E Sulyok

University of Pécs, Fuenfkirchen, Baranya, Hungary

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Publications (138)341.7 Total impact

  • O. Lakatos · Zs. Györke · E. Sulyok
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to assess the sodium and potassium intake among Hungarian children and adolescents. The study was undertaken to estimate daily sodium and potassium intake by measuring 24-h urinary electrolyte excretion rate in 200 Hungarian children (age 1-18 years). Daily sodium and potassium intake positively correlated with age, body mass index, and systolic blood pressure. As a result of the parallel trend and time course of urinary sodium and potassium excretion the sodium to potassium ratio, the important risk factor for essential hypertension remained practically unchanged with age. We did not find a significant difference in this ratio between hypertensive and normotensive, or obese and non-obese children. Sodium and potassium intake expressed per kilogram body weight decreased steadily with age, but there was no significant difference between boys and girls. When adjustment was made for age and body mass index, using multivariate regression analysis, the systolic blood pressure proved to be independent of urinary sodium excretion and daily potassium intake. Compared with Dietary Reference Intake values, the present study demonstrates that, on average, Hungarian children and adolescents have a diet rich in sodium, and poor in potassium, although during the last 20 years a favourable trend can be detected.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Acta Alimentaria
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To explore the response pattern of plasma adipokine and ghrelin levels to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in patients with (on-pump) and without (off-pump) cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Material/methods Sixteen consecutive patients (age: 62 ± 10 years, male: 10) with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent elective CABG surgery with CPB and intraoperative GIK infusion were selected for on-pump group and 19 CAD patients (age: 63 ± 10 years, male: 16) were included in the off-pump group. Blood samples were taken before, during and after surgery. Intraoperative samples were withdrawn simultaneously for peripheral vein and sinus coronarius (SC). Plasma adipokine concentrations were measured by ELISA, those of ghrelin by RIA kits. Results In response to surgical intervention there was an early, transient fall in plasma levels of adiponectin (p < 0.0001) and resistin (p = 0.002) followed by an increase to approach their initial values. Plasma ghrelin also increased (p = 0.045), this increase, however, was confined to the period of GIK supported CPB. Plasma insulin (p = 0.003) and resistin (p = 0.009) was significantly higher in the peripheral vein than in SC. The perioperative hormone profile of patients without CPB (off-pump) proved to be comparable to that of on-pump patients in spite of the insulin administration and greater oxidative and inflammatory stress. Conclusions Adipose tissue-derived factors appear to mediate the metabolic and vascular changes that occur in patients with CABG surgery. Epicardial adipose tissue is unlikely to have major contribution to the development of CAD as adipokines are not elevated in SC independent of the mode of intervention.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Advances in Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Obesity increases the development of cardiovascular risk factors: hypertonia, diabetes mellitus, endothel dysfunction. Our aim was to follow the response pattern of plasma adipokine and ghrelin levels to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in patients with (on-pump) and without (off-pump) cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Methods: 16 consecutive patients (age: 62±10 years, male: 10) with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent elective CABG surgery with CPB and intraoperative GIK infusion were selected for on-pump group and 19 CAD patients (age: 63±10 years, male: 16) were included in the off-pump group. Intraoperative samples were withdrawn simultaneously for peripheral vein (P) and coronary sinus (CS). Plasma adipokine concentrations were measured by ELISA, those of ghrelin by RIA kits. Blood samples were taken before, during and after surgery. Results: In patients operated on-pump the surgical intervention resulted an early reduction in plasma levels of adiponectin (p<0.001) and resistin (p=0.002) followed by an increase to approach their initial values. Off-pump operation did not cause any changes in plasma resistin and adiponectin. During on-pump surgery the CPB induced a significant increase in the peripheral ghrelin levels (p=0.034), but not in coronary sinus (p=0.077). Ghrelin level remained mostly unaffected by off-pump surgery (p=0.267). In patients operated on-pump no discernible difference could be detected in plasma leptin levels between peripheral vein and coronary sinus (p=0.835). Conclusions: Epicardial adipose tissue is unlikely to have major contribution to the development of CAD as adipokines are not elevated in the coronary sinus independent of the mode of intervention.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · Cardiovascular Research
