Ya-Ling Han

General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region, Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China

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Publications (110)173.8 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to investigate the difference in major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 3 years after double-kissing (DK) crush versus culotte stenting for unprotected left main distal bifurcation lesions (LMDBLs). The multicenter and randomized DKCRUSH-III (Comparison of double kissing crush versus culotte stenting for unprotected distal left main bifurcation lesions: results from a multicenter, randomized, prospective study) showed that DK crush stenting was associated with fewer MACE at 1-year follow-up in patients with LMDBLs compared with culotte stenting. Here, we report the 3-year clinical outcome of the DKCRUSH-III study. A total of 419 patients with LMDBLs who were randomly assigned to either the DK crush or culotte group in the DKCRUSH-III study were followed for 3 year. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of a MACE at 3 years. Stent thrombosis (ST) was the safety endpoint. Patients were classified by simple and complex LMDBLs according to the DEFINITION (Definition and Impact of Complex Bifurcation Lesions on Clinical Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Using Drug-Eluting Stents) study criteria. At 3 years, MACE occurred in 49 patients the culotte group and in 17 patients in the DK crush group (cumulative event rates of 23.7% and 8.2%, respectively; p < 0.001), mainly driven by increased myocardial infarction (8.2% vs. 3.4%, respectively; p = 0.037) and target-vessel revascularization (18.8% vs. 5.8%, respectively; p < 0.001) between groups. Definite ST rate was 3.4% in the culotte group and 0% in the DK crush group (p = 0.007). Complex LMDBLs were associated with a higher rate of MACE (35.3%) at 3 years compared with a rate of 8.1% in patients with simple LMDBLs (p < 0.001), with an extremely higher rate in the culotte group (51.5% vs. 15.1%, p < 0.001). Culotte stenting for LMDBLs was associated with significantly increased rates of MACE and ST. (Double Kissing [DK] Crush Versus Culotte Stenting for the Treatment of Unprotected Distal Left Main Bifurcation Lesions: DKCRUSH-III, a Multicenter Randomized Study Comparing Double-Stent Techniques; ChiCTR-TRC-11001877). Copyright © 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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    Full-text · Dataset · Apr 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Several platelet function tests are currently used to measure responsiveness to antiplatelet therapy. This study was to compare two tests, light transmittance aggregometry (LTA) and modified thrombelastography (mTEG), for predicting clinical outcomes in Chinese patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Prospective, observational, single-center study of 789 Chinese patients undergoing PCI was enrolled. This study was investigated the correlations between the two tests and performed receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) at 1-year follow-up. MACEs occurred in 32 patients (4.1%). Correlations were well between the two tests in the adenosine diphosphate induced platelet reactivity (Spearman r = 0.733, P < 0.001). ROC-curve analysis demonstrated that LTA (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.677; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.643-0.710; P = 0.0009), and mTEG (AUC: 0.684; 95% CI: 0.650-0.716; P = 0.0001) had moderate ability to discriminate between patients with and without MACE. MACE occurred more frequently in patients with high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) when assessed by LTA (7.4% vs. 2.7%; P < 0.001), and by TEG (6.7% vs. 2.6%; P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that HPR based on the LTA and mTEG was associated with almost 3-fold increased risk of MACE at 1-year follow-up. The correlation between LTA and mTEG is relatively high in Chinese patients. HPR measured by LTA and mTEG were significantly associated with MACE in Chinese patients undergoing PCI.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Chinese medical journal
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    ABSTRACT: Current randomized trials have demonstrated the effects of short-term rosuvastatin therapy in preventing contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI). However, the consistency of these effects on patients administered different volumes of contrast media is unknown. In the TRACK-D trial, 2998 patients with type 2 diabetes and concomitant chronic kidney disease (CKD) who underwent coronary/peripheral arterial angiography with or without percutaneous intervention were randomized to short-term (2 days before and 3 days after procedure) rosuvastatin therapy or standard-of-care. This prespecified analysis compared the effects of rosuvastatin versus standard therapy in patients exposed to (moderate contrast volume [MCV], 200-300 ml, n = 712) or (high contrast volume [HCV], ≥300 ml, n = 220). The primary outcome was the incidence of CIAKI. The secondary outcome was a composite of death, dialysis/hemofiltration or worsened heart failure at 30 days. Rosuvastatin treatment was associated with a significant reduction in CIAKI compared with the controls (2.1% vs. 4.4%, P = 0.050) in the overall cohort and in patients with MCV (1.7% vs. 4.5%, P = 0.029), whereas no benefit was observed in patients with HCV (3.4% vs. 3.9%, P = 0.834). The incidence of secondary outcomes was significantly lower in the rosuvastatin group compared with control group (2.7% vs. 5.3%, P = 0.049) in the overall cohort, but it was similar between the patients with MCV (2.0% vs. 4.2%, P = 0.081) or HCV (5.1% vs. 8.8%, P = 0.273). Periprocedural short-term rosuvastatin treatment is effective in reducing CIAKI and adverse clinical events for patients with diabetes and CKD after their exposure to a moderate volume of contrast medium.