[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: While clinical and pathologic responses are important prognostic parameters, biological markers from core needle biopsy (CNB) are needed to predict neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) response, to individualize treatment, and to achieve maximal efficacy. We retrospectively evaluated the cases of 183 patients with primary breast cancer who underwent surgery after NAC (anthracycline and taxane) at the National Cancer Center Hospital (NCCH). We analyzed EGFR, HER2, and p53 expression and common clinicopathological features from the CNB and surgical specimens of these patients. These biological markers were compared between sensitive patients (pathological complete response;pCR) and insensitive patients (clinical no change;cNC and clinical progressinve disease;cPD). In a comparison between the 9 (5%) sensitive patients and 30 (16%) insensitive patients, overexpression of p53 but not overexpression of either HER2 or EGFR was associated with a good response to NAC. p53 (p＝0.045) and histological grade 3 (p＝0.011) were important and significant predictors of the response to NAC. The correspondence rates for histological type, histological grade 3, ER, PgR, HER2, p53, and EGFR in insensitive patients between CNB and surgical specimens were 70%, 73%, 67%, 70%, 80%, 93%, and 73%. The pathologic response was significantly associated with p53 expression and histological grade 3. The correspondence rate of p53 expression between CNB and surgical specimens was higher than that of other factors. We conclude that the level of p53 expression in the CNB was an effective and reliable predictor of treatment response to NAC.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Acta medica Okayama
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to determine whether metabolic reduction is capable of reflecting the histopathologic response and outcome after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with high-grade sarcoma.
Forty-two patients with histologically proven high-grade sarcoma underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical resection. Quantitative F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography scans were acquired before and after the first cycle and after completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Standardized uptake values (SUVs) and metabolic reduction rates were compared with histopathologic response, progression-free survival, and overall survival.
Baseline SUVmax was 10.9 ± 3.6 (range, 3.8-19.6). Therapeutic effect resulted in 10 patients (24%) with a satisfactory response and in 32 patients (76%) with an unsatisfactory response after completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The SUV decreased to 7.8 ± 3.4 after the first cycle (t1) of chemotherapy and to 5.2 ± 3.4 after completion (t2) of chemotherapy. Histopathologic response and percentage SUV (t2) reduction rate were independent predictors of progression-free survival and overall survival in the multivariate analyses.
Metabolic reduction after neoadjuvant chemotherapy evaluated by F-18 FDG PET or computed tomography can be used for stratification of the histopathologic response in patients with high-grade sarcoma.
No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Clinical nuclear medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to develop prognostic biomarkers for synovial sarcoma employing a proteomic approach. We examined the proteomic profile of synovial sarcoma using two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE). We identified 20 protein spots whose intensity was statistically different (p<0.01) between a group of eight patients who were alive and continuously disease-free for over five years and a group of five patients who died of the disease within two years post diagnosis. Mass spectrometric protein identification demonstrated that these 20 spots corresponded to 17 distinct gene products. Three of the 20 spots corresponded to secernin-1 and had higher intensity in the good prognosis group. The prognostic performance of secernin-1 was further examined immunohistochemically in 45 synovial sarcoma cases. The 5-year survival rate was 77.6% and 21.8% for patients with secernin-1 positive and negative primary tumors respectively (p=0.0015). The metastasis-free survival was significantly higher in the patient group with high secernin-1 expression compared to that with low expression (p=0.0012). Uni- and multivariate analyses revealed that secernin-1 expression was a powerful prognostic factor compared to other clinico-pathological parameters examined. These results indicate that secernin-1 may be used as a biomarker to predict the overall and metastasis-free survival in synovial sarcoma patients.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · Journal of proteomics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To reveal the rate of complete therapeutic effect of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and its correlation with tumor size by the histopathological examination of surgically resected early breast cancers.
For 28 patients who received RFA and subsequent surgical therapies for early breast cancer treatment, the effect of RFA was evaluated by both histopathological examination and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)-diaphorase staining of resected tumor specimens according to the criteria described by Seki et al. (this issue). The correlation of 100% RFA effect with tumor parameters including tumor size and the presence of extensive intraductal component (EIC) was examined.