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    ABSTRACT: BackgroundBlood platelets play an essential role in hemostasis, thrombosis and coagulation of blood. Beyond these classic functions their involvement in inflammatory, neoplastic and immune processes was also investigated. It is well known, that platelets have an armament of soluble molecules, factors, mediators, chemokines, cytokines and neurotransmitters in their granules, and have multiple adhesion molecules and receptors on their surface.MethodsSelected relevant literature and own views and experiences as clinical observations have been used.ResultsConsidering that platelets are indispensable in numerous homeostatic endocrine functions, it is reasonable to suppose that a platelet-associated regulatory system (PARS) may exist; internal or external triggers and/or stimuli may complement and connect regulatory pathways aimed towards target tissues and/or cells. The signal (PAF, or other tissue/cell specific factors) comes from the stimulated (by the e.g., hypophyseal hormones, bacteria, external factors, etc.) organs or cells, and activates platelets. Platelet activation means their aggregation, sludge formation, furthermore the release of the for-mentioned biologically very powerful factors, which can locally amplify and deepen the tissue specific cell reactions. If this process is impaired or inhibited for any reason, the specifically stimulated organ shows hypofunction. When PARS is upregulated, organ hyperfunction may occur that culminate in severe diseases.ConclusionBased on clinical and experimental evidences we propose that platelets modulate the function of hypothalamo-hypophyseal-ovarian system. Specifically, hypothalamic GnRH releases FSH from the anterior pituitary, which induces and stimulates follicular and oocyte maturation and steroid hormone secretion in the ovary. At the same time follicular cells enhance PAF production. Through these pathways activated platelets are accumulated in the follicular vessels surrounding the follicle and due to its released soluble molecules (factors, mediators, chemokines, cytokines, neurotransmitters) locally increase oocyte maturation and hormone secretion. Therefore we suggest that platelets are not only a small participant but may be the conductor or active mediator of this complex regulatory system which has several unrevealed mechanisms. In other words platelets are corpuscular messengers, or are more than a member of the family providing hemostasis.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Journal of Ovarian Research
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    ABSTRACT: Backgrounds: This case-control study was designed to assess the possible role of fetuin-A, a multifunctional protein, in reproductive processes of women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Methods: Paired serum and follicular fluid (FF) samples were obtained from 35 unselected patients who received IVF treatment. Their main clinical chartacteristics: age 35.2±5.4 years, BMI 22.9±2.8, duration of infertility 3.2±2.0 years, gonadotropin administered 1199.4±202.3 IU, and estradiol level on day 6 of stimulation 1827±1342 pmol/L. In total 25 healthy women of similar age admitted for minor elective surgery served as controls for serum analysis. Fetuin-A and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were measured in serum and FF by using commercially available ELISA kits and turbidimetric immunoassay, respectively. Results: Serum fetuin-A levels of patients participating IVF are markedly elevated when compared to those of healthy women (1.30±0.58 g/L vs. 0.55±0.09 g/L, p<0.000). Fetuin-A in FF proved to be comparable to its serum levels (1.17±0.45 g/L) and no relationship could be detected between the respective individual values. Moreover, markers of reproductive potential (number of oocytes and embryos) appeared to be independent of serum and FF fetuin-A. hsCRP in serum and FF was not related to fetuin-A and did not influence the number of oocytes and embryos. Conclusions: Fetuin-A concentration is high in FF of patients undergoing IVF, however, it can not be used as an estimate of fertilization success.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
  • Endre Sulyok
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    ABSTRACT: In this review three major issues of sodium homeostasis are addressed. Specifically, volume-dependent (salt-sensitive) hypertension, sodium chloride content of maintenance fluid and clinical evaluation of hyponatremia are discussed. Regarding volume-dependent hypertension the endocrine/paracrine systems mediating renal sodium retention, the relationship between salt intake, plasma sodium levels and blood pressure, as well as data on the dissociation of sodium and volume regulation are presented. The concept of perinatal programming of salt-preference is also mentioned. Some theoretical and practical aspects of fluid therapy are summarized with particular reference to using hypotonic sodium chloride solution for maintenance fluid as opposed to the currently proposed isotonic sodium chloride solution. Furthermore, the incidence, the aetiological classification and central nervous system complications of hyponatremia are presented, too. In addition, clinical and pathophysical features of hyponatremic encephalophathy and osmotic demyelinisation are given. The adaptive reactions of the brain to hypotonic stress are also described with particular emphasis on the role of brain-specific water channel proteins (aquaporin-4) and the benzamil-inhibitable sodium channels. In view of the outmost clinical significance of hyponatremia, the principles of efficient and safe therapeutic approaches are outlined. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 1488-1497.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Orvosi Hetilap
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the concentrations of metabolic hormones in follicular fluid (FF) and to find clinical correlates of these biochemical parameters. FF was obtained from 108 women by ultrasonography-guided transvaginal puncture following controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. FF insulin, leptin, adiponectin and resistin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and ghrelin was analyzed with radioimmunoassay. It was demonstrated that oocyte number correlated negatively with FF leptin (r = -0.190, p < 0.050) and insulin (r = -0.209, p < 0.031) and positively with resistin (r = 0.236, p < 0.014). After adjustments for confounding hormone parameters, resistin remained a positive (p < 0.000) predictor and insulin (p < 0.039) and adiponectin (p < 0.033), negative predictors of oocyte number. When the embryo number was considered, FF leptin proved to be a strong negative (p < 0.012) whereas resistin proved to be a positive outcome predictor (p < 0.004). In women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), FF metabolic hormones may be involved in regulating ovarian function and in determining fertilization outcome. Resistin appears to have beneficial effects on the outcome of IVF, while leptin, insulin, adiponectin and ghrelin appear to have adverse or no effects.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · The Journal of reproductive medicine
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    ABSTRACT: L-carnitine-mediated beta-oxidation of fatty acids has a well established role in energy supply of oocytes and embryos. Disturbed carnitine metabolism may impair the reproductive potential in IVF and can serve as a biomarker of pregnancy outcome. Our study was performed between March 24, 2011 and May 9, 2011. We performed 44 unselected IVF cycles, (aged 23--40 years (mean: 32.3+/-5.1 years) and had BMI of 17.3-34.7 (mean: 23.80+/-4.9). Samples were also obtained from 18 healthy women of similar age admitted for minor elective surgery to serve as control for plasma carnitine profile. Serum and follicular fluid (FF) free carnitine (FC) and 20 major acylcarnitines (ACs) were measured by ESI/MS/MS method. Serum FC and AC levels in IVF patients were comparable to those in healthy control women. In FF FC and short-chain AC concentrations were similar to those in maternal serum, however, the levels of medium-chain, and long-chain AC esters were markedly reduced (p<0.05). The serum to FF ratio of individual carnitine compounds increased progressively with increasing carbon chain length of AC esters (p<0.05). There was a marked reduction in total carnitine, FC and AC levels of serum and FF in patients with oocyte number of >9 and/or with embryo number of >6 as compared to the respective values of <9 and/or <6 (p<0.05). In IVF patients with better reproductive potential the carnitine/AC pathway appears to be upregulated that may result in excess carintine consumption and relative depletion of carnitine pool. Consequently, IVF patients may benefit from carnitine supplementation.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The present case-control study was undertaken to investigate l-arginine metabolism in pregnant women with early-onset and late-onset pre-eclampsia. Attempts were made to differentiate these two distinct diseases entities by using measured and derived parameters of l-arginine metabolism. Study design: Thirty-six patients with early-onset, 17 patients with late-onset pre-eclampsia and 15 healthy pregnant women at term were studied. Patients were categorized according to the weeks of gestation (< 34 vs. ≥ 34) at the appearance of clinical symptoms (hypertension + proteinuria). Venous samples were taken at gestational age of 29.8 ± 2.5, 36.1 ± 2.2 and 39.2 ± 1.2 weeks, respectively. L-arginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), monomethylarginine (MMA) and l-ornithine were measured by LC-MS/MS method. L-arginine/ADMA, l-ornithine/l-arginine, ADMA/SDMA ratios and the arginine methylation index (arg-MI) were calculated. Results: Plasma levels of ADMA and MMA were significantly higher (p < 0.002) in pre-eclamptic patients than in healthy women. No significant differences could be detected between patients with early-onset and late-onset pre-eclampsia in either parameter studied. L-ornithine correlated positively with ADMA (r = 0.526, p < 0.001) and MMA (r = 0.533, p < 0.001) in the whole study population, and inversely with l-arginine (r = - 0.277, p < 0.044) in the pre-eclamptic group. When compared with maternal plasma in venous cord blood l-arginine was markedly reduced (p < 0.05) and there was a significant elevation in ADMA, SDMA, MMA and l-ornithine (p < 0.001, for each) without discernible differences between the study groups. Conclusions: Parameters of l-arginine metabolism do not discriminate the early-onset from late-onset pre-eclampsia. Our study provided indirect evidences for the redirection of l-arginine-NOS to the l-arginine-arginase pathway.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation
  • Jean-Pierre Guignard · Endre Sulyok

    No preview · Chapter · Dec 2012
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    ABSTRACT: Distribution of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) was studied by western analysis and immunofluorescence in rat astrocytes exposed to either hypothermic (30 °C) or hyperosmolar (0.45 M sucrose) stress, and in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients who suffered traumatic brain injury (TBI). CSF was obtained from 5 healthy subjects and from 20 patients suffering from severe TBI. CSF samples were taken at admission and on days 3 and 5-7. Here we report that, in response to both hypothermia and hyperosmolar stress, AQP4 was markedly reduced in cultured astrocytes. We also found that AQP4 significantly increased in patients with severe brain injury in respect to healthy subjects (P < 0.002). AQP4 in CSF remained unchanged in patients with elevated intracranial pressure (ICP), whereas there was a clear tendency to further increase in those patients whose ICP could be controlled within the normal range. We conclude that AQP4 levels in CSF are elevated after TBI and it might serve as a useful biochemical marker to assess brain water metabolism in clinical settings.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · Neurological Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Carnitine deficiency is common in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) treatment. We investigated the effects of L-carnitine supplementation on acyl carnitine (AC) profile and the changes of distinct ACs during a single HD session in long-term L-carnitine pretreated ESRD patients. Methods: Twenty non-diabetic adult patients and 37 healthy controls were studied. Blood samples were drawn before and after 12 weeks of carnitine supplementation, then hourly during an HD session, as well as 30 min after the end of the session. Free and individual AC plasma levels were determined by using ESI MS/MS technique. Results: HD patients showed lower free- and total carnitine levels and elevated ACs and acyl/free carnitine ratio before carnitine supplementation. The L-carnitine supplementation resulted in dramatic elevation of all carnitine esters. The HD session induced a progressive decline in free, short-chain, and dicarboxylic ACs (~80 % of pre-HD amount was washed out); the decrease of medium-chain ACs proved to be more moderate (~60 % washed out), whereas the long-chain ACs remained unaffected. Already 30 min after HD, a substantial increase was seen in free carnitine concentration (reaching 26 % of predialysis level) and the ACs also started to replenish (to 21-52 % of predialysis levels), without further exogenous carnitine load. Conclusions: The washout induced by HD session results in variable depletion of short-, medium-, and long-chain carnitine esters in carnitine-pretreated patients; the recovery of the circulating carnitine esters from the body stores occurs within 30 min after the cessation of the HD procedure.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · International Urology and Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: L-carnitine supplementation is extensively used in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) to improve dialysis-related clinical symptoms. In a series of studies, we investigated the dynamics of carnitine pool in carnitine-supplemented HD patients; here we report dramatic decrease with special changes of the ester profile due to interruption of the exogenous intake after the last HD session. Serum samples were collected from 18 L-carnitine-repleted end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients before the L-carnitine supplementation, after completion of a carnitine supplementation period treatment (12 weeks, 1 g/IV/HD), right before the HD session, and 44 h after the dialysis. Levels of free carnitine (FC) and the individual esters were determined using electrospray MS/MS technique. Normally, L-carnitine supplementation causes significant elevation of all carnitine compounds to supraphysiological levels, which reaches a standard steady-state-like profile. In this study we found a dramatic decrease in the level of FC, and in short- and medium-chain acylcarnitines (ACs) 44 h after the last dialysis. At the end of this interdialytic period, FC levels increased to only 65% of the predialysis level, whereas the amounts of C2 and C3 esters recovered to only 50%. The level of C6 was 65% of the predialysis level, whereas the amount of C8 chain length ACs returned to 72% of the predialysis level. No significant change was seen in AC concentrations above C10 chain length. Omission of one single dosage of supplemental carnitine in long-term administration schemes results in dramatic decrease and reprofiling of carnitine esters even after the usual 44 h of interdialytic period.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Renal Failure
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to compare the effects of vaginal delivery and cesarean section on the L-arginine-nitric oxide system by measuring levels of L-arginine, an endogenous nitric oxide synthase antagonist asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) in the cord blood and postnatally. Plasma samples were obtained from the umbilical vein and artery at birth and from peripheral venous blood on the second postnatal day in 30 full-term newborn infants: 10 born vaginally and 20 born by cesarean section. After vaginal delivery, ADMA concentration was higher in the umbilical vein than in the umbilical artery (mean 1.06 vs 0.90 µmol/L [P = 0.027]); and ADMA level fell after birth to 0.66 µmol/L on the second postnatal day (P = 0.007 vs umbilical artery). Newborns born by cesarean section had similar ADMA levels in umbilical arterial and venous blood, 1.19 and 1.18 µmol/L, and the ADMA level fell to 0.84 µmol/L by the second postnatal day (P < 0.001). Vaginal birth induced neither significant umbilical venoarterial difference nor a postnatal fall in SDMA. After cesarean section, SDMA was essentially the same in umbilical vein, umbilical artery and postnatal peripheral vein samples. At 2 days of age, both ADMA and SDMA levels stayed higher in infants born by cesarean section than in vaginally born infants. ADMA level falls after both vaginal and cesarean birth, whereas SDMA level does not. The higher ADMA level after cesarean birth compared with vaginal birth may contribute to decreased nitric oxide production and bioavailability in neonatal vascular beds.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Pediatrics International
  • Endre Sulyok

    No preview · Article · Jan 2012