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Chinese medical journal
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    ABSTRACT: Studies have suggested that use of prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) following new generation drug-eluting stent implantation may increase costs and potential bleeding events. This study aimed to investigate the association of DAPT status with clinical safety in patients undergoing everolimus-eluting stent (EES) implantation in the SEEDS study (A Registry to Evaluate Safety and Effectiveness of Everolimus Drug-eluting Stent for Coronary Revascularization) at 2-year follow-up. The SEEDS study is a prospective, multicenter study, where patients (n = 1900) with small vessel, long lesion, or multi-vessel diseases underwent EES implantation. Detailed DAPT status was collected at baseline, 6-month, 1- and 2-year. DAPT interruption was defined as any interruption of aspirin and/or clopidogrel more than 14 days. The net adverse clinical events (NACE, a composite endpoint of all-cause death, all myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, definite/probable stent thrombosis (ST), and major bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium II-V)) were investigated according to the DAPT status at 2-year follow-up. DAPT was used in 97.8% of patients at 6 months, 69.5% at 12 months and 35.4% at 2 years. It was observed that the incidence of NACE was low (8.1%) at 2 years follow-up, especially its components of all-cause death (0.9%), stroke (1.1%), and definite/probable ST (0.7%). DAPT was not an independent predictor of composite endpoint of all-cause death/MI/stroke (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.693, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.096-4.980, P = 0.715) and NACE (HR: 1.041, 95% CI: 0.145-7.454, P = 0.968). Of 73 patients who had DAPT interruption, no patient had ST at 12-month, and only 1 patient experienced ST between 1- and 2-year (1.4%). There was a high frequency of major bleeding events (53/65, 82.5%) occurred in patients receiving DAPT treatment. Prolonged DAPT use was not associated with improved clinical safety. The study emphasized that duration of DAPT needs to be shortened in Chinese patients following EES implantation (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT 01157455).
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Chinese medical journal
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies reported that percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation was safe and feasible for the treatment of left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease in select patients. However, it is unclear whether drug-eluting stents (DESs) have better outcomes in patients with LMCA disease compared with bare-metal stent (BMS) during long-term follow-up in Chinese populations. From a perspective multicenter registry, 1136 consecutive patients, who underwent BMS or DES implantation for unprotected LMCA stenosis, were divided into two groups: 1007 underwent DES implantation, and 129 underwent BMS implantation. The primary outcome was the rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), including cardiovascular (CV) death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 5 years postimplantation. Patients in the DES group were older and more likely to have hyperlipidemia and bifurcation lesions. They had smaller vessels and longer lesions than patients in the BMS group. In the adjusted cohort of patients, the DES group had significantly lower 5 years rates of MACE (19.4% vs. 31.8%, P = 0.022), CV death (7.0% vs. 14.7%, P = 0.045), and MI (5.4% vs. 12.4%, P = 0.049) than the BMS group. There were no significant differences in the rate of TLR (10.9% vs. 17.8%, P = 0.110) and stent thrombosis (4.7% vs. 3.9%, P = 0.758). The rates of MACE (80.6% vs. 68.2%, P = 0.023), CV death (93.0% vs. 85.3%, P = 0.045), TLR (84.5% vs. 72.1%, P = 0.014), and MI (89.9% vs. 80.6%, P = 0.029) free survival were significantly higher in the DES group than in the BMS group. When the propensity score was included as a covariate in the Cox model, the adjusted hazard ratios for the risk of CV death and MI were 0.41 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.21-0.63, P = 0.029) and 0.29 (95% CI: 0.08-0.92, P = 0.037), respectively. DES implantation was associated with more favorable clinical outcomes than BMS implantation for the treatment of LMCA disease even though there was no significant difference in the rate of TLR between the two groups.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Chinese medical journal
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    ABSTRACT: Low responsiveness to clopidogrel (LRC) is associated with increased risk of ischemic events. This study was aimed to explore the feasibility of tailored antiplatelet therapy according to the responsiveness to clopidogrel. A total of 305 clopidogrel naïve patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) undergoing coronary stenting were randomly assigned to receive standard (n = 151) or tailored (n = 154) antiplatelet therapy. The ADP-induced platelet aggregation tests by light transmission aggregometry were performed to identify LRC patients assigned to the tailored group. The standard antiplatelet regimen was dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel. The tailored antiplatelet therapy was standard regimen for non-LRC patients and an additional 6-month cilostazol treatment for LRC patients. The primary efficacy outcome was the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction or stroke at one year. LCR was present in 26.6% (41/154) of patients in the tailored group. The percentage platelet aggregation for LCR patients was significantly decreased at three days after adjunctive cilostazol treatment (77.5% ± 12.1% vs. 64.5% ± 12.1%, P < 0.001). At one year follow-up, a non-significant 37% relative risk reduction of primary events were observed in the tailored group as compared to the standard group (5.8% vs. 9.3%, P = 0.257). There were no differences in the rates of stent thrombosis and hemorrhagic events between the two groups. Tailored antiplatelet therapy for ACS patients after coronary stenting according to responsiveness to clopidogrel is feasible. However, its efficacy and safety need further confirmation by clinical trials with larger sample sizes.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of Geriatric Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: To date, transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) has become a standard treatment to control intracavitary bleeding as an alternative to surgery. Due to excellent biocompatibility and no residual in vivo, biodegradable materials are preferred in TAE. However, gelfoam is the only commercially available biodegradable embolic material used to treat blunt trauma of solid abdominal viscera until now, and controversial on its stability and reliability never stopped in the past five decades. In this study, a new biodegradable macromolecule material (thrombin-loaded alginate-calcium microspheres, TACMs) was prepared using electrostatic droplet techniques and a special method was developed for hemostatic embolization. Thrombin was successfully loaded into microspheres with high encapsulation efficiency and drug loading capacity. A burst release of TACMs was observed at early stage and sustained release later on, with the activity of thrombin preserved well. The strength of TACMs mixed thrombus, which was used as embolic agent, increased in a dose-dependent manner after TACMs were added. In addition, the TACMs were verified to be of no cytotoxicity and systemic toxicity, and biodegradable in vivo. Finally, the results of preliminary applications revealed that the TACMs could serve as an effective and promising embolic material for blunt trauma and hemorrhage of solid abdominal viscera. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Endothelium dysfunction plays a critical role in atherosclerosis. MicroRNAs are endogenous non-coding RNAs that suppress gene expression by binding to the 3' untranslated regions of target genes. MiR-495 can regulate the proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells, however, the roles of miR-495 in endothelial cells (ECs) remain unclear. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the roles and mechanisms of miR-495 on ECs proliferation and apoptosis. Materials and methods: MiR-495 and CCL2 expressions were examined using quantitative RT-PCR, ELISA assay and western blot. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay were used to examine the regulatory relationship between miR-495 and CCL2. CCK8 assay, BrdU incorporation assay and flow cytometry were used to analyze the roles of miR-495 and CCL2 on the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The effects of miR-495 and CCL2 on HUVECs apoptosis were examined by tunnel staining and western blot. Results: MiR-495 was down-regulated in patients with coronary artery disease compared with healthy controls. CCL2 was a novel target gene of miR-495. MiR-495 significantly promoted HUVECs proliferation by altering cell cycle distribution, and it also inhibited HUVECs apoptosis by affecting the expression of cleaved caspase 3. Effects of miR-495 on HUVECs proliferation and apoptosis were significantly reversed by overexpression of CCL2. Conclusions: MiR-495 could affect HUVECs proliferation and apoptosis by directly targeting CCL2. This is the first report to disclose the roles and mechanisms of miR-495 on HUVECs proliferation and apoptosis, which may provide a theoretical basis for clarifying the mechanisms of atherosclerosis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Thrombosis Research
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The present study established criteria to differentiate simple from complex bifurcation lesions and compared 1-year outcomes stratified by lesion complexity after provisional stenting (PS) and 2-stent techniques using drug-eluting stents. Background Currently, no criterion can distinguish between simple and complex coronary bifurcation lesions. Comparisons of PS and 2-stent strategies stratified by lesion complexity have also not been reported previously. Methods Criteria of bifurcation complexity in 1,500 patients were externally tested in another 3,660 true bifurcation lesions after placement of drug-eluting stents. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of a major adverse cardiac event (MACE) at 12 months. The secondary endpoint was the rate of stent thrombosis (ST). Results Complex (n = 1,108) bifurcation lesions were associated with a higher 1-year rate of MACE (16.8%) compared with simple (n = 2,552) bifurcation lesions (8.9%) (p < 0.001). The in-hospital ST and 1-year target lesion revascularization rates after 2-stent techniques in the simple group (1.0% and 5.6%, respectively) were significantly different from those after PS (0.2% [p = 0.007] and 3.2% [p = 0.009], respectively); however, 1-year MACE rates were not significantly different between the 2 groups. For complex bifurcation lesions, 2-stent techniques had lower rates of 1-year cardiac death (2.8%) and in-hospital MACE (5.0%) compared with PS (5.3%, p = 0.047; 8.4%, p = 0.031). Conclusions Complex bifurcation lesions had higher rates of 1-year MACE and ST. The 2-stent and PS techniques were overall equivalent in 1-year MACE. However, 2-stent techniques for complex lesions elicited a lower rate of cardiac death and in-hospital MACE but higher rates of in-hospital ST and revascularization at 1 year for simple lesions.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · JACC Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To evaluate the long-term efficacy of covered stent implantation in the treatment of elderly patients with coronary perforation while undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods From June 2004 to June 2012, our center has followed ten elderly patients (age ≥ 60 years) who sustained coronary perforation during PCI. The major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were observed as well. The patients were advised to take 75 mg/day Clopidogrel for two years, and indefinite use of 100 mg/day enteric-coated aspirin. Results Six out of the 10 patients aged from 60 to 76 years old (mean 68.6 ± 5.2 years) were male, four were female. The average diameter of the implanted stents was 3.3 ± 0.3 mm, and the average length was 22.1 ± 3.7 mm. All the ruptures were successfully sealed without intra-procedural death. The follow-up duration ranged from 0.6 to 67 months (mean 31.7 ± 24.5 months). One patient died of multiple organ failure due to lung infection in 19 days after PCI; one died of cardiac sudden death in 13 months after PCI; one had angina pectoris in 53 months after PCI; one underwent multi-slice CT examination in six months after PCI, and no in-stent restenosis was found. The other four patients received angiography follow-up, and the results showed that three patients had no intra-stent restenosis, while one had left anterior descending (LAD) restenosis in the covered stent in 67 months after PCI. The in-hospital mortality was 10% (1/10). The MACE rate in 12 months after PCI was 10% (1/10). During the entire followed-up period, the restenosis rate in target vessels was 20% (1/5), mortality was 20% (2/10), and the MACE rate was 40% (4/10). Conclusion Treatment of coronary perforation by using covered stents can achieve favorable long-term results; a two-year dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after PCI can effectively prevent intra-stent thrombosis.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Heart (British Cardiac Society)
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    ABSTRACT: In cardiomyocytes subjected to stress, autophagy activation is a critical survival mechanism that preserves cellular energy status while degrading damaged proteins and organelles. However, little is known about the mechanisms that govern this autophagic response. Cellular repressor of E1A genes (CREG1) is an evolutionarily conserved lysosomal protein, and an important new factor in regulating tissues homeostasis that has been shown to antagonize injury of tissues or cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the regulatory role of CREG1 in cardiac autophagy, and to clarify autophagy activation mechanisms. First, we generated a CREG1 haploinsufficiency (Creg1(+/-)) mouse model, and identified that CREG1 deficiency aggravates myocardial fibrosis in response to aging or angiotensin II (Ang II). Conversely, exogenous infusion of recombinant CREG1 protein complete reversed cardiac damage. CERG1 deficiency in Creg1(+/-) mouse heart showed a market accumulation of autophagosome that acquired LC3II and beclin-1, and a decrease in autophagic flux clearance as indicated by upregulating the level of p62. Inversely, restoration of CREG1 activates cardiac autophagy, Furthermore, chloroquine, an inhibitor of lysosomal acidification, was used to confirm that CREG1 protected the heart tissue against Ang II-induced fibrosis by activating autophagy. Using adenoviral infection of primary cardiomyocytes, overexpression of CREG1 with concurrent resveratrol treatment significantly increased autophagy, while silencing CREG1 blocked the resveratrol-induced autophagy. These results suggest that CREG1-induced autophagy is required to maintain heart function in the face of stress-induced myocardiac damage. Both in vitro and in vivo studies identified that CREG1 deficiency influenced the maturation of lysosomes and reduced the espression of Rab7, which might be involved in CREG1-induced cardiomyocyte autophagy. These findings suggest that autophagy activation via CREG1 may be a viable therapeutic strategy autophagy for improving cardiac performance under pathologic conditions. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: autophagy and protein quality control in cardiometabolic diseases. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: The SYNTAX score has been proposed as a valuable tool to characterise coronary anatomy prospectively based on its complexity. This study evaluated the prognostic value on adverse outcomes of the residual SYNTAX score (rSS) in patients with complex lesions treated with an everolimus-eluting stent (EES). Methods and results: One thousand eight hundred and fifty-one patients with small vessel (reference diameter <2.75 mm), long lesion (length >25 mm), or multivessel (>2 target vessels) disease who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with EES in the prospective SEEDS (A Registry To Evaluate Safety And Effectiveness Of Everolimus Drug Eluting Stent For Coronary Revascularization) trial were categorised into low (<6), mid (>6-<12) and high (>12) baseline SYNTAX score (bSS) groups, and into low (=0), mid (>0-<5) and high (>5) rSS groups. Mean bSS and rSS were 10.87±7.26 and 2.18±3.97, respectively; 64% of patients had complete revascularisation (rSS=0). At 12 months the primary outcome of ischaemia-driven target vessel failure (TVF, composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction and ischaemia-driven target vessel revascularisation) was significantly higher in the high bSS and rSS groups than in the respective lower groups (p<0.01 for both). In multivariable analysis, rSS was an independent predictor of TVF (hazard ratio: 1.403, 95% confidence interval: 1.081 to 1.820, p=0.01). Conclusions: Twelve-month TVF was significantly higher in the highest rSS group; rSS with a cut-off of 5 might therefore allow the risk stratification of patients with complex lesions treated with a second-generation drug-eluting stent (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT 01157455).
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to establish a risk score using a simple calculation with an enhanced predictive value for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (UPLMCA) disease after the implantation of a drug-eluting stent (DES). The anatomic-, clinical-, and procedure-based NERS (New Risk Stratification) score was superior to the SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery) score in predicting MACE after stenting UPLMCA. The complexity of the calculation was its major limitation. The NERS score II was derived from our previous 2 studies and externally compared with the NERS and SYNTAX scores in 1,463 patients with UPLMCA disease who underwent implantation of a DES in a prospective, multicenter registry trial. The primary endpoint was MACE at 1 year after the index procedure, including myocardial infarction, cardiac death, and target vessel revascularization. The NERS score II system consisted of 16 (7 clinical and 9 angiographic) variables. A NERS score II ≥19 demonstrated enhanced MACE sensitivity and specificity of 84.0% and 76.0% (MACE as the state variable), respectively, which were similar to the NERS score but significantly higher compared with the SYNTAX score. A NERS score II ≥19 was the only independent predictor of cumulative MACE (hazard ratio: 3.27; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.86 to 5.23; p ≤ 0.001) and stent thrombosis (odds ratio: 22.15; 95% CI: 12.47 to 57.92; p ≤ 0.001) at follow-up. The NERS score II, similar to the conventional NERS score, is more predictive of MACE than the SYNTAX score in UPLMCA patients after implantation of a DES.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: The importance of matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP8) expression during the progression of thoracic aortic dissection (TAD) has been recently emphasized. Genetic variations that affect proteinase expression or activity might contribute to the pathogenesis of TAD. In this study, we investigated whether the MMP8 C-799T genotype is associated with TAD. The frequency distributions of the MMP8 C-799T polymorphism were determined by direct sequencing. Associations between the polymorphism and disease progression in TAD were investigated. The level of plasma and tissue MMP8 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blotting. The MMP8 C-799T polymorphism was significantly associated with susceptibility to disease progression in TAD patients (n = 152) than in controls (n = 147) (P = 0.004, OR = 0.62, 95 % CI 0.45-0.86). The TT homozygotes had a significantly higher risk of TAD compared to C allele carriers in a logistic regression model, after adjustment for the conventional risk factors for TAD. The plasma MMP8 concentration was significantly higher in TAD patients compared to control patients (P < 0.05). TT genotypes had increased MMP8 levels compared to CC and CT genotype carriers in both TAD and control subjects (P < 0.05). The C-799T polymorphism in the MMP8 promoter is part of the genetic variation underlying the susceptibility of individuals to the progression of TAD.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Molecular Biology Reports
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    ABSTRACT: To obtain a pure population of smooth muscle cells (SMC) derived from mouse embryonic stem cells (ESC) and further assess their functions. A vector, expressing both puromycin resistance gene (puro(r) ) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene driven by smooth muscle 22α (SM22α) promoter, named pSM22α-puro(r)-IRES2-EGFP was constructed and used to transfect ESC. Transgenic ESC (Tg-ESC) clones were selected by G418 and identified by PCR amplification of puro(r) gene. The characteristics of Tg-ESC were detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, SSEA-1 immunofluorescence and teratoma formation test in vivo. After induction of SMC differentiation by all-trans retinoic acid, differentiated Tg-ESC were treated with 10 µg/mL puromycin for three days to obtain purified SMC (P-SMC). Percentage of EGFP(+) cells in P-SMC was assessed by flow cytometer. Expressions of smooth muscle specific markers were detected by immunostaining and Western blotting. Proliferation, migration and contractility of P-SMC were analyzed by growth curve, trans-well migration assay, and carbachol treatment, respectively. Finally, both P-SMC and unpurified SMC (unP-SMC) were injected into syngeneic mouse to see teratoma development. Tg-ESC clone was successfully established and confirmed by PCR detection of puro(r) gene in its genomic DNA. The Tg-ESC was positive for ALP staining, SSEA-1 staining and formed teratoma containing tissues derived from three germ layers. After retinoic acid induction, large amount of EGFP positive cells outgrew from differentiated Tg-ESC. Three days of puromycin treatment produced a population of P-SMC with an EGFP(+) percentage as high as 98.2% in contrast to 29.47% of unP-SMC. Compared with primary mouse vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), P-SMC displayed positive, but lowered expression of SMC-specific markers including SM α-actin and myosin heavy chain (SM-MHC) detected either, by immunostaining, or immunoblotting, accelerated proliferation, improved migration (99.33 ± 2.04 vs. 44.00 ± 2.08 migrated cells/field, P < 0.05), and decreased contractility in response to carbachol (7.75 ± 1.19 % vs. 16.50 ± 3.76 % in cell area reduction, P < 0.05). In vivo injection of unP-SMC developed apparent teratoma while P-SMC did not. We obtained a pure population of ESC derived SMC with less mature (differentiated) phenotypes, which will be of great use in research of vascular diseases and in bio-engineered vascular grafts for regenerative medicine.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Journal of Geriatric Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: The current study sought to evaluate the clinical impact of newly reported genetic variations and their association with clopidogrel high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Methods and results: The study enrolled 1,016 consecutive patients with ACS undergoing DES implantation. A total of 19 tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected from CYP3A4/5, CYP2C19, P2Y12 and ABCB1 genes. ADP-induced light transmittance aggregometry (LTA) was performed to test the post-procedure maximum platelet agglutination (MPA). The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis, and ischaemic stroke at one-year follow-up after DES placement. The secondary endpoint was the incidence of bleeding events. The post-procedure MPA was calculated and the cut-off point was determined for the HTPR. Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, the carriage of two CYP2C19 LOF alleles was an independent predictor of the post-procedure HTPR (OR: 2.8, 95% CI: 1.70-7.23, p<0.001). Through multivariate Cox regression analysis, the carriage of two CYP2C19 LOF alleles and the post-procedure HTPR were independent predictors of the primary endpoint (HR: 2.3, 95% CI: 1.40-4.97, p<0.001; HR: 2.9, 95% CI: 1.52-5.57, p<0.001, respectively). However, post-procedure MPA did not predict a bleeding event (HR: 0.9, 95% CI: 0.44-1.59, p=0.532). Conclusions: In patients with ACS, the CYP2C19 LOF allele was associated with post-procedure HTPR and a subsequently increased risk of adverse clinical events at one-year follow-up following DES implantation and clopidogrel administration.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: The study sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of FIREHAWK, a novel abluminal groove-filled biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) for treating patients with single de novo coronary lesions compared with the durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (EES) XIENCE V. Methods and results: A total of 458 patients with single de novo native coronary lesions ≤24 mm in length and a coronary artery ≥2.25 to ≤4.0 mm in diameter were enrolled in the TARGET I study, a prospective, randomised, non-inferiority trial. The primary endpoint was in-stent late lumen loss (LLL) at nine-month follow-up. The secondary endpoint, target lesion failure (TLF), was defined as the composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (TVMI), or ischaemia-driven target lesion revascularisation (iTLR). Patients were centrally randomised to treatment with either biodegradable polymer SES (n=227) or durable polymer EES (n=231). The nine-month in-stent LLL of the biodegradable polymer SES was comparable to the EES group (0.13±0.24 mm vs. 0.13±0.18 mm, p=0.94; difference and 95% confidence interval 0.00 [-0.04, 0.04] mm; p for non-inferiority <0.0001). Cardiac death (0.4% vs. 0.0%), TVMI (1.3% vs. 1.7%), iTLR (0.4% vs. 0.4%) and TLF (2.2% vs. 2.2%) were similar between the biodegradable polymer SES and durable polymer EES groups at 12-month follow-up (all p>0.05). No definite/probable stent thrombosis was observed in both of these groups. Conclusions: In the multicentre TARGET I trial, the novel abluminal groove-filled biodegradable polymer SES FIREHAWK was non-inferior to the durable polymer EES XIENCE V with respect to the primary endpoint of in-stent LLL at nine months for treating patients with single de novo coronary lesions. The incidences of clinical endpoints were low in both of the stents at 12-month follow-up. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01196819).
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the efficacy and safety of pharmacoinvasive therapy by using prourokinase (prouk) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Patients with STEMI often have long percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-related delays due to various reasons, which are associated with poor outcomes. A randomized study which enrolled patients from four centers in China was conducted. Patients were randomly assigned to accept routine primary PCI or prouk-PCI. The primary end points were the angiographic parameters, including thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade, TIMI frame count, and myocardial blush grade. Secondary endpoints were incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE, defined as death from all causes, reinfarction, revascularization, or rehospitalization due to new or worsening congestive heart failure) at 30 days and 1 year. One hundred and ninety-seven eligible patients were enrolled, of whom 100 were randomized to the prouk-PCI group. Significantly more patients in the prouk-PCI group than in the PCI group had an opened infarct-related artery on arrival in the catheterization laboratory (48% vs. 21%, P = 0.0002) and better TIMI frame count after PCI (33 ± 6 vs. 40 ± 10, P < 0.001). At 1-year follow-up, there was a trend that patients in the prouk-PCI group had less chances to have MACE (7.0% vs. 12.6%, P = 0.235) or be readmitted to hospital due to new or worsening congestive heart failure (1.0% vs. 4.1%, P = 0.209). A strategy of emergent PCI preceded by fibrinolysis with prouk results in a better myocardial perfusion in infarct-related artery compared with primary PCI alone in patients with STEMI and long PCI-related delay.
    Preview · Article · May 2013 · Cardiovascular Therapeutics
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: To assess the immediate and long-term outcomes of transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD) in combination with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with VSD complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods and results: Data were prospectively collected from 35 AMI patients who underwent attempted transcatheter VSD closure and PCI therapy in five high-volume heart centres. All the patients who survived the procedures were followed up by chest x-ray, electrocardiogram and echocardiography. Thirteen patients underwent urgent VSD closure in the acute phase (within two weeks from VSD) while the others underwent elective closure at a median of 23 days from VSD occurrence. The percentage of VSD closure device success was 92.3% (36/39) and procedure success was 91.4% (32/35). The incidence of in-hospital mortality was 14.3% (5/35). At a median of 53 months follow-up, only two patients died at 38 and 41 months, respectively, and other patients' cardiac function tested by echocardiography improved significantly compared to that evaluated before discharge. Conclusion: The combination of transcatheter VSD closure and PCI for treating VSD complicating AMI is safe and feasible and is a promising alternative to surgery in patients with anatomically suitable VSD and coronary lesion.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology

Publication Stats

480 Citations
173.80 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003-2015
    • General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region
      Feng-t’ien, Liaoning, China
  • 2013-2014
    • Northern Inyo Hospital
      Bishop, California, United States
  • 2008-2011
    • Fourth Military Medical University
      • Department of Cardiology
      Xi’an, Liaoning, China
  • 2003-2010
    • 307 Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2005-2009
    • Chinese PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital)
      Peping, Beijing, China