Chul Soo Kim

Inha University Hospital, Sinhyeon, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea

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Publications (65)97.33 Total impact


  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Because many physicians seem reluctant to recommend splenectomy for elderly patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), we investigated the safety and efficacy of splenectomy and the predictive factors for response in these patients. Methods: 184 patients with primary ITP were retrospectively analyzed based on age at splenectomy: an elderly group (≥60 years, n = 52) and a younger group (<60 years, n = 132). Results: There was no difference in the response rate of elderly versus younger patients (80.7 vs. 80.3%, p = 0.466). Relapse (45.2 vs. 22.6%, p = 0.006), complications, and median postoperative stay (9.5 vs. 7 days, p = 0.019) were significantly higher in the elderly group. The 5-year relapse-free survival of responders was 51.8% in the elderly group and 76.3% in the younger group (p = 0.002). Response to any treatment before splenectomy (HR 2.9, 95% CI: 1.24-6.80, p = 0.014) and platelet count on postoperative day 14 ≥200 × 109/l (HR 31.43, 95% CI: 4.15-238.28, p = 0.001) were independent factors for a favorable response. Conclusions: Age ≥60 years did not influence the response to splenectomy but was associated with increased relapse and postoperative complications. Splenectomy could provide a durable long-term response for elderly ITP patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Acta Haematologica
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    ABSTRACT: Anemia, iron deficiency (ID), and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are common disorders. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of anemia, ID, and IDA in Korean females. We examined the associations between IDA, heavy metals in blood, vitamin D level and nutritional intakes. The study was performed using on data collected from 10,169 women (aged ≥10 yr), including 1,232 with anemia, 2,030 with ID, and 690 with IDA during the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V; 2010-2012). Prevalence and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and path analysis was performed to identify a multivariate regression model incorporating IDA, heavy metals in blood, vitamin D level, and nutritional intakes. The overall prevalence of anemia, ID and IDA was 12.4%, 23.11%, and 7.7%, respectively. ID and IDA were more prevalent among adolescents (aged 15-18 yr; 36.5% for ID; 10.7% for IDA) and women aged 19-49 yr (32.7% for ID; 11.3% for IDA). The proposed path model showed that IDA was associated with an elevated cadmium level after adjusting for age and body mass index (β=0.46, P<0.001). Vitamin D levels were found to affect IDA negatively (β=-0.002, P<0.001). This study shows that the prevalence of anemia, ID, and IDA are relatively high in late adolescents and women of reproductive age. Path analysis showed that depressed vitamin D levels increase the risk of IDA, and that IDA increases cadmium concentrations in blood. Our findings indicate that systematic health surveillance systems including educational campaigns and well-balanced nutrition are needed to control anemia, ID, and IDA.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    ABSTRACT: Due to rarity of factor V (FV) deficiency, there have been only a few case reports in Korea. We retrospectively analysed the clinical-laboratory features of FV deficiency in 10 Korean patients. Between January 1987 and December 2013, 10 case reports published in a Korean journal or proceedings of Korea Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis were reviewed. Severity is defined as mild (> 5% of factor activity), moderate (1%–5%), and severe (< 1%). The median age at diagnosis, six males and four females, was 26 years (range, 1 month-73 years). Six of 10 patients were classified as moderate, three as mild, and one as severe disease. Eight patients were diagnosed as inherited FV deficiency. The most frequent symptoms were mucosal tract bleedings (40%) such as epistaxis, and menorrhagia in female. Hemarthroses and postoperative bleeding occurred in one and four patients, respectively. Life-threatening bleeding episodes occurred in the peritoneal cavity (n = 2), central nerve system (n = 1), and retroperitoneal space (n = 1). No lethal haemorrhages happened to patients with mild disease. The majority of bleeding episodes were controlled with local measures and fresh-frozen plasma replacement. Two acquired FV deficient-patients showing life-threatening haemorrhages received the immunosuppressive therapy, but one of them died from postoperative bleeding complications. Despite the small sample size of this study due to rarity of the disease, we found that Korean patients with FV deficiency had similar clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes shown in previous studies.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    ABSTRACT: Severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is an often lethal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The safety of clinical-grade mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been validated, but mixed results have been obtained due to heterogeneity of the MSCs. In this phase I study, the safety of bone marrow-derived homogeneous clonal MSCs (cMSCs) isolated by a new subfractionation culturing method was evaluated. cMSCs were produced in a GMP facility and intravenously administered to patients who had refractory GVHD to standard treatment resulting after allogeneic HSCT for hematologic malignancies. After administration of a single dose (1×106 cells/kg), 11 patients were evaluated for cMSC treatment safety and efficacy. During the trial, nine patients had 85 total adverse events and the rate of serious adverse events was 27.3% (3/11 patients). The only one adverse drug reaction related to cMSC administration was grade 2 myalgia in one patient. Treatment response was observed in four patients: one with acute GVHD (partial response) and three with chronic GVHD. The other chronic patients maintained stable disease during the observation period. This study demonstrates single cMSC infusion to have an acceptable safety profile and promising efficacy, suggesting that we can proceed with the next stage of the clinical trial.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Therapeutic options for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients after splenectomy failure are limited. In the present study, we evaluated the role of vincristine in patients who relapsed after or were refractory to splenectomy for ITP. Sixty-two ITP patients treated with vincristine after splenectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Vincristine was administered in doses of 1.5 or 2 mg by 2-h intravenous infusion every 7 days for 4 weeks. Twenty-six (41.9 %) and 36 (58.1 %) patients were in the persistent and chronic phases of ITP, respectively. Most patients (67.7 %) received four doses of vincristine. Two months after starting vincristine, 47 (75.8 %) patients had achieved an overall response, at a median time to response of 9 days after the first dose. There was no difference in the response rate for different ITP phases, vincristine dose received, or response to splenectomy. Thirty-two (68 %) and 24 (51.1 %) of the responders maintained the response for 6 months and 1 year, respectively. Relapse occurred mostly within 6 months, with a median relapse-free survival of 12.5 months; thereafter, a durable response was observed. The administration of vincristine was well tolerated in all patients, with grade 1 peripheral neuropathy being the most common adverse event. Our study suggests that vincristine may be an effective therapeutic option, with acceptable toxicity, for salvage treatment of ITP after splenectomy.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International journal of hematology

  • No preview · Article · May 2015 · Cancer Research
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    ABSTRACT: Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDCS) is an extremely rare tumor derived from professional antigen presenting cell and primarily found in lymph nodes, with rarer case report about extranodal presentation of IDCS. A 71-yr-old man was admitted with progressively enlarging and painless mass in the right parotid area for 2 months. Computed tomography of the neck and chest revealed enhancing mass in right parotid gland, multiple lymphadenopathies around neck and mediastinum, and an osteolytic metastasis at thoracic spine. Morphological and immunohistochemical analysis of an excisional biopsy specimen from parotid mass were consistent with a diagnosis of IDCS. Palliative chemotherapy with 6 cycles of CHOP (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisolone) regimen and 2 cycles of ABVD (adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine) regimen plus radiotherapy on parotid mass failed in tumor reduction. We describe a rare case of disseminated extranodal IDCS arising from parotid gland.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2015

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2014
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a prospective multicenter study identifying the role of bortezomib in patients with relapsed or refractory plasma cell myeloma (PCM) in bone resorption and formation via bone turnover markers. A total of 104 patients received at least 1 cycle of bortezomib. Most of them had advanced disease ( n = 89 ). Among them, 75 patients completed 4 cycles of treatment. Most of the patients (81.7%) were treated in combination with steroid. After the 4th cycle treatment, 47 of 75 patients achieved CR, nCR, VGPR, and PR (64.4%), while 26 patients achieved less than PR (35.6%). The proportion of patients who achieved ≥ PR increased as patients received more treatment cycles, reaching 90% after the 8th cycle. DKK-1 levels decreased significantly posttreatment. Bone formation markers (bALP and OC) and osteoclast regulator such as sRANKL also decreased significantly. These findings were observed primarily in patients who received steroid and who had a longer disease duration. While sRANKL demonstrated significant reduction posttreatment, osteoprotegerin (OPG) level did not significantly change posttreatment, resulting in a decreased sRANKL/OPG ratio ( P = 0.037 ). In conclusion, our clinical data suggest that treatment with bortezomib and steroid may rearrange the metabolic balance between osteoblast and osteoclast activities in PCM.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2014 · BioMed Research International
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    ABSTRACT: Background The clinical characteristics of elderly patients with AML differ from those of younger patients, resulting in poorer survival and treatment outcomes. We analyzed retrospectively the clinical data of AML patients 65 years old and above to describe patients' characteristics and treatment patterns, and to define meaningful prognostic factors of survival in the Korean population. Methods Basic patients' characteristics, clinical outcomes according to treatments, and prognostic factors associated with survival and treatment intensity were examined in a total of 168 patients diagnosed in 5 institutes between 1996 and 2012 as having AML. Results Herein, 84 patients (50.0%) received high-intensity regimens (HIR), 18 (10.7%) received low-intensity regimens (LIR), and 66 (39.3%) received supportive care (SC) only. The median survival of all patients was 4.5 months; and median survival times with HIR, LIR, and SC were 6.8 months, 10.2 months, and 1.6 months, respectively. Median survival times with HIR and LIR were significantly longer than that with SC (P<0.0001 and P=0.006, respectively). Multivariate analysis identified age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-performance status (ECOG-PS), hemoglobin (Hb) level, and serum creatinine (Cr) level as statistically significant prognostic factors for survival. In the HIR group, prognostic factors for survival were ECOG-PS, Hb level, and C-reactive protein level. Conclusion Even in elderly AML patients, an intensive treatment regimen could be beneficial with careful patient selection. Further prospective studies designed to identify specific prognostic factors are required to establish an optimal treatment strategy for elderly AML patients.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Blood Research
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    ABSTRACT: Transfusional iron overload and its consequences are challenges in chronically transfused patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) or aplastic anemia (AA). This was a prospective, multicenter, open-label study to investigate the efficacy of deferasirox (DFX) by serial measurement of serum ferritin (S-ferritin) level, liver iron concentration (LIC) level using relaxation rates magnetic resonance imaging, and other laboratory variables in patients with MDS or AA. A total of 96 patients showing S-ferritin level of at least 1000 ng/mL received daily DFX for up to 1 year. At the end of the study, S-ferritin level was significantly decreased in MDS (p = 0.02366) and AA (p = 0.0009). LIC level was also significantly reduced by more than 6.7 mg Fe/g dry weight from baseline. Hemoglobin level and platelet counts were significantly increased from baseline (p = 0.002 and p = 0.025, respectively) for patients showing significant anemia or thrombocytopenia. Elevated alanine aminotransferase was also significantly decreased from baseline. This study shows that DFX is effective in reducing S-ferritin and LIC level in transfusional iron overload patients with MDS or AA and is well tolerated. In addition, positive effects in hematologic and hepatic function can be expected with DFX. Iron chelation treatment should be considered in transfused patients with MDS and AA when transfusion-related iron overload is documented.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Transfusion
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    ABSTRACT: At the time of diagnosis, about 20% of patients with gastric cancer have stage IV disease involving the liver, lung, and bone. Brain metastasis from gastric cancer is exceedingly rare, with an incidence of <1% of clinical cases. A 59-year-old man was admitted with hearing loss in the left ear and left facial palsy for 1 month. A magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed a tumor in the cerebellopontine angle that extended to the inner auditory canal and that was clinically diagnosed as acoustic neuroma. After complete resection, histological examination showed metastatic poorly differentiated carcinoma. Further investigation revealed advanced gastric cancer involving the antrum with no evidence of the involvement of other sites except the brain parenchyma. Palliative total gastrectomy was performed and the surgical specimen revealed a poorly cohesive carcinoma that was histopathologically identical to that of the resected brain tumor. Here we report this rare case of gastric cancer that initially presented as a solitary brain metastasis mimicking acoustic neuroma.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to survey the clinical spectrum of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in terms of epidemiology, pathologic subtypes, stage, and prognostic index as well as treatment outcomes. In 2007-2008, 13 university hospitals evenly distributed in the Korean peninsula contributed to the online registry of DLBCL at www.lymphoma.or.kr and filed a total of 1,665 cases of DLBCL recorded since 1990. Our analysis showed a higher prevalence of DLBCL in male than in female individuals (M:F=958:707), and extranodal disease was more common than primary nodular disease (53% vs. 47%). Among the 1,544 patients who had been treated with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) or rituximab-CHOP (R-CHOP) therapy with or without radiation, 993 (63.9%) were alive, with 80% free of disease, 417 were dead (26.8%), with 13% free of disease, and 144 (9.3%) were lost to follow-up, with 23% free of disease. Age below 60 years, stage at diagnosis, international prognostic index (IPI) score regardless of age, and addition of rituximab to CHOP therapy in low- and low-intermediate-risk groups according to IPI scores significantly increased survival duration. The epidemiology, clinical spectrum, and biological behavior of DLBCL in Korea are similar to those observed in Western countries, and the advent of rituximab improved survival.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Blood Research
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to directly compare the efficacy and safety of azacitidine and decitabine in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We compared the overall response rate (ORR) (complete responses, partial responses, marrow complete responses, and haematological improvements), overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS), time to leukaemic transformation, and adverse outcomes between azacitidine and decitabine. To minimize the effects of treatment selection bias in this observational study, adjustments were made using the propensity-score matching method. Among 300 patients, 203 were treated with azacitidine and 97 with decitabine. Propensity-score matching yielded 97 patient pairs. In the propensity-matched cohort, there were no significant differences between the azacitidine and decitabine groups regarding ORR (44% vs. 52%), OS (26 vs. 22·9 months), EFS (7·7 vs. 7·0 months), and rate of leukaemic transformation (16% vs. 22% at 1 year). In patients ≥65 years of age, survival was significantly better in the azacitidine group (P = 0·017). Patients who received decitabine experienced more frequent episodes of grade 3 or 4 cytopenia and infectious episodes. We found that azacitidine and decitabine showed comparable efficacy. Among patients ≥65 years of age, survival was significantly better in the azacitidine group (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01409070).
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · British Journal of Haematology
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    ABSTRACT: Next Generation Networks (NGN) is defined as a set of multi-access, multi-transport, multi-service packet-based networks. There exists a variety of Quality of Service (QoS) architectures within NGN, therefore it is common to aggregate and de-aggregate flows at the boundaries of networks. A key question arises regarding the network performance is therefore whether we can guarantee end-to-end performance in this circumstance. In this work an efficient method for calculating end-to-end delay bounds of flows is given, which experience repetitive flow aggregations and de-aggregations. The calculation procedure requires network parameters exchanged among networks in the path as well as the traffic parameters of a flow. It is assumed that such parameters are exchanged according to a standard process recently approved in ITU-T. It is then suggested a simple admission control scheme for flows with strict delay bound requirements. In this scheme aggregation edge nodes store information only per flow aggregate; therefore the scalability is ensured. The delay bound and the admission control scheme are evaluated with simulations in a few realistic scenarios.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Telecommunication Systems
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    ABSTRACT: Primary systemic light-chain (AL) amyloidosis a disorder characterized by accumulation of monoclonal light chains as aggregated amyloid fibrils in tissues of multiple organs to cause organ dysfunction and death (Kyle and Gertz, Semin Hematol 1995;32:45-59; Merlini and Bellotti, N Engl J Med 2003;349:583-596). Although there are quite a number of data regarding clinical features and treatment outcomes of AL amyloidosis, most of them are from western countries except for a couple of reports from Japan (Kyle and Gertz, Semin Hematol 1995;32:45-59; Yamazaki et al., Clin Exp Nephrol 2009;13:522-525; Goodman et al., Br J Haematol 2006;134:417-425; Michael et al., Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2010;10:56-61; Palladini et al., Blood 2004;103:2936-2938). Considering the effect of ethnic difference on the clinical course and outcomes of AL amyloidosis, the analysis of Asian patients may help better understanding of this disease entity. Therefore, we conducted retrospective analysis of clinical features and treatment outcomes of 84 newly diagnosed AL amyloidosis patients in six referral centers in Korea between 1995 and 2010. Am. J. Hematol. 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · American Journal of Hematology
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    Full-text · Dataset · Dec 2012
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    ABSTRACT: We report here a case of inguinal sparganosis, initially regarded as myeloid sarcoma, diagnosed in a patient undergone allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation (HSCT). A 56-year-old male patient having myelodysplastic syndrome was treated with allogeneic HSCT after myeloablative conditioning regimen. At day 5 post-HSCT, the patient complained of a painless palpable mass on the left scrotum and inguinal area. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography revealed suspected myeloid sarcoma. Gun-biopsy was performed, and the result revealed eosinophilic infiltrations without malignancy. Subsequent serologic IgG antibody test was positive for sparganum. Excisional biopsy as a therapeutic diagnosis was done, and the diagnosis of sparganosis was confirmed eventually. This is the first report of sparganosis after allogeneic HSCT mimicking myeloid sarcoma, giving a lesson that the physicians have to consider the possibility of sparganosis in this clinical situation and perform adequate diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    Dataset: Acta Haem
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    ABSTRACT: AIM: The Korean Multiple Myeloma Working Party performed a nationwide registration of multiple myeloma patients via a web-based data bank system. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed registered data from 3,209 patients since 1999. RESULTS: The median overall survival (OS) was 50.13 months (95% confidence interval: 46.20-54.06 months). Patients < or =40 years demonstrated a longer OS than patients >65 years of age (median OS 71.13 vs. 36.73 months, p < 0.001). Patients who received novel agents at any time during their treatments showed a longer OS than patients who did not (median OS 42.23 vs. 55.50 months, p < 0.001). Response to treatment was associated with OS, with tandem autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) producing longer OS than single autologous SCT. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated associations between survival outcomes and treatment modalities as well as baseline disease characteristics in a registry of multiple myeloma patients using a web-based data analysis.
    Full-text · Dataset · Nov 2012

Publication Stats

590 Citations
97.33 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002-2016
    • Inha University Hospital
      Sinhyeon, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea
  • 2005-2014
    • Inha University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      Chemulpo, Incheon, South Korea
  • 2011-2013
    • Inje University
      • Department of Computer Engineering
      Kŭmhae, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2009-2012
    • Jeju National University
      • • Department of Computer Science and Statistics
      • • Department of Nursing
      Tse-tsiu, Jeju, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
      Usan-ri, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2008
    • Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2006
    • Cheju Halla University
      Tse-tsiu, Jeju, South Korea
  • 2003
    • Chungnam National University
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea