Nobuo Yaegashi

Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan

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Publications (455)1171.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of senile dementia. Many inflammatory factors such as amyloid-β and pro-inflammatory cytokines are known to contribute to the inflammatory response in the AD brain. Sphingolipids are widely known to have roles in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases, where the precise roles for sphingolipids in inflammation-associated pathogenesis of AD are not well understood. Here we performed a network analysis to clarify the importance of sphingolipids and to model relationships among inflammatory factors and sphingolipids in AD. In this study, we have updated sphingolipid signaling and metabolic cascades in a map of AD signaling networks that we named "AlzPathway," a comprehensive knowledge repository of signaling pathways in AD. Our network analysis of the updated AlzPathway indicates that the pathways related to ceramide are one of the primary pathways and that ceramide is one of the important players in the pathogenesis of AD. The results of our analysis suggest the following two prospects about inflammation in AD: (1) ceramide could play important roles in both inflammatory and anti-inflammatory pathways of AD, and (2) several factors such as Sphingomyelinase and Siglec-11 may be associated with ceramide related inflammation and anti-inflammation pathways in AD. In this study, network analysis of comprehensive knowledge repository reveals a dual role for ceramide in AD. This result provides a clue to clarify sphingolipids related inflammatory and anti-inflammatory pathways in AD.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · PLoS ONE
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    Full-text · Dataset · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: Soft tissue sarcomas are neoplastic malignancies that typically arise in tissues of mesenchymal origin. The identification of novel molecular mechanisms leading to mesenchymal transformation and the establishment of new therapies and diagnostic biomarker has been hampered by several critical factors. First, malignant soft tissue sarcomas are rarely observed in the clinic with fewer than 15,000 newly cases diagnosed each year in the United States. Another complicating factor is that soft tissue sarcomas are extremely heterogeneous as they arise in a multitude of tissues from many different cell lineages. The scarcity of clinical materials coupled with its inherent heterogeneity creates a challenging experimental environment for clinicians and scientists. Faced with these challenges, there has been extremely limited advancement in clinical treatment options available to patients as compared to other malignant tumours. In order to glean insight into the pathobiology of soft tissue sarcomas, scientists are now using mouse models whose genomes have been specifically tailored to carry gene deletions, gene amplifications, and somatic mutations commonly observed in human soft tissue sarcomas. The use of these model organisms has been successful in increasing our knowledge and understanding of how alterations in relevant oncogenic and/or tumour suppressive signal cascades, i.e., interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumour protein 53 (TP53) and/or retinoblastoma (RB) pathway directly impact sarcomagenesis. It is the goal of many in the physiological community that the use of several mouse models will serve as powerful in vivo tools for further understanding of sarcomagenesis and potentially identify new diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic strategies against human soft tissue sarcomas.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of nedaplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with that of cisplatin-based CCRT in patients with cervical cancer. Methods: The medical records of patients with cervical cancer who had undergone CCRT between 2003 and 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. Of these, 129 patients were treated postoperatively with CCRT (n = 52) or primary CCRT (n = 77). A total of 29 patients were treated with nedaplatin-based postoperative CCRT and 23 patients were treated with cisplatin-based postoperative CCRT. A total of 28 patients were treated with nedaplatin-based postoperative CCRT, and 49 patients were treated with cisplatin-based postoperative CCRT. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared between the treatment groups. Results: With postoperative CCRT, there were no significant differences in recurrence rate (P = 1.0000), PFS (log-rank: P = 0.8503), and OS (log-rank: P = 0.8926) between the two treatment groups. With primary CCRT, there were no significant differences in PFS (log-rank: P = 0.7845) and OS (log-rank: P = 0.3659). The frequency of acute toxicity was not significantly different between the cisplatin-based postoperative CCRT group and the nedaplatin-based postoperative CCRT group. Conclusions: Nedaplatin-based postoperative CCRT is an effective and well-tolerated regimen for both early-stage and advanced-stage cervical cancer patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · International Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
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    Full-text · Dataset · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: After the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, there has been a concern about health problems among children. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of wheeze and eczema symptoms and associated factors among children in areas primarily affected by the disaster. From 2012 to 2014, we distributed the parent-administered questionnaire to 25,198 children in all 233 public schools in the 13 municipalities of Miyagi Prefecture in northeast Japan. A total of 7,155 responses (mean age 10.5 ± 2.2 years) were received (response rate: 28.4%). The prevalence of allergic symptoms according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire in 2nd, 4th, 6th, and 8th graders was 12.4%, 9.9%, 9.3%, and 5.6% for wheeze, and 20.1%, 18.0%, 14.0%, and 12.4% for eczema. In multivariate logistic analysis, younger age, history of hospitalization, and difficulties in children’s daily lives as assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), were significantly and consistently associated with both allergic symptoms (both P < 0.05). Living in a coastal municipality was also associated with eczema symptoms (P = 0.0278). The prevalence of eczema symptoms in the 2nd (20.1%) and 8th (12.4%) grades was significantly higher than previously reported in Japan. Living in a coastal municipality was independently associated with eczema symptoms, and psychometric properties were also closely linked to allergic symptoms. These findings are clinically important for understanding the risks of allergic disorders after natural disasters.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: This study was performed to investigate the occurrence of and risk factors for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in patients with gynecologic cancer. Methods: In total, 214 patients with gynecologic cancer who underwent highly emetogenic (HEC) or moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC) were evaluated. We investigated the relationship between CINV and clinical factors and the accuracy of estimation of CINV by medical staff in the acute and late phases. Vomiting was evaluated in terms of frequency, and nausea was evaluated with a 100-mm visual analog scale on days 1 to 7. We also analyzed the risk factors and changes in CINV over time using a generalized linear mixed (GLM) model. Results: The multivariate analysis revealed no significant risk factors for acute CINV. The independent risk factors for delayed nausea were a morning sickness history (odds ratio [OR], 2.687; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.450-4.976; p=0.0017), age (each 1-year increment) (OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.944-0.996; p=0.0235), and HEC (OR, 2.134; 95% CI, 1.039-4.383; p=0.0391). The GLM model demonstrated that the independent factors affecting nausea were significant morning sickness (p=0.0101) and HEC (p=0.0136). These data also showed more severe nausea from days 3 to 5, but the negative predictive value for estimation of delayed nausea by medical staff was 57.8%. Conclusion: Our data suggest that improvement of preventive antiemetic administration is needed for patients with risk factors to manage delayed CINV caused by HEC and by MEC.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Gynecologic Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Pre-eclampsia affects approximately 5% of all pregnant women and remains a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The hypertension associated with pre-eclampsia develops during pregnancy and remits after delivery, suggesting that the placenta is the most likely origin of this disease. The pathophysiology involves insufficient trophoblast invasion, resulting in incomplete narrow placental spiral artery remodeling. Placental insufficiency, which limits the maternal-fetal exchange of gas and nutrients, leads to fetal intrauterine growth restriction. In this study, in our attempt to develop a new therapy for pre-eclampsia, we directly rescued placental and fetal hypoxia with nano-scale size artificial oxygen carriers (hemoglobin vesicles). The present study is the first to demonstrate that artificial oxygen carriers successfully treat placental hypoxia, decrease maternal plasma levels of anti-angiogenic proteins and ameliorate fetal growth restriction in the pre-eclampsia rat model.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Scientific Reports
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    S Shigeta · M Toyoshima · K Kitatani · M Ishibashi · T Usui · N Yaegashi
