[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To elucidate functional diversity of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases from the white-rot basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium (PcCYPs), we conducted a comprehensive functional screening using a wide variety of compounds. A functionomic survey resulted in characterization of novel PcCYP functions and discovery of versatile PcCYPs that exhibit broad substrate profiles. These results suggested that multifunctional properties of the versatile PcCYPs would play crucial roles in diversification of fungal metabolic systems involved in xenobiotic detoxification. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing multifunctional properties of versatile P450s from the fungal kingdom. An increased compilation of PcCYP functions will facilitate a thorough understanding of metabolic diversity in basidiomycetes and provide new insights that could also expedite practical applications in the biotechnology sector.
No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium possesses biodegradative capabilities of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs). One hundred twenty yeast clones expressing individual P450s of P. chrysosporum (PcCYPs), generated in our previous efforts, were screened for transformation of dioxin, and 40 positive clones were obtained. Of these clones, six clones showed metabolism of 2-chloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin, and a microsomal PcCYP designated as PcCYP11a3 showed much higher activity than any other PcCYPs. The turnover numbers of hydroxylation activities of PcCYP11a3 toward 1-MCDD (58 min(-1)) and 2-MCDD (13 min(-1)) are more than 200 times higher than those of previously reported PcCYP65a2. In addition, PcCYP11a3 catalyzes hydroxylation of 2,3-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. To our best knowledge, PcCYP11a3 has the highest activity toward PCDDs among the known CYPs derived from microorganisms. Although PcCYP11a3 showed no detectable activity toward 2,7-dichloro-dibenzop-dioxin and 2,3,7-trichloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin, PcCYP11a3 is promising as a template whose activity would be enhanced by site-directed mutagenesis.
No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We cloned full-length cDNAs of 130 cytochrome P450s (P450s) derived from Phanerochaete chrysosporium and successfully expressed 70 isoforms in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. To elucidate substrate specificity of P. chrysosporium P450s, we examined various substrates including steroid hormones, several drugs, flavonoids and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
using the recombinant S. cerevisiae cells. Of these P450s, two CYPs designated as PcCYP50c and PcCYP142c with 14% identity in their amino acid sequences catalyse
3′-hydroxylation of flavone and O-deethylation of 7-ethoxycoumarin. Kinetic data of both enzymes on both reactions fitted not to the Michaelis–Menten equation
but to Hill’s equation with a coefficient of 2, suggesting that two substrates bind to the active site. Molecular modelling
of PcCYP50c and a docking study of flavone to its active site supported this hypothesis. The enzymatic properties of PcCYP50c
and PcCYP142c resemble mammalian drug-metabolizing P450s, suggesting that their physiological roles are metabolism of xenobiotics.
It is noted that these unique P. chrysosporium P450s have a potential for the production of useful flavonoids.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Journal of Biochemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We cloned full-length cDNAs of more than 130 cytochrome P450s (P450s) derived from Phanerochaete chrysosporium, and successfully expressed 70 isoforms using a co-expression system of P. chrysosporium P450 and yeast NADPH-P450 reductase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Of these P450s, a microsomal P450 designated as PcCYP65a2 consists of 626 amino acid residues with a molecular mass of 68.3kDa. Sequence alignment of PcCYP65a2 and human CYP1A2 revealed a unique structure of PcCYP65a2. Functional analysis of PcCYP65a2 using the recombinant S. cerevisiae cells demonstrated that this P450 catalyzes 3'-hydroxylation of naringenin to yield eriodictyol, which has various biological and pharmacological properties. In addition, the recombinant S. cerevisiae cells expressing PcCYP65a2 metabolized such polyaromatic compounds as dibenzo-p-dioxin (DD), 2-monochloroDD, biphenyl, and naphthalene. These results suggest that PcCYP65a2 is practically useful for both bioconversion and bioremediation.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A gene for cytochrome P450 (moxA) from Nonomuraea recticatena, coexpressed with camAB for pseudomonad redox partners in Escherichia coli, hydroxylated oleanolic acid to produce queretaroic acid. When we used the P450-induced whole-cell as a catalyst, only a small amount of queretaroic acid was produced, probably due to poor permeability of oleanolic acid into the E. coli cell. In an alternative approach with the cell-free reaction system, the conversion ratio increased up to 17%.
No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry