[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Antifungal therapy may be unable to eradicate invasive mycosis in leukemia patients. The presence of persisting pulmonary nodules owing to mycosis seems to increase the risk of fungal relapse after chemotherapy and transplant procedures. Between 1997 and 2004, 10 acute leukemia patients underwent pulmonary surgery for invasive mycosis. The median time from diagnosis of mycosis to surgery was 135 days (range 21-147). Three patients underwent emergency surgery, owing to hemoptysis. In the other seven patients with nodule/cavitation remaining after antifungal treatment, surgery (three wedge resections, four lobectomies) was scheduled before transplant. Pathologic examination confirmed two aspergillosis and three zygomycosis. The only side effect was pneumothorax in one case. Nine patients were considered cured. Six patients underwent bone marrow transplantation (three allogeneic, three autologous) with antifungal prophylaxis without relapse during the transplant procedure. In selected patients scheduled for bone marrow transplantation, surgical resection of localized pulmonary fungus nodules combined with antifungal prophylaxis seem to be an effective treatment for preventing mycotic relapse.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2007 · Bone Marrow Transplantation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Indwelling central venous catheters (CVCs) are essential devices in the management of patients with hematological disorders treated with chemotherapy. However, their nature predisposes patients to unwanted complications.
CVC-related complications were retrospectively analyzed in 227 hematologic patients who were consecutively admitted to our hematology department between May 2002 and April 2004. Patients' diagnoses comprised acute myeloid leukemia (36.8%), acute lymphoid leukemia (7.3%), lymphoproliferative disorders (28.3%), multiple myeloma (19.5%), myeloproliferative syndromes (5%) and others (3.1%). The CVCs used were polyurethane three lumen 7-Fr (111 patients) for chemotherapy and 12-Fr (114 patients) for chemotherapy and peripheral blood stem cell apheresis, plus two tunneled catheters.
The pathological events were: bacteriaemias (n=46); occlusions (n=10); exit tunnel infections (n=8); thrombosis (n=6); lung emboli (n=2). Among febrile patients the bacteriemia frequency was 20%, of which 13.6% were CVC-related (with a higher incidence in leukemia patients (p=0.027). Among the isolates, gram-positive bacteria were found in 29 cases (23 CVC-related cases), and gram-negative bacteria in 16 cases (8 CVC-related cases). Only one patient had Candida albicans sepsis. At univariate and multivariate analysis significant risk factors for infection (p<0.0001) were only the number of days/catheters and neutropenia duration.
In our hematologic patients, the CVC complications were mainly septic, with only 10.1% of CVC-related bacteriemias, despite prolonged catheterization duration. Acute leukemia patients were at major risk for sepsis, probably due to a more severe neutropenia and prolonged catheterization duration.
No preview · Article · Oct 2004 · The journal of vascular access