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    ABSTRACT: Fallopian tubal epithelium is a candidate for the origin of high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Transferrin-containing follicular fluid and/or retrograde menstrual blood are possible risk factors for carcinogenesis. Accumulation of DNA double-strand breaks (DNA-DSBs) in the fallopian tubal epithelium is considered to play an important role in the development of cancer. However, the mechanisms by which DNA-DSBs accumulate have not yet been fully elucidated. The hydroxyl radical, which is produced in a Fenton reaction catalyzed by an iron ion, serves as a potent DNA-DSB-inducing molecule, raising the potential of an iron ion transporter of transferrin in the formation of DNA-DSBs. We studied the potential involvement of transferrin in DNA damage and the development of ovarian cancer. Treatment with transferrin facilitated the formation of histone 2AX phosphorylated at Serine 139 (γH2AX), which is known as a DNA-DSB marker, in human fallopian tube secretory epithelial cells and A2780 ovarian cancer cells. Knockdown of transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), but not transferrin receptor 2, suppressed the transferrin uptake and consequent formation of γH2AX. As hydroxyl radicals in reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in DNA-DSBs, the formation of ROS was determined. Treatment with TfR1-specific small interference RNAs significantly diminished transferrin-induced formation of ROS. Moreover, TfR1-dependent uptake of transferrin was revealed to augment the formation of DNA-DSBs in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, which served as a substrate for the Fenton reaction. An ex vivo study with murine fallopian tubes further demonstrated that transferrin treatment introduced DNA-DSBs in the fallopian tubal epithelium. Collectively, these data suggested that the transferrin-TfR1 axis accounts for the induction of DNA-DSBs that potentially lead to DNA damage/genome instability. These findings also suggested that exposure to transferrin initiates and promotes the development of ovarian cancer by aiding the accumulation of DNA-DSBs in the fallopian tubal epithelium.Oncogene advance online publication, 9 November 2015; doi:10.1038/onc.2015.425.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Oncogene
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    ABSTRACT: During pregnancy, both ischemic reperfusion and bacterial agent LPS are known risk factors for fetal brain damage. However, there is a lack of evidence to explain whether vaginal LPS affects the fetus response to ischemic reperfusion. Here we reported that there was more than 2 folds higher vulnerability of fetal brain hemorrhage response to ischemic reperfusion when mother mouse was treated with vaginal LPS. As our previously reported, ischemic reperfusion induces P53-dependent fetal brain damage was based on a molecular mechanism: the transcriptional pattern was changed from HIF-1alpha-dependent to P53-dependent immediately. In the present work, only with vaginal LPS precondition, phosphorylation of activated transcriptional factor (ATF) 2 at Thr71 appeared in response to ischemic reperfusion. Moreover, this phosphorylation was completely blocked by pre-treatment with a P53 inhibitor, pifithrin-α. We concluded that vaginal LPS precondition trigged the p53-dependent phosphorylation of ATF2 in response to ischemic reperfusion, which played an important role of increasing vulnerability to hemorrhage in fetus.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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    ABSTRACT: This prospective cohort study compared measurements of maternal home blood pressure (HBP) with clinic blood pressure (CBP) before 20 weeks' gestation to determine associations with the risk of delivering a lower birth weight infant. A total of 605 Japanese women were included. Exposures were initial CBP, made between 10 weeks 0 days and 19 weeks 0 days, and HBP for comparison made within 1 week of CBP. Outcome was infant's birth weight, categorized and ranked as follows: ⩾3500 g, 3000-3499 g, 2500-2999 g and <2500 g. The proportional odds model with possible confounding factors was applied to compare the associations between CBP and HBP on infant birth weight. When both CBP and HBP were included simultaneously, the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) per 1 standard deviation (1s.d.) increase in clinic and home diastolic BP (DBP) were 1.06 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.87-1.30) and 1.28 (95% CI: 1.04-1.58), respectively. The adjusted ORs per 1s.d. increase in clinic and home mean arterial pressure (MAP) were 1.02 (95% CI: 0.83-1.24) and 1.29 (95% CI: 1.04-1.59), respectively. Systolic BP measurement was not associated with infant birth weight. In conclusion, high maternal home DBP and MAP before 20 weeks' gestation was associated with a higher risk of lower infant birth weight than clinic DBP and MAP. Therefore, in addition to CBP, it may be worth having pregnant women measure HBP to determine the risk of lower infant birth weight.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 29 October 2015; doi:10.1038/hr.2015.108.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Hypertension Research
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To examine psychological distress among pregnant women in Miyagi prefecture which was directly affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami and compare other areas of Japan that were less damaged. Methods: This study was conducted in conjunction with the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS). We examined 10,129 Japanese women using the primary fixed data of the JECS. The Kessler 6-item psychological distress scale (K6) was administered to 7473 eligible women including 998 in Miyagi unit center ('Miyagi UC') and 6475 in the other unit centers ('13UCs'). We compared the prevalence and the risk of distress (K6 ≥13) during pregnancy in 'Miyagi UC' and '13UCs'. Results: More women in 'Miyagi UC' (4.9%) suffered psychological distress, compared with '13UCs' (3.1%) (p<0.001). A significantly higher prevalence of women in 'Miyagi UC' (55.5%) had experienced negative life events, whereas '13UCs' showed 42.7% (p<0.0001). In multivariable logistic analyses adjusted for baseline characteristics, there was a significant regional difference of psychological distress (adjusted odds ratio; aOR in Miyagi UC=1.488; 95%CI, 1.059-2.090). After further adjusting for negative life events, the association was diminished (aOR=1.338; 95%CI, 0.949-1.884). Limitations: The JECS had no data before the earthquake and the extent of damage was not investigated. Possible regional representativeness is also a limitation. Conclusion: After the Great East Japan Earthquake, the prevalence of pregnant women with psychological distress (K6≥13) were high in Miyagi prefecture. Especially in the coastal area directly affected by tsunami, it is high with or without negative life events experienced.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Affective Disorders
  • Hirotaka Hamada · Hiroaki Okae · Takahiro Arima · Nobuo Yaegashi

    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Placenta
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral infarction in middle-aged women is caused by various pathological conditions, including arrhythmia, coagulation disorders, and malignancies. However, an association between middle-age-onsetinfarcts and menorrhagia has rarely been described. Here we report apatient with recurrent cerebral infarction synchronous with menorrha-gia caused by low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Targeting cell motility, which is required for dissemination and metastasis, has therapeutic potential for ovarian cancer metastasis, and regulatory mechanisms of cell motility need to be uncovered for developing novel therapeutics. Invasive ovarian cancer cells spontaneously formed protrusions, such as lamellipodia, which are required for generating locomotive force in cell motility. Short interfering RNA screening identified class II phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase C2β (PI3KC2β) as the predominant isoform of PI3K involved in lamellipodia formation of ovarian cancer cells. The bioactive sphingolipid ceramide has emerged as an antitumorigenic lipid, and treatment with short-chain C6-ceramide decreased the number of ovarian cancer cells with PI3KC2β-driven lamellipodia. Pharmacological analysis demonstrated that long-chain ceramide regenerated from C6-ceramide through the salvage/recycling pathway, at least in part, mediated the action of C6-ceramide. Mechanistically, ceramide was revealed to interact with the PIK-catalytic domain of PI3KC2β and affect its compartmentalization, thereby suppressing PI3KC2β activation and its driven cell motility. Ceramide treatment also suppressed cell motility promoted by epithelial growth factor, which is a prometastatic factor. To examine the role of ceramide in ovarian cancer metastasis, ceramide liposomes were employed and confirmed to suppress cell motility in vitro. Ceramide liposomes had an inhibitory effect on peritoneal metastasis in a murine xenograft model of human ovarian cancer. Metastasis of PI3KC2β knocked-down cells was insensitive to treatment with ceramide liposomes, suggesting specific involvement of ceramide interaction with PI3KC2β in metastasis suppression. Our study identified ceramide as a bioactive lipid that limits PI3KC2β-governed cell motility, and ceramide is proposed to serve as a metastasis-suppressor lipid in ovarian cancer. These findings could be translated into developing ceramide-based therapy for metastatic diseases.Oncogene advance online publication, 14 September 2015; doi:10.1038/onc.2015.330.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Oncogene

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    ABSTRACT: Uterine leiomyosarcoma (Ut-LMS) is a highly metastatic smooth muscle neoplasm. We have previously reported that low molecular mass protein2 Lmp2-deficient mice spontaneously developed Ut-LMS, which implicated this protein as an anti-oncogenic candidate. We also suggested that LMP2 may negatively regulate Ut-LMS independently of its role in the proteasome. Initially described as a transcription factor able to activate the expression of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)-responsive genes, interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF1) has been shown to play roles in the immune response, and tumor suppression. The aim of this study was to elucidate the molecular mechanism of sarcomagenesis of Ut-LMS using human and mouse uterine tissues. The expression of the IFN-γ signal molecules, IRF1 and -2, STAT1, and LMP2, -3, -7 and -10 were examined by western blot analysis, electrophoretic mobility shift assay and immunohistochemistry in human and mouse uterine tissues. Physiological significance of IRF1 in sarcomagenesis of Ut-LMS was demonstrated by xenograft studies. In the present study, several lines of evidence indicated that although treatment with IFN-γ strongly induced the activation of STAT1 as a transcriptional activator, its target molecule, IRF1, was not clearly produced in Lmp2-deficient uterine smooth muscle cells (Ut-SMCs). Defective expression of IRF1 in the IFN-γ-induced signaling molecules may result in the malignant transformation of Ut-SMCs. The modulation of LMP2 may lead to new therapeutic approaches in human Ut-LMS. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Anticancer research
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    ABSTRACT: Parity has previously been reported to affect the difference in blood pressure (BP) measured in the office and at home, also known as the white-coat effect, during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to identify possible factors that cause the white-coat effect during pregnancy, focusing on parity. In total, 530 pregnant women (31.3±4.7 years old) who delivered at a maternal clinic were eligible for the study. The association between parity and the white-coat effect (clinic BP compared with home BP) was investigated for each trimester of pregnancy by multivariate analysis of covariance adjusted for age, body mass index, family history of hypertension and smoking habits. The magnitudes of the white-coat effect for systolic BP in the first, second and third trimesters were 4.1±9.8, 3.4±7.1 and 1.8±6.0 mm Hg, respectively and those for diastolic BP were 3.8±7.4, 1.6±5.8 and 2.4±4.9 mm Hg, respectively. Parity was significantly and negatively associated with the white-coat effect for systolic BP in the first trimester of pregnancy (nulliparous women: 5.07±0.61 mm Hg and multiparous women: 2.78±0.74 mm Hg, P=0.02) as well as for diastolic BP in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Age, body mass index, family history of hypertension and smoking were not significantly associated with the white-coat effect in any trimester of pregnancy. Parity may have an influence on the white-coat effect in pregnancy; however, the observed effect, on average 1-2 mm Hg, was small.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 27 August 2015; doi:10.1038/hr.2015.97.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Hypertension Research
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    ABSTRACT: Gaucher's disease is caused by defects in acid β-glucosidase 1 (GBA1) and has been also proposed as an inflammatory disease. GBA1 cleaves glucosylceramide to form ceramide, an established bioactive lipid, and defects in GBA1 lead to aberrant accumulation in glucosylceramide and insufficient formation of ceramide. We investigated if the pro-inflammatory kinase p38 is activated in Gaucher's disease, since ceramide has been proposed to suppress p38 activation. Three Gaucher's disease mouse models were employed, and p38 was found to be activated in lung and liver tissues of all Gaucher's disease mice. Most interestingly, neuronopathic Gaucher's disease type mice, but not non-neuronopathic ones, displayed significant activation of p38 and up-regulation of p38-inducible proinflammatory cytokines in brain tissues. In addition, all type of Gaucher's disease mice also showed increases in serum IL-6. As cellular signalling is believed to represent an in vivo inflammatory phenotype in Gaucher's disease, activation of p38 and possibly its-associated formation of proinflammatory cytokines were assessed in fibroblasts established from neuronopathic Gaucher's disease mice. In mouse Gaucher's disease cells, p38 activation and IL-6 formation by TNF-α treatment were enhanced as compared to those of wild type. Furthermore, human fibroblasts from Gaucher's disease patients also displayed increases in p38 activation and IL-6 formation as comparison to healthy counterpart. These results raise the potential that proinflammatory responses such as p38 activation and IL-6 formation are augmented in Gaucher's disease.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · PLoS ONE

Publication Stats

7k Citations
1,171.19 Total Impact Points


  • 1989-2015
    • Tohoku University
      • • Department of Gynecology
      • • Department of Obstetrics
      • • Graduate School of Medicine
      • • Department of Medical Genetics
      Miyagi, Japan
  • 1994-2013
    • Kinki University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2010
    • Tottori University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      TTJ, Tottori, Japan
    • Keio University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
    • Iwate Prefectural Central Hospital
      Aomori, Aomori Prefecture, Japan
    • Juntendo University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2008
    • Osaka City University
      • Graduate School of Medicine
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2007
    • Kurume University
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Куруме, Fukuoka, Japan
    • RIKEN
      Вако, Saitama, Japan
  • 2003
    • Sendai University
      Sendai, Kagoshima, Japan
  • 2001
    • Hiroshima Prefectural University
      Hirosima, Hiroshima, Japan
  • 1996
    • Hachinohe City Hospital
      八戸, Aomori, Japan
  • 1995
    • Maine Institute for Human Genetics and Health
      Бангор, Maine, United States
  • 1991-1993
    • Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
      Seattle, Washington, United States