Shingo Hatoya

Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (45)67.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Factors involved in patency of uterine cervices in the bitch with pyometra remain to be clarified. This study examined relationship between patency and mRNA levels for inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, COX-2 and prostaglandin E synthase (PGES) in the uterine cervix of bitches with pyometra. Cervical patency was measured by inserting the stainless steel rods with different diameter into cervical canals. Levels of mRNA expression were determined by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The cervical patency was positively correlated with mRNA levels for COX-2 and PGES, but not those for iNOS and COX-1. The results suggest that gene expression of COX-2 and PGES may be involved in the regulation of patency in the uterine cervix of bitches with pyometra.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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    ABSTRACT: Gene expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α) and EGF receptor (EGF-R) and the localization of the corresponding proteins in the canine testis were studied. Levels of mRNA expressions were determined by semiquantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction in the testes of the peripubertal (4-6 mo), young adult (3-4 y), advanced adult (7-8 y) and senescent (11-16 y) groups. The EGF-R mRNA level in the testes of the peripubertal group was significantly higher than those in the other groups, whereas there was no difference in EGF and TGF-α mRNA levels among groups. Immunohistochemical stainings for EGF, TGF-α and EGF-R in the testis revealed that immunoreactivity in the seminiferous epithelium and Sertoli cell was weak and nonspecific for the stage of spermatogenesis, and distinct staining was found in Leydig cells. These results suggest that the EGF family of growth factors may be involved in testicular maturation and function in the dog.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Reproduction and Development
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    ABSTRACT: Although Lepidium meyenii (maca), a plant growing in Peru's central Andes, has been traditionally used for enhancing fertility and reproductive performance in domestic animals and human beings, effects of maca on reproductive organs are still unclear. This study examined whether feeding the hydroalcoholic extract powder of maca for 6 weeks affects weight of the reproductive organs, serum concentrations of testosterone and luteinising hormone (LH), number and cytoplasmic area of immunohistochemically stained Leydig cells, and steroidogenesis of cultured Leydig cells in 8-week-old male rats. Feeding the extract powder increased weight of seminal vesicles, serum testosterone level and cytoplasmic area of Leydig cells when compared with controls. Weight of prostate gland, serum LH concentration and number of Leydig cells were not affected by the maca treatment. The testosterone production by Leydig cells significantly increased when cultured with 22R-hydroxycholesterol or pregnenolone and tended to increase when cultured with hCG by feeding the extract powder. The results show that feeding the hydroalcoholic extract powder of maca for 6 weeks increases serum testosterone concentration associated with seminal vesicle stimulation in male rats, and this increase in testosterone level may be related to the enhanced ability of testosterone production by Leydig cells especially in the metabolic process following cholesterol. © 2015 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Andrologia
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) plays a key role in testicular descent in rodents, whereas in domestic animals, many aspects of the roles of INSL3 in reproductive organs after puberty are still unknown. This study was undertaken to (1) determine the quantitative changes of gene expression of testicular INSL3, its receptor (RXFP2), LH receptor, and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase during and after puberty in normal male dogs; (2) compare the expressions of these substances in normal and cryptorchid dogs; and (3) localize the cells expressing INSL3 in normal and retained canine testes. Testes were obtained from small-breed normal male dogs (n = 56) and cryptorchid dogs (n = 22). Normal scrotal testes from the normal dogs (normal testes), retained testes from both the unilateral and bilateral cryptorchid dogs (retained testes), and scrotal testes of the unilateral cryptorchid dogs (cryptorchid scrotal testes) were used. We measured the concentrations of these testicular messenger RNAs (mRNAs) by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and an enzyme immunoassay was used for measuring INSL3 peptide. Immunohistochemistry for INSL3 peptide was done in paraformaldehyde-fixed frozen testicular tissue. In the normal dogs, total amount of INSL3 mRNA per testis tended to decrease (P = 0.05) from pubertal (6-12 months) to postpubertal (1-5 years) and decreased (P < 0.01) to middle age (5-10 years), but total amount of INSL3 peptide per testis did not change among age groups. Concentrations of INSL3 mRNA were higher (P < 0.01) in retained testes than those in the normal testes and cryptorchid scrotal testes, and similar differences were observed for INSL3 peptide. Reversely, total amounts of INSL3 mRNA and peptide per retained testis were lower (P < 0.01) than those per normal testis because of smaller weight of retained testes. Concentrations and total amount of RXFP2 mRNA in the retained testes were almost nil and lower (P < 0.01) than those in the normal testes and in the cryptorchid scrotal testes. Total amount of LH receptor mRNA per retained testis was lower (P < 0.01) than that per normal testis. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed that INSL3 was expressed only in Leydig cells of both the normal and retained canine testes. These results suggest that INSL3 in retained testes of cryptorchid dogs is substantially expressed per unit-weight basis but may be produced with lower amount as a whole testis. Also, this study provides findings that RXFP2 gene is expressed scarcely in the retained testes but normally in cryptorchid scrotal testes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Theriogenology
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    ABSTRACT: Previously, we reported that ovarian hormones affect the immune response against E. coli isolated from the dogs affected with pyometra. In order to investigate mechanisms underlying the immune modulation, we examined the effects of ovarian hormones on the generation of dendritic cells (DCs), the most potent antigen presenting cell. DCs were differentiated from peripheral blood monocytes (PBMOs) using a cytokine cocktail. Both estrogen receptor and progesterone receptors were expressed by the PBMOs and immature DCs. When various ovarian hormones were added to the culture for the DC differentiation, progesterone significantly decreased the expression of DC maturation markers, such as CD1a, CD80 and CD86, on mature DCs. Conversely, the addition of estrogen to the cultures increased the expression of CD86, but not other maturation makers. Furthermore, DCs differentiated in the presence of progesterone did not stimulate allogeneic mononuclear cells in PB. Taken together, these results indicate that progesterone diminishes the maturation of DCs, leading to decreased immune responses against invading pathogens.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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    Yui Kimura · Eriko Shimada · Tadashi Miyamoto · Shingo Hatoya
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    ABSTRACT: Twenty-seven strains of Acinetobacter lwoffii, fourteen strains of A. baumannii, and five strains of other Acinetobacter spp. were isolated from dogs and cats admitted to Miyamoto Animal Hospital from 2006 to 2013. Of the A. lwoffii, 11.1% was resistant to cefepime, 7.4% was resistant to aminoglycosides, 14.8% was resistant to fluoroquinolones, and 11.1% was resistant to imipenem. Although 7.1% of the A. baumannii was resistant to gentamicin and 21.4% was resistant to fluoroquinolones, no strains resistant to cefepime and imipenem were found. The antimicrobial-resistant Acinetobacter spp. were also isolated in the dogs and cats, and it was considered that the attention was necessary due to the trend of the emergence of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter spp.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The existence of Th1 responses in a tumor microenvironment elicits a better prognosis for the patients. Transfection of Th1 polarizing cytokines, such as IFNγ, into tumor cells is an effective way to set up an appropriate microenvironment. Using a novel type synthetic vector composed of polyamidoamine dendrons, we transfected canine IFNγ gene into canine tumor cell lines, and examined direct and indirect effects of dendritic cells (DCs) against tumor growth in vitro. A cloned canine IFNγ gene expressed functional protein that induces maturation of DCs. When the canine IFNγ gene was transfected into canine tumor cell lines using the synthetic vector, most cells secreted canine IFNγ. Secretion of IFNγ reduced with time, but was maintained for 48 hours. DCs incubated with the IFNγ-transfected tumor cells exhibited greater suppressive activity and induced significantly higher cytotoxic activity against the tumor cells, relative to those incubated with untransfected tumor cells and comparable dose of IFNγ. Successful transfection of IFNγ by the synthetic vector efficiently enhanced the anti-tumor immune function of DCs, and sets up a suitable microenvironment for improvement in tumor therapy.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
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    ABSTRACT: Canine lymphoma is a common cancer that has high rates of complete remission with combination chemotherapy. However, the duration of remission varies based on multiple factors, and there is a need to develop a method for early detection of recurrence. In this study, we compared the metabolites profiles in serum from 21 dogs with lymphoma and 13 healthy dogs using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The lymphoma group was separated from the control group in an orthogonal projection to latent structure with discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) plot using ions of m/z 100-600, indicating that the metabolites profiles in lymphoma cases differed from those in healthy dogs. The lymphoma group was also separated from the control group on OPLS-DA plot using 29 metabolites identified in all serum samples. Significant differences were found for 16 of these metabolites with higher levels in the lymphoma group for 15 of the metabolites and lower levels for inositol. An OPLS-DA plot showed separation of the lymphoma and healthy groups using these 16 metabolites only. These results indicate that metabolites profile with GC-MS may be a useful tool for detection of potential biomarker and diagnosis of canine lymphoma.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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    Full-text · Conference Paper · Aug 2014
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether pNF-H is a prognostic biomarker of spinal cord injury (SCI) in paraplegic dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disc herniation (IVDH). Prospective, case-control clinical study ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 60) with SCI from IVDH and 6 healthy dogs. Serum from 60 thoracolumbar IVDH dogs (Grade 4: 22 dogs; Grade 5: 38 dogs) collected 1-3 days after injury, and 6 control dogs, was analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) against a phosphorylated form of the high-molecular-weight neurofilament subunit NF-H (pNF-H). Serum pNF-H levels were compared between different IVDH grades and their prognostic value was investigated. pNF-H levels were significantly greater in Grade 5 than Grade 4 dogs. There were significant differences in pNF-H levels between dogs that regained voluntarily ambulation and those that did not. All 8 dogs that had high pNF-H levels 1-3 days after injury did not regain the ability to walk after surgery. Serum pNF-H levels might be a biomarker for predicting prognosis of canine SCI.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Veterinary Surgery
  • Eriko Shimada · Yui Kimura · Tadashi Miyamoto · Shingo Hatoya

    No preview · Article · Jan 2014
  • Yui Kimura · Eriko Shimada · Tadashi Miyamoto · Shingo Hatoya

    No preview · Article · Jan 2014
  • Yui Kimura · Eriko Shimada · Tadashi Miyamoto · Shingo Hatoya

    No preview · Article · Jan 2014
  • Yui KIMURA · Eriko SHIMADA · Tadashi MIYAMOTO · Shingo HATOYA

    No preview · Article · Jan 2014
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    ABSTRACT: CD40 ligand (CD40L) expressed by activated T cells is shown to induce maturation of immature dendritic cells (DCs) and this maturation is a vital part in DC based tumor immunotherapy. We constructed an expression vector by cloning the extracellular domain of canine CD40L fused to the signal sequence of canine IL-12p40. When PBMCs were incubated with canine granulocyte-macrophage (GM) -CSF and IL-4, expression of CD86 was significantly elevated, but the majority of cells displayed the morphology of immature DCs. Following addition of the expressed canine soluble CD40L (csCD40L) to the DC-inducing culture, the cell morphology shifted to that of mature DCs, and expression of CD80, CD86, MHC class II and CD1a was significantly enhanced. This morphological change and enhancement of expression was observed even when the csCD40L was present only in the second half period of the culture. Furthermore, the csCD40L caused a significant increase in IL-12 production from DCs. These results show that the csCD40L significantly promotes the maturation and activation of canine monocyte derived DCs.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
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    ABSTRACT: Effect of Insulin-like Peptide 3 on Testosterone Secretion and cAMP Release in Mouse Leydig Cells Indunil Pathirana1,2,*, Masahiro Takahashi2, Shingo Hatoya2, Toshio Inaba2, Hiromichi Tamada2 and Noritoshi Kawate2 Insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) has recently been identified as an exclusive product of testicular Leydig cells. The role of INSL3 during fetal and neonatal period is well elucidated, but very little is known about the role of INSL3 in developing and adult males. Recently, it was shown that INSL3 is potentially involved in the prevention of germ cell apoptosis and in proliferation of osteoblasts in adults. However, regardless of the localization of its receptor (RXFP2) in Leydig cells of several mammalian species, i.e., humans, mice and dogs, the effects of INSL3 on endocrine function Leydig cells are totally unknown.The objectives of the present study were to examine the effects of INSL3 on: (1) testosterone secretion; and (2) cAMP release in mouse Leydig cells. Purified Leydig cells were isolated from testicular interstitial cells obtained from 8-week-old male mice, using a 3-step discontinuous gradient (specific gravities: 1.05, 1.06 and 1.08) of Percoll. Cells were then plated in the presence or absence of mouse, human, canine or bovine INSL3 (0–100 ng/ml) for 18 h in multiwell-plates (96 wells) in different cell densities (2500, 5000, 10,000 or 20,000 cells per well). The effects of bovine INSL3 (100 ng/ml) on testosterone secretion by Leydig cells were examined in the presence or absence of an adenylate cyclase inhibitor, SQ 22536 (1 μM) or INSL3 antagonist (bovine and human; 100 ng/ml). Testosterone and cAMP in spent medium were measured by enzyme immunoassay. All INSL3 species stimulated (P<0.0001) the testosterone secretion in Leydig cells, and the maximum stimulation (nearly twofold; P<0.05) was observed with 100 ng/ml bovine INSL3 at the lowest Leydig cell density (2500 cells per well). Moreover, bovine INSL3 (100 ng/ml) stimulated (P<0.0001) the cAMP production from Leydig cells maximally at 1 h, and remained elevated (P<0.0001) even at 18 h. SQ 22536 and INSL3 antagonists (bovine and human) reduced (P<0.0001) INSL3-stimulated testosterone secretion from Leydig cells. In conclusion, the observed stimulatory effects of INSL3 on testosterone secretion in Leydig cells are exerted via the activation of cAMP, suggesting a new autocrine function of INSL3 in males. Keywords: autocrine, cAMP, INSL3, Leydig cell, Testis, Testosterone
    No preview · Conference Paper · Mar 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombocytopenia (TTP) is a blood disease common to canines and human beings. Currently there is no valid therapy for this disease except blood transfusion. In this study, we report the generation of canine induced pluripotent stem cells (ciPSCs) from canine embryonic fibroblasts, and a novel protocol for creating mature megakaryocytes (MKs) and functional platelets from ciPSCs. The ciPSCs were generated using lentiviral vectors, and differentiated into MKs and platelets on OP9 stromal cells supplemented with growth factors. Our ciPSCs presented in a tightly domed shape and showed expression of a critical pluripotency marker, REX1 and normal karyotype. Additionally, ciPSCs differentiated into cells derived from three germ layers via the formation of an embryoid body. The MKs derived from ciPSCs had hyperploidy and transformed into proplatelets. The proplatelets released platelets early on that expressed specific megakaryocyte and platelet marker CD41/61. Interestingly, these platelets, when activated with adenosine diphosphate (ADP) or thrombin, bound to fibrinogen. Moreover, electron microscopy showed that the platelets had the same ultrastructure as peripheral platelets. Thus, we have demonstrated for the first time the generation of ciPSCs that are capable of differentiating into megakaryocytes and release functional platelets in vitro. Our system for differentiating ciPSCs into MKs and platelets promises a critical therapy for canine TTP and appears to be extensible in principle to resolve human TTP.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Stem cells and development
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    ABSTRACT: Objective-To compare methods for harvesting canine bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and determine the biological properties of canine BMSCs at successive passages in vitro. Sample-BMSCs collected from the femurs of 9 Beagles. Procedures-A fibroblast assay was performed to compare 2 methods for harvesting BMSCs: the aspiration and perfusion method. Flow cytometric analysis was performed to evaluate the cell surface markers. Changes in proliferative activity were analyzed by examining radioactivity of hydrogen 3-thymidine. Cell senescence was studied via senescence-associated β-galactosidase staining, and differentiation properties (osteogenesis and adipogenesis) were estimated in association with passage. Results-The aspiration method yielded significantly more fibroblasts than the perfusion method. The cells harvested by both methods gave positive results for CD44 and CD90 and negative results for CD34 and CD45. After induction, the cells had osteogenic and adipogenic phenotypes. The biological properties of BMSCs harvested by the aspiration method were estimated in association with passage. With increasing number of passages, the proliferative activity was reduced and the proportion of cells with senescence-associated β-galactosidase staining was increased. The capacity of differentiation was reduced at passage 3. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-The aspiration method was superior for collection of BMSCs. In early passages, canine BMSCs had the proliferative activity and potential of osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation, but this decreased with increased number of passages. Consideration of passage will be important to the success of any strategy that seeks to regenerate tissue though the use of BMSCs.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · American Journal of Veterinary Research
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    ABSTRACT: Testicular Leydig cells secrete insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) and express its receptor, RXFP2. However, the effects of INSL3 on endocrine function of Leydig cells are unknown. The present study examines the effects of INSL3 on mouse Leydig cells taking testosterone and cAMP secretions as endpoints. Leydig cells were isolated from testicular interstitial cells obtained from 8-week-old male mice. Cells were then plated in the presence or absence of mouse, human, canine or bovine INSL3 (0-100 ng/ml) for 18 h in multiwell-plates (96 wells) in different cell densities (2500, 5000, 10,000 or 20,000 cells per well). The effects of bovine INSL3 (100 ng/ml) on testosterone secretion by Leydig cells were examined in the presence or absence of, an adenylate cyclase inhibitor, SQ 22536 (1μM) or INSL3 antagonist (bovine and human; 100 ng/ml). Testosterone and cAMP in spent medium were measured by enzyme immunoassay. All INSL3 species tested significantly stimulated the testosterone secretion in Leydig cells, and the maximum stimulation was observed with 100 ng/ml bovine INSL3 at the lowest Leydig cell density (2500 cells per well). Moreover, bovine INSL3 (100 ng/ml) significantly stimulated the cAMP production from Leydig cells maximally at 1h, and remained significantly elevated even at 18 h. SQ 22536 and INSL3 antagonists (bovine and human) significantly reduced INSL3-stimulated testosterone secretion from Leydig cells. Taken together, stimulatory effects of INSL3 on testosterone secretion in Leydig cells are exerted via the activation of cAMP, suggesting a new autocrine function of INSL3 in males.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2012 · Regulatory Peptides
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined factors involved in the patency of uterine cervices in the bitch with pyometra. The uterine cervices were obtained from the bitches with pyometra at the time of ovariohysterectomy. Cervical patency was measured by inserting the stainless steel rods with different diameter into cervical canals. Collagen concentration and collagenase activity (for type I collagen) in the tissue were determined and the number of neutrophils, which contain the enzymes related to collagen metabolism, and morphological changes in collagenous fibers were studied by histological examination. Levels of mRNA expressions for hormonal factors, estrogen receptor-α (ER-α), progesterone receptor (PR), relaxin (Rlx) and an attractant of neutrophils, interleukin-8 (IL-8), were determined by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In the statistical analysis, the cervical patency positively correlated with the collagenase activity, and negative correlation was found between the cervical patency and collagen concentration. Histological examination indicated distinct positive correlation between the cervical patency and the number of neutrophils in the cervical stroma and that the collagenous fiber in the uterine cervix became thinner and degraded with increase of the cervical patency. Although there was no relationship between the cervical patency and the level of mRNA for ER-α, PR or Rlx, IL-8 mRNA level has significant positive correlation with the cervical patency and the number of neutrophils in the cervical stroma. These results suggest that the increased number of neutrophils in the uterine cervix, which could be related to the local expression of IL-8, may be involved in collagen degradation and connective tissue remodeling to increase cervical patency in the bitch with pyometra.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Research in Veterinary Science