but the toxicity of EGCG to HUVECs was less than to RF/6A and ECV304 cells. The viability of HUVE, RF/6A, and ECV304 cells treated with EGGC were the lowest at 24, 24, and 36 h, respectively, and the IC(50) of EGCG were 420 +/- 8.0, 125 +/- 7.1, and 75 +/- 5.1 microM, respectively. Furthermore, EGCG, an efficient nontoxic agent, protected all three cell types from Na(2)S(2)O(4)-induced hypoxia injury, providing partial protection from hypoxia-induced injury in normal endothelial cells at 100, 30, and 10 microM for HUVE, RF/6A, and ECV304 cells, respectively.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Endothelium