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to reveal the influence of intracerebroventricular (ICV) benzamil on the dynamics of brain water accumulation in hyponatremic rats. Parameters of brain water homeostasis were continuously monitored, using in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods. The results were compared with those obtained in a previous study by tissue desiccation. A 3-T MRI instrument was applied to perform serial diffusion-weighted imaging to measure the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and MR spectroscopy to determine water signal. A decrease of ADC is thought to represent an increase of intracellular water, whereas water signal is used to quantify brain water content. Five groups of male Wistar rats were studied as follows: normonatremic, native animals (group NN, n = 7), hyponatremic animals (group HN, n = 8), hyponatremic animals treated with ICV benzamil (group HNB, n = 8), hyponatremic animals treated with ICV saline (group HNS, n = 5) and normonatremic animals treated with ICV benzamil (group NNB, n = 5). Hyponatremia was induced by intraperitoneal administration of 140 mmol/l dextrose solution in a dose of 20% of body weight. Benzamil hydrochloride (4 μg) was injected ICV to the treated animals. During the course of hyponatemia, ADC declined steadily from the baseline (100%) to reach a minimum of 92.32 ± 3.20% at 90 min (p < 0.0005). This process was associated with an increase in water signal to a maximum of 5.95 ± 2.62% at 100 min (p < 0.0005). After pretreatment with benzamil, no consistent changes occurred either in ADC or in water signal. These findings suggest that sodium channel blockade with ICV benzamil has an immediate protective effect against the development of hyponatremic brain edema. Sodium channels, therefore, appear to be intimately involved in the initiation and progression of brain water accumulation in severe hyponatremia.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Acta Neurochirurgica
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    ABSTRACT: We measured and compared serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), and L-arginine levels in patients undergoing coronary artery revascularization. Two groups of patients with coronary artery disease were subjected to coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB; n = 20) or with off-pump CABG surgery (OPCABG; n = 21). Blood samples for measurements of ADMA, SDMA, and L-arginine were withdrawn and determined by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry from the coronary sinus (CS) and from the peripheral vein. On the basis of the intraoperative (CS) samples, ADMA levels rose in the CPB group (F = 0.416, P < 0.685 and F = 14.751, P < 0.001 for OPCABG and CPB groups, respectively). A similar significant increase of ADMA was observed in the peripheral blood (F = 30.738, P < 0.001) during CPB, whereas ADMA levels remained unchanged during OPCABG. The time course of L-arginine levels was significantly different in the blood samples from CS (F = 3.255, P<0.05), when compared with samples from the peripheral blood (F = 3.255, P < 0.05). The values of the L-arginine/ADMA ratio were significantly higher in the OPCABG group at baseline and on the first postoperative day compared with the results of the CPB group (178.29 ± 11.56 vs. 136.28 ± 13.72 and 129.43 ± 7.08 vs. 106.8 ± 6.9 for OPCABG and CPB groups, respectively). Plasma levels of ADMA, SDMA, L-arginine, and L-arginine/ADMA ratio are reliable and feasible markers of an early ischemia-reperfusion injury. During CPB operation, the plasma concentration of ADMA increased significantly and remained elevated until the first postoperative day due to extensive ischemia-reperfusion injury caused by CPB.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Coronary artery disease
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    ABSTRACT: Here we report the serum carnitine ester profile during and after 1g iv/day L-carnitine supplementation in haemodialysis patients. Seven patients were studied over 29 weeks. After a control day, 12 weeks of replacement therapy was introduced followed by 17 weeks of washout period. The serum acylcarnitine concentrations were determined by isotope dilution ESI MS/MS technique. At baseline significantly decreased free carnitine (48%, p < 0.01) and a 1.5-16-fold elevation of 16 out of 27 acylcarnitines were detected in HD patients compared with the controls. On the last day of L-carnitine supplementation a 1.6-4.8-fold increase was observed in the acylcarnitine levels compared with day 0; the increase-profile was achieved in four different patterns. The increase rate was rapid and early saturable for C5, C5OH, C6DC, C8:1, C10DC and C18:2 esters, slower for C2, C4, C6, C18 and C18:1 esters, it was slowest and reached a late plateau for C3, C8DC, C14:2, C16 and C16:1, and finally almost gradual increase was seen for 11 acylcarnitines. Three months after the cessation of carnitine treatment marked concentration drops were found for almost all acylcarnitines (by 11-74 % of week 12, p < 0.05); the values further decreased over the five remaining weeks of the observation period. Carnitine administration affected the levels of circulating esters in different dynamics and kinetics suggesting a regulated, non-random adaptive reallocation of nutrients. A considerable washout was achieved 3 months after discontinuation of the supplementation; however, the profile still was suggestive for presence of rest of accumulated supplement.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the concentrations of L-arginine and methylarginines in follicular fluid obtained from women participating in our IVF program and to find clinical correlates of these biochemical parameters. Follicular fluid was obtained from 108 women by ultrasonography guided transvaginal puncture following controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. Follicular fluid L-arginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and monomethylarginine (MMA) concentrations were determined with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The integrated index of arginine methylation (arg-MI) was calculated according to the formula: arg-MI = (ADMA + SDMA)/MMA. There were significant inverse relationships between IVF embryo number and follicular fluid L-arginine (r = -0.507, P < 0.001), ADMA (r = -0.356, P < 0.024), SDMA (r = -0.347, P < 0.028), MMA (r = -0.449, P < 0.004) and to L-arginine/ADMA ratio (r = -0.328, P < 0.031). By contrast, arg-MI was directly related to IVF embryo number (r = 0.426, P < 0.006). Moreover, the number of IVF oocytes was also inversely related to ADMA (r = -0.202, P < 0.037) and MMA (r = -0.384, P < 0.012) and positively to arg-MI (r = 0.450, P < 0.03). The elevated levels of follicular fluid l-arginine and methylarginines appear to have an adverse influence on the reproductive processes as reflected by a reduction in the number of oocytes and embryos conceived. In contrast, the integrated methylation index proved to be positively correlated to the above parameters of fertilization.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Human Reproduction
  • B Csiky · Z Nyul · G Tóth · I Wittmann · B Melegh · M Rauh · W Rascher · E Sulyok
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients frequently encounter carnitine depletion, elevated adipose tissue-derived hormones/cytokines, that may contribute to accelerated arteriosclerosis. 10 non-diabetic HD patients were studied over 28 weeks. In the 12 weeks treatment period 1 g L-carnitine was given iv after each HD session. Measurements of plasma free- and acylcarnitines, insulin, leptin, adiponectin, resistin and ghrelin were performed at baseline, at weeks 2, 4, 8, 12 (treatment period) and at weeks 24-28 (post-treatment period). L-carnitine supplementation resulted in progressive increase of free- and acylcarnitine levels. Plasma levels of insulin, resistin, leptin and ghrelin remained at the already elevated baseline values. L-carnitine therapy induced a significant increase in plasma adiponectin from 20.2 ± 12.7 μg/ml (baseline) to 32.7 ± 20.2 μg/ml in week 2 (p<0.05) and 35.4 ± 19.6 μg/ml in week 12 (p < 0.03), which remained unchanged in the post-carnitine period. Plasma insulin levels correlated positively with leptin (r = 0.525, p<0.0001) and resistin (r = 0.284, p<0.005); adiponectin levels correlated inversely with leptin (r = -0.255, p<0.02) and resistin (r = -0.213, p<0.04) irrespective of carnitine status. Plasma levels of adipokines and related hormones are greatly elevated in patients on regular HD. L-carnitine administration further augmented the plasma levels of protective adiponectin, therefore it may have a role in preventing cardiovascular complications of uremia.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes

Publication Stats

2k Citations
341.70 Total Impact Points


  • 1978-2015
    • University of Pécs
      • • Faculty of Health Sciences (ETK)
      • • Institute of Public Health
      • • Department of Paediatrics
      • • Obstetrics and Gynaecology Clinic
      Fuenfkirchen, Baranya, Hungary
  • 2013
    • Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
      Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2004
    • Aarhus University
      • Institute of Anatomy
      Aarhus, Central Jutland, Denmark
  • 1988-2002
    • Children's Hospital of Orange County
      Orange Cove, California, United States
  • 1994-1996
    • Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
      Giessen, Hesse, Germany
  • 1991
    • University Hospital of Lausanne
      Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland
    • University of Miskolc
      Miskolc, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hungary
  • 1986-1988
    • Comenius University in Bratislava
      Presburg, Bratislavský, Slovakia
  • 1987
    • Universität Heidelberg
      • Department of Clinical Pharmacology
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany