G Bruce Mann

University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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Publications (70)306.22 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a non-obligate precursor of invasive breast cancer and a frequent mammographic finding requiring treatment. Up to 25% of DCIS can recur and half of recurrences are invasive, but there are no reliable biomarkers for recurrence. We hypothesised that copy number aberrations could predict likelihood of recurrence. We analysed a cohort of pure DCIS cases treated only with wide local excision for genome-wide copy number and loss of heterozygosity using Affymetrix OncoScan MIP arrays. Cases included those without recurrence within 7 years (n=25) and with recurrence between 1 and 5 years after diagnosis (n=15). Pure DCIS were broadly similar in copy number changes compared with invasive breast cancer, with the consistent exception of a greater frequency of ERBB2 amplification in DCIS. There were no significant differences in age or ER status between the cases with a recurrence vs those without. Overall, the DCIS cases with recurrence had more copy number events than the DCIS without recurrence. The increased copy number appeared non-random with several genomic regions showing an increase in frequency in recurrent cases, including 20q gain, ERBB2 amplification and 15q loss. Copy number changes may provide prognostic information for DCIS recurrence, but validation in additional cohorts is required.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Modern Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: The American Society of Clinical Oncology and US Institute of Medicine emphasize the need to trial novel models of posttreatment care, and disseminate findings. In 2011, the Victorian State Government (Australia) established the Victorian Cancer Survivorship Program (VCSP), funding six 2-year demonstration projects, targeting end of initial cancer treatment. Projects considered various models, enrolling people of differing cancer types, age and residential areas. We sought to determine common enablers of success, as well as challenges/barriers. Throughout the duration of the projects, a formal "community of practice" met regularly to share experiences. Projects provided regular formal progress reports. An analysis framework was developed to synthesize key themes and identify critical enablers and challenges. Two external reviewers examined final project reports. Discussion with project teams clarified content. Survivors reported interventions to be acceptable, appropriate and effective. Strong clinical leadership was identified as a critical success factor. Workforce education was recognized as important. Partnerships with consumers, primary care and community organizations; risk stratified pathways with rapid re-access to specialist care; and early preparation for survivorship, self-management and shared care models supported positive project outcomes. Tailoring care to individual needs and predicted risks was supported. Challenges included: lack of valid assessment and prediction tools; limited evidence to support novel care models; workforce redesign; and effective engagement with community-based care and issues around survivorship terminology. The VCSP project outcomes have added to growing evidence around posttreatment care. Future projects should consider the identified enablers and challenges when designing and implementing survivorship care. © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The introduction of anti-HER2 therapy with trastuzumab has seen an increase in frequency of central nervous system metastasis as the site of first recurrence. Here, we present a rare case of a 63-year-old woman who presented with an isolated breast carcinoma pituitary metastasis 5 years following treatment for a high-risk breast cancer. This report underscores the changing nature of HER2-positive disease in the post-trastuzumab era. © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: No abstract is available for this article.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Breast
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purposes of this study are to examine the course and prevalence of anxiety and depression over 24 months in women with newly diagnosed breast and gynaecologic cancer and, controlling for demographic and clinical confounders, to test the role of neuroticism and psychiatric history in determining outcome 6, 12, 18 and 24 months post-diagnosis. Methods: Participants completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-anxiety subscale and Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale on an 8-weekly basis from diagnosis until 96 weeks. Changes over time were analyzed with repeated measures ANOVA. Hierarchical linear regression, adjusted a priori for age, chemotherapy and radiation treatment, living alone, education and tumour stream were used to predict anxiety and depression. Results: Participants were 105 women (66 breast, 39 gynaecologic). Rates of anxiety (18.1 %) and depression (33.3 %) were highest at diagnosis. Average rates of anxiety and depression were 5.9 and 22.4 %, respectively. Average scores of anxiety and depression were highest at diagnosis, with improvement at 8 and 40 weeks, respectively, subsequently maintained. Morbidity at diagnosis was particularly acute among women with a treatment history of anxiety/depression or with high neuroticism. These three variables were the best and only predictors over 24 months. Conclusions: Women are most vulnerable to anxiety and depression at diagnosis, with improvement over time. Morbidity rates are lower than reported elsewhere. Women with high neuroticism and a psychiatric history are at greatest risk for future morbidity after adjusting for confounders. Early identification of these women plus heightened surveillance or early referral to psychosocial services may protect against longer-term morbidity.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Supportive Care Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a common cause of cancer mortality. There are well-documented prognostic factors for GC but these have not been rigorously examined in an Australian context. This study examines the clinical, surgical and histopathological variables associated with survival in a GC cohort from a predominantly Caucasian-based population. Methods: A multi-centre cohort of patients undergoing curative resection for GC enrolled in an ongoing tissue bank study from 1999 to 2009 was retrospectively analysed. Prospectively collected demographic, surgical and pathological variables were available for this cohort. The primary endpoints investigated were cancer-specific survival and recurrence-free survival using multivariate Cox proportional hazard modelling. Results: Five-year cancer-specific survival was 45.9%, 5-year relapse-free survival was 44.7% and 30-day mortality was 2.2%. Variables showing significance on multivariate analysis for cancer-specific and relapse-free survival were AJCC stage, Lauren classification and age at surgery. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the prognostic variables for a predominantly Caucasian GC population are congruent with published prognostic features. These findings emphasize the importance of the pathological review in allocating prognosis in GC.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · ANZ Journal of Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Worldwide, there are over 6 million women with a personal history of breast cancer. Survivors may experience a range of issues as a consequence of treatment for breast cancer, including physical, emotional and psychological, and practical issues. In addition, cancer diagnosis and treatments impact on relationships, caregivers, and family members. Current follow-up care is often inadequate as women may not have the broad range of consequences adequately managed. Together with looming shortages within the health workforce, these issues present major challenges to the delivery of ideal care for survivors. This article reviews issues that may be encountered by survivors, preferences indicated by survivors and professionals regarding follow-up, and considers a broad range of models that have been examined. These models include follow-up by general practitioners (primary care physicians), nurse-led, and patient-initiated reviews. Follow-up need not be face to face or routinely scheduled. Comprehensive rehabilitation programs as well as exercise and dietary interventions may result in health benefits for breast cancer survivors.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Current Breast Cancer Reports
  • G Bruce Mann

    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · The surgeon: journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
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    ABSTRACT: Decision support tools for the assessment and management of breast cancer risk may improve uptake of prevention strategies. End-user input in the design of such tools is critical to increase clinical use. Before developing such a computerized tool, we examined clinicians' practice and future needs. Twelve breast surgeons, 12 primary care physicians and 5 practice nurses participated in 4 focus groups. These were recorded, coded, and analyzed to identify key themes. Participants identified difficulties assessing risk, including a lack of available tools to standardize practice. Most expressed confidence identifying women at potentially high risk, but not moderate risk. Participants felt a tool could especially reassure young women at average risk. Desirable features included: evidence-based, accessible (e.g. web-based), and displaying absolute (not relative) risks in multiple formats. The potential to create anxiety was a concern. Development of future tools should address these issues to optimize translation of knowledge into clinical practice.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • Mohammad Omair · Dhafir Al-Azawi · Gregory Bruce Mann
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    ABSTRACT: The axilla has long been a focus of clinicians' attention in the management of breast cancer. The approach to the axilla has undergone dramatic changes over the last century, from radical and extended radical excisions, through the introduction of sentinel node biopsy for node negative patients to the current situation where selective management of those with nodal involvement is being introduced. The introduction of lymphatic mapping and sentinel node biopsy in the 1990's has been key to the major changes that have occurred. In less than 20 years it has moved from a hypothesis to a situation where it is the default approach to almost all clinically node negative patients and is being considered in other situations where axillary clearance was previously considered standard. This article reviews the development and introduction of sentinel node biopsy, its current uncertainties and limitations, and possible future developments.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · The surgeon: journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Cancer Research

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Cancer Research
  • Miguel S Cabalag · Gregory Bruce Mann · Alexandra Gorelik · Julie A Miller
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    ABSTRACT: Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy (PRA) was popularized by Walz and colleagues as an alternative approach to minimally invasive adrenalectomy, offering less postoperative pain and faster return to normal activity compared with laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy (LA). The authors have recently changed from LA to PRA in suitable patients and audited their outcomes. Data were prospectively collected for 10 patients who underwent PRA, and a chart review and telephone interviews were conducted with 13 consecutive patients who underwent LA by the same surgeon. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, analgesia use, operative and anesthetic time, length of stay, and complications were recorded. Data were collected for 13 LAs and 10 PRAs. Patients' baseline characteristics, including age, BMI, and tumor size, were similar between the 2 groups. There were no conversions to open surgery, transfusions, or deaths. Operative time was similar between the 2 groups. PRA patients required less, inpatient postoperative opioid analgesia compared with LA patients (median 1.25 vs. 23 mg of intravenous morphine equivalent, P=0.003), and had a shorter length of stay (median 1 vs. 2 d, P<0.001). The median total days on opioids were lower for PRA patients compared with LA patients (0.5 vs. 9 d, P<0.001). Our initial results supports previously published findings that PRA is a safe procedure, with a relatively short learning curve, resulting in reduced postoperative analgesia use, and reduced length of hospital stay when compared with the laparoscopic transperitoneal approach.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
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    ABSTRACT: Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy (PRA) is an alternative approach to minimally invasive adrenalectomy, potentially offering less pain and faster recovery compared with laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalectomy (LA). The authors have recently changed from LA to PRA in suitable patients and audited their first 50 cases. Data were prospectively collected for 50 consecutive PRAs performed by the same surgeon. Patient demographics, tumour characteristics, analgesia use, operative and preparation time, length of stay, and complications were recorded. Fifty adrenalectomies were performed in 49 patients. The median (range) age was 58.5 years (30-83) and the majority of patients were female (n = 33, 66.0%). The median (interquartile range (IQR)) preparation time was 35.5 (28.5-50.0) and median operation time was 70.5 (54-85) min, which decreased during the study period. After a learning curve of 15 cases, median operative time reached 61 min. PRA patients required minimal post-operative analgesia, with a median (IQR) of 0 (0-5) mg of intravenous morphine equivalent used. The median (IQR) length of stay was 1 (1-1) day, with 8 (16.0%) same-day discharges. There were four complications: one blood pressure lability from a phaeochromocytoma, one reintubation, one self-limited bleed and one temporary subcostal neuropraxia. There were no conversions to open surgery or deaths. Our results support previously published findings that PRA is a safe procedure, with a relatively short learning curve, resulting in minimal post-operative analgesia use and short length of hospital stay.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · ANZ Journal of Surgery
  • M Kirkman · I Winship · C Stern · S Neil · G B Mann · J R W Fisher
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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer and its treatment have complex ramifications for women of reproductive age, including reduced fertility. With the aim of increasing understanding of what it means to women to manage fertility and motherhood in the years after a diagnosis of breast cancer, in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 10 women aged 26-45 years, living in Victoria, Australia, who had been diagnosed with breast cancer aged 25-41. Transcripts were analysed thematically and interpreted within narrative theory. Six themes linking breast cancer to fertility and motherhood were identified: diagnosis as a pivotal life event, robbed of time and choice, significance of fertility, being a mother, narrative justification, and life after breast cancer treatment. Women without children described a preoccupying sorrow about lost fertility. Women's accounts yielded evidence of narrative meaning-making, including justifying their decisions and actions in relation to survival, treatment and fertility, and coping with adversity by developing consoling plots. Breast cancer, fertility and reproductive health are inter-linked in diverse ways which have immediate and long-term consequences. Even if women are receiving optimum fertility management, it is evident that some women of reproductive age will need continuing post-cancer care to manage and ameliorate ramifications of diminished or lost fertility.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · European Journal of Cancer Care
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    ABSTRACT: Depression is common in cancer patients but frequently undetected. Consensus regarding validity and optimal thresholds of screening measures is lacking. We investigated the validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D) and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) relative to a referent diagnostic standard in women with breast or gynecologic cancer. Participants were 100 patients who completed the CES-D and HADS-D within a larger study. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was the criterion standard. Sensitivity, specificity, predictive values and likelihood ratios for various thresholds were calculated using receiver operating characteristics. Participants were assigned to two diagnostic groups: 'major depressive disorder' or 'any depressive disorder'. Separate analyses were conducted whereby participants found to be receiving depression/anxiety treatment at the time of validation (n=28) were excluded. Both measures had good internal consistency and criterion validity. There were no statistical differences in global accuracy between the measures for detecting either group. For optimal sensitivity and specificity in both groups, generally recommended thresholds were lowered for the HADS-D. For the CES-D, the threshold was lowered for 'any depressive disorder' and raised for 'major depressive disorder'. Negative predictive values associated with our recommended cutoffs were excellent, but positive predictive values were poor. The HADS-D and CES-D have acceptable properties and are equivalent for detecting depression in this population. Depending on the purpose of screening, the CES-D may be more suitable for identifying major depression. Threshold choice may have serious implications for screening program effectiveness, and the use of generally recommended thresholds should be cautious.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · General hospital psychiatry
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to investigate the course and prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms over 56 weeks in women with newly diagnosed breast and gynaecologic cancer and determine the acceptability and efficiency of incorporating routine screening into practice. Participants completed the anxiety subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A) and Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) at diagnosis and again every 8 weeks for 56 weeks. Changes over time were analysed with repeated measures ANOVA adjusted for post hoc comparisons. Thresholds for caseness/referral to mental health were ≥11 and ≥16 on the HADS-A and CES-D, respectively. Participants were 167 women (101 breast, 66 gynaecologic). Mean ± SD age was 57.63 ± 22.66 years. Rates of anxiety (17.7%), depression (32.5%) and combined anxiety and depression (35%) symptoms were highest at diagnosis. Mean ± SD scores of anxiety (6.43 ± 3.83) and depression symptoms (12.68 ± 9.47) were highest at diagnosis with significant improvements observed by 8 and 24 weeks, respectively, and maintained thereafter. Overall rates of anxiety, depression and combined symptoms were 7.5%, 23.4% and 24.1%, respectively. Patients with breast and gynaecologic cancer did not differ. Referral was offered at least once to 94 women (56.3%), of whom 45 (47.9%) declined, 23 (24.5%) accepted and 26 (27.7%) were already receiving treatment. Patient evaluation was favourable. Women are most vulnerable to psychological morbidity at diagnosis. Symptoms improve significantly over time. Reported rates are lower than those in the literature. Regular screening by self-report is acceptable to patients but may not be the most efficient method of improving patient outcomes. Copyright
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Psycho-Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: To assess how the recurrence score of the Oncotype DX breast cancer assay influences adjuvant systemic treatment decisions in the multidisciplinary meeting (MDM) for patients with early breast cancer (EBC) in Australia. A before-and-after study at three academic medical centres in Melbourne with patients and physicians serving as their own controls. Paired systemic adjuvant treatment recommendations were made in multidisciplinary meetings (MDMs) before and after Oncotype DX testing. Medical oncologists and surgeons, treating patients with unifocal, hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative, node-negative or node-positive early breast cancer. Changes in physician treatment recommendations. This study enrolled 151 eligible patients between 1 November 2010 and 30 September 2011. Of these, 101 patients (67%) had node-negative and 50 (33%) had node-positive tumours. Recurrence score information resulted in treatment recommendation changes for 24 patients with node-negative tumours (24%) and for 13 patients with node-positive tumours (26%). The proportional change from chemo-hormonal therapy (CHT) to hormonal therapy (HT) was significantly greater than from HT to CHT for patients with node-negative tumours (23% difference in proportions; P= 0.02), and of similar magnitude for patients with node-positive tumours (25% difference in proportions; P = 0.14). The Oncotype DX recurrence score has a major impact on adjuvant treatment decision making in the MDM setting.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2013 · The Medical journal of Australia
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    ABSTRACT: Women at very high risk of breast cancer are recommended to undertake enhanced surveillance with annual MRI in addition to mammography. We aimed to review the performance of breast MRI as a screening modality over its first 5 years at our institution. The study used a retrospective review using prospectively collected data from a consecutive series of women at high risk of developing breast cancer undergoing surveillance MRI. Two hundred twenty-three women had at least one screening MRI. The median age was 42 years old. Sixty-nine (30.9%) were confirmed genetic mutation carriers. The remaining 154 (69.1%) women were classified as high risk based on family history, without a confirmed genetic mutation. Three hundred forty screening MRI studies were performed. Of these, 69 patients (20.3%) were recalled for further assessment. There was a significant reduction in the recall rate throughout the study for prevalent screens, from 50% (17/34) in 2008 to 14% (9/54) in 2011 (P = 0.004). The overall biopsy rate was 39 in 340 screens (11.5%). Four cancers were identified. Three were in confirmed BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation carriers, and one was found to be a carrier after the cancer was diagnosed. All four were identified as suspicious on MRI, with two having normal mammography. The cancer detection rate of MRI was 1.2% (4/340 screens). The overall positive predictive value was 7.0%, 6.7% for prevalent screens and 7.1% for subsequent screens. Breast MRI as a screening modality for malignant lesions in women with high hereditary risk is valuable. The recall rate, especially in the prevalent round, improved with radiologist experience.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology

Publication Stats

1k Citations
306.22 Total Impact Points


  • 2009-2015
    • University of Melbourne
      • Department of Surgery
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 1999-2014
    • Royal Melbourne Hospital
      • Department of Radiology
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 2012
    • Royal Women's Hospital in Victoria
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 2011
    • Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre
      • Centre for Biostatistics and Clinical Trials: BaCT
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    • Royal Hospital for Women
      Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • 2007
    • Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research Australia
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 1998-1999
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      • Breast Service
      New York, New York, United States