The mean size and invasive size of the primary tumors were 2.21 cm (ranging from 0.6 to 5.0 cm) and 1.44 cm (ranging from 0 to 5.0 cm), respectively. By examining hematoxylin-eosin (HE) sections, the effectiveness of RFA was found to be 100% in 16 tumors (57%). However, the effectiveness of RFA was found to be 100% in 22 cases (79%) examined by NADH-diaphorase staining of frozen sections containing part of tumorous and nontumorous tissues. The accuracy of diagnosis of complete RFA effect using NADH-diaphorase staining with reference to HE was 79% (22 of 28) with 100% (16 of 16) sensitivity and 50% (6 of 12) specificity. The rate of 100% RFA effect by HE examination was higher in EIC(-) tumors (13 of 17, 76%) than in EIC(+) tumors (1 of 9, 11%) (P = 0.0022), and was higher in tumors of ≤ 1.5 cm (10 of 11, 91%) than in tumors of >1.5 cm (6 of 17, 35%; P = 0.0034). All five tumors of ≤ 1.0 cm showed 100% RFA effect, but 3 (27%) of 11 tumors of >1.0 and ≤ 2.0 cm and 9 (75%) of 12 tumors of > 2.0 cm showed suboptimal RFA effect by HE.
Tumor size of ≤ 1.5 cm, strictly ≤ 1.0 cm, could be an indication for RFA if a complete histological therapeutic effect is mandatory.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy is expected to be applicable to small breast cancers, but no criteria for its histopathological effect have yet been established. Using samples obtained from 15 patients who had undergone RFA and subsequent mastectomy, we compared the histopathological changes in the ablated area with the results of histochemical staining based on the reduction of nitroblue tetrazolium chloride (NBT) by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) diaphorase in frozen tissue sections, and looked for histological changes indicative of the effect of RFA on breast cancer. Grossly, the ablated area in most of the tumors was rough, gritty, less moist, and surrounded by a red congestive limbic zone. The ablated area showed no staining by the NADH diaphorase reaction, and cancer cells in the area showed marked destruction characterized by an unclear intercellular boundary, elongated eosinophilic cytoplasm, pyknotic "streaming" nuclei, and a poorly defined nuclear and cytoplasmic texture. At the same time, fibrous connective tissue also showed degenerative changes, becoming densely homogeneous with loss of its delicate wavy structure. The area in which RFA appeared to have been histopathologically effective was mostly concordant with the area in which the NADH diaphorase reaction was negative. In the periphery of the ablated area, however, cellular changes caused by RFA were less marked, although the NADH diaphorase reaction was visualized with NBT. A larger number of cases should be examined in order to establish criteria for the histopathological effect of RFA on breast cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) as a local therapy for early breast carcinomas, we performed a phase I/II study at our institution.
Fifty patients with core-needle biopsy-proven breast carcinoma that was ≤ 3 cm in diameter on ultrasonography were enrolled in this study. Under ultrasound (US) guidance, the tumor and surrounding breast tissue were ablated with a saline-cooled RF electrode followed by immediate surgical resection. Resected specimens were examined by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) diaphorase staining to assess tumor viability.
Forty-nine patients completed the treatment. The mean tumor size was 1.70 cm. The mean ablation time was 8.7 min using a mean power of 48.5 W. Of the 49 treated patients, complete ablation was recognized in 30 patients (61%) by H&E staining and/or NADH diaphorase staining. The NADH viability staining was available for 38 patients, and in 29 (76.3%), there was no evidence of viable malignant cells. Of the 29 treated patients with breast carcinomas ≤ 2 cm in diameter examined by pathological examination, complete ablation was achieved in 24 patients (83%). Of the 26 treated patients with breast carcinomas without an extended intraductal component (EIC) according to pathological examination, complete ablation was determined in 22 patients (85%). RFA-related adverse events were observed in five cases: two with skin burn and three with muscle burns.
RF ablation is a safe and promising minimally invasive treatment for small breast carcinomas with pathological tumor size ≤ 2 cm in diameter and without EIC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcomas (EMCs) are characterized histologically by a cord-like or lace-like arrangement of small round cells or short spindle cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm distributed in a rich myxoid matrix. Atypical cases of EMC have also been described, with areas of poor mucus production and high cellularity and a transition to typical EMC. Most cases of EMC harbor the chromosomal reciprocal translocation t(9;22) (q22;q12) and the resultant fused gene, Ewing sarcoma region 1-nuclear receptor subfamily 4, group A, member 3 (EWSR1-NR4A3). Other translocations, such as those involving the NR4A3 gene, have also been noted, although these occur at a lower frequency. On this basis, we conducted a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of 18 cases of EMC in which patients presented with typical or atypical (areas of high cellularity) histologic features of EMC. We used an EWSR1 probe and a newly prepared NR4A3 probe to evaluate the usefulness of FISH in the pathologic diagnosis of EMC. FISH analysis using the EWSR1 or NR4A3 probe showed split signals in 83% (15/18) of the cases, regardless of the presence of typical/atypical histologic features. Gene rearrangement of EWSR1 was noted in 72% (13/18) of the cases, and rearrangement of NR4A3 was noted in 61% (11/18) of the cases. The NR4A3 rearrangement was detected in 2 cases not carrying any EWSR1 rearrangement, as determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. These results suggest that FISH analysis of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens using EWSR1 and NR4A3 probes is useful and convenient and may provide an ancillary method for the diagnosis of EMC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A case is reported of atypical glomus tumor occurring in the posterior inferior mediastinum of a 26-year-old woman complaining of severe back pain. The tumor was composed of atypical small, round tumor cells with scattered mitotic figures. In addition to sheet-like, diffuse proliferation of the tumor cells, some areas of the tumor contained small "glomoid" cells arranged in organoid and hemangiopericytomalike patterns. Immunohistochemically, many tumor cells were positive for muscle-type actins and a few cells were focally positive for desmin. Ultrastructural studies revealed smooth muscle features of tumor cells, that is, pinocytotic vesicles, external laminas, dense plaques, and occasional thin filaments with dense bodies. The patient remained well for 5 years and 4 months after the operation without additional radiation and chemotherapy. The tumor was diagnosed as an atypical, or low-grade malignant, glomus tumor morphologically. It seems important to recognize the presence of this type of tumor in sites other than extremities and to differentiate it from other malignant small, round cell tumors.
No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Ultrastructural Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A case is presented of pulmonary blastoma occurring in the right upper lobe of a 25-year-old man without distinct clinical features and laboratory abnormality. Light microscopic analysis revealed that the tumor was composed of branching glands and morulae embedded in a primitive but bland mesenchyme. Immunohistochemically the epithelial cells were im-munoreactive for cytokeratins, S-100 protein, protein gene product 9.5, chromogranin A, calcitonin, and Ki-67 (MIB-1); the mesenchymal cells were immunoreactive for vimentin, actin, cytokeratins, and Ki-67; and all the tumor cells were negative for p53, estrogen receptor protein, and human chorionic gonadotropin ß. Characteristically, many epithelial cells contained optically clear nuclei which were immunoreactive for biotin (M743). Electron microscopic analysis revealed that the optically clearing change was due to replacement of the central area of the nuclei by a mass of parallel-arranged 7- to 10-nm filaments, and biotin-immunoreactive products were mainly localized in the nuclear matrix. Additionally, spherical bodies were identified in the cytoplasm of the nuclear filament-aggregated cells, suggestive of an intimate pathogenetic association of the two morphological abnormalities. The similarity of the aggregated nuclear filaments to those observed in gestational endometrium and ovarian endometrioid carcinoma implies that a similar mechanism plays a role in the pathogenesis of these abnormalities.
No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Ultrastructural Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Synovial sarcoma have two histological subtypes, biphasic and monophasic, defined respectively by the presence or absence of glandular epithelial differentiation. To develop histological biomarkers for synovial sarcoma subtypes, we examined the proteomic profile using two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis. We identified 29 protein spots whose intensity was statistically different between the monophasic (15 cases) and biphasic (9 cases) subtypes (p <0.01). Mass spectrometric protein identification demonstrated that these 29 spots corresponded to 24 distinct gene products involved in cytoskeletal organization, trsnscription/trsnslation, protein/collagen binding, and ion transport, as well as structural constituents of the epidermis. Two of the 29 spots derived from glutathione S-transferase P (GST-P1) had higher intensity in biphasic type. Immunohistochemistry on additional 42 synovial sarcoma cases revealed that positive expression of GST-P1 was observed in 10 of 12 biphasic (83.3%), in 4 of 27 monophasic (14.8%) and in 1 of 3 poorly differentiated synovial sarcomas (p = 0.0002). Among the clinico-pathological parameters examined, GST-P1 expression significantly correlated only with the histological subtype. GST-P1 had more discriminative power than the status of fusion genes SYT-SSX1 and SYT-SSX2, previously reported to be correlated with the histological subtype. These results establish GST-P1 as a histological biomarker candidate for synovial sarcoma differentiation into subtypes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract. Its clinical course ranges widely from a curable disorder to a highly malignant disease. Although its clinical and molecular characteristics depend on the anatomic site of origin, the molecular background of GIST arising in different anatomical site has not been studied yet. To investigate the proteomic background of GIST, we examined the proteomic features corresponding to the anatomic site of tumor origin. Comparison of the proteomic profile of gastric (23 cases) and small intestinal (9 cases) GIST by 2-DE revealed 105 protein spots with significantly different intensity (p <0.01) between the two groups. Mass spectrometric study identified 68 distinct proteins for these 105 protein spots, including cancer-associated ones such as prohibitin, pigment epithelium-derived factor, and alpha-actinin 4. The intensity of 37/105 (35.2%) protein spots was significantly concordant with the corresponding mRNA levels (p <0.01). Although both 2-D DIGE and microarray experiments showed significant up-regulation of vimentin expression in small intestinal GIST, Western blotting did not show a significant difference between the two groups. In conclusion, our study demonstrates the proteins specially expressed in GIST depending on their site of origin, as well as the unique advantage offered by use of proteomics to acquire such data. The identified proteins may provide clues to understanding the different characteristics of GIST depending on their site of origin.
Full-text · Article · May 2009 · Proteomics. Clinical applications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pleomorphic liposarcoma (PLS) is an aggressive subtype of liposarcoma composed of high-grade sarcoma with pleomorphic lipoblasts. PLS usually exhibits a heterogeneous histology and sometimes has a myxoid or round cell area similar to myxoid/round cell liposarcomas (MLS/RCs). Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis, we investigated the existence of CHOP split signals in various histological areas of PLS including the MLS/RC-like feature and also estimated the distribution of various signals with polyploidy and amplification. Moreover, to detect CHOP fusion transcripts we performed nested reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Seven PLSs and three MLS/RCs were selected for FISH analysis using the locus-specific indicator CHOP (12q13) dual color, break apart probe (Vysis, USA). The FISH analysis was applied to formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of representative areas in all cases. Six of seven PLS cases showed the CHOP split signal ranging from 0.5% to 3% of counted nuclei, while all cases of MLS/RC exhibited CHOP rearrangement in more than 50% of counted nuclei. All cases of PLS showed a varied distribution of extra signals with polyploidy and amplification in each histological area. No CHOP fusion transcript was found in any case of PLS by nested RT-PCR. A CHOP rearrangement in PLS should be recognized only as a representative part of complex karyotypes, because the number of cells with split signals was minute compared with that of MLS/RC, and the signals were found in any area despite their histological differences. The cytogenetic background of PLS and that of MLS/RC are obviously different despite histological similarity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC) is standard therapy for patients with locally advanced breast cancer and is increasingly used for early-stage operable disease. Clinical and pathological responses are important prognostic parameters for NC, which aims to achieve a pathological complete response or tumor reduction to reduce the volume of subsequent breast resection. Clinicopathological markers that predict patient response to NC are needed to individualize treatment.
From 1998 to 2006, 368 patients with primary breast cancer underwent curative surgical treatment after NC (anthracycline and/or taxane without trastuzumab). We retrospectively evaluated the clinicopathological features and classification of the tumors using computed tomography (CT) before NC and analyzed the correlation with the pathological complete response (pCR) and reduction of tumor size after treatment.
The overall response and pCR rates in these patients were 86% and 17%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, classification as a scirrhous-type tumor was an independent predictor of reduced likelihood of pCR (p=0.0115; odds ratio 0.21). For tumor reduction, histological grade 3 (p=0.0002; odds ratio 3.3) and localized tumors identified by using CT imaging (p=0.0126; odds ratio 2.4) were independent predictors in multivariate analysis.
In this study, NC often did not result in pCR for breast cancers classified as scirrhous. Furthermore, tumor type classification using CT imaging and histological grading was effective to predict tumor reduction in response to NC that included an anthracycline and/or a taxane.
Full-text · Article · Nov 2008 · World Journal of Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Soft tissue perineurioma is an uncommon benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor, although it is the most common subtype of perineuriomas. We present a case of soft tissue perineurioma in the left groin of a 48-year-old man. Precontrast computed tomography showed a homogeneous hypodense mass that showed faint enhancement. The mass appeared with hypointensity on T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images and heterogeneous hyperintensity on T2-weighted MR images. Slight contrast uptake was noted on enhanced T1-weighted MR images with fat suppression. Although these CT and MR imaging findings were nonspecific, the overall imaging features are similar to those of schwannomas.
No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Radiation Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Translocations can be detected using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues. Recently, a commercially available FKHR (13q14) dual-color, break-apart rearrangement probe has been developed. However, the advantages of using this probe have not been reported. This study demonstrated the usefulness of this probe for the clinical diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS). We studied 33 RMS (19 embryonal rhabdomyosarcomas [ERMS], including three sclerosing-type RMS, and 14 alveloar rhabdomyosarcomas [ARMS]). Fluorescence signals were detected for 18 of the 19 (94.7%) ERMS and 13 of the 14 (92.8%) ARMS. A split-signal pattern was detected in 12 of 13 (92.3%) ARMS but was not detected in any of the ERMS, including the three sclerosing-type RMS. Amplification and polyploidy were present in both the ERMS and the ARMS. Our FISH study highlighted the excellent performance of the presently reported commercial break-apart probe for the detection of FKHR gene rearrangements in RMS. Because amplification and polyploidy were detected in both the ERMS and the ARMS, sufficient care should be taken when counting the nuclear signals. No rearrangements of the FKHR gene were found in any of the three sclerosing-type RMS when examined using a FISH assay, supporting the hypothesis that sclerosing RMS can be included as an ERMS.
No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is increasingly used for operable disease. However there are several pathological response classification systems and the correlation between the pathological response to NAC according to each system and the patient outcome is still under debate. From 1998 to 2006, 370 primary breast cancer patients underwent curative surgical treatment after NAC containing both anthracycline and taxane at the National Cancer Center Hospital. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and pathological response using the cTMN, Fisher's, Chevailler's, and the Japanese Breast Cancer Society classification systems (JBCS) respectively, and analyzed the correlation between each pathological response and disease free survival (DFS). Ninety-five (26%) patients had tumor recurrence. The five-year DFS according to Fisher's system was pCR, 80% and pINV, 63%. The five-year DFS according to Chevallier's system was Grade 1, 83%, Grade 2, 85%, Grade 3, 62%, and Grade 4, 65%. The five-year DFS according to the JBSC system was Grade 3, 77%, Grade 2, 68%, Grade 1a, 68%, Grade 1b, 58%, and Grade 0, 52%. None of the pathological response systems reached a statistically significant difference. In the classification by the post-treatment number of metastatic axillary lymph nodes, the 5-year DFS was n = 0, 86%; n = 1-3, 64%; n = 4-9, 44%; and n > 10 positive: 25% (P < .0001). In pathologically node negative patients, there were no significant differences in the DFS among all the classification systems. All three classifications analyzed were considered inadequate as the prognostic marker of the long-term outcome after NAC and further studies are warranted to optimize the prediction.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2008 · Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to develop prognostic biomarkers for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) using a proteomic approach.
We examined the proteomic profile of GISTs using two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis. The prognostic performance of biomarker candidates was examined using a large-scale sample set and specific antibodies.
We identified 43 protein spots whose intensity was statistically different between GISTs with good and poor prognosis. Mass spectrometric protein identification showed that the 43 spots corresponded to 25 distinct gene products. Eight of the 43 spots derived from pfetin, a potassium channel protein, and four of the eight pfetin spots had a high discriminative power between the two groups. Western blotting and real-time PCR showed that pfetin expression and tumor metastasis were inversely related. The prognostic performance of pfetin was also examined by immunohistochemistry on 210 GIST cases. The 5-year metastasis-free survival rate was 93.9% and 36.2% for patients with pfetin-positive and pfetin-negative tumors, respectively (P < 0.0001). Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that pfetin expression was a powerful prognostic factor among the clinicopathologic variables examined, including risk classification and c-kit- or platelet-derived growth factor receptor A mutation status.
These results establish pfetin as a powerful prognostic marker for GISTs and may provide novel therapeutic strategies to prevent metastasis of GIST.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2008 · Clinical Cancer Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The glucose transporter protein 1 (Glut-1) overexpression is associated with poor overall survival (OS) in various malignant tumors. The aim of this study was to investigate prognostic significance of Glut-1 overexpression in patients with bone and soft-tissue sarcomas.
A total of 67 patients (mean age, 43 years; range, 8-79 years) with bone and soft tissue sarcomas were analyzed. Pathologic confirmation was observed from surgical specimens in all patients. Pathologic variables including tumor differentiation, necrosis, mitotic index, MIB-1 (Ki-67) grade and Glut-1 expression were assessed. Clinical characteristics and pathologic variables were determined by Kaplan-Meyer curve of OS after treatment.
Glut-1 overexpression was found in 56 patients (83%). The patients with Glut-1 overexpression showed significantly poor OS compared with those without Glut-1 overexpression (P = 0.029). The presence of metastasis, treatment without surgical resection, tumor differentiation, necrosis, mitotic index and MIB-1 grade were also significantly negative prognostic factors. The presence of metastasis was independently associated with poor OS (P = 0.031).
Assessment of Glut-1 expression prior to treatment has a predictive potential effect in patients with bone and soft-tissue sarcomas.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2008 · Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To retrospectively compare the diagnostic accuracy of positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT), PET, conventional imaging, and combined PET/CT and conventional imaging for tumor staging of bone and soft-tissue sarcomas, by using histologic or follow-up imaging findings as the reference standard.
Institutional review board approval was received for this HIPAA-compliant study; informed consent was obtained. Integrated PET/CT was performed in 117 patients (69 male patients, 48 female patients; mean age, 42 years +/- 21 [standard deviation]; range, 9-86 years). Conventional imaging consisted of magnetic resonance imaging of the primary site, chest radiography, whole-body contrast material-enhanced CT, and bone scintigraphy. A total of four reviewers assessed all images. Overall and T staging were evaluated in 69 (59%) patients who underwent surgical removal of the primary tumors and had pathologically proved results. N and M staging were evaluated in all patients, and their reference methods were based on histologic findings (n = 101) and follow-up CT findings (n = 16).
Interpretations based on combined PET/CT and conventional imaging findings correctly staged tumors in 60 (87%) of 69 patients, overstaged tumors in eight (12%) patients, and understaged tumors in one (1%) patient. Overall staging accuracy of combined PET/CT and conventional imaging was significantly higher than that at PET (P < .0001). Combined PET/CT and conventional imaging resulted in correct N staging in 114 (97%) of 117 patients and M staging in 109 (93%) of 117 patients. Combined PET/CT and conventional imaging helped reduce overstaging in three (4%) patients and helped change tumor diagnosis from unresectable to resectable in two (2%) patients compared with PET/CT.
The combination of PET/CT and conventional imaging is accurate in preoperative staging of bone and soft-tissue sarcoma.