Giuseppe Paolisso

Second University of Naples, Caserta, Campania, Italy

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Publications (450)1988.28 Total impact

  • Celestino Sardu · Giuseppe Paolisso · Raffaele Marfella

    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Circulation
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    Virginia Boccardi · Giuseppe Paolisso · Patrizia Mecocci
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    ABSTRACT: Nutrition and lifestyle, known to modulate aging process and age-related diseases, might also affect telomerase activity. Short and dysfunctional telomeres rather than average telomere length are associated with longevity in animal models, and their rescue by telomerase maybe sufficient to restore cell and organismal viability. Improving telomerase activation in stem cells and potentially in other cells by diet and lifestyle interventions may represent an intriguing way to promote health-span in humans.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Aging
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    ABSTRACT: . We investigated the predictive value of morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) on the development of microalbuminuria in normotensive adults with a recent diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Methods . Prospective assessments of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and urinary albumin excretion were performed in 377 adult patients. Multivariate-adjusted Cox regression models were used to assess hazard ratios (HRs) between baseline and changes over follow-up in MBPS and the risk of microalbuminuria. The MBPS was calculated as follows: mean systolic BP during the 2 hours after awakening minus mean systolic BP during the 1 hour that included the lowest sleep BP. Results . After a mean follow-up of 6.5 years, microalbuminuria developed in 102 patients. An increase in MBPB during follow-up was associated with an increased risk of microalbuminuria. Compared to individuals in the lowest tertile (− 0.67 ± 1.10 mmHg), the HR and 95% CI for microalbuminuria in those in the highest tertile of change ( 24.86 ± 6.92 mmHg) during follow-up were 17.41 (95% CI 6.26–48.42); p for trend
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Diabetes Research
  • Michelangela Barbieri · Virginia Boccardi · Giuseppe Paolisso

    No preview · Chapter · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a 56-year-old man affected by frontal lobe seizures who has developed bradycardia followed by asystole. The patient had a positive family history for epilepsy. In fact, the mother, brothers, and one sister had epilepsy. Furthermore, the patient's two brothers suddenly died of unspecified heart disease at the ages of 26 and 53, respectively. The patient also experienced syncope once or twice a year. Three similar epileptic seizures, without the recurrence of asystole, were registered after pacemaker implantation.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Epilepsy and Behavior Case Reports
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    ABSTRACT: Proper use of inhaler devices may be problematic in elderly patients due to age-related difficulties. A survey was administered to elderly patients to investigate the usability of the Genuair® device and patients' subjective viewpoint on the device. A representative sample of the Italian population aged ≥ 65 years was completed with a pre-defined sample of 89 patients with hand arthritis/arthrosis. Of 526 respondents, 88 were not self-sufficient. Only the replies of the 438 self-sufficient respondents were analyzed. A total of 107 participants (24%) reported having respiratory diseases, and 81 of these (76%) were users of inhaler devices. After the first test, the device was considered "practical/handy" by 90% of patients and "easy to use" by 89%. After the second test, in which patients received a demonstration of the correct inhalation maneuver, the percentage of patients scoring ≥ 7 increased to 93% for the first characteristic and was confirmed for the second, with no differences between the groups in terms of age, educational level, use of devices, and presence of arthritis/arthrosis. The mean time to explain the inhaler technique and to perform a correct inhalation was 1'38"± 1'37", and 70% of the respondents required less than 2 minutes, with no differences between the groups in terms of age, education level, use of devices, and presence of arthritis/arthrosis. In conclusion, Genuair® was well accepted and easy to use in a representative sample of the Italian population aged ≥ 65 years. These characteristics make it a valid choice in the elderly, thus enabling patients to better cope with the problems and difficulties that are common to this age group.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · COPD Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is most common arrhythmia in general population, with increasing trend in mortality and morbidity. Electrophysiological and structural abnormalities, promoting abnormal impulse formation and propagation, lead to this disease. AF catheter ablation is related to a not small percentage of nonresponder patients. microRNAs (miRs) have been used as AF fibrotic and electrical alterations biomarkers. MiRs may differentiate responders patients to ablative approach. Selective miR target therapy, as upregulation by adenovirus transfection and/or miR downregulation by antagomiR, may be used to treat AF patients. Catheter ablation of triggering electrical pulmonary veins activity or fibrotic areas defragmentation may be upgraded by miR therapy to prevent cardiac electrical and fibrotic remodeling after AF ablation.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Pharmacogenomics
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent in the elderly and negatively impacts survival and health status. Thus, nephrological competence is mandatory for a skilled geriatrician. The present study aimed to assess nephrological competence in a sample of geriatricians recruited through a web survey. To this aim, a 12-items questionnaire was produced by an expert panel of nephrologists and geriatricians and was available online for members of the Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics (SIGG). Two-hundred-eighty-seven geriatricians volunteered to fill in the questionnaire. The majority of them indirectly estimated the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using mainly the Cockroft-Gault (C-G) formula. Selected nephrological exams, such as urinary Na and serum D-vitamin measurements, did not qualify as routine exams although the majority of geriatricians supplemented their patients with fat-soluble secosteroids. Ten percent of geriatricians asked for nephrological consultation only for stage 5 CKD patients and 30,9% only for stage 4 or 5. Erythropoietin supplementation was common practice for the majority of geriatricians, while only one third of them systematically used a procedure intended to prevent the contrast induced nephropathy (CIN). Finally, an alleged 50% adherence to the international guidelines for the management of CKD patients emerged from the questionnaire. Overall, results from this survey strongly recommend promoting nephrological education among geriatricians. Didactic standards for in training geriatricians need to be updated and the cooperation between geriatrics and nephrological societies promoted.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    Raffaele Marfella · Giuseppe Paolisso

