[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Wood is a system of vegetable tissues chemically formed by biopolymers (90-99%) and phenolic substances, alkaloids, glucosides and saponins (1-10%). There are two botanical groups of wood: hardwood and softwood. Aim of present study was the research of possible work related diseases with professional exposure to hardwood about 25 joiners of Palermo in 2006; in fact wood dust inhalation is very dangerous for workers health because it is cancerogenous for nasal and paranasal sinus (1 IARC). We studied beech and fraxinus dusts (hardwood) and mahogany and teak dusts (exotic hardwood) in the environmental air of joiners during wood cutting and finishing touch. We also analysed exposed workers registry to know joiners duties, exposure values to wood dust, inhalatory exposure, wood type, chemical components, individual protection safety devices, environmental protection means. Then we examined workers medical case and risk histories. At the end we noticed that particle material in environmental air was regular according law reference values (D.Lgs. 66/2000: TLV-TWA 5 mg/m3); but although environmental dust values were normal, we found nasal haemorrhages in 3 workers and vasomotory headache in other 3; we also diagnosed one paranasal sinus polypus and then irritative contact dermatitis in 3 workers. So there is an answer: "can current TLV-TWA be protective and sure? And can it guarantee health of hardwood exposed workers?".
Full-text · Article · Jan 2007 · Giornale italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The epidemiological trend of brucellosis in Italy has been uneven over the last few years since there was a decrease in incidence in some regions and an increase in others, including Sicily. The peak was reached in 1997 when 59% of the cases were reported in Sicily alone. Appropriate intervention strategies are therefore needed both as regards the general population and exposed workers in order to reduce the spread of this disease.
Full-text · Article · Jan 1999 · La Medicina del lavoro
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neoplastic disease therapy problems, e.g. antiblastic drugs manipulation, is developing. We suggested correlation assessment between the lasting professional workers' exposition of three city hospital and disease development. We selected 43 exposed workers; we gave a questionnaire regarding the modality of activity; then we examined this sample with a protocol including clinical examination and special tests (blood tests, ECG, audiometry and spirometry). RESULTS: over 55% of the workers reported aspecific complaint related to antiblastic exposure (headache, nausea, vertigo, dermatitis, alopecia, rhino-conjunctivitis, asthenia, parageusia, fauces dryness); we registered, instead, the absence of significant diseases related to antiblastic drugs exposure, because of both environmental and personal prevention, and clinical surveillance co-ordinated by occupational physician.
Full-text · Article · · Giornale italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An analysis is made of the significance of the occasional observation of asymptomatic T-wave changes (inversion). The authors maintain that only an overall evaluation of the anamnestic, clinical and laboratory findings will enable the physician to make a correct diagnosis and exclude from the start, via coordinated protocols, any silent ischaemic disease, and also a series of clinical conditions that the ECG can reveal as this disease. In this connection the authors report a clinical case that is deemed interesting due to the finding of ECG anomalies in an asymptomatic young, athletic subject observed during a periodical medical examination for the purpose of certifying fitness for a specific type of work.