Jui-Hsing Chang

Mackay Medical College, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (39)74.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Preterm infants are at risk for emotional difficulties and behavioral problems. This study was aimed to investigate the effects of a clinic-based intervention program (CBIP) and a home-based intervention program (HBIP) compared with a usual care program (UCP) on emotion regulation to stress in preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500g). A total of 178 VLBW preterm infants had been previously randomly assigned to receive one of three interventions (57 in CBIP, 63 in HBIP and 58 in UCP). The CBIP and HBIP contained identical child-, parent- and dyad-focused interventions that were provided to infants during hospitalization and were respectively delivered at clinics and at home at PMA 36-38 and 40 weeks, and 1, 2, 4, 6, 9, 12 months of corrected age. All infants were prospectively observed for behavioral reactivity and regulation in response to experimentally evoke stress evoked by a toy-behind-barrier procedure at 12, 18, and 24 months of corrected age. Their cognitive and language abilities, and mothers' responsiveness were also assessed at 12 months as potential covariates. Compared to the UCP-group infants, the HBIP-group infants exhibited shorter durations of visual orientation to a toy (adjusted difference [95% CI]=-1.60 [-3.07 to -0.13], p=0.03), and the CBIP-group infants exhibited shorter durations of avoidance (adjusted difference [95% CI]=-0.84 [-1.57 to -0.10], p=0.03) from 12 to 24 months of corrected age. The CBIP and HBIP showed no difference in the stress reactivity from the UCP, however. These results suggest that comprehensive interventions incorporating child-, parent- and dyad-focused services enhanced VLBW preterm infants' emotion regulation in response to stress at toddler age.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Research in developmental disabilities
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    ABSTRACT: Approximately 15% of preterm infants may develop postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection from seropositive mothers via breast milk and are at risk for neurological sequelae in childhood. The aims of this study were to assess the effects and outcomes on growth, neurodevelopmental status, and hearing in very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants with postnatal CMV infection via breast milk at the corrected age of 12 and 24 months.The prospective follow-up study population comprised all living preterm children (n = 55) with a birth weight ≤1500 g and gestational age of ≤35 weeks, who had been participated in our "postnatal CMV infection via breast milk" studies in 2000 and 2009, respectively. The cohort of children was assessed at 12 and 24 months. Clinical outcomes were documented during hospitalization and after discharge. Long-term outcomes included anthropometry, audiologic tests, gross motor quotient, Infant International Battery, and neurodevelopmental outcomes; all were assessed at postcorrected age in 12 and 24 months during follow-up visits.Of the 55 infants enrolled in the study (4 noninfected infants were excluded because their parents did not join this follow-up program later), 14 infants postnatally acquired CMV infection through breast-feeding (infected group) and were compared with 41 infants without CMV infection (control group). No significant differences were observed between the groups with regard to baseline characteristics, clinical outcomes, anthropometry, or psychomotor and mental development on the Bayley scale of infant development. None of the infants had CMV-related death or permanent sensorineural hearing loss.Transmission of CMV from seropositive mother via breast milk to preterm infants does not appear at this time to have major adverse effects on clinical outcomes, growth, neurodevelopmental status, and hearing function at 12 and 24 months corrected age.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background/purpose: Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are associated with high mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The epidemiology of these infections may change after the application of new infection control policies. The aims of this study are to reveal the changing epidemiology of BSIs in our NICU and inspect the effects of infection control efforts. Methods: We reviewed and analyzed the clinical characteristics of culture-proven BSIs in our NICU from 2008 to 2013 and compared them with our two previously reported data (1992-2001 and 2002-2007). Results: The mortality rate decreased from 16.3% in 1992-2001 to 5.6% in 2008-2013. In the recent study period, Gram-positive infections became predominant (58.0%). Coagulase-negative staphylococci remained the most commonly isolated organisms (26.0%). Group B Streptococcus (GBS) BSIs had the highest mortality rate (30.0%). Most GBS-infected infants' mother did not perform prenatal GBS screening. There was a decrease in the total fungal infection rate after fluconazole prophylaxis for very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates, but the infections of fluconazole-resistant Malassezia pachydermatis increased. The incidence of central line-associated BSI increased to 10.6% in 2011. After restricting the catheter duration to <21 days, the incidence decreased to 4.2% in 2013. Conclusion: Through the years, the overall mortality rate of BSIs in our NICU decreased. Maternal GBS screening is an important issue for avoiding early onset GBS mortality. Fungal infection rate decreased after antifungal prophylaxis policy for VLBW infants, but we should be aware of resistant strains. Restriction of the catheter duration may decrease the incidence of catheter-related BSI.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of microbiology, immunology, and infection = Wei mian yu gan ran za zhi
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Neonatal hypothermia remains a common problem and is related to elevated morbidities and mortality. However, the long-term neurodevelopmental effects of admission hypothermia are still unknown. This study attempted to determine the short-term and long-term consequences of admission hypothermia in VLBW preterm infants. Study design: This retrospective study measured the incidence and compared the outcomes of admission hypothermia in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants in a tertiary-level neonatal intensive care unit. Infants were divided into the following groups: normothermia (36.5-37.5°C), mild hypothermia (36.0-36.4°C), moderate hypothermia (32.0-35.9°C), and severe hypothermia (< 32°C). We compared the distribution, demographic variables, short-term outcomes, and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 24 months of corrected age among groups. Results: We studied 341 infants: 79 with normothermia, 100 with mild hypothermia, 162 with moderate hypothermia, and 0 with severe hypothermia. Patients in the moderate hypothermia group had significantly lower gestational ages (28.1 wk vs. 29.7 wk, P < .02) and smaller birth weight (1004 g vs. 1187 g, P < .001) compared to patients in the normothermia group. Compared to normothermic infants, moderately hypothermic infants had significantly higher incidences of 1-min Apgar score < 7 (63.6% vs. 31.6%, P < .001), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) (58.0% vs. 39.2%, P = .006), and mortality (18.5% vs. 5.1%, P = .005). Moderate hypothermia did not affect neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years' corrected age. Mild hypothermia had no effect on short-term or long-term outcomes. Conclusions: Admission hypothermia was common in VLBW infants and correlated inversely with birth weight and gestational age. Although moderate hypothermia was associated with higher RDS and mortality rates, it may play a limited role among multifactorial causes of neurodevelopmental impairment.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · PLoS ONE

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of microbiology, immunology, and infection = Wei mian yu gan ran za zhi
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    ABSTRACT: Objective There is limited epidemiological data on the seasonality of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in subtropical climates, such as in Taiwan. This study aimed to assess RSV seasonality among children ≤24 months of age in Taiwan. We also assessed factors (gestational age [GA], chronologic age [CA], and bronchopulmonary dysplasia [BPD]) associated with RSV-associated hospitalization in preterm infants to confirm the appropriateness of the novel Taiwanese RSV prophylactic policy. Study Design From January 2000 to August 2010, 3572 children aged ≤24-months were admitted to Taipei Mackay Memorial Hospital due to RSV infection. The monthly RSV-associated hospitalization rate among children aged ≤24 months was retrospectively reviewed. Among these children, 378 were born preterm. The associations between GA, CA, and BPD and the incidence of RSV-associated hospitalization in the preterm infants were assessed. Results In children aged ≤24 months, the monthly distribution of RSV-associated hospitalization rates revealed a prolonged RSV season with a duration of 10 months. Infants with GAs ≤32 weeks and those who had BPD had the highest rates of RSV hospitalization (P<0.001). Preterm infants were most vulnerable to RSV infection within CA 9 months. Conclusions Given that Taiwan has a prolonged (10-month) RSV season, the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations for RSV prophylaxis are not directly applicable. The current Taiwanese guidelines for RSV prophylaxis, which specify palivizumab injection (a total six doses until CA 8–9 months) for preterm infants (those born before 286/7 weeks GA or before 356/7 weeks GA with BPD), are appropriate. This prophylaxis strategy may be applicable to other countries/regions with subtropical climates.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Background This study compared the current trend in survival rates and morbidity for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants in five Medical Training Centers of Prematurity for the Premature Baby Foundation of Taiwan (PBFT), with the outcomes from the USA, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network (NICHD NRN), the Canadian Neonatal Network (CNN), and the Neonatal Research Network of Japan (NRNJ). Methods The survival rates of VLBW infants according to gestational age (GA) and major morbidities were compared between networks (Taiwan, USA, Canada, and Japan). Taiwanese data for VLBW infants of GA ≤28 weeks between 2007 and 2012 were obtained from the “PBFT Annual Conferences of Premature Care” reports defining survival rate as neonates that survived to the time of discharge. Major morbidities included severe neurological injury (Grade 3 or 4 intraventricular hemorrhage or periventricular leukomalacia), bronchopulmonary dysplasia, severe retinopathy of prematurity, necrotizing enterocolitis, late-onset sepsis, and patent ductus arteriosus. Results The survival rates of VLBW infants of GA ≤28 weeks from the PBFT (Taiwan), NICHD NRN (USA), CNN (Canada), and NRNJ (Japan) were 77% (1323/1718), 72% (6859/9575), 82% (2353/2872), and 89% (4489/5069), respectively. The annual survival rates in Taiwan from 2007 to 2012 were 72%, 76%, 76%, 74%, 77%, and 78%, respectively. When GA from ≤23 weeks to 28 weeks was assessed in Taiwan, the survival rates of VLBW infants according to each week were 22%, 50%, 70%, 80%, 88%, and 92%, respectively. The survival rate, especially at lower GAs, was highest in the NRNJ (Japan). The major difference between Taiwan and Japan was attributed to the lower survival rates at lower GA (≤26 weeks) in Taiwan. Japan had the lowest rates of major morbidities among the four countries. Conclusions The survival rate of VLBW infants has improved over the past 6 years in Taiwan. It is higher than the USA, but lower than Canada and Japan. However, the results from Taiwan are from five Medical Training Centers for the PBFT rather than from a population-based study. It is crucial to have a nationwide neonatal research network to develop new practical approaches for VLBW infants in Taiwan.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Pediatrics & Neonatology
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    ABSTRACT: Background Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) circulates year round in Taiwan. A novel six consecutive monthly doses of palivizumab for RSV prevention protocol has been approved for high risk preterm infants since December 2010. This study aimed to determine the clinical effectiveness and safety of this novel protocol for the prevention of RSV infection. Methods From April 2011 to March 2013, we enrolled infants born at ≤28 weeks gestation and infants born at ≤35 weeks gestation with chronic lung disease (CLD) who received palivizumab prophylaxis as study group and followed up for 12 months. Historic control, those who were born and followed up between July 2000 and June 2008, were retrieved for propensity score matching. Primary endpoint was RSV-related hospitalization, and secondary endpoints included the length of hospital stay and intensive care unit (ICU) care. Results We enrolled 127 infants (108 infants born at ≤28 weeks and 19 infants born at 29–35 weeks with CLD). They completed 6-dose palivizumab as scheduled. Among the study group, the RSV-related hospitalizations were 2 (1.6%) within 6 months and 5 (3.9%) within 12 months after discharge. We matched 127 infants in the control group with 127 infants in the study group by propensity score matching. The reduction of RSV-related hospitalization rates were 86% (10.2% vs 1.6%, p = 0.002) within 6 months after discharge and 78% (15.7% vs 3.9%, p = 0.004) within 12 months after discharge. Compared to the control group, the rate of ICU care significantly decreased from 7.1% to 0.8% (p = 0.024) within 6 months after discharge and from 7.9% to 0.8% (p = 0.014) within 12 months after discharge. Adverse events were recorded in 6.4% injections. Conclusions Six monthly intramuscular administration of palivizumab is effective for prevention of RSV hospitalization in regions with no single seasonal peak of RSV infection such as Taiwan.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a neonate with VACTERL association and right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Such coexistence is rare. The lack of symptoms during the early neonatal period, the absence of bowel loops herniated into the right thoracic cavity, and an unfinished surgery led to clinical and radiological diagnostic difficulties. Respiratory distress occurred when the patient was 2 months old. Chest radiology plain film revealed typical findings of right-sided CDH. The diagnosis was confirmed after surgical exploration.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Pediatrics & Neonatology
  • Jui-Hsing Chang · Yen-Lin Huang · Chun-Chen Chen · Shu-Ying Li

    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to examine the relationships of Doppler cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) asymmetry measures with developmental outcomes in term infants. Doppler CBFV parameters (peak systolic velocity [PSV] and mean velocity [MV]) of the bilateral middle cerebral arteries of 52 healthy term infants were prospectively examined on postnatal days 1-5, and then their motor, cognitive and language development was evaluated with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition, at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months of age. The left CBFV asymmetry measure (PSV or MV) was calculated by subtracting the right-side value from the left-side value. Left CBFV asymmetry measures were significantly positively related to motor scores at 6 (r = 0.3-0.32, p < 0.05) and 12 (r = 0.35, p < 0.05) months of age, but were not related to cognitive or language outcome. Thus, the leftward hemodynamic status of the middle cerebral arteries, as measured by cranial Doppler ultrasound in the neonatal period, predicts early motor outcome in term infants.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Ultrasound in medicine & biology
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    ABSTRACT: VACTERL association is a non-random association of birth defects, which may include anomalies of the vertebral column, limbs, kidneys, and heart; anal atresia; tracheoesophageal fistula; and esophageal atresia. The presence of two or more of the defects establishes the diagnosis. The aim of our study is to describe the functional independence of children with VACTERL association and compare the results to unaffected children. These results will enable clinicians to provide more realistic prognostic information to parents and families. We used the WeeFIM questionnaire to assess the functional skills of 23 patients who had been diagnosed with VACTERL association at Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, from June 1994 to June 2009. The total WeeFIM scores and sub-scores for three domains (self-care, mobility, and cognition) correlated significantly with age (P < 0.01). The scores were generally within the same range as those of unaffected Chinese children, although our subjects had slightly inferior scores on six items, including bowel, chair transfer, stairs, expression, social interaction, and problem solving. In conclusion, the daily functional skills of Taiwanese children with VACTERL association were similar to those of unaffected children. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
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    ABSTRACT: The lack of good evidence for improved outcomes in children and young infants with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) after aggressive treatment for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has raised doubts regarding the need for routine voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), and the appropriate imaging evaluation in these children remains controversial. This prospective study aimed to determine whether abnormalities found on acute dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan and ultrasound (US) can help indicate the necessity of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) in young infants. For 3.5 years, all infants younger than 3 months presenting with first febrile UTI were prospectively studied. All infants were hospitalized and investigated using US (<3 days after admission), DMSA scan (<5 days after admission), and VCUG (7-10 days after antibiotic treatment) after diagnosis. The association among findings of US, DMSA scan, and VCUG were evaluated. From 220 infants, there were abnormal results in 136 (61.8%) US and in 111 (50.5%) DMSA scans. By US, ten infants (4.5%) with abscess or structural abnormalities other than VUR were diagnosed. High-grade (III-V) VUR was present in 39 patients (17.7%). The sensitivities for high-grade VUR of renal US alone (76.9%) or DMSA scan alone (82.1%) were not as good as that of the "OR rule" strategy, which had 92.3% sensitivity and 94.3% negative predictive value. To screen high-grade VUR in young infants with febrile UTI, US and acute DMSA scan could be performed first. VCUG is only indicated when abnormalities are apparent on either US or DMSA scan or both.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Pediatric Nephrology
  • Lin-Chi Huang · Jui-Hsing Chang · Nein-Lu Wang
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare condition. The main characteristic is respiratory insufficiency during steep. Patients who have CCHS need varying degrees of ventilation support during sleep, or even all day long, according to its severity. We report a term baby with repeated extubation failure, CCHS and Hirschsprung's disease diagnosed at 1 month of age. This patient was discharged at 5 months old with a home ventilator and reached normal developmental milestones. Copyright
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Pediatrics & Neonatology
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    ABSTRACT: De Barsy syndrome (DBS) is characterized by progeroid features, ophthalmological abnormalities, intrauterine growth retardation, and cutis laxa. Recently, PYCR1 mutations were identified in cutis laxa with progeroid features. Herein, we report on a DBS patient born to a nonconsanguineous Chinese family. The exceptional observation of congenital glaucoma, aortic root dilatation, and idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in this patient widened the range of symptoms that have been noted in DBS. Mutation analysis of PYCR1 revealed compound heterozygous PYCR1 mutations, including a p.P115fsX7 null mutation allele and a second allele with two missense mutations in cis: p.G248E and p.G297R. The effect of mutation results in a reduction of PYCR1 mRNA expression and PYCR1 protein expression in skin fibroblasts from the patient. The findings presented here suggest a mutation screening of PYCR1 and cardiovascular survey in patients with DBS.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A
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    ABSTRACT: Renal calcification in preterm infants has been described frequently. The etiologic factors have not yet been fully clarified. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of and risk factors for renal calcification in our population. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of very low birth weight preterm infants during a 1-year period. Renal ultrasound scans were performed at term or before discharge and at a corrected age of 1 year. Six infants (6%) had renal calcification at term or before discharge compared with 96 who did not. Factors significantly associated with renal calcification included gestational age (26 weeks vs. 29 weeks, p=0.006), birth weight (851 g vs. 1141 g, p=0.004), duration of mechanical ventilation (69 days vs. 29 days, p=0.002), length of intensive care (72 days vs. 41 days, p=0.013), furosemide therapy (33% vs. 3%, p=0.027), and dexamethasone therapy (50% vs. 2% p=0.001). Birth weight and dexamethasone therapy had significant independent association after stepwise logistic regression analysis. Sex, oliguria, acidosis, duration of oxygen therapy, length of hospital stay, nutrition status, and nephrotoxic drugs did not differ between the two groups. Three of the six infants had spontaneous remission of renal calcification, whereas two patients without the finding in neonatal stage had renal calcification at a corrected age of 1 year. The incidence of renal calcification in very low birth weight infants in this study was relatively low, and the calcification was transient in one-half of the infants. Extremely premature, sick infants requiring long-term ventilation, and those receiving furosemide or dexamethasone were more likely to have renal calcification. Clinicians should be aware that renal calcification may develop beyond the neonatal stage.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Pediatrics & Neonatology
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    ABSTRACT: Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is the major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Maternal group B Streptococcus (GBS) screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) were implemented in our hospital in 2004. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of the program and changes in pathogens and antibiotic susceptibility. The medical charts of mothers and infants with EOS between January 2001 and November 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. EOS was defined as sepsis occurring within 72 hours of birth. Data were pooled and compared for January 2001 through September 2004 (Period 1, without GBS screening) and October 2004 through November 2008 (Period 2, with GBS screening and IAP). The GBS screening rate increased from 10.11% in 2004 to 65% in 2008 and the IAP rate increased from 40% in 2004 to 90% in 2008. The most common EOS pathogen in Period 1 was GBS (45.4%), which decreased to 20% in Period 2 (p=0.081; trend p=0.009). The percentage of EOS because of Escherichia coli in Period 1 was 40.9% but increased to 70% in Period 2 (p=0.059). E coli EOS increased in extremely low birth weight premature babies weighing 500-1000g from Period 1 to Period 2 (p=0.031). The incidence of ampicillin-resistant E coli EOS was relatively high, but no significant change (88.9% vs. 92.9%) after implementation of GBS screening and IAP was noted. GBS screening plus IAP is effective in decreasing the incidence of GBS EOS; however, an increase in EOS caused by E coli was noted. Monitoring of pathogens causing EOS is important for effective treatment.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Pediatrics & Neonatology
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital Bochdalek diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is easily recognized if it is present shortly after birth. However, cases of delayed CDH presentation are more subtle and therefore less easily diagnosed. We retrospectively analyzed 85 patients who were under 18 and diagnosed with CDH between June 1987 and May 2007. Those diagnosed before 1 month of age were categorized as having early-presenting CDH and those diagnosed after 1 month were categorized as having late-presenting CDH. Of the 85 cases, 68 (80%) were early-presenting and 17 (20%) were late-presenting CDH. Respiratory symptoms were more common in early-presenting CDH, while gastrointestinal complaints were more dominant in the late-presenting group, particularly in patients with left diaphragmatic defects. Late-presenting CDH, which was more likely to be associated with chronic gastrointestinal symptoms, was associated with a lower mortality than acute early-presenting CDH with respiratory symptoms, despite the more prompt diagnosis of the latter. The small bowel was the organ most commonly herniated into the thorax. Congenital heart disease was the most commonly associated malformation, but the presence of associated anomalies did not increase mortality. Early-presenting CDH shows acute symptoms, is readily diagnosed, and requires prompt intervention to prevent death. In contrast, late-presenting CDH shows more subtle symptoms and is more difficult to diagnose. Although the late-presenting CHD has better prognosis, it still requires surgery intervention to alleviate the symptoms. Clinicians must maintain a high index of suspicion for CDH, regardless of its presentation.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Pediatrics & Neonatology
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    ABSTRACT: Breast milk is the main source of postnatal human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between HCMV load in breast milk and viral transmission to very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Breast-fed VLBW infants who were born to HCMV-seropositive mothers and who were managed in a neonatal intensive care unit were enrolled in the study. Blood from mothers and infants was tested for HCMV antibodies after birth. Breast milk was collected for viral culture and HCMV load measurement. Urine from the babies was obtained for HCMV-DNA detection. Symptoms of HCMV infection were recorded and evaluated by neonatologists. Of the 23 evaluated mothers during a 1-year period, 19 were HCMV seropositive; 17 of the women had detectable HCMV-DNA in their breast milk whey. Of the 23 infants born to the 19 seropositive mothers, 8 infants of 8 mothers had HCMV-DNA detected in the urine, indicating that they were infected, even though the breast milk was always frozen prior to feeding. Three infected infants had symptoms. At 4 weeks after delivery, the median viral load in breast milk from mothers of the 8 infected infants was significantly higher than that from mothers of the 15 noninfected infants (P = 0.04). HCMV was detectable in breast milk for a significantly longer period in mothers of infected infants (7.5 vs. 2.6 weeks P = 0.03). High HCMV load and prolonged virus excretion in breast milk are maternal risk factors for viral transmission to VLBW infants.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Scrub typhus is a clinically important endemic disease in Taiwan. The aims of this study were to analyze the clinical manifestations, laboratory data and complications of pediatric scrub typhus in eastern Taiwan. We searched medical records for all patients with scrub typhus who were hospitalized between 1992 and 2002 at the Taitung branch of Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taiwan. Records of children under the age of 18 with a confirmed diagnosis were selected for retrospective review. During the study period, 145 patients fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for scrub typhus, of whom 106 (73%) were adults and 39 (27%) were children. The mean age of the children was 7.6+/-4.6 years. The most common clinical manifestations of pediatric scrub typhus were fever (n=39; 100%), cough (n=28; 72%), anorexia (72%), eschar (69%), chill (67%) and lymphadenopathy (64%). The most common complications were hepatic dysfunction (77%) and pneumonitis (54%). Three children (8%) required intensive care, but the overall survival rate was 97%. One child died with multi-organ failure within 8 hours after admission. Scrub typhus should be considered in children with fever and hepatic dysfunction, particularly in those with a history of environmental exposure in an endemic area for scrub typhus. The presence of an eschar offers an important diagnostic clue, but not for all cases. Children with scrub typhus may develop serious complications and may even die if appropriate treatment is not given. Doxycycline is an effective antibiotic for pediatric scrub typhus in Taiwan.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Pediatrics & Neonatology

Publication Stats

509 Citations
74.82 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2015
    • Mackay Medical College
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2003-2015
    • Mackay Memorial Hospital
      • Department of Pediatrics
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2007
    • Aletheia University
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan