P Rindi

Azienda Ospedaliera Santa Maria Nuova di Reggio Emilia, Reggio nell'Emilia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Are you P Rindi?

Claim your profile

Publications (66)158.36 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Cardiovascular diseases represent the major cause of mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. HD increases oxidative stress and oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is a crucial step in the development of atherosclerosis. Vitamin E has been shown to reduce LDL oxidation. Our aim was to test the effect of a single HD session and chronic vitamin E supplementation on LDL oxidizability in HD patients. Methods: LDL susceptibility to copper-induced oxidation (lag-phase, LP) was measured in 19 HD patients, both immediately before and after hemodialysis; 18 age-matched healthy subjects served as controls. Both pre-HD and post-HD measurements were repeated after 12 weeks of vitamin E supplementation (800 IU/day) in a placebo-controlled, randomized design. Results: At baseline, HD patients showed hypertriglyceridemia, a significant triglyceride enrichment in LDL and HDL and an enhanced LDL resistance to oxidation (186 ± 6 vs. 163 ± 4 min, p<0.003). A single HD session decreased (to 172 ± 6 min, or -8%, p<0.002), and chronic vitamin E administration increased, LDL resistance to oxidation (+19%, p = 0.002 vs. placebo) without changing the serum lipid profile or lipoprotein lipid composition. Conclusions: We conclude that in patients on chronic hemodialysis, hypertriglyceridemia and triglyceride enrichment of LDL and HDL particles are associated with increased resistance of LDL to in vitro oxidation despite the fact that each dialysis session acutely increases LDL oxidizability. Vitamin E supplementation improves LDL resistance to oxidation without modifying circulating lipid levels and partitioning.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Journal of nephrology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The clinical course of primary Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is frequently complicated by nephrotic range proteinuria and progression to renal failure. The high recurrence rate of the disease in transplanted kidney suggests the hypothesis that such patients have a circulating factor that alters glomerular capillary permeability. In recent years some authors found that serum from patients with FSGS increases glomerular permeability to albumin and partially identified the permeability factor (PF) as a protein of 30-50 Kd m.w. The removal of this protein by means of Plasma Exchange (PE) or plasma Immunoadsorption by Protein A (IA) decreased proteinuria. In this report we provide preliminary data about the prevalence of PF and the therapeutic effect of its removal by IA, in 3 pts with recurrence in the transplanted kidney, and 4 with FSGS of the native kidneys. They were resistant to corticosteroids (CS) and immunosuppressive (IS) therapy. 10 IA sessions were performed in 4 weeks: if a remission was achieved IA was gradually tapered. The level of PF in the serum was measured by an in vitro assay to determine the glomerular permeability to albumin. The FSGS was histologically proven in all cases and the degree of evolution was evaluated. PF levels, serum creatinine, daily proteinuria and serum albumin were monitored. The 3 patients with recurrent FSGS had a normalization of the PF levels; 2 had a clinical remission. In FSGS of native kidneys PF was elevated in 3/4 cases; 1 had a clinical remission; 2 with extensive sclerohyalinosis and 1 without PF levels did not improve. Our results confirm that most patients with FSGS have high PF serum levels and suggest that its removal can be beneficial.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Renal Failure
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The 'RISchio CArdiovascolare nei pazienti afferenti all' Area Vasta In Dialisi' (RISCAVID) study is an observational and prospective trial including the whole chronic haemodialysis (HD) population in the northwest part of Tuscany (1.235 million people). The aim of the study was to elucidate the relevance of traditional and non-traditional risk factors of mortality and morbidity in HD patients as well as the impact of different HD modalities. A total of 757 HD patients (mean age 66 +/- 14 years, mean dialytic age 70 +/- 76 months, diabetes 19%) were prospectively followed up for 30 months and all-cause mortality, cardiovascular (CV) mortality and non-fatal CV events (acute myocardial infarction and stroke) were registered. At the time of the enrolment, demographic, clinical and laboratory data of the whole population were entered into a centralized database. Serum albumin, high-sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were centrally determined at the start of the study. Patients were stratified into three groups according to the HD modality: standard bicarbonate HD (BHD) (n = 424), haemodiafiltration (HDF) with sterile bags (n = 204) and online HDF (n = 129). The Cox proportional hazards regression assessed adjusted differences in CV morbidity and mortality risk; a multivariate analysis was also performed. All-cause and CV mortality was 12.9%/year and 5.9%/year, respectively. Patients with combined high levels of CRP and pro-inflammatory cytokines showed an increased risk for CV (RR 1.9, P < 0.001) and all-cause mortality (RR 2.57, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis adjusted for comorbidity and demographic showed CRP as the most powerful mortality predictor (P < 0.001) followed by IL-6. The Cox proportional hazards regression assessed that online HDF and HDF patients had a significantly increased adjusted cumulative survival than BHD (P < 0.01). Data at 30 months from this study showed the synergic effect of CRP and pro-inflammatory cytokines as the strong predictors of all-cause and CV mortality. HDF was associated with an improved cumulative survival independent of the dialysis dose.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2008 · Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with chronic renal failure, especially those treated with haemodialysis, have an increased risk of developing atherosclerotic vascular disease probably as a result of enhanced oxidative stress. The human cell membrane possesses electron transfer systems which protect against extracellular pro-oxidant challenge. We evaluated (1) the erythrocyte velocity of ferricyanide reduction (RBC vfcy) in 25 uraemic patients (aged 25-71 years; 14 males), (2) the changes induced by a single haemodialysis session and (3) biomarkers of oxidative stress. Before and after a mid-week dialysis session, we measured RBC vfcy, erythrocyte glutathione (RBC GSH), plasma and red cell membrane malondialdehyde (P and RBC MDA), plasma sulphydryl groups (P SH), plasma vitamin C levels and haemolysis percentage. Pre-dialysis RBC GSH (0.68+/-0.13 vs 0.80+/-0.13 mg/mL, p<0.01), P SH (266+/-74 vs 406+/-78 micromol/L, p<0.01) and plasma vitamin C (7.0+/-5.1 vs 21.5+/-8.5mg/L, p<0.001) were lower than in 25 age-sex-matched healthy controls; P MDA (1.57+/-0.52 vs 0.54+/-0.29 nmol/mL, p<0.001), RBC MDA (0.42+/-0.13 vs 0.34+/-0.16 nmol/mL, p<0.05) and haemolysis (1.2+/-0.3 vs 0.7+/-0.3%, p<0.001) were increased. Baseline RBC vfcy did not differ from normals (13.1+/-5.2 vs 12.9+/-3.2 mmol/mL/h). Following dialysis, RBC vfcy (to 8.9+/-4.5 mmol/mL/h, p<0.001) decreased, as well as P MDA, RBC MDA and plasma vitamin C (to 2.5+/-1.4 mg/L, p<0.001), whereas P SH groups increased (to 413+/-99 micromol/L, p<0.001); haemolysis percentage remained high. RBC vfcy values were correlated to RBC GSH and vitamin C levels. Uraemic patients showed signs of oxidative stress. Pre-dialysis RBC vfcy is maintained in the normal range on account of a reduced intracellular content of GSH and in spite of low plasma ascorbate. A single haemodialysis treatment reduced biomarkers of protein and lipid oxidation but markedly impaired transmembrane electron transfer, which could be explained by acute depletion of electron donors.
    No preview · Article · May 2007 · Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although several registries collecting data of patients with kidney diseases exist, only a few specifically collect data relating to renal biopsy. Kidney biopsy has been performed routinely in Pisa since 1977; the aim of this study was to report the relative frequency of nephropathies according to gender, age at time of biopsy, clinical presentation and renal function, based on histological diagnoses during the years 1977 through 2005. During this time, 3,810 kidney biopsies were performed, of which 89.3% were from native (n=3,446) and 10.7% from transplant kidneys. Throughout this period, 5% of renal biopsies were not diagnostic, so in this paper we report data regarding 3,269 native kidney nephropathies. During the years 1977 through 2005, data for renal biopsies were collected on specific registers filled out by clinicians. Information collected in the database included a variety of indicators, such as clinical anamnesis, creatinine clearance, daily proteinuria, hemoglobin levels, blood pressure, height and weight, clinical presentation, and current medications. Clinical presentation was defined as urinary abnormalities (UA), nephrotic syndrome (NS) and acute nephritic syndrome (ANS). Renal diseases were divided into 4 major categories: primary glomerulonephritis (GN), secondary GN, tubulointerstitial nephropathies (TIN) and vascular nephropathies (VN). From 1977 up to 1987, a mean of 95 +/- 18 renal biopsies/year were performed; this number significantly increased to 185 +/- 22 renal biopsies/year (range 138-200) (p<0.001) in the following period (1988-2005). Renal biopsy was more frequently performed in males (59%) compared with females (41%). Of all diseases of the native kidney, primary GN was the most frequent (66%), followed by secondary GN (25.6%), TIN (4.2%) and VN (4.2%). The type of primary GN with the highest frequency was mesangial GN (both IgA and non-IgA) (45.7%), followed by membranous GN (23%), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (19.8%), minimal change disease (5.3%), crescentic GN (4.2%) and postinfectious GN (2%). In terms of age, renal biopsy was more frequently performed in patients aged 20 to 60 years, and nearly 60% of patients presented a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >60 ml/min at the time of biopsy. The main clinical reason for performing renal biopsy was UA, in all the types of nephropathies. We confirm data that renal diseases are more frequent in men, with the exception of secondary GN. The mean age at diagnosis was 42 years resulting from the tendency not to perform renal biopsies in children and in elderly patients. Renal biopsy was mainly performed in patients with GFR >60 ml/min and asymptomatic urinary abnormalities suggesting concern on the part of clinicians regarding glomerular diseases. The tendency to perform renal biopsies has been significantly increasing throughout our follow-up period.
    No preview · Article · May 2007 · Journal of nephrology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The 2004 SIN census of the Italian nephrology and dialysis centres showed many interesting data about the epidemiology and the organization in the Regions of Emilia-Romagna (ER) and Tuscany (T). A) Epidemiology: incidence of dialysis patients 169 pmp (patients per million population) in ER, 147 ppm in T; prevalence of dialysis patients 639 pmp and 665 pmp, respectively; prevalence of transplanted patients 325 ppm in ER and 233 pmp in T; gross mortality of dialysis patients 16.3% and 13.4%, respectively; B) Type of vascular access in prevalently dialysis patients: arteriovenous fistula 83% and 78%; central venous catheter 13% and 12%; vascular graft 5% and 9%. C) Structural resources: nephrology beds 44 mp (per million population) and 50 mp; dialysis places 157 and 146 mp. D) Personnel resources : renal physicians 29 and 41 mp; renal nurses 171 and 202 mp ; each renal physician cares for 22 and 16 dialysis patients, and each renal nurse takes care of 3.7 and 3.3 dialysis patients. E) Activity: hospital admissions 1572, 1769 pmp; renal biopsies 115 and 166 pmp.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2006 · Giornale italiano di nefrologia: organo ufficiale della Societa italiana di nefrologia
  • Source

    Full-text · Article · Jan 2006
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Uremic patients have an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress that can contribute to cardiovascular (CV) events. To assess the relationship between endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress and renal failure severity, we studied 40 patients (age 57 +/- 7 yrs, 24 males) affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD) K/DOQI stage 3-5 (serum creatinine (Cr) 5.6 +/- 2.2 mg/dL) on conservative treatment, 20 uremic patients (age 57 +/- 12 yrs, 13 males) on hemodialysis (HD) and 30 healthy controls (56 +/- 12 yrs, 20 males). Before and 2 hr after oral vitamin C (2 g) administration, we measured brachial artery endothelium-dependent vasodilation (flow mediated dilation (FMD)) to reactive hyperemia following 5 min of forearm ischemia and the response to sublingual glyceril trinitrate (GTN). Measurements were made by high-resolution ultrasound and computerized analysis. FMD was lower in CKD patients than in controls (5.3 +/- 2.2 vs. 6.9 +/- 2.8%; p<0.01) and was further reduced in HD patients (3.6 +/- 2.7; p<0.01 vs. CKD patients). Response to GTN was similar in all groups. FMD was related to Cr clearance (r=0.42; p<0.01) in CKD patients, while it related inversely to Kt/V(urea) (r=-0.52; p<0.05) in HD patients. After vitamin C administration, FMD was significantly enhanced in HD (4.7 +/- 2.4%; p<0.01 vs. baseline), but not in CKD patients. Response to GTN was unaffected. However, vitamin C load reduced oxidative stress markers, and increased plasma antioxidant capability in both groups. In conclusion, the reduced endothelium-dependent dilation in the brachial artery of CKD patients is related to renal failure severity. HD patients showed a more marked alteration, which seems to be related, at least in part, to increased oxidative stress.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2004 · Journal of nephrology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite the well known association between interleukin-6 (IL-6) and cardiovascular mortality, no study has so far verified whether IL-6 adds prognostic information to that provided by C-reactive protein (CRP). A cohort of 218 haemodialysis patients from four different dialytic centres was followed-up retrospectively. Plasma IL-6 and CRP concentrations were determined. Full information on co-morbidities was available in 162 patients. With respect to the lowest quartile (< 3.6 pg/ml for IL-6, and < 2.2 mg/l for CRP), the crude relative risk (RR) of death from all causes of the upper quartile (> 13.9 pg/ml for IL-6, and > 12.8 mg/l for CRP) was 5.20 (95% confidence interval 2.06-13.011) for IL-6 and 3.16 (1.41-7.12) for CRP. When both variables were included, the estimates were 4.10 (1.30-12.96) for IL-6 and 1.29 (0.47-3.57) for CRP. As to continuous variables, the relationship between both variables and mortality tended to level off for the highest values, but became fairly linear after log transformation of the variables. For one unit SD of the log (variable), the RR was 2.09 (1.52-2.88) for IL-6 and 1.66 (1.23-2.24) for CRP. When they were included in the same model, the estimates were 1.90 (1.18-2.82) for IL-6 and 1.16 (0.81-1.66) for CRP. IL-6 has a stronger predictive value than CRP for cardiovascular mortality and provides independent prognostic information, while conveying most of that provided by CRP.
    Full-text · Article · May 2004 · Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) is a useful tool to evaluate cardiac autonomic modulation, which is frequently impaired in chronic uremia. The aim of this study was to evaluate HRV in chronic uremics and to separately investigate the acute changes induced by volume depletion and solute removal during a hemodialysis session. Fourteen uremic patients (8 males and 6 females, aged 50 +/- 15 years) on maintenance hemodialysis and 14 sex- and age-matched healthy controls were studied. Both groups underwent ambulatory electrocardiogram monitoring to evaluate the HRV time and frequency domain indices. The hemodialysis session was performed by 1 h of high-rate isolated ultrafiltration followed by 3 h of bicarbonate diffusive procedure. In uremic patients, the overall variability in the frequency [low-frequency power (LF): 505 +/- 473, vs. 1,446 +/- 654; high-frequency power (HF): 133 +/- 162 vs. 512 +/- 417; p < 0.001] and time domain indices (standard deviation of normal R-R intervals: 101.9 +/- 33.3 vs. 181.7 +/- 44.1 ms; p < 0.001) was markedly reduced compared to controls, whereas mean heart rate (83 +/- 12.4 vs. 60.9 +/- 8.8 bpm; p < 0.001) and LF/HF ratio (5.8 +/- 3.5 vs. 2.2 +/- 0.8; p < 0.001) were increased. Isolated ultrafiltration produced a marked further decrease in HRV indices, but the subsequent diffusive hemodialysis procedure, with a low ultrafiltration rate, made HRV increase again. Chronic uremics showed abnormal autonomic modulation with sympathetic-vagal imbalance. The unbalanced hypersympathetic response to body fluid depletion is related to the ultrafiltration rate. Low interdialytic weight gain and a low ultrafiltration rate, associated with adequate hemodialysis, should be the preferable strategy for uremic patients with autonomic dysfunction.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2001 · Blood Purification
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Am J Hypertens (2001) 14, 67A–67A; doi:10.1016/S0895-7061(01)01664-8 P-113: Vitamin C reverses endothelial dysfunction in the brachial artery of chronic uremic patients on hemodialysis Lorenzo Ghiadoni1, Adamasco Cupisti1, Paola Mattei1, Yale Huang1, Stefano Taddei1, Paolo Rindi1, Giuliano Barsotti1 and Antonio Salvetti11Internal Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
    No preview · Article · Mar 2001 · American Journal of Hypertension
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) develop nephrotic syndrome and terminal renal failure in most cases. FSGS reappears in 15-50% of transplanted kidneys and frequently causes the graft loss. Sera from patients with FSGS of native or transplanted kidneys contain some proteinuric or permeability factors (PF) which can be removed by means of plasma exchange (PE) or protein A Immunoadsorption (IA). We suggest a therapeutic protocol, for patients with biopsy proven FSGS of native or transplanted kidneys, resistant to steroid and immunosuppressive therapy, based on the association of PE or IA to conventional drug therapy. Daily proteinuria, renal function, serum albumin and circulating level of proteinuric factors (permeability test) will be monitored at regular time intervals during the apheresis cycle, which will be intensive at the beginning (8-10 sessions in 4 weeks) and very gradually discontinued. Results. We will consider satisfactory remission the reduction of proteinuria below 1 g/day, improvement of renal function, normalization of serum albumin level (> 3.5 g/dl). Partial remission will be considered: proteinuria below 3 g/day, stable renal function, serum albumin level between 3 and 3.5 g/dl. Permeability test, if positive at baseline examination, should be negative after apheresis. The primary endpoint of our protocol is: lasting remission (satisfactory or partial) after the apheresis suspension. Secondary endpoints are: maintained remission with continuing apheresis sessions, correlation between permeability activity and disease activity, identification of responders and non responders patients on the basis of positive permeability test.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2000 · Journal of nephrology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The fate of paired kidneys might be similar and could therefore reflect the influence of donor-related factors on graft outcome. To verify whether two kidneys retrieved from a single donor and grafted into different recipients have similar short, and middle-term outcomes we investigated the clinical outcome of 103 pairs of cadaveric kidneys grafted into 206 recipients. We evaluated the influence of donor-related factors such as age, sex and cause of death, and of the storage solution and method of harvesting. The incidence of delayed graft function was considered as the short-term outcome and serum creatinine levels at two years as the middle-term outcome. We evaluated the difference from expected frequencies in the incidence of delayed graft function and the incidence of similar serum creatinine levels in each pair of recipients. Univariate analysis of possible risk factors was made by the t-test, chi2 test and Fisher test, as appropriate. Multivariate analysis was done by logistic regression analysis with a forward stepwise variable selection. Delayed graft function was seen in both recipients from the same donor 2.5 times more than the expected frequency (p<0.001). Serum creatinine levels were similar in both recipients with a higher frequency than expected (p<0.01). Multivariate analysis showed that donor-related factors on graft function were age, cause of death and storage solution. Paired kidneys have similar performances in both the short and the long term. Major donor-related factors in delayed graft function are age and the storage solution. Major donor-related factors in graft function are age and cause of death.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2000 · Journal of nephrology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) have been described in patients suffering from systemic vasculitis such as Wegener granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis, Churg-Strauss syndrome and other pathological conditions. In this paper we report a greater incidence of ANCA in hemodialysis patients as compared to peritoneal dialysis patients, pre-dialytic uremic patients and non-renal patients; a possible role for dialysis bioincompatibility in ANCA generation was also investigated. A total of 335 uremics in substitutive treatment (176 in hemodialytic treatment and 159 in peritoneal dialysis) were examined for ANCA positivity. A total of 189 patients with advanced renal failure in conservative treatment and 100 healthy subjects were used as control. The dialysis techniques were standard hemodialysis (n = 119), low volume hemodiafiltration (n = 26) and hemofiltration (n = 31). ANCA positivity was examined by immunofluorescence (IF): diffuse finely granular staining was considered as classical positive reaction (C-ANCA) and P-ANCA was diagnosed if a perinuclear staining was observed. EIA for proteinase-3 (anti PR-3) and myeloperoxidase-antibodies (anti-MPO) were also performed. In non-renal patients and in patients with pre-dialytic renal insufficiency none were found ANCA positive. In peritoneal dialysis patients all but one were ANCA negative with IF, with all EIA test resulting negative. In hemodialytic patients, a positive IF test was found in 26 (14.7%) for P-ANCA and in 5 (2.8%) for C-ANCA; using the EIA test 23 (13%) patients were positive for MPO and 12 (6.8%) for PR-3. No correlation with age, primary renal diseases, dialytic age, dialysis membrane materials was found; regarding the different extracorporeal dialytic techniques a higher incidence (p < 0.02) was detected in patients undergoing HDF Backfiltration of contaminated dialysate may induce ANCA via an increased cytokine generation.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2000 · The International journal of artificial organs
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In hemodialysis patients, C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute-phase reactant, is a sensitive and independent marker of malnutrition, anemia, and amyloidosis. The aim of the present studies was to evaluate CRP and interleukin 6 levels in plasma samples from long-term hemodialysis patients on different extracorporeal modalities associated with or without backfiltration. Two hundred and forty-seven patients were recruited in eight hospital-based centers. All patients had been on their dialytic modality for at least 6 months. At enrollment, 46 hemodialysis patients out of 247 (18.6%) had clinical evidence of pathologies known to be associated with high CRP values. The 201 remaining patients were defined as clinically stable and were on conventional hemodialysis (34%), hemodiafiltration with infusion volumes <10 liters/session (10%), hemodiafiltration with infusion volumes <20 liters/session (32%), and double-chamber hemodiafiltration with infusion volumes <10 liters/session (22%). Analysis of CRP values in the clinically stable patients showed that an unexpectedly high proportion (47%) of the patients had CRP values higher than 5 mg/l (taken as the upper limit in normal human subjects). The values of CRP and interleukin 6 were significantly higher in hemodiafiltration with infusion volumes <10 liters/session than in hemodiafiltration with infusion volumes >20 liters/session, in hemodialysis and in double-chamber hemodiafiltration. The same pattern occurred after 6 months of follow-up in 171 out of 201 clinically stable patients. Hemodialytic conditions that expose to the risk of backfiltration such as low exchange volume hemodiafiltration may induce a chronic inflammatory state as reflected by increased plasma values of both CRP and interleukin 6, thus suggesting the need for hemodialytic strategies that reduce (hemodialysis with low-permeability membranes or hemodiafiltration with infusion volumes >20 liters) or eliminate (double-chamber hemodiafiltration) backfiltration of bacteria-derived contaminants.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2000 · Blood Purification
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was planned to clarify the mechanism(s) by which hemodialysis increases the QTc dispersion, a marker of risk of ventricular arrhythmias. To this aim, 10 uremic patients, without any relevant heart diseases, underwent two different types of hemodialysis schedules. In the first, 1 h of isolated high rate ultrafiltration preceded the standard diffusive procedure. In the second, during the first hour of standard bicarbonate hemodialysis, the decrease of plasma potassium concentration was prevented by increasing K+ concentration in the dialysate, according to its pre dialysis plasma levels. During the high rate ultrafiltration period, together with ECG signs of increased sympathetic nervous system activity and catecholamines secretion, the QTc dispersion did not change significantly. Instead, an evident increment was observed 1 h after the start of the diffusive hemodialysis, then slowly progressing until the end of the dialysis and finally returning to the pre dialysis values within 2 h after the end of the session. To the contrary, the increase of the QTc dispersion was totally blunted during a standard hemodialysis procedure in absence of plasma K+ decrease, but appeared again when the K+ dialysate fluid concentration was restored to 2 mmol/l. This study provides evidence that the increase of QTc dispersion occurring on hemodialysis is mainly related to the diffusive process, more precisely to the K+ removal. This is one more reason to focus attention on K+ removal rate especially when hemodialysis treatment is given in uremics affected by cardiac diseases with high risk of arrhythmias.
    No preview · Article · Jul 1999 · Nephron

  • No preview · Article · Feb 1999 · Transplantation Proceedings

  • No preview · Article · Sep 1998 · Transplantation Proceedings

  • No preview · Article · Sep 1998 · Transplantation Proceedings
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bacterial contamination of dialysate may enhance cytokine production in hemodialysis. The authors tested the hypothesis that C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 (IL-6) may be linked in a large group of patients exposed to backfiltration of dialysate over a long period of observation. Plasmas stored in a recently published multicenter study were reevaluated. Plasma C-reactive protein and IL-6 concentrations in patients with chronic uremia undergoing hemodiafiltration, which is known to be associated with backfiltration (Group II, 12 patients), were compared with those found in patients treated with a modified hemodiafiltration modality without backfiltration (Group I, 16 patients), and in patients shifted from one modality to the other (Group III, 27 patients), and in 10 patients on hemodialysis (Group IV) in a 1 year multicenter study. Plasma C-reactive and IL-6 both increased significantly (p<0.002), but slowly (after 8 months) in Group II compared with I, and during the 4 month period in hemodiafiltration with backfiltration in Group III. Backfiltration of dialysate with a moderate to low degree of contamination may enhance synthesis of cytokine and C-reactive protein in the long term. Thus, the relevance for dialytic strategies aiming at improving dialysate quality or at reducing backfiltration is highlighted. (C)1998Amercian Society of Artificial Internal Organs
    No preview · Article · Aug 1998 · ASAIO Journal

Publication Stats

808 Citations
158.36 Total Impact Points


  • 2006
    • Azienda Ospedaliera Santa Maria Nuova di Reggio Emilia
      Reggio nell'Emilia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 2004
    • Windsor Regional Hospital
      Windsor, Ontario, Canada
  • 1994-2001
    • Università di Pisa
      • Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
      Pisa, Tuscany, Italy
  • 1989-1998
    • Santa Chiara Hospital
      Trient, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
  • 1996
    • University of Florence
      Florens, Tuscany, Italy
  • 1993
    • Harvard Medical School
      • Department of Medicine
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States