Sung-Do Kim

Kyung Hee University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (27)36.76 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common cause of end-stage renal disease. Antihypertensive agents are used clinically to inhibit the progression of CKD, but cannot prevent eventual renal failure. This study investigated the effect of Tanshinone IIA, an active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza, in rats suffering from CKD induced by 5/6 nephrectomy. After development of renal insufficiency, the rats were treated with Tanshinone IIA (10 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Serum creatinine, angiotensin II (Ang II), transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and collagen IV levels were significantly reduced in Tanshinone IIA treated rats compared with a control group. In addition, Tanshinone IIA suppressed increases in urinary protein excretion in CKD rats. These findings suggest that chronic oral administration of Tanshinone IIA can improve renal dysfunction associated with CKD.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Phytotherapy Research
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    ABSTRACT: We retrospectively analyzed the data of the first and second renal biopsies to investigate the adverse effects as well as the clinical and histologic responses of methylprednisolone pulse therapy in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis. At the time of the second renal biopsy, the activity index had decreased significantly and the chronicity index was well preserved. The activity index and interstitial fibrosis were improved in the complete and partial remission groups, but not in the nonresponse group. These findings indicate that methylprednisolone pulse therapy is effective in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis and has an acceptably low risk of side effects.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Fetal and pediatric pathology

  • No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · International journal of dermatology
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    Won-Ho Hahn · Jin-Soon Suh · Byoung-Soo Cho · Sung-Do Kim
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    ABSTRACT: In several experimental studies, it has been suggested that discoidin domain receptor 1 (DDR1) plays an important role in the regulation of mesangial proliferation, glomerular basement membrane thickening, renal fibrosis, and in the development of inflammation in several tissue types, including renal tissues. The present study was conducted to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the DDR1 gene and childhood IgA nephropathy (IgAN). The genotyping data of 180 childhood IgAN patients and 336 controls showed significant differences in the frequency of rs1264319 (dominant model, P=0.040). Subgroup analysis revealed that development of proteinuria (>4 and <or=4 mg/m(2)/h; n=131 and 49) was significantly associated with rs2267641 (codominant model, P=0.004; dominant, P=0.024; recessive, P=0.010) and rs9468844 (codominant model, P=0.003; dominant, P=0.017; recessive, P=0.012). Furthermore, rs1264319 frequencies were significantly different in those with pathologically mild and advanced disease subgroups (n=162 and 18; codominant and dominant model, P=0.022). Our results suggest that DDR1 gene is associated with increased susceptibility, pathological advancement, and the development of proteinuria in childhood IgAN.
    Full-text · Article · May 2010 · International Journal of Molecular Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Several experimental studies have suggested that signal transducers and activators of transcription 1 and 4 (STAT1 and STAT4) play important roles in the regulation of mesangial proliferation and renal fibrosis, and in the development of inflammation in several types of glomerulonephritis. The present study was conducted to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the STAT1 and STAT4 genes and childhood IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Genotyping of 170 childhood IgAN patients and 442 controls showed no significant differences in allele frequency. However, patient subgroup analysis revealed that development of proteinuria ( and >4mg/m(2)/h) was associated with STAT1 rs10199181 (dominant model, P=0.035) and high serum level of IgA with STAT1 rs6718902 (dominant model, P=0.035) and STAT1 rs2280232 (codominant model, P=0.014; dominant model, P=0.022). Furthermore, some SNP frequencies were significantly different between patients with pathologically mild and advanced disease; STAT1 rs6718902 (overdominant model, P=0.030), STAT1 rs10199181 (codominant model, P=0.023; dominant model, P=0.012; overdominant model, P=0.018), and STAT4 rs7561832 (dominant model, P=0.026; overdominant model, P=0.029). Our results suggest that polymorphisms of STAT1 and STAT4 are associated with increased susceptibility, pathological advancement, and development of proteinuria in childhood IgAN.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Cytokine
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    Full-text · Article · Apr 2010 · Journal of Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of Bupleurum falcatum and its combination with angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) on cytokine and chemokine production in cultured human mesangial cells. Human mesangial cells were isolated and cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium culture medium. Bupleurum falcatum, ARB, and the combination of the two were added to human mesangial cells. Cytokine and chemokine levels were analysed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. There were no significant differences in the expression of IL-1ss, IL-2 or TNF-a between controls and the experimental groups. However, IL-11 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) levels were significantly reduced in response to ARB, Bupleurum falcatum, or their combination when compared with controls. IL-8 expression was reduced significantly only in cells treated with ARB. Both Bupleurum falcatum and ARB treatments alone reduced the cytokine concentration, but there was not a stronger reduction when the two drugs were combined. It was shown that Bupleurum falcatum inhibited cytokine production in human mesangial cells. However, there were no additive effects on the suppression of cytokine production when Bupleurum falcatum was combined with ARB. Further studies are needed to elucidate the renoprotective effects of Bupleurum falcatum.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Phytotherapy Research
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is produced by activated CD4+T cells and exhibits pleiotropic biological activity on various cell types. IL-17 was reported to be involved in the immunoregulatory response in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Our aim was to investigate the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL-17 receptor A (IL-17RA) gene and childhood IgAN. Methods: We analyzed the SNPs in the IL-17RA in 156 children with biopsy-proven IgAN and 245 healthy controls. We divided the IgAN patients into 2 groups and compared them with respect to proteinuria (≤4 and >4 mg/m2/h, ≤40 and >40 mg/m2/h, respectively) and the presence of pathological levels of biomarkers of diseases such as interstitial fibrosis, tubular atrophy, or global sclerosis. Results: No difference was observed between the SNP genotypes rs2895332, rs1468488, and rs4819553 between IgAN patients and control subjects. In addition, no significant difference was observed between allele frequency of SNPs rs2895 332, rs1468488, and rs4819553 between patients in the early and advanced stage of the disease. However, significant difference was observed between the genotype of SNP rs2895332 between patients with proteinuria (>4 mg/m2/h) and those without proteinuria (codominant model OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.19-0.66, P <0.001; dominant model OR 0.35, 95% CI 0.17-0.69 P =0.002; recessive model OR 0.12, 95% CI 0.01-1.06 P =0.025). Conclusion: Our results indicate that the SNP in IL-17RA (rs2895332) may be related to the development of proteinuria in IgAN patients.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    Sung-Do Kim · Byoung-Soo Cho
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    ABSTRACT: Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for children with end-stage renal disease. The outcome of pediatric kidney transplantation has improved dramatically in recent years, with lower acute rejection rates, superior graft survival, and low mortality. These improvements have allowed increased attention to other aspects of care for long-term survivors. Taking this into consideration, this review article will focus on the key issues related to pediatric kidney transplantation such as growth, neurocognitive function, nonadherence, and posttransplantation infectious complications, including lymphoproliferative disease, to broaden the understanding of pediatricians who provide pre-and postoperative care to children with end-stage renal disease.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    ABSTRACT: The urachus is a normal embryonic remnant of the primitive dome. It generally exists as a fibrous cord extending from the dome of the bladder to the umbilicus. Disorders of the urachus are developed as a result of its incomplete regression. The urachal cyst is the most common urachal anomaly, and is usually asymptomatic in infancy and childhood. However, when the cysts are large or accompanied with secondary infection, they may be detected in its early stage. A sonography or CT scan may be helpful to confirm the diagnosis of urachal cyst. The managements of infected urachal cyst are varied from simple drainage to radical excision. Here, we report an unusual case of urachal cyst infection that occurred during corticosteroids therapy in a girl with IgA nephropathy.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2009 · Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology
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    Won-Ho Hahn · Jin-Soon Suh · Byoung-Soo Cho · Sung-Do Kim
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    ABSTRACT: The enabled homolog gene (ENAH, hMena) is abundantly expressed in mesangial tissue, and might play an important role in inflammatory processes of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). The present study was conducted to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the ENAH and childhood IgAN. We analyzed 12 SNPs of ENAH in 176 patients with childhood IgAN and 397 healthy controls. In addition, IgAN patients were dichotomized and compared with respect to several clinical and pathological parameters. Genotyping data showed significant differences between IgAN patients and controls in the frequency of rs2039620, rs12034829, and rs3795443. On comparison of patients with proteinuria to those without proteinuria (< or = or >4 mg/m(2)/h), rs12043633 was significantly different between the two groups. With regard to maximum proteinuria (< or = or >4 mg/m(2)/h), rs3795443, rs4653643, rs6751, rs10799319, rs7555139, rs576861, and rs487591 showed significant allele frequency differences. For patients with and without gross hematuria, rs4653643, rs6751, rs10799319, rs7555139, rs576861, and rs487591 showed significant allele frequency differences. The rs3795443 was found to be associated with progression of pathological findings. Our results suggest that ENAH polymorphisms are associated with increased susceptibility, development of proteinuria and gross hematuria, and pathological progression of childhood IgAN.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2009 · Experimental and Molecular Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Minimal change nephrotic syndrome has been proposed to be a disorder of T cell dysfunction. It is hypothesized that a circulating factor(s) from activated T cells might alter glomerular permeability to protein. Some studies have provided evidence that up-regulation of interleukin-2 may be involved, not only in the pathophysiology of minimal change nephrotic syndrome, but also in steroid resistance. Basiliximab, an anti-interleukin-2 receptor antibody, is indicated for the prophylaxis of acute organ rejection in adults and children with kidney transplants. Clinical trials have shown that basiliximab is effective and well tolerated. We describe here a pediatric patient who continuously had massive proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia for 5 years, despite pulse therapy with methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide and prolonged oral treatment with cyclosporine and mizoribine. He had experienced several disease- and treatment-associated complications, such as bacterial infections, indirect inguinal hernias, and cataracts. After he had been given a single dose of basiliximab, he achieved complete remission of proteinuria and then discontinued all immunosuppressant treatment.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Pediatric Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: The authors report the case of a 9-day-old female infant with necrotizing fasciitis of the lower back due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) to emphasize the role of keratinocyte allografts. Keratinocyte allografts were found helpful in this case to manage an extensive skin defect.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2009 · Neonatology
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital nephrotic syndrome is defined as nephrotic syndrome which manifests in utero or during the first 3 months of life. The prototype of congenital nephrotic syndrome is congenital nephrotic syndrome of Finnish type (CNF, OMIM #602716), which is caused by loss-of-function mutations of the nephrin gene (NPHS1). There have been few clinical case reports of CNF in Korea, but none of which was confirmed by genetic study. Here, we report two children with congenital nephrotic syndrome. Genetic analysis of the NPHS1 gene revealed compound heterozygous frame-shifting mutations (c.2156_2163 delTGCACTGC causing p.L719DfsX4 and c.3250_3251insG causing p.V1084GfsX12) in one patient and a missense mutation (c.1381G>A causing p.R460Q) and a nonsense mutation (c.2442C>G causing p.Y814X) in the other patient. The nonsense mutation was novel. The clinical courses of the patients were typical of CNF. This is the first report of genetically confirmed CNF in Korea to date. The early genetic diagnosis of CNF is important for proper clinical management of the patients and precise genetic counseling of the families.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and obesity are the worldwide public health problem. Obesity is an already well-established risk factor for CKD. The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between high BMI and increased risk for nephropathy by clinical data.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology
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    Sung-Do Kim · Byoung-Soo Cho
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    ABSTRACT: FSGS do not respond well to any kind of therapy and gradually progress to end-stage renal disease. This study was conducted to investigate the difference of protein expression between MCNS and FSGS as a preliminary study for understanding the pathophysiology of FSGS.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus(DM) is a metabolic syndrome caused by deficiency of insulin secretion and a consequence of insulin resistance. Poor glycemic control is a common finding in children with Type 1 DM(T1DM). Approximately 60% of the young patients with T1DM develop abnormalities in the eyes and 15-20% in the kidney. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a serious metabolic complication of T1DM that leads to renal failure. Some clinical studies report that the duration of prepubertal diabetes may contribute less to the development of microvascular complications than pubertal and postpubertal duration. There have been few cases of DN in prepubertal patients with T1DM in Korea. Thus we report a case of a 12-year-old female with T1DM who had poor glycemic control and was diagnosed as DN in a prepubertal period. It was proven by renal biopsy after microscopic hematuria and proteinuria were detected through the mass school urinary screening program.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome involving the breakdown of skeletal muscle causing myoglobin and other intracellular proteins and electrolytes to leak into the circulation. There are various causes of acute rhabdomyolysis in childhood, such as direct trauma to muscle, muscle necrosis from ischemia, inflammation in muscle, or exposure to drugs and toxins. The most-important complication of this disorder is acute renal failure (ARF). However, the contributing factors to the development of ARF in children with rhabdomyolysis remain obscure. We report two cases of rhabdomyolysis after excessive exercise.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: Peritonitis is one of the major complications of CAPD(continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis). Recently, multidrug-resistant organisms, such as vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) have been rarely reported by the pathogen as of CAPD-associated peritonitis. But, there is limited information on choices of effective therapy for VRE peritonitis in patients undergoing CAPD. We present a pediatric case of successful treatment of CAPD-associated peritonitis due to VRE with linezolid, and review of the literature.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Journal of the Korean Society of Pediatric Nephrology
  • Byoung-Soo Cho · Sung-Do Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Since 1998, by law, all school children in Korea must have an annual urinalysis. The first early morning urine specimen is examined by a simple dipstick method for the detection of proteinuria, haematuria and glucose. If a urine test is positive, a second test is performed by paediatric nephrologists. We analysed urinalysis data of school urinalysis screening. We also analysed the results of clinical data and the renal biopsy findings of patients referred to our medical centre due to abnormal urinalysis result. To date, about five million students have been screened since annual school urinalysis started in January 1998. Among them, isolated proteinuria was about 0.2%, occult blood was about 0.8%, and glucosuria was about 0.07% from January 1998 to December 2004. Among referred patients, renal biopsy was taken in 63.1% of isolated haematuria, 10.5% of isolated proteinuria and 69.9% of haematuria combined with proteinuria. Histopathological findings are IgA nephropathy in 43.8%, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis in 38.4%, Henoch-Schönlein nephritis in 2.7%, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis in 1.6% and lupus nephritis in 0.5%. Alport disease showed 0.6% as a hereditary disease. In conclusion, the school urinalysis screening could detect chronic renal disease in its early stage. Early detection using school urinalysis screening and confirmatory diagnosis by renal biopsy seems to be helpful for assessment of prognosis and intervention of chronic renal disease progression.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Nephrology

Publication Stats

155 Citations
36.76 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003-2010
    • Kyung Hee University
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004-2009
    • Kyung Hee University Medical Center
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007-2008
    • University of Seoul
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea