Ok Soo Kim

Silla University, Tsau-liang-hai, Busan, South Korea

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Publications (6)12.83 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The murine dopamine receptor regulating factor (DRRF) gene is transcribed from a TATA-less promoter that has several putative Sp1 binding sites. The present investigation identifies functional transcription factors that modulate the expression of this gene. In the D2-dopamine receptor expressing NB41A3 cells, Sp1 potently activates transcription from the DRRF promoter in pCAT-DRRF-1153/+17, while DRRF itself effectively inhibits it. Sp1 also activates this promoter in pCAT-DRRF-310/+17. In competitive co-transfection experiments, DRRF represses the transcriptional activation induced by Sp1, while Sp1 de-represses the inhibitory effect of DRRF. Deletion of the 31 bp fragment between -1153 and -1122 decreased basal transcription down to about 60%. This fragment contains a functional AP1 binding site. In addition, deletion of the 129 bp region between -901 and -772 further decreased transcription. The latter region has a functional AP2 binding site. The present observations suggest that DRRF auto-regulates its own promoter by competing with Sp1 and that both AP1 and AP2 modulate expression of this gene.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: In order to evaluate estrogenic compounds in natural products, an in vitro detection system was established. For this system, the human breast cancer cell line MCF7 was stably transfected using an estrogen responsive chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter plasmid yielding MCF7/pDsCAT-ERE119-Ad2MLP cells. To test the estrogenic responsiveness of this in vitro assay system, MCF7/pDsCAT-ERE119-Ad2MLP cells were treated with various concentrations of 17beta-estradiol. Treatments of 10(-8) to 10(-12) M 17beta-estradiol revealed significant concentration dependent estrogenic activities compared with ethanol. We used in vitro assay system to detect estrogenic effects in Puerariae radix and Ginseng radix Rubra extracts. Treatment of 500 and 50 microg/ml of Puerariae radix extracts increased the transcriptional activity approximately 4- and 1.5-fold, respectively, compared with the ethanol treatment. Treatment of 500, 50, and 5 microg/ml of Ginseng radix Rubra extracts increased the transcriptional activity approximately 3.2-, 2.7-, and 1.4-fold, respectively, compared with the ethanol treatment. These observations suggest that Puerariae radix and Ginseng radix Rubra extracts have effective estrogenic actions and that they could be developed as estrogenic supplements.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2004 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    ABSTRACT: In order to produce a harmful protein more efficiently, this expression cassette, dubbed pCol-MICT, is directed by the colicin promoter, and was constructed by the insertion of a rrnBT1T2 fragment of pEXP7, and a MxelnteinCBD fragment of pTXB3, into pSH375. To test whether harmful proteins, including proteolytic enzymes, could be effectively produced by this cassette, the carboxypeptidase (CPase)Taq gene was inserted into the pCol-MICT cassette to yield pCol-CPaseTaq-MICT.E. coli W3110 cells harboring pCol-CPaseTaq-MICT produced a large quantity of this enzyme, as much as 47.2 mg of purified from per liter of culture, when cultured in the presence of mitomycin C (0.4 μg/mL). This indicates that the colicin promoter-controlledE. coli expression cassette was able to produce almost 8 times of protein than the conventionaltac promoter-based system, and that this cassette may be useful in the synthesis of other harmful proteins.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2004 · Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
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    ABSTRACT: The D1A dopamine receptor gene underlies complex transcriptional regulation in order to achieve the tissue-specific expression. Transcription in the D1A genes proceeds from two distinct promoters utilized for the tissue-specific regulation of these genes. Furthermore, analysis of the human D1A dopamine receptor gene has revealed that the region between nucleotides -1173 and -1136 (ActAR1) of the gene might be important for its neural cell-specific expression. To investigate the function of D1A dopamine receptor promoters in the brain cell-specific expression of transgenes, we analyzed the regulatory patterns of two distinct protein-binding regions of ActAR1, i.e., an Act sequence (-1174/-1154) and an AR1 sequence (-1154/-1136), toward murine and human D1A promoters. Transient expression analyses using various chloramphenicol acetyltransferase constructs revealed that Act could not activate murine or human D1A promoters, and that AR1 could effectively stimulate these promoters in a cell type-non-specific manner. Only ActAR1, a combination of Act and AR1, could activate murine and human D1A promoters in a prominent cell type-specific manner. Abundant protein binding to Act was detected by gel mobility shift assay using nuclear extracts from SK-N-MC, NS20Y, OK, and C6 but faint protein binding using nuclear extracts from HepG2. Furthermore, strong protein binding to AR1 was detected using nuclear extracts from SK-N-MC, NS20Y, HepG2 but faint protein binding from C6 extracts and no detectable protein binding from OK extracts. These observations suggest that the tissue-specific expression of the D1A gene is due, at least in part, to the differential expression of these activator proteins that bind to Act and AR1.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2003 · Molecules and Cells
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    ABSTRACT: To study the transcriptional mechanisms by which expression of the dopamine receptor regulating factor (DRRF) gene is regulated, a murine genomic clone was isolated using a DRRF cDNA as probe. A 24 kb genomic fragment which comprises 13 kb upstream of the transcription initiation site was sequenced. The promoter region lacks a TATA box and CAAT box, is rich in G+C content, and has multiple putative binding sites for the transcription factor Sp1. The DRRF gene also has consensus sequences for AP1 and AP2 binding sites. The transcriptional activity of five deletion mutants of a 1.5 kb fragment was analyzed by modulating transcription of the heterologous chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene in the promoterless plasmid pCAT-Basic. All mutants showed significant transcriptional activity in the murine neuroblastoma cell line NB41A3, except the construct stretching from -901 to +17. These transient expression assays suggested the presence of positive regulators between -1153 and -901 and between -118 and -93 while a negative regulator was found in the region between -901 and -118. Comparison among cell types revealed strong transcriptional activity of the DRRF promoter in neuronal NB41A3 cells and moderate activity in hepatic HepG2 and renal OK cells, but none in skeletal muscle C2C12 or glial C6 cells. These findings confirm the tissue-specific activity of the DRRF promoter and suggest that this gene shares structural and functional similarities with the dopamine receptor genes that it regulates.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2003 · Gene
  • Ok‐Soo Kim · Sung‐Hee Baik
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among social support (network and satisfaction), family function, and loneliness among elderly Korean women. A sample of 68 elderly Korean women, who were at least 60 years of age and lived in Seoul, Korea, was obtained. Data were collected by interview, using the translated Korean versions of the Revised University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale (RULS), Family APGAR, and Social Support Questionnaire 6. The results indicate that the subjects were moderately lonely (M = 45.04) and had moderately functional families (M = 5.60). The means for social support were 1.37 for network size and 4.17 for satisfaction. Twenty-one percent of the subjects lived with their spouses. The subjects who lived with their spouse had a larger number of network members than those who did not live with their spouse (t = −0.26, P < 0.05). However, living with their spouse was not found to be associated with their social support satisfaction and family function. The level of loneliness was found to be related negatively to the level of social support network (r = −0.41, P < 0.01), social support satisfaction (r = −0.43, P < 0.01), and family function (r = −0.58, P < 0.01). Thirty-four percent of the variance in their loneliness was accounted for by their social support and family function. Family function was found to be the significant predictor of loneliness. Subjects who had a lower level of family function were found to be more lonely than those who had a higher level of family function (β = −0.39, P < 0.01).
    No preview · Article · Aug 2002 · Nursing and Health Sciences