[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anaplasma bovis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection were examined by species-specific nested polymerase chain reaction in cattle in a pastureland where sika deer appear in Hokkaido, Japan. Of the 78 cattle examined, 12 (15%) and 1 (1%) tested positive for infection by A. bovis and A. phagocytophilum, respectively. One cattle tested positive for both. A. phagocytophilum infection rates were significantly lower in cattle than in sika deer (46%), but the infection rate by A. bovis was not significantly different between cattle (15%) and sika deer (23%). The strain of A. phagocytophilum detected in this study may possess significantly lower virulence or infectivity in cattle hosts. No clinical symptoms were recorded in the positive cattle, and morulae were not detected in the blood smears.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · Japanese journal of infectious diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rickettsial infection of cattle and sika deer from a pastureland in Hidaka District, Hokkaido, Japan was examined by serological and molecular methods. Serum samples from 8 of 83 (9.6%) cattle reacted with Rickettsia helvetica antigens in an IFA test, with titers ranging from 1:160 to 1:640, while serum samples from 15 of 22 (68.2%) deer were positive for R. helvetica, with titers ranging from 1:80 to 1:640. In a genus-specific nested PCR based on gltA, no cattle were positive for Rickettsia, while 14 of 22 (63.3%) samples obtained from deer tested positive. Sequence analysis revealed that positive samples from sika deer showed 100% nucleotide sequence identity with the known sequence of Rickettsia asiatica.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2008 · Japanese journal of infectious diseases
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Antibodies against Rickettsia japonica in 20 of 1,207 dogs and 5 of 584 cats in Japan were detected using immunofluorescence. Some antibody-positive animals were
detected in Niigata and Kagawa Prefectures, areas in which Japanese spotted fever in human patients has never been identified.
Some animals were positive for antibodies against other new Rickettsia species.
Preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Clinical and Vaccine Immunology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: DNA from 111 ticks collected by flagging in Tokachi district, Eastern Hokkaido, Japan were examined for infection with Rickettsia and Ehrlichia, by PCR and sequencing methodology. For Rickettsia, analysis of the partial sequence of the citrate synthase gene was successfully performed on 11 DNA samples from I. persulcatus, and 7 of them showed 99.8% identical with Rickettsia helvetica while the other 4 showed 99.8% identical with ;Candidatus Rickettsia tarasevichiae'. For Ehrlichia, a partial sequence of the 16S rRNA gene detected from I. persulcatus was 100% identical with that from Ehrlichia muris, and another DNA sample from I. ovatus showed 99.8% identical with Ehrlichia species detected from I. ovatus. The results suggest that the pathogens detected here might be distributed in this area.
No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tick DNA samples from cattle in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Area, China, were examined for Rickettsia infection by citrate synthase gene-based PCR and sequencing. Four positive samples were detected from Haemaphysalis danieli and high levels of similarity were found with recently detected 'Candidatus Rickettsia principis.'
No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Veterinary Parasitology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To quantify the radiographic parameters of the caudal vena cava (CVC) in healthy cattle and demonstrate their clinical usefulness, the present study compared the ratios of the diameter of the thoracic CVC to the diameter of the aorta (Ao) and length of the thoracic vertebrae (VL), which are all positioned in the same intercostal space, in 81 healthy control cattle (43 growing, 38 adult) and 10 cattle with heart disease. The average diameter of the CVC (CVCave) was correlated with the size of the Ao and VL in the control cows. Although the diameter and pulsation index of the CVC differed significantly between the growing and adult cows, the ratios of CVC/Ao and CVC/VL were fixed values for both the growing and mature cattle. However, in the cattle with heart disease, the pulsation index of the CVC was significantly lower or there was absence of pulsation due to a dilated CVC, and the ratio of CVCave/Ao and CVCave/VL were significantly higher than those in the healthy cattle.
Preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Journal of Veterinary Medical Science