    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · Hypertension
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    ABSTRACT: Background CD26 is an ectoenzyme with dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) activity expressed on a variety of cell types. Considering that serum CD26 levels have been previously associated with different cancers, we examined the potential diagnostic value of serum CD26 levels in gastric cancer. Methods Soluble serum CD26 levels were measured in pre and postoperative serum samples of 30 patients with gastric cancer and in 24 healthy donors by a specific ELISA kit. Results We found significantly lower serum CD26 levels in patients with gastric cancer (557.7 ± 118.3 pg/mL) compared with healthy donors (703.4 ± 170.3 pg/mL). Moreover patients with HER2 positive tumors had significantly lower CD26 serum levels (511.8 ± 84.8 pg/mL) compared with HER2 negative tumors (619.1 ± 109.9 pg/mL, p = 0.006). A binary logistic model having gastric cancer as the dependent variable while age, gender, CEA, CA19.9 and CD26 levels as covariates, showed that CD26 serum levels were independently associated with gastric cancer presence. Indeed after 3 months from surgery serum CD26 levels significantly increased (700.1 ± 119.9 pg/mL vs 557.7 ± 118.3 pg/ml) in all patients (t = −4.454, p < 0.0001). Conclusions This is a preliminary study showing that the measurement of serum CD26 levels could represent an early detection marker for gastric cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · BMC Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: An internet survey was set up to assess the geriatric competence and perceived needs of 337 members of the Italian society of nephrology (SIN). The survey assessed how well aware nephrologists are of the typical geriatric conditions and needs of their elderly chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. SIN associates were also questioned about their current use of comprehensive geriatric assessment, prescription of potentially nephrotoxic drugs, and screening for osteoporosis. The main finding is that CKD and dialysis are almost unanimously perceived as typically geriatric conditions, but knowledge and use of geriatric tools are scanty. While use of potentially inappropriate drugs is rare, almost half of the patients are not screened for osteoporosis. The significant clinical gaps observed could greatly impair the management of older CKD patients, and call for an urgent educational intervention.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Takotsubo syndrome is a stress cardiomyopathy, characterized by reversible left ventricle (LV) apical ballooning in the absence of significant angiographic coronary artery stenosis. The frequent association with emotional stress suggests in this disease an autonomic nervous system involvement. We could think that a therapeutic treatment targeting heart sympathetic dysfunction could be of crucial importance. Methods: From January 2010 to June 2012, 886 patients were consecutively evaluated at Cardarelli Hospital, Naples, Italy. Among these, 48 patients met takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) criteria. Each patient was assessed with history and physical examination, 12-lead electrocardiogram, serum troponin, coronary arteriography, and left ventricular angiogram, perfusion myocardial scintigraphy with technetium 99m, with echocardiography and 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy. At discharge, the surviving patients were randomly assigned to α-lipoic acid (ALA) treatment (600mg once daily) or placebo. Following discharge, after the initial TCM event, patients returned to our outpatient clinic at Internal Medicine of the Second University Naples for the follow-up evaluation quarterly until 12 months. Routine analysis, myocardial damage serum markers, oxidative stress serum markers, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and sympathetic tone activity were evaluated in all patients. Results: ALA administration improved MIBG defect size at 12 months compared to placebo. Conclusions: Adrenergic cardiac innervation dysfunction in TCM patients persists after previous experience of transient stress-induced cardiac dysfunction. ALA treatment improves the adrenergic cardiac innervation. This study evaluates whether sympatho-vagal alterations are TCM event-related.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Cardiology
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    DESCRIPTION: Heart failure (HF) and type 2 diabetesmellitus (T2DM) are two growing and related diseases in general population and particularly in elderly people. In selected patients affected by HF and severe dysfunction of left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF), with left bundle brunch block, the cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT) is the treatment of choice to improve symptoms, NYHA class, and quality of life. CRT effects are related to alterations in genes and microRNAs (miRs) expression, which regulate cardiac processes involved in cardiac apoptosis, cardiac fibrosis, cardiac hypertrophy and angiogenesis, and membrane channel ionic currents. Different studies have shown a different prognosis in T2DMpatients and T2DMelderly patients treated by CRT-D.We reviewed the literature data on CRT-D effect on adult and elderly patients with T2DM as compared with nondiabetic patients.
    Full-text · Research · Aug 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Understanding the dynamics of the complex interaction network of cytokines, defined as ''cytokinome'', can be useful to follow progression and evolution of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from its early stages as well as to define therapeutic strategies. Recently we have evaluated the cytokinome profile in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and/or chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection and/or cirrhosis suggesting specific markers for the different stages of the diseases. Since T2D has been identified as one of the contributory cause of HCC, in this paper we examined the serum levels of cytokines, growth factors, chemokines, as well as of other cancer and diabetes biomarkers in a discovery cohort of patients with T2D, chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and/or CHC-related HCC comparing them with a healthy control group to define a profile of proteins able to characterize these patients, and to recognize the association between diabetes and HCC. The results have evidenced that the serum levels of some proteins are significantly and differently up-regulated in all the patients but they increased still more when HCC develops on the background of T2D. Our results were verified also using a separate validation cohort. Furthermore, significant correlations between clinical and laboratory data characterizing the various stages of this complex disease, have been found. In overall, our results highlighted that a large and simple omics approach, such as that of the cytokinome analysis, supplemented by common biochemical and clinical data, can give a complete picture able to improve the prognosis of the various stages of the disease progression. We have also demonstrated by means of interactomic analysis that our experimental results correlate positively with the general metabolic picture that is emerging in the literature for this complex multifactorial disease.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: There is growing evidence that tight glycemic control may be more harmful than beneficial in older persons with Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). It remains controversial if tight glycemic control (lower glycated hemoglobin A1c (A1c)) is associated with functional impairments in older frail patients with T2DM. We explored associations between A1c and losses in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) in diabetic nursing home (NH) patients and tested for differences according to anti-diabetic treatment: diet, anti-diabetic oral drug (AOD), insulin, combined insulin+AOD. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 1845 older NH patients with T2DM from 150 sites across Italy. Complete evaluations on ADLs, glycemic control, anti-diabetic treatments, comorbidities, and clinical data were recorded. ANOVA was applied to compare clinical characteristics across A1c tertiles. Multivariate regression models evaluated associations between A1c and ADL losses. Patients had a mean age [SD]=82 [8] years; BMI=25.5kg/m(2) [4.7]; Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)=7.4 [3.0] mmol/l; Post-prandial glucose (PPG)=10.3 [3.6] mmol/l; A1c=7.0% (54mmol/mol), ADL losses=3.7 [1.8]. Compared to higher A1c tertiles, patients in the lower tertile had greater ADL losses, were more likely to use AODs, while less likely to use insulin or insulin+AOD. After adjusting for multiple confounders, impairments in ADLs were associated with tighter A1c levels (B=-0.014; p=0.002). Regression models according to anti-diabetic treatment showed that tighter A1c levels continued as independent determinants of ADL losses in patients using AODs (B=-0.023; p=0.001), particularly in those using sulfonylureas (B=-0.043; p<0.001) or mitiglinides (B=-0.044; p=0.050). Tighter glycemic control was associated with ADL physical dependency losses, especially in those using sulfonylureas and mitiglinides. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Metabolism: clinical and experimental
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    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Diabetes
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    ABSTRACT: Severe hypoglycemia is associated with cognitive decline and dementia in older persons with type 2 diabetes. The role of antidiabetic treatments on severe hypoglycemia is unknown in dementia. The aims were to determine the prevalence of severe hypoglycemic events and investigate associations among severe hypoglycemic and specific antidiabetic treatments (classes of oral agents and types of insulin analogs) in a large sample of nursing home patients with diabetes according to dementia status. Cross-sectional observational study. A total of 150 nursing homes across Italy. A total of 2258 patients with type 2 diabetes (dementia = 1138, no dementia = 1120). Diagnosis of dementia before nursing home admission. Data were collected regarding functional status, glycemic control, antidiabetic treatments, comorbidities, and biochemical and clinical measurements. Logistic regression models with severe hypoglycemia as the dependent variable were used to test associations with antidiabetic agents. Patients had a mean age (SD) of 82 (8) years, body mass index (BMI) of 25.4 (4.8), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) of 7.5 (3.0) mmol/L, postprandial glucose (PPG) of 10.3 (3.6) mmol/L, HbA1c of 7.1% (54 mmol/L), and impairments in activities of daily living (ADLs) of 3.7 (2.1). Severe hypoglycemia was more prevalent in patients with dementia (18%) compared with patients without dementia (8%). Patients with dementia were older, showed greater ADL impairments, greater number of comorbidities, lower FPG, and higher PPG compared with those without dementia. Adjusted logistic regression models in patients with dementia showed that rapid- and long-acting insulin analogs were associated with reduced odds ratio (OR) (OR 0.333; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.184-0.602; OR 0.248, 95% CI 0.070-0.882, respectively), whereas sulphonylureas and combined metformin + sulphonylurea were associated with increased ORs (OR 8.805, 95% CI 4.260-18.201; OR 6.639; 95% CI 3.273-14.710, respectively) of experiencing severe hypoglycemia. No correlations were found in patients without dementia. In older nursing home patients with type 2 diabetes, severe hypoglycemia was significantly higher in dementia. Our findings suggest that sulphonylureas should be used with caution, whereas rapid- and long-acting insulin analogs seem safer. Copyright © 2015 AMDA – The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
  • Virginia Boccardi · Giuseppe Paolisso

    No preview · Chapter · Feb 2015
  • Virginia Boccardi · Giuseppe Paolisso

    No preview · Book · Feb 2015
  • A M Abbatecola · G Paolisso · A.J. Sinclair
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    ABSTRACT: There is a rapidly growing number of persons reaching extreme age limits. Indeed, the fastest growth is found in those over the age of 80 years or octogenarians. Along with this continuous rise, there is a significant increase in type 2 diabetes in this population. Unfortunately, individuals living past 80 years of age are often accompanied by numerous comorbidities and geriatric conditions, all which render anti-diabetic treatment options challenging. Indeed the principles of managing type 2 diabetes is similar to younger patients. Special considerations in this delicate group are essential due to the increased prevalence of comorbidities and relative inability to tolerate adverse effects of medication and severe hypoglycemia. It is important to recall that octogenarians have shown to have a greater prevalence for cognitive impairment, physical disability, renal and hepatic dysfunction, and syndromes, such as frailty compared to younger elders. The frailty syndrome is considered one of the most important limitations when treating octogenarians with type 2 diabetes in polypharmacy. Due to the lack of evidence for specific targets of glucose and glycated hemoglobin (A1C) levels in the elderly, available treatment guidelines are based on data extrapolation from younger adults and expert opinion citing reliable evidence. Overall, the most important conclusion emerging from these groups is to accomplish a moderate glycemic control (A1C levels between 7 -8%) in complex elderly patients. However, the risk of hypoglycemia from some treatments may present the greatest significant barrier to optimal glycemic control for the very old. The present review discusses the highlights from the latest guidelines for treating older persons and underlines the need for specific considerations when treating the very old in order to maintain a balance between treating comorbidities and maintaining quality of life.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Current Pharmaceutical Design

Publication Stats

17k Citations
1,988.28 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1983-2015
    • Second University of Naples
      • • Faculty of Medicine and Surgery
      • • Dipartimento di Psicologia
      • • Dipartimento di Biochimica, Biofisica e Patologia Generale
      Caserta, Campania, Italy
  • 1981-2015
    • University of Naples Federico II
      • Department of Molecular Medicine and Medical Biotechnology
      Napoli, Campania, Italy
  • 1983-2014
    • Naples Eastern University
      Napoli, Campania, Italy
  • 2006
    • University of Ferrara
      • Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
      Ferrare, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 2004
    • University of Bologna
      • Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine DIMES
      Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
    • National Institute on Aging
      • Clinical Research Branch (CRB)
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • 2003
    • Università degli Studi di Palermo
      • Department of internal medicine and medical specialties (DIMIS)
      Palermo, Sicily, Italy
  • 1996
    • National Institutes of Health
      • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
      Maryland, United States
  • 1995
    • Albert Einstein College of Medicine
      New York, New York, United States
    • Interactive Institute
      Tukholma, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1994
    • University of Liège
      • Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Disorders Unit
      Liège, WAL, Belgium
  • 1990
    • Università degli Studi di Napoli L'Orientale
      Napoli, Campania, Italy
  • 1989
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège
      Luik, Walloon Region, Belgium
  • 1987
    • Università degli Studi del Sannio
      Benevento, Campania, Italy
  • 1985
    • Catholic University of Louvain
      • School of Medicine
      Walloon Region, Belgium