Do-Youn Oh

Sungkyunkwan University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (281)1151.55 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Recently, an anti-angiogenic strategy to treat gastric cancer (GC) has been successful with the use of ramucirumab. The comprehensive network of VEGF, soluble VEGF receptor-2 (sVEGFR2) and cytokines and other angiogenic factors (CAF) in GC has not been reported. We aimed to reveal the CAF signature associated with VEGF and sVEGFR2, and to explore their prognostic implication in GC. We measured pretreatment serum levels of 52 CAFs, including VEGF and sVEGFR2, using multiplex bead immunoassays and ELISA, in 70 GC patients treated with palliative chemotherapy. Linear regression analysis for correlating CAFs with VEGF and sVEGFR2, and survival analysis were performed. Results from the current analysis showed the VEGF signature was shown to be associated with seven CAFs (IL-7, IL-12p70, IL-2Ra, IL-10, stem cell factor, FGF2b, IL-3). The sVEGFR2 signature was associated with IL-4 and PDGFb. VEGF and sVEGFR2 showed no association with each other. High VEGF was associated with worse OS (11.2 months, high-VEGF versus 16.7 months, low-VEGF; P = 0.061). However, among patients with high-sVEGFR2, OS was not different according to VEGF (12.1 months, high-VEGF versus 15.1 months, low-VEGF; P = 0.546). In patients with low-sVEGFR2, OS was significantly different according VEGF (10.9 months, high-VEGF versus 16.8 months, low-VEGF, P = 0.036). In multivariate analysis, a high VEGF/sVEGFR2 ratio was significantly correlated with worse OS (HR 1.78 [95% CI 1.08-2.94], P = 0.024). In conclusion, VEGF and sVEGFR2 had distinct CAF signatures in GC. Consideration of both VEGF and sVEGFR2 confers more accurate prognostic implication compared with VEGF alone in GC.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · American Journal of Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Splenomegaly is a clinical surrogate of oxaliplatin-induced sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS). We investigated development of splenomegaly and its association with treatment outcome and genetic polymorphisms following adjuvant 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Materials and methods: Splenomegaly was determined by spleen volumetry using computed tomography images obtained before initiation of chemotherapy and after completion of adjuvant FOLFOX in CRC patients. Ten genetic polymorphisms in 4 SOS-related genes (VEGFA, MMP-9, NOS3, and GSTP1) were analyzed using DNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Results: Of 124 patients included, increase in spleen size was observed in 109 (87.9%). Median change was 31% (range, -42%-168%). Patients with splenomegaly had more severe thrombocytopenia compared to patients without splenomegaly during the chemotherapy period (P < 0.0001). The cumulative dose of oxaliplatin and the lowest platelet count during the chemotherapy period were clinical factors associated with splenomegaly. However, no significant associations were found between genetic polymorphisms and development of splenomegaly. Disease-free survival was similar regardless of the development of splenomegaly. Conclusions: Splenomegaly was frequently observed in patients receiving adjuvant FOLFOX and resulted in more severe thrombocytopenia but did not influence treatment outcome. Examined genetic polymorphisms did not predict development of splenomegaly.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Cancer Research and Treatment
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and standard uptake value (SUV) by 18F-FDG PET represent host immunity and tumor metabolic activity, respectively. We investigated NLR and maximum SUV (SUVmax) as prognostic markers in metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC) patients who receive palliative chemotherapy. Methods: We reviewed 396 MPC patients receiving palliative chemotherapy. NLR was obtained before and after the first cycle of chemotherapy. In 118 patients with PET prior to chemotherapy, SUVmax was collected. Cut-off values were determined by ROC curve. Results: In multivariate analysis of all patients, NLR and change in NLR after the first cycle of chemotherapy (ΔNLR) were independent prognostic factors for overall survival (OS). We scored the risk considering NLR and ΔNLR and identified 4 risk groups with different prognosis (risk score 0 vs 1 vs 2 vs 3: OS 9.7 vs 7.9 vs 5.7 vs 2.6 months, HR 1 vs 1.329 vs 2.137 vs 7.915, respectively; P<0.001). In PET cohort, NLR and SUVmax were independently prognostic for OS. Prognostication model using both NLR and SUVmax could define 4 risk groups with different OS (risk score 0 vs 1 vs 2 vs 3: OS 11.8 vs 9.8 vs 7.2 vs 4.6 months, HR 1 vs 1.536 vs 2.958 vs 5.336, respectively; P<0.001). Conclusions: NLR and SUVmax as simple parameters of host immunity and metabolic activity of tumor cell, respectively, are independent prognostic factors for OS in MPC patients undergoing palliative chemotherapy.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression has been suggested as a potential predictive biomarker of response to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy. In this study, we investigated whether the expression of PD-L1 in tumour cells is affected by neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) or chemotherapy in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Patients and methods: Between 2004 and 2014, we collected the medical records of locally advanced oesophageal cancer patients consecutively diagnosed and treated with neoadjuvant CCRT or chemotherapy, followed by curative resection. PD-L1 expression in acquired tissue specimens was evaluated by immunohistochemistry using the H-score. The changes in PD-L1 expression between paired samples were evaluated and we also analysed PD-L1 expression in surgical tumour specimens to evaluate its prognostic role. Results: Twenty-eight paired tumour tissues that were acquired before and after neoadjuvant therapy were available: 19 patients with CCRT and 9 with chemotherapy before complete oesophagectomy. The PD-L1 H-score increased significantly from baseline tumour tissues to surgical tumour tissues after neoadjuvant CCRT (P = 0.007, median H-score from 28 to 52), whereas it decreased significantly after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (P = 0.048, median H-score from 53 to 22). In a total of 73 patients, including 45 additional cases for the prognosis analysis, patients with higher PD-L1 H-scores (≥20) had poorer overall survival (median 16.7 versus 32.9 months, P = 0.02) than those with lower H-scores (<20). Conclusions: PD-L1 expression in tumour cells increased in oesophageal cancer patients who received neoadjuvant CCRT. Further studies with more cases are necessary to validate these findings.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990)
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    ABSTRACT: Olaparib, a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, has been found to have therapeutic potential for treating cancers associated with impaired DNA repair capabilities, particularly those with deficiencies in the homologous recombination repair (HRR) pathway. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are important for enabling functional HRR of DNA by regulating the expression of HRR-related genes and promoting the accurate assembly of HRR-directed sub-nuclear foci. Thus, HDAC inhibitors have recently emerged as a therapeutic agent for treating cancer by inhibiting DNA repair. Based on this, HDAC inhibition could be predicted to enhance the anti-tumor effect of PARP inhibitors in cancer cells by blocking the HRR pathway. We determined whether suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), a HDAC inhibitor, could enhance the anti-tumor effects of olaparib on breast cancer cell lines using a cytotoxic assay, cell cycle analysis, and Western blotting. We evaluated how exposure to SAHA affects the expression of HRR-associated genes. The accumulation of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) induced by combination treatment was assessed. Induction of autophagy was monitored by imaging green fluorescent protein-tagged microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain 3 (LC3) expression following co-treatment with olaparib and SAHA. These in vitro data were validated in vivo using a human breast cancer xenograft model. Triple-negative breast cancer cell (TNBC) lines showed heterogeneous responses to the PARP and HDAC inhibitors. Co-administration of olaparib and SAHA synergistically inhibited the growth of TNBC cells that expressed functional Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN). This effect was associated with down-regulation of the proliferative signaling pathway, increased apoptotic and autophagic cell death, and accumulation of DNA damage. The combined anti-tumor effect of olaparib and SAHA was also observed in a xenograft model. These data suggest that PTEN expression in TNBC cells can sensitize the cell response to simultaneous inhibition of PARP and HDAC both in vitro and in vivo. Our findings suggest that expression of functional PTEN may serve as a biomarker for selecting TNBC patients that would favorably respond to a combination of olaparib with SAHA. This provides a strong rationale for treating TNBC patients with PTEN expression with a combination therapy consisting of olaparib and SAHA.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Breast cancer research: BCR
  • Do-Youn Oh · Yung-Jue Bang
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: HER2 and HER3 are altered in multiple tumor types, including gastrointestinal cancer. The HER2/HER3 dimer is crucial for HER2-mediated signaling in HER2-positive tumors. HER2-targeting agents including trastuzumab, lapatinib, trastuzumab emtansine and pertuzumab have been approved for HER2-positive breast cancer, with trastuzumab also approved for HER2-positive gastric cancer. Pertuzumab, a recombinant humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody targeting HER-2, binds to the dimerization domain (extracellular domain II) of HER2, which leads to blocking of ligand-induced HER2 heterodimerization. It is under investigation in gastrointestinal cancers including HER2-positive gastric cancer. Area covered: In this review, the authors summarize the biology of HER2/HER3 and its alterations in gastrointestinal cancers. The authors focus specifically on the current status of development of pertuzumab in gastrointestinal cancers. Expert opinion: The HER2/HER3 alteration in gastrointestinal cancers are quite interesting. In HER2-positive gastric cancer the dual blockade of HER2 and HER3 using trastuzumab and pertuzumab is being tested in an international phase III trial, the JACOB study. This strategy may benefit HER2-positive gastric cancer patients more as in HER2-positive breast cancer. In other gastrointestinal cancers including biliary tract cancer, esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer and colorectal cancer, there is huge room for development of pertuzumab.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Expert opinion on biological therapy
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To investigate usefulness of multiparametric fully integrated 18-FDG PET/MRI in predicting treatment response after chemotherapy for unresectable advanced gastric cancers (AGCs). Methods: Eleven patients with unresectable AGCs underwent multiparametric 18-FDG PET/MRI examinations prior to chemotherapy. Perfusion parameters obtained via dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, apparent diffusion coefficient values from diffusion-weighted images, and maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) from 18-FDG PET were measured. For parameters obtained from 18-FDG PET/MRI data, interobserver agreement was obtained using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and chemotherapy response relationship was evaluated using the Mann-Whitney test and receiver operating characteristic analysis. Results: After chemotherapy, six patients were classified into the responder group and five patients into the non-responder group. For all parameters, moderate to nearly perfect agreement was achieved (ICC = 0.452-0.911). K (trans) values (P = 0.018) and initial area under the curves (iAUCs) (P = 0.045) of gastric cancers were significantly higher in responder group than in non-responder group. The area under the curve was 0.917 for K (trans) and 0.867 for iAUC. However, SUVmax values were not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: Multiparametric approach using fully integrated 18-FDG PET/MRI was shown to be feasible for patients with unresectable gastric cancers. In addition, K (trans) and iAUC values can be used as early predictive markers for chemotherapy response. Key points: • Multiparametric 18-FDG PET/MRI is feasible for patients with unresectable advanced gastric cancer • K (trans) and iAUC were significantly higher in the responder group of patients • K (trans) , iAUC can be utilized as early predictive markers for chemotherapeutic response.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · European Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Controversy surrounds adjuvant chemotherapy (CTx) for T3N0M0 and T1N2M0 in the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th edition stage IIA gastric cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefit of adjuvant CTx for stage IIA cancer, including T3N0M0 and T1N2M0. Methods: A total of 630 patients with stage IIA cancer who underwent a radical gastrectomy between January 1999 and December 2009 at Seoul National University Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. We compared the outcomes of 434 patients who did not receive CTx (the non-CTx group) with those of 196 patients who received CTx comprising of 5-fluorouracil-based regimens (the CTx group). Results: The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of the non-CTx and CTx groups were 86.4 and 89.3 %, respectively (p = 0.047). In the subgroup analysis of T2N1M0 (6th II/7th IIA), there was a significant difference in OS between the non-CTx and CTx groups (p = 0.003), but no differences were observed in T3N0M0 and T1N2M0 (6th IB/7th IIA) (p = 0.574 and p = 0.934). The multivariate analysis showed that a tumor size greater than 5 cm in T3N0M0 [odds ratio (OR) 1.929; p = 0.030], no adjuvant CTx in T2N1M0 (OR 4.853; p = 0.025), and no factors in T1N2M0 were found to be risk factors for recurrence-free survival. Conclusions: Adjuvant CTx may be associated with an improved outcome of patients with T2N1M0 (6th II/7th IIA), but not T3N0M0 or T1N2M0 (6th IB/7th IIA), gastric cancer. To confirm these results, further studies are needed.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Annals of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: In stage II/III breast cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is a standard treatment. Although several biomarkers are used to predict prognosis in breast cancer, there is no reliable predictive biomarker for NAC success. Recently, the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and cMet signaling pathway demonstrated to be involved in breast cancer tumor progression, and its potential as a biomarker is under active investigation. In this study, we assessed the potential of serum HGF as a prognostic biomarker for NAC efficacy. Methods: Venous blood samples were drawn from patients diagnosed with stage II/III breast cancer and treated with NAC in Seoul National University Hospital from August 2004 to November 2009. Serum HGF level was determined using an ELISA system. We reviewed the medical records of the patients and investigated the association of HGF level with patients' clinicopathologic characteristics. Results: A total of 121 female patients (median age = 45 years old) were included. Median level of HGF was 934 pg/ml (lower quartile: 772, upper quartile: 1145 pg/ml). Patients with higher HGF level than median value were significantly more likely to have clinically detectable regional node metastasis (p = 0.017, Fisher's exact test). Patients with complete and partial response according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer 7th Edition criteria tended to have higher HGF level (p = 0.105 by t test). Patients with an HGF level higher than the upper quartile value had longer relapse-free survival than the other patients (106 vs. 85 months, p = 0.008). Conclusions: High serum HGF levels in breast cancer patients are associated with clinically detectable regional node metastasis and, paradoxically, with longer relapse-free survival in stage II/III breast cancer.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Background Dacomitinib, an irreversible panHER inhibitor, shows significant preclinical antitumor activity in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive gastric cancer (GC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical activity of dacomitinib and discover potential biomarkers in HER2-positive GC patients. Methods We enrolled previously treated advanced HER2-positive GC [HER2 FISH (+) or HER2 IHC 3+] patients. The patients received dacomitinib 45 mg once daily. Results A total of 27 patients were enrolled. The number of prior chemotherapy regimens was 1 in 7 patients (26 %), 2 in 9 patients (33 %), and more than 2 in 11 patients (41 %). Seven patients had received prior anti-HER2 therapy. The 4-month progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 22.2 % and median PFS was 2.1 months (95 % CI, 2.3–3.4) There were 2 partial response (PRs) and 9 stable disease (SDs), resulting in 7.4 % (95 % CI, 0–17.5 %) of response rate (RR) and 40.7 % (95 % CI, 21.9–59.6 %) of disease control rate (DCR). Eleven patients (41 %) showed some degree of tumor shrinkage. Overall survival was 7.1 months (95 % CI, 4.4–9.8). The most common toxicities were skin rash, diarrhea, and fatigue, most of which were grade 1 or 2. The Ctrough of dacomitinib was lower in gastrectomy patients than nongastrectomy patients. Higher serum levels of HER2 extracellular domain (ECD) and lower levels of soluble E-cadherin (sECAD) correlated with higher dacomitinib activity. Conclusions Dacomitinib functions as a single agent in HER2-positive GC patients with a tolerable safety profile. HER2 ECD and sECAD have the potential to be biomarkers for patient selection in a panHER inhibition strategy for HER2-positive GC. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01152853).
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Gastric Cancer

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics

  • No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
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    ABSTRACT: Background: More knowledge about genetic and molecular features of cholangiocarcinoma is needed to develop effective therapeutic strategies. We investigated the clinical and pathological significance of ROS1 expression in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Methods: One hundred ninety-four patients with curatively resected intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma were included in this study. Tumor tissue specimens were collected and analyzed for ROS1 gene rearrangement using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and ROS1 protein expression using immunohistochemistry (IHC). Results: ROS1 immunohistochemistry was positive (moderate or strong staining) in 72 tumors (37.1 %). ROS1 protein expression was significantly correlated with well differentiated tumors, papillary or mucinous histology, oncocytic/hepatoid or intestinal type tumors, and periductal infiltrating or intraductal growing tumors (vs. mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma). ROS-expressing tumors were associated with better disease-free survival (30.1 months for ROS1 expression (+) tumors vs. 9.0 months for ROS1 (-) tumors, p = 0.006). Moreover, ROS1 expression was an independent predictor of better disease-free survival in a multivariate analysis (HR 0.607, 95 % CI 0.377-0.976; p = 0.039). Although break-apart FISH was successfully performed in 102 samples, a split pattern indicative of ROS1 gene rearrangement was not found in the examined samples. Conclusion: ROS1 protein expression was associated with well-differentiated histology and better survival in our patients with resected intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. ROS1 gene rearrangement by break-apart FISH was not found in the examined samples.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · BMC Cancer
  • Tae-Yong Kim · Do-Youn Oh · Yung-Jue Bang
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    ABSTRACT: Capecitabine is an orally administered prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and was designed to specifically affect tumor cells more than normal tissues. Capecitabine is as effective and well tolerated as infusional 5-FU in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Following the REAL-2 and ML17032 studies, capecitabine has replaced infusional 5-FU for treating GC. Capecitabine plus platinum is one of the most widely used regimens for the first-line treatment of AGC, regardless of HER2 status. The adjuvant capecitabine/oxaliplatin regimen is one therapeutic option for resectable gastric cancer, especially after D2 resection. Compared with S-1, capecitabine has been shown to have a similar efficacy, but is associated with fewer ethnic differences than S-1, which accounts for the more widespread usage of capecitabine worldwide.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Expert review of gastroenterology & hepatology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The optimal treatment strategy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC), particularly the role of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), remains debatable. We compared the clinical outcomes of CCRT and palliative chemotherapy alone (CA) in patients with unresectable LAPC. Materials and methods: Patients with LAPC who were consecutively treated between 2003 and 2010 were included. Resectability was evaluated according to NCCN version 1.2012. The clinical outcomes for each treatment group (CCRT vs CA) were evaluated retrospectively. Results: Sixty-three (58.9%) patients and 44 (41.1%) patients were treated with CCRT and CA, respectively. The CCRT cohort included patients who were treated with CCRT with or without chemotherapy backbone (CCRT alone, induction chemotherapy-CCRT, CCRT-maintenance chemotherapy, and induction-CCRT-maintenance chemotherapy). Median progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of all patients were 7.2 months and 13.1 months. PFS of the CCRT and CA groups was 9.0 and 4.4 months, respectively (p=0.020). OS of the CCRT and CA groups was 15.4 and 9.3 months, respectively (p=0.011). In multivariate analysis, the adjusted HR of CCRT was 0.536 (p=0.003) for OS and 0.667 (p=0.078) for PFS. Although the pattern of failure was similar in the CCRT and CA groups, the times to both local and distant failure were significantly longer in the CCRT group. Conclusion: s In patients with unresectable LAPC, those who underwent CCRT during their entire treatment courses had longer OS than patients treated with chemotherapy alone.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Cancer Research and Treatment
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Body composition has emerged as a prognostic factor in cancer patients. We investigated whether sarcopenia at diagnosis and loss of skeletal muscle during palliative chemotherapy were associated with survival in patients with pancreatic cancer. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes of pancreatic cancer patients receiving palliative chemotherapy between 2003 and 2010. The cross-sectional area of skeletal muscle at L3 by computed tomography was analyzed with Rapidia 3D software. We defined sarcopenia as a skeletal muscle index (SMI)< 42.2 cm2/m2 (male) and < 33.9 cm2/m2 (female) using ROC curve. Results: Among 484 patients, 103 (21.3%) patients were sarcopenic at diagnosis. Decrease in SMI during chemotherapy was observed in 156 (60.9%) male and 65 (40.6%) female patients. Decrease in body mass index (BMI) was observed in 149 patients (37.3%), with no gender difference. By multivariate analysis, sarcopenia (P< 0.001), decreasedBMI and SMI during chemotherapy (P = 0.002, P = 0.004, respectively) were poor prognostic factors for overall survival (OS). While the OS of male patients was affected with sarcopenia (P< 0.001) and decreased SMI (P = 0.001), the OS of female patients was influenced with overweight at diagnosis (P = 0.006), decreased BMI (P = 0.032) and decreased SMI (P = 0.014). Particularly, while the change of BMI during chemotherapy did not have impact on OS within the patients with maintained SMI (P = 0.750), decrease in SMI was associated with poor OS within the patients with maintained BMI (HR 1.502; P = 0.002). Conclusions: Sarcopenia at diagnosis and depletion of skeletal muscle, independent of BMI change, during chemotherapy were poor prognostic factors in advanced pancreatic cancer.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Pegylated granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is frequently used to prevent febrile neutropenia (FN) in patients undergoing chemotherapy with a high risk of myelosuppression. This phase II/III study was conducted to determine the adequate dose of pegteograstim, a new formulation of pegylated G-CSF, and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pegteograstim compared to pegfilgrastim. Methods: In the phase II part, 60 breast cancer patients who were undergoing DA (docetaxel and doxorubicin) or TAC (docetaxel, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide) chemotherapy were randomly selected to receive a single subcutaneous injection of 3.6 or 6.0 mg pegteograstim on day 2 of each chemotherapy cycle. The phase III part was seamlessly started to compare the dose of pegteograstim at selected in phase II with 6.0 mg pegfilgrastim in 117 breast cancer patients. The primary endpoint of both the phase II and III parts was the duration of grade 4 neutropenia in the chemotherapy cycle 1. Results: The mean duration of grade 4 neutropenia for the 3.6 mg pegteograstim (n = 33) was similar to that for the 6.0 mg pegteograstim (n = 26) (1.97 ± 1.79 days vs. 1.54 ± 0.95 days, p = 0.33). The 6.0 mg pegteograstim was selected to be compared with the 6.0 mg pegfilgrastim in the phase III part. In the phase III part, the primary analysis revealed that the efficacy of pegteograstim (n = 56) was non-inferior to that of pegfilgrastim (n = 59) [duration of grade 4 neutropenia, 1.64 ± 1.18 days vs. 1.80 ± 1.05 days; difference, -0.15 ± 1.11 (p = 0.36, 97.5 % confidence intervals = 0.57 and 0.26)]. The time to the absolute neutrophil count (ANC) recovery of pegteograstim (≥2000/μL) was significantly shorter than that of pegfilgrastim (8.85 ± 1.45 days vs. 9.83 ± 1.20 days, p < 0.0001). Other secondary endpoints showed no significant difference between the two groups. The safety profiles of the two groups did not differ significantly. Conclusions: Pegteograstim was shown to be as effective as pegfilgrastim in the reduction of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia in the breast cancer patients who were undergoing chemotherapy with a high risk of myelosuppression.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Supportive Care in Cancer
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    J. Rha · H. Park · C. Yoon · J. Kwon · S. Kim · E. Lee · D. Oh

    Preview · Article · Oct 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Current nodal staging system for extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) cancer is controversial. The number of metastatic lymph nodes (mLN) and lymph node ratio (LNR) has been studied for the assessment of the nodal status in many other gastrointestinal cancers, but there are few studies on assessing the prognostic impact of these parameters in EHBD cancer. We retrospectively reviewed 239 consecutive patients who underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for adenocarcinoma of EHBD from 1995 to 2009 in our institution. The prognostic value of the number of mLN and LNR was evaluated by adjusting for other known factors. Optimal cutoff points were determined using maximally selected chi-square test. Lymph node metastasis was found in 77 (32 %) patients. Univariate analysis for overall survival (OS) revealed both the number of mLN (0 vs. 1-3 vs. ≥4; p < 0.001) and LNR (<0.2 vs. ≥0.2; p < 0.001) as significant prognosticators. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the number of mLN was an independent prognostic factor, whereas LNR was not. The estimated 5-year OS was 48.7 % for patients with negative nodes, 33.4 % for patients with 1-3 mLN, and 9.1 % for patients with 4 or more mLN (p < 0.001). The number of mLN is a powerful parameter to predict survival in the EHBD cancer, which is more reliable than LNR. As for many other gastrointestinal cancers, further classification of node positive patients based on the number of mLN seems to be useful and may provide precise information.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Cancer Research

Publication Stats

4k Citations
1,151.55 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005-2016
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
      • Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003-2016
    • Seoul National University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004-2015
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Inje University
      Kŭmhae, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea
    • Kyung Hee University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2012
    • Myongji Hospital
      QYK, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
  • 2006-2012
    • Samsung Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Sacred Heart Hospital, Chicago
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • 2011
    • Asan Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2000-2011
    • CHA University
      • • School of Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005-2009
    • Cancer Research Institute
      New York, New York, United States
  • 2008
    • Hallym University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Hanyang University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1994
    • Soonchunhyang University
      Onyang